Chemical Reaction Engineering And Reactor Design

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Chemical Reaction Engineering And Reactor Design - Quiz

Chemical Reaction Engineering and Reactor Design
Objective type


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Rate of chemical reaction is independent of the concentration of reactants for

    • A.

      Zero order reaction

    • B.

      Third order reaction

    • C.

      Consecutive reaction

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Zero order reaction
    Explanation
    In a zero order reaction, the rate of the reaction is independent of the concentration of reactants. This means that even if the concentration of reactants is increased or decreased, the rate of the reaction remains constant. In other words, the rate of the reaction is determined solely by the rate constant of the reaction and is not affected by the concentration of the reactants.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not a unit of reaction rate?

    • A.

      Moles formed/(surface of catalyst) (time)

    • B.

      Moles formed/(volume of reactor) (time)

    • C.

      Mole formed/(volume of catalyst) (time)

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    D. None of these
    Explanation
    All of the options listed are valid units of reaction rate. Each option represents a different way to express the rate of a reaction in terms of the moles formed and the corresponding unit of measurement (surface area of catalyst, volume of reactor, or volume of catalyst) divided by time. Therefore, the correct answer is "none of these" as all the options are units of reaction rate.

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  • 3. 

    If “n” is the order of reaction then unit of rate constant is

    • A.

      (a) 1 (time) (concentration 1/(time) (concentration)^n-1

    • B.

      (time)-1(concentration)n-1

    • C.

      (time)n-1 (concentration)

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. (a) 1 (time) (concentration 1/(time) (concentration)^n-1
    Explanation
    The unit of the rate constant depends on the order of the reaction. In this case, the answer (a) 1 indicates that the unit of the rate constant is simply 1, which means it is dimensionless. This implies that the rate constant does not have any specific unit and is independent of time or concentration.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is a controlling factor in very fast    heterogeneous  reaction?

    • A.

      Heat and mass transfer effects

    • B.

      Pressure

    • C.

      Temperature

    • D.

      Composition of reactant

    Correct Answer
    A. Heat and mass transfer effects
    Explanation
    Heat and mass transfer effects are controlling factors in very fast and heterogeneous reactions. In these types of reactions, the rate of reaction is influenced by the transfer of heat and mass between the reactants. The efficiency of heat and mass transfer can affect the reaction rate by determining the availability and accessibility of reactant molecules. If heat and mass transfer are not efficient, the reactant molecules may not be able to come into contact with each other effectively, resulting in a slower reaction rate. Therefore, heat and mass transfer effects play a crucial role in controlling the speed of very fast and heterogeneous reactions.

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  • 5. 

    Variables affecting the rate of homogeneous reactions are

    • A.

      Pressure and temperature only

    • B.

      Temperature and composition only

    • C.

      Pressure and composition only

    • D.

      Pressure, temperature and composition

    Correct Answer
    D. Pressure, temperature and composition
    Explanation
    The rate of homogeneous reactions is affected by pressure, temperature, and composition. Pressure affects the rate by influencing the collision frequency and the number of effective collisions between reactant molecules. Temperature affects the rate by increasing the kinetic energy of the molecules, leading to more frequent and energetic collisions. Composition, specifically the concentration of reactants, affects the rate by determining the number of collisions and the likelihood of successful collisions. Therefore, all three variables play a role in determining the rate of homogeneous reactions.

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  • 6. 

    Rate determining step in a reaction consisting of a number of step in series is the

    • A.

      Fastest step

    • B.

      Slowed step

    • C.

      Intermediate step

    • D.

      Data insufficient; can't be predict

    Correct Answer
    B. Slowed step
    Explanation
    In a reaction consisting of multiple steps in series, the rate-determining step is the slowest step. This means that the overall rate of the reaction is determined by the speed at which this particular step occurs. The other steps may happen more quickly, but they do not significantly affect the overall rate of the reaction. Therefore, the slowed step is the correct answer.

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  • 7. 

    Chemical kinetics can predict the

    • A.

      Rate of reaction

    • B.

      Feasibility of reaction

    • C.

      Both (a) and (b)

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Rate of reaction
    Explanation
    Chemical kinetics is the branch of chemistry that studies the rate at which chemical reactions occur. It involves the measurement and analysis of reaction rates, as well as the factors that influence them. By studying the rate of reaction, chemical kinetics can provide insights into the mechanisms and dynamics of chemical reactions. It can also be used to predict the rate at which a reaction will occur under specific conditions. Therefore, the correct answer is "rate of reaction".

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  • 8. 

    Velocity of a chemical reaction

    • A.

      Decreases with increase in temperature

    • B.

      Increases with increase of pressure of reactant for all reactions

    • C.

      Decreases with increase of reactant concentration

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    D. None of these
  • 9. 

    Sum of the powers of the concentration terms in the rate equation is called the

    • A.

      Order of the reaction

    • B.

      Overall order of the reaction

    • C.

      Molecularity of the reaction

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Overall order of the reaction
    Explanation
    The overall order of the reaction refers to the sum of the powers of the concentration terms in the rate equation. This means that the overall order of the reaction is determined by adding up the exponents of the concentration terms in the rate equation. Therefore, the correct answer is "overall order of the reaction."

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  • 10. 

    Molecularity of a reaction

    • A.

      Is always equal to the overall order of reaction

    • B.

      May not be equal to the order of reaction

    • C.

      Can’t have a fractional value

    • D.

      Both b and c

    Correct Answer
    D. Both b and c
    Explanation
    The molecularity of a reaction refers to the number of molecules that participate as reactants in a single step of the reaction. The overall order of reaction, on the other hand, refers to the sum of the powers to which the concentration terms are raised in the rate equation. These two terms are not always equal to each other. Additionally, the molecularity of a reaction cannot have a fractional value, as it represents the number of molecules involved in a single step. Therefore, the correct answer is both b and c.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 02, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Izual088
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