Chapter 8 The Muslim Empires 1450-1800

57 Questions
Chapter 8 The Muslim Empires 1450-1800

Three Muslim empires, each untied by the Islamic religion and its ruling dynasty, reached the height of their power at different times between 1450 and 1800. As discussed they were the Ottoman Empire, Mogul empire and Safavid Empire. Take up the quiz below and see how much you understood of Chapter 8 on the Muslim empires 1450-1800.

Sample Question

A soldier in the elite guard of the Ottoman Turks

Ulema

Pasha

Janissary

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     
    • A. 

      The Topkapi Palace

    • B. 

      The Fortress of Gwalior in India

  • 2. 
    A soldier in the elite guard of the Ottoman Turks
    • A. 

      Ulema

    • B. 

      Pasha

    • C. 

      Janissary

  • 3. 
    An appointed official in the Ottoman Empire who collected taxes, maintained law and order, andwas directly responsible to the sultan's court 
    • A. 

      Vizer

    • B. 

      Sultan

    • C. 

      Pasha

  • 4. 
    "sacred place," the private domain of an Ottoman sultan, where he and his wives resided
    • A. 

      Harem

    • B. 

      Ulema

    • C. 

      Palace

  • 5. 
    The Ottoman sultan's chief minister, who led the meetings of the imperial council
    • A. 

      Sultan

    • B. 

      Grand vizier

    • C. 

      Pasha

  • 6. 
    A group of religious advisers to the Ottoman sultan; this group administered the legal system and schools for educating Muslims
    • A. 

      Ulema

    • B. 

      Priest

    • C. 

      Sinan

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Sultan Selim I

    • B. 

      Mehmet II

    • C. 

      Sinan

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Sinan

    • B. 

      Mehmet

    • C. 

      Selim I

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Selim I

    • B. 

      Sinan

    • C. 

      Mehmet II

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Dardanelles

    • B. 

      Sea of Marmara

    • C. 

      Bosporus

    • D. 

      Anatolian Peninsula

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Makkah

    • B. 

      Sea of Marmara

    • C. 

      Bosporus

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Balkans

    • B. 

      Sea of Mamara

    • C. 

      Dardanelles

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Sea of Marmara

    • B. 

      Makkah

    • C. 

      Byzantime

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Makkah

    • B. 

      Bosporus

    • C. 

      Anatolian

  • 15. 
    How did the problems in the Ottoman Empire may have begun  during the reign of Suleyman the Magnificent.
    • A. 

      Empire lose some of its territory and internal problems in the 1699

    • B. 

      Women wanted the right to vote

    • C. 

      Slaves got their freedom

  • 16. 
    Where did the the Ottomans built a large empire  in beginning in the fourteenth century?
    • A. 

      Western Asia, North Africa, and parts of Europe.

    • B. 

      Eastern Asia, South Africa and no parts of Europe

  • 17. 
    Who came into power in Persia and Central Asia, while the Moguls unified India in the sixteenth century?
    • A. 

      Gurion came to power in Persia and Central Asia, while the Moguls unified India.

    • B. 

      Ying-Hsing came to power in Persia and Central Asia, while the Moguls unified India.

    • C. 

      Buddha came to power in Persia and Central Asia, while the Moguls unified India.

    • D. 

      Safavids came to power in Persia and Central Asia, while the Moguls unified India.

  • 18. 
    At the Battle of _____________ in 1526, the Ottoman Turks defeated the Hungarians.
    • A. 

      Dardanelles

    • B. 

      Belgrade

    • C. 

      Mohacs

    • D. 

      Lepanto

  • 19. 
    The private domain of the sultan and his wives were known as the
    • A. 

      Ulema

    • B. 

      Grand vizer

    • C. 

      Pasha

    • D. 

      Harem

  • 20. 
    ________________ were converted to Islam and trained as foot soldiers or administrators to serve the sultan.
    • A. 

      Pashas

    • B. 

      Ulemas

    • C. 

      Janisssaries

    • D. 

      Sultans

  • 21. 
    Under the leadership of ______________, the Ottoman defeated the Byzantine Empire.
    • A. 

      Mehmet II

    • B. 

      Selim I

    • C. 

      Osman

    • D. 

      Sinan

  • 22. 
    The Ottoman Turks used _________ to beat the Byzantine Empire.
    • A. 

      Crossbow

    • B. 

      Pashas

    • C. 

      Battleships

    • D. 

      Cannons

  • 23. 
    An empire formed by ouside conquerors who unified  the regions  that they conquered throughtheir mastery of fireworks
    • A. 

      Pasha

    • B. 

      Harem

    • C. 

      Conqueriors

    • D. 

      Gunpowder empire

  • 24. 
    In the 4th century, the Ottoman Tusks expanded the
    • A. 

      Balkans

    • B. 

      France

    • C. 

      Africa

    • D. 

      Japan

  • 25. 
    Ottoman rulers clam the title of ___________ and began to build a strong  military  by developing an elite  guard  called janissaries.
    • A. 

      Ulema

    • B. 

      Grand vizer

    • C. 

      Sultan

  • 26. 
    Like their predecessors, the Ottomans were ________________. 
    • A. 

      Baptist

    • B. 

      Muslims

    • C. 

      Catholics

    • D. 

      Buddist

  • 27. 
    The Ottoman rulers preferred to administer their conquered regions through ______________.
    • A. 

      Doing it themselves

    • B. 

      Long distant rulers

    • C. 

      Local rulers

    • D. 

      Usuing the queen

  • 28. 
    The central government appointed officials, called ____________.
    • A. 

      Pashas

    • B. 

      Slaves

    • C. 

      Sultans

    • D. 

      Dukes

  • 29. 
    The Pashas were directly responsible to the sultan's court at _____________.
    • A. 

      Balkans

    • B. 

      Constantinople

    • C. 

      Ulemas

  • 30. 
    The sultan is the "holder of the power" the military and politial head of state under the___________________  and the Ottomans.
    • A. 

      Akbar Turk

    • B. 

      Seljuk Turks

    • C. 

      Mongul Turks

  • 31. 
    The position of the sultanwas through _____________ .
    • A. 

      Hereditary

    • B. 

      Voted

  • 32. 
    A _______ is the person was who became the next sultan. He didn't have to be the  ________. 
    • A. 

      Mother, first wife

    • B. 

      Daughter, youngest

    • C. 

      Son, eldest

  • 33. 
    Another name for a harem is __________.
    • A. 

      "sacred palace"

    • B. 

      "happy palace"

    • C. 

      "safe palace"

  • 34. 
    Sultans often had __________ wives as his favorite.
    • A. 

      6

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

  • 35. 
    The sultan controlled his bureaucracy through an __________________ that met four days a week.
    • A. 

      Imperial council

    • B. 

      Grand council

    • C. 

      Sultan council

  • 36. 
    The sultan sat behind a screen and privately indicated his desires to the _____________.
    • A. 

      Son

    • B. 

      Queen

    • C. 

      Grand vizer

    • D. 

      Servants

  • 37. 
    After a long or undertermined period of time.
    • A. 

      Involved

    • B. 

      Impact

    • C. 

      Eventually

  • 38. 
    From their location in the northwestern corner of the peninsula, the Ottomans expandedwestward  and eventually controlled ________________ and ___________.
    • A. 

      Deccan and Pass

    • B. 

      Akbar and Bengal

    • C. 

      Calcutta and Shan

    • D. 

      Bosporus and the Dardanelles

  • 39. 
    To make a significant or major effect
    • A. 

      Eventually

    • B. 

      Impact

    • C. 

      Involve

    • D. 

      Central

  • 40. 
    The impact on the Ottoman rule on the peoples  of ______________ was relatively light. 
    • A. 

      South Africa

    • B. 

      West Africa

    • C. 

      North Africa

    • D. 

      East Africa

  • 41. 
    To include or to contain means
    • A. 

      Attend

    • B. 

      Involve

    • C. 

      Impact

    • D. 

      Eventually

  • 42. 
    After the death of  ____________ , sultans  became less involved in government and allowedtheir ministers to exercise more power.
    • A. 

      Suleyman

    • B. 

      Princess

    • C. 

      Vizer

    • D. 

      Pasha

  • 43. 
    The Ottomans were generally tolerant of ______________, some of whom converted to Islam.
    • A. 

      Slaves

    • B. 

      Pick pockets

    • C. 

      Illegal acts

    • D. 

      Non-Muslims

  • 44. 
    The Ottomans' greatest artistic contribution was the building of magnificent ____________.
    • A. 

      Horses

    • B. 

      Mosques

    • C. 

      Homes

    • D. 

      Canons

  • 45. 
    After the death of Süleyman the Magnificent, corruption and palace intrigue spread, and ________ depleted the Ottoman treasury.
    • A. 

      Wars

    • B. 

      Robbers

    • C. 

      Slaves

    • D. 

      Vaziers

  • 46. 
    After the Ottoman Turks conquered a new region, they usually __________
    • A. 

      Administered it through a local ruler who was responsible to the sultan’s court in Constantinople.

    • B. 

      Sent administrators from Constantinople.

    • C. 

      Left military officers in charge.

    • D. 

      Left the administration to the discretion of local rulers.

  • 47. 
    Which of the following did NOT apply to non-Muslims in the Ottoman system?
    • A. 

      They had to pay a tax.

    • B. 

      They had to convert to Islam.

    • C. 

      They were allowed to practice their religion.

    • D. 

      In some areas, large numbers converted to the Islamic faith.

  • 48. 
    Why did problems begin to occur after the Ottoman Empire reached its high point under Süleyman?
    • A. 

      Süleyman killed his two most able sons.

    • B. 

      Sultans became less involved in government.

    • C. 

      The central bureaucracy lost its links with rural areas.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 49. 
    The greatest contribution of the Ottoman Empire to world art was in __________
    • A. 

      Textiles.

    • B. 

      Pottery.

    • C. 

      Architecture.

    • D. 

      Jewelry.

  • 50. 
    The Safavids used their Shiite faith to unify __________.
    • A. 

      Ottomans and Safavids.

    • B. 

      Sunnis and Shiites.

    • C. 

      Persians and Turkish peoples.

    • D. 

      Afghans and Persians.

  • 51. 
    During the reign of Shah Abbas, the Safavid dynasty __________
    • A. 

      Reached its height.

    • B. 

      Relied heavily on relatives to administer the empire.

    • C. 

      Lost Azerbaijan to the Ottoman Turks.

    • D. 

      Began to decline.

  • 52. 
    In the Safavid Empire, the shahs __________
    • A. 

      Tried to convert all Shiites to Sunni Islam.

    • B. 

      Left the administration of the empire to the landed aristocracy

    • C. 

      Declared Shia Islam to be a state religion.

    • D. 

      Led very isolated lives.

  • 53. 
    In Safavid Persia, trade with Europe was limited because of __________
    • A. 

      Frequent wars.

    • B. 

      The Ottomans to the west.

    • C. 

      Conflict between Shiites and Sunnis.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 54. 
    Which was NOT a reason why the Moguls were able to expand their rule to almost all of India?
    • A. 

      They were successful negotiators.

    • B. 

      They were effective in their use of military tactics.

    • C. 

      They used advanced weapons.

    • D. 

      They had large military forces.

  • 55. 
    Under the Moguls, zamindars were __________
    • A. 

      Wealthy landed nobility.

    • B. 

      A prosperous merchant class.

    • C. 

      Indian peasants who paid about one-third of their harvest to the state.

    • D. 

      Lower-ranking officials who collected taxes from the peasants.

  • 56. 
    Aurangzeb, one of the most controversial rulers in the history of India, did all EXCEPT __________.
    • A. 

      Forbidding the Hindu custom of suttee.

    • B. 

      Continuing a policy of religious tolerance.

    • C. 

      Forcing Hindus to convert to Islam.

    • D. 

      Forbidding the levying of illegal taxes.

  • 57. 
     The decline of the Mogul Empire was hastened by the arrival of __________ traders in India.
    • A. 

      Turkish

    • B. 

      British

    • C. 

      Persian

    • D. 

      French