Chapter 8 The Muslim Empires 1450-1800

57 Questions
Chapter 8 The Muslim Empires 1450-1800

Section 1 The Ottoman Empire

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     
    • A. 

      The Topkapi Palace

    • B. 

      The Fortress of Gwalior in India

  • 2. 
    A soldier in the elite guard of the Ottoman Turks
    • A. 

      Ulema

    • B. 

      Pasha

    • C. 

      Janissary

  • 3. 
    An appointed official in the Ottoman Empire who collected taxes, maintained law and order, andwas directly responsible to the sultan's court 
    • A. 

      Vizer

    • B. 

      Sultan

    • C. 

      Pasha

  • 4. 
    "sacred place," the private domain of an Ottoman sultan, where he and his wives resided
    • A. 

      Harem

    • B. 

      Ulema

    • C. 

      Palace

  • 5. 
    The Ottoman sultan's chief minister, who led the meetings of the imperial council
    • A. 

      Sultan

    • B. 

      Grand vizier

    • C. 

      Pasha

  • 6. 
    A group of religious advisers to the Ottoman sultan; this group administered the legal system and schools for educating Muslims
    • A. 

      Ulema

    • B. 

      Priest

    • C. 

      Sinan

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Sultan Selim I

    • B. 

      Mehmet II

    • C. 

      Sinan

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Sinan

    • B. 

      Mehmet

    • C. 

      Selim I

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Selim I

    • B. 

      Sinan

    • C. 

      Mehmet II

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Dardanelles

    • B. 

      Sea of Marmara

    • C. 

      Bosporus

    • D. 

      Anatolian Peninsula

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Makkah

    • B. 

      Sea of Marmara

    • C. 

      Bosporus

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Balkans

    • B. 

      Sea of Mamara

    • C. 

      Dardanelles

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Sea of Marmara

    • B. 

      Makkah

    • C. 

      Byzantime

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Makkah

    • B. 

      Bosporus

    • C. 

      Anatolian

  • 15. 
    How did the problems in the Ottoman Empire may have begun  during the reign of Suleyman the Magnificent.
    • A. 

      Empire lose some of its territory and internal problems in the 1699

    • B. 

      Women wanted the right to vote

    • C. 

      Slaves got their freedom

  • 16. 
    Where did the the Ottomans built a large empire  in beginning in the fourteenth century?
    • A. 

      Western Asia, North Africa, and parts of Europe.

    • B. 

      Eastern Asia, South Africa and no parts of Europe

  • 17. 
    Who came into power in Persia and Central Asia, while the Moguls unified India in the sixteenth century?
    • A. 

      Gurion came to power in Persia and Central Asia, while the Moguls unified India.

    • B. 

      Ying-Hsing came to power in Persia and Central Asia, while the Moguls unified India.

    • C. 

      Buddha came to power in Persia and Central Asia, while the Moguls unified India.

    • D. 

      Safavids came to power in Persia and Central Asia, while the Moguls unified India.

  • 18. 
    At the Battle of _____________ in 1526, the Ottoman Turks defeated the Hungarians.
    • A. 

      Dardanelles

    • B. 

      Belgrade

    • C. 

      Mohacs

    • D. 

      Lepanto

  • 19. 
    The private domain of the sultan and his wives were known as the
    • A. 

      Ulema

    • B. 

      Grand vizer

    • C. 

      Pasha

    • D. 

      Harem

  • 20. 
    ________________ were converted to Islam and trained as foot soldiers or administrators to serve the sultan.
    • A. 

      Pashas

    • B. 

      Ulemas

    • C. 

      Janisssaries

    • D. 

      Sultans

  • 21. 
    Under the leadership of ______________, the Ottoman defeated the Byzantine Empire.
    • A. 

      Mehmet II

    • B. 

      Selim I

    • C. 

      Osman

    • D. 

      Sinan

  • 22. 
    The Ottoman Turks used _________ to beat the Byzantine Empire.
    • A. 

      Crossbow

    • B. 

      Pashas

    • C. 

      Battleships

    • D. 

      Cannons

  • 23. 
    An empire formed by ouside conquerors who unified  the regions  that they conquered throughtheir mastery of fireworks
    • A. 

      Pasha

    • B. 

      Harem

    • C. 

      Conqueriors

    • D. 

      Gunpowder empire

  • 24. 
    In the 4th century, the Ottoman Tusks expanded the
    • A. 

      Balkans

    • B. 

      France

    • C. 

      Africa

    • D. 

      Japan

  • 25. 
    Ottoman rulers clam the title of ___________ and began to build a strong  military  by developing an elite  guard  called janissaries.
    • A. 

      Ulema

    • B. 

      Grand vizer

    • C. 

      Sultan

  • 26. 
    Like their predecessors, the Ottomans were ________________. 
    • A. 

      Baptist

    • B. 

      Muslims

    • C. 

      Catholics

    • D. 

      Buddist

  • 27. 
    The Ottoman rulers preferred to administer their conquered regions through ______________.
    • A. 

      Doing it themselves

    • B. 

      Long distant rulers

    • C. 

      Local rulers

    • D. 

      Usuing the queen

  • 28. 
    The central government appointed officials, called ____________.
    • A. 

      Pashas

    • B. 

      Slaves

    • C. 

      Sultans

    • D. 

      Dukes

  • 29. 
    The Pashas were directly responsible to the sultan's court at _____________.
    • A. 

      Balkans

    • B. 

      Constantinople

    • C. 

      Ulemas

  • 30. 
    The sultan is the "holder of the power" the military and politial head of state under the___________________  and the Ottomans.
    • A. 

      Akbar Turk

    • B. 

      Seljuk Turks

    • C. 

      Mongul Turks

  • 31. 
    The position of the sultanwas through _____________ .
    • A. 

      Hereditary

    • B. 

      Voted

  • 32. 
    A _______ is the person was who became the next sultan. He didn't have to be the  ________. 
    • A. 

      Mother, first wife

    • B. 

      Daughter, youngest

    • C. 

      Son, eldest

  • 33. 
    Another name for a harem is __________.
    • A. 

      "sacred palace"

    • B. 

      "happy palace"

    • C. 

      "safe palace"

  • 34. 
    Sultans often had __________ wives as his favorite.
    • A. 

      6

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

  • 35. 
    The sultan controlled his bureaucracy through an __________________ that met four days a week.
    • A. 

      Imperial council

    • B. 

      Grand council

    • C. 

      Sultan council

  • 36. 
    The sultan sat behind a screen and privately indicated his desires to the _____________.
    • A. 

      Son

    • B. 

      Queen

    • C. 

      Grand vizer

    • D. 

      Servants

  • 37. 
    After a long or undertermined period of time.
    • A. 

      Involved

    • B. 

      Impact

    • C. 

      Eventually

  • 38. 
    From their location in the northwestern corner of the peninsula, the Ottomans expandedwestward  and eventually controlled ________________ and ___________.
    • A. 

      Deccan and Pass

    • B. 

      Akbar and Bengal

    • C. 

      Calcutta and Shan

    • D. 

      Bosporus and the Dardanelles

  • 39. 
    To make a significant or major effect
    • A. 

      Eventually

    • B. 

      Impact

    • C. 

      Involve

    • D. 

      Central

  • 40. 
    The impact on the Ottoman rule on the peoples  of ______________ was relatively light. 
    • A. 

      South Africa

    • B. 

      West Africa

    • C. 

      North Africa

    • D. 

      East Africa

  • 41. 
    To include or to contain means
    • A. 

      Attend

    • B. 

      Involve

    • C. 

      Impact

    • D. 

      Eventually

  • 42. 
    After the death of  ____________ , sultans  became less involved in government and allowedtheir ministers to exercise more power.
    • A. 

      Suleyman

    • B. 

      Princess

    • C. 

      Vizer

    • D. 

      Pasha

  • 43. 
    The Ottomans were generally tolerant of ______________, some of whom converted to Islam.
    • A. 

      Slaves

    • B. 

      Pick pockets

    • C. 

      Illegal acts

    • D. 

      Non-Muslims

  • 44. 
    The Ottomans' greatest artistic contribution was the building of magnificent ____________.
    • A. 

      Horses

    • B. 

      Mosques

    • C. 

      Homes

    • D. 

      Canons

  • 45. 
    After the death of Süleyman the Magnificent, corruption and palace intrigue spread, and ________ depleted the Ottoman treasury.
    • A. 

      Wars

    • B. 

      Robbers

    • C. 

      Slaves

    • D. 

      Vaziers

  • 46. 
    After the Ottoman Turks conquered a new region, they usually __________
    • A. 

      Administered it through a local ruler who was responsible to the sultan’s court in Constantinople.

    • B. 

      Sent administrators from Constantinople.

    • C. 

      Left military officers in charge.

    • D. 

      Left the administration to the discretion of local rulers.

  • 47. 
    Which of the following did NOT apply to non-Muslims in the Ottoman system?
    • A. 

      They had to pay a tax.

    • B. 

      They had to convert to Islam.

    • C. 

      They were allowed to practice their religion.

    • D. 

      In some areas, large numbers converted to the Islamic faith.

  • 48. 
    Why did problems begin to occur after the Ottoman Empire reached its high point under Süleyman?
    • A. 

      Süleyman killed his two most able sons.

    • B. 

      Sultans became less involved in government.

    • C. 

      The central bureaucracy lost its links with rural areas.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 49. 
    The greatest contribution of the Ottoman Empire to world art was in __________
    • A. 

      Textiles.

    • B. 

      Pottery.

    • C. 

      Architecture.

    • D. 

      Jewelry.

  • 50. 
    The Safavids used their Shiite faith to unify __________.
    • A. 

      Ottomans and Safavids.

    • B. 

      Sunnis and Shiites.

    • C. 

      Persians and Turkish peoples.

    • D. 

      Afghans and Persians.

  • 51. 
    During the reign of Shah Abbas, the Safavid dynasty __________
    • A. 

      Reached its height.

    • B. 

      Relied heavily on relatives to administer the empire.

    • C. 

      Lost Azerbaijan to the Ottoman Turks.

    • D. 

      Began to decline.

  • 52. 
    In the Safavid Empire, the shahs __________
    • A. 

      Tried to convert all Shiites to Sunni Islam.

    • B. 

      Left the administration of the empire to the landed aristocracy

    • C. 

      Declared Shia Islam to be a state religion.

    • D. 

      Led very isolated lives.

  • 53. 
    In Safavid Persia, trade with Europe was limited because of __________
    • A. 

      Frequent wars.

    • B. 

      The Ottomans to the west.

    • C. 

      Conflict between Shiites and Sunnis.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 54. 
    Which was NOT a reason why the Moguls were able to expand their rule to almost all of India?
    • A. 

      They were successful negotiators.

    • B. 

      They were effective in their use of military tactics.

    • C. 

      They used advanced weapons.

    • D. 

      They had large military forces.

  • 55. 
    Under the Moguls, zamindars were __________
    • A. 

      Wealthy landed nobility.

    • B. 

      A prosperous merchant class.

    • C. 

      Indian peasants who paid about one-third of their harvest to the state.

    • D. 

      Lower-ranking officials who collected taxes from the peasants.

  • 56. 
    Aurangzeb, one of the most controversial rulers in the history of India, did all EXCEPT __________.
    • A. 

      Forbidding the Hindu custom of suttee.

    • B. 

      Continuing a policy of religious tolerance.

    • C. 

      Forcing Hindus to convert to Islam.

    • D. 

      Forbidding the levying of illegal taxes.

  • 57. 
     The decline of the Mogul Empire was hastened by the arrival of __________ traders in India.
    • A. 

      Turkish

    • B. 

      British

    • C. 

      Persian

    • D. 

      French