Chapter 28-monomer Liquid And Polymer Powder Nail Enhancements-milady

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Chapter 28-monomer Liquid And Polymer Powder Nail Enhancements-milady - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Acrylic nail enhancements are created by combining monomer liquid with:

    • A.

      Monomer powder

    • B.

      Polymer power

    • C.

      Liquid powder

    • D.

      Molecular powder

    Correct Answer
    B. Polymer power
    Explanation
    Acrylic nail enhancements are created by combining monomer liquid with polymer powder. Polymer powder, when mixed with the monomer liquid, forms a thick paste that can be applied to the natural nails or artificial tips. As the mixture dries, it hardens and creates a durable and long-lasting artificial nail. Polymer powder is specifically designed for use with monomer liquid in the creation of acrylic nails, making it the correct answer.

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  • 2. 

    As monomer liquid absorbs a polymer powder, the product formed at the tip of the brush is referred to as a:

    • A.

      Cup

    • B.

      Bead

    • C.

      Dot

    • D.

      Pledget

    Correct Answer
    B. Bead
    Explanation
    When a monomer liquid absorbs a polymer powder, the resulting product at the tip of the brush is commonly known as a bead. This bead is formed as the monomer liquid chemically reacts with the polymer powder, causing it to solidify and form a small spherical shape. The bead can then be used for various purposes, such as creating nail extensions or sculpting in the field of dentistry.

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  • 3. 

    The initiator added to the polymer powder is:

    • A.

      Benzoyl peroxide

    • B.

      Catalyst powder

    • C.

      Sodium hydroxide

    • D.

      Hydrogen peroxide 

    Correct Answer
    A. Benzoyl peroxide
    Explanation
    Benzoyl peroxide is added to the polymer powder as an initiator. Initiators are substances that start or speed up a chemical reaction. In the case of polymerization, benzoyl peroxide acts as a radical initiator, meaning it generates free radicals that initiate the polymerization process. These free radicals react with the monomers in the polymer powder, causing them to link together and form a polymer chain. This process is essential for the formation of the polymer and the final product.

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  • 4. 

    To prevent product contamination, a dappen dish should have a:

    • A.

      Loosely fit lid

    • B.

      Large opening

    • C.

      Tightly fitted lid

    • D.

      Evaporation lid

    Correct Answer
    C. Tightly fitted lid
    Explanation
    A dappen dish should have a tightly fitted lid to prevent product contamination. This is because a tightly fitted lid creates a seal that prevents any external contaminants, such as dust or bacteria, from entering the dish and contaminating the product inside. It also helps to maintain the hygiene and integrity of the product by preventing evaporation, spillage, or accidental contact with other substances. Therefore, a tightly fitted lid is essential for maintaining the quality and safety of the product stored in the dappen dish.

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  • 5. 

    The type of glove recommended for nail salon services is:

    • A.

      Nylon polymer

    • B.

      Hair plastic

    • C.

      Latex polymer

    • D.

      Nitile polymer

    Correct Answer
    D. Nitile polymer
    Explanation
    Nitrile polymer gloves are recommended for nail salon services because they are durable, puncture-resistant, and provide a strong barrier against chemicals and pathogens. These gloves are latex-free, making them suitable for individuals with latex allergies. Nitrile gloves also offer a comfortable fit and tactile sensitivity, allowing nail technicians to perform their tasks with precision and ease.

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  • 6. 

    The bead of the product for shaping the free edge should have a:

    • A.

      Wet consistency

    • B.

      Dry consistency

    • C.

      Medium consistency

    • D.

      Moist consistency 

    Correct Answer
    C. Medium consistency
    Explanation
    The correct answer is medium consistency. When shaping the free edge of a product, a medium consistency bead is ideal. This consistency allows for easy manipulation and control while still providing enough moisture to prevent the product from becoming too wet or too dry. A medium consistency bead ensures a smooth and even application, resulting in a well-shaped free edge.

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  • 7. 

    Which type of primers are most often used today?

    • A.

      Acid-based and acid-free

    • B.

      Acid-based and nonacid

    • C.

      Acid-based and dual acid

    • D.

      Acid-free and non-acid

    Correct Answer
    D. Acid-free and non-acid
    Explanation
    Acid-free and non-acid primers are most often used today because they provide a safer and more effective option for various applications. Acid-based primers contain corrosive chemicals that can damage the surface being primed and may cause long-term deterioration. On the other hand, acid-free and non-acid primers are formulated without corrosive substances, making them suitable for use on a wide range of materials without causing harm. These primers are also more environmentally friendly and have a longer shelf life, making them a preferred choice in modern applications.

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  • 8. 

    When applying nail primer, the brush should hold enough product to treat how many nails?

    • A.

      1-2

    • B.

      2-3

    • C.

      3-4

    • D.

      4-5

    Correct Answer
    B. 2-3
    Explanation
    The brush should hold enough product to treat 2-3 nails. This ensures that each nail receives an adequate amount of primer for proper adhesion of the nail polish or artificial nails. Holding enough product for 1-2 nails may not be sufficient, while holding enough for 3-4 or 4-5 nails may lead to wastage of the product.

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  • 9. 

    After a service, what should you do with the used monomer liquid that has been removed from the original container?

    • A.

      Pour it back into the container

    • B.

      Pour it directly into a plastic bag

    • C.

      Pour it into a paper towel 

    • D.

      Pour it down the drain

    Correct Answer
    C. Pour it into a paper towel 
    Explanation
    Pouring the used monomer liquid into a paper towel is the correct answer because it allows for proper disposal of the liquid. Monomer liquid is a chemical substance used in nail services, and it should not be poured back into the original container as it may contaminate the remaining liquid. Pouring it directly into a plastic bag is not recommended as it can leak or cause environmental harm if not disposed of properly. Pouring it down the drain is also not advisable as it can potentially damage plumbing or contaminate water sources. Pouring it into a paper towel allows for absorption and easy disposal in the trash.

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  • 10. 

    The___is the area of the nail that has all of the strength.

    • A.

      Apex

    • B.

      Stress area

    • C.

      Sidewall

    • D.

      Eponyichium

    Correct Answer
    A. Apex
    Explanation
    The apex refers to the tip or highest point of the nail. This area is where the nail is the strongest and most resistant to stress or breakage.

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  • 11. 

    A properly-worn dust mask will protect you from:

    • A.

      Dust only

    • B.

      Vapors only

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    A. Dust only
    Explanation
    A properly-worn dust mask will protect you from dust only because it is designed to filter out particles in the air, such as dust, pollen, and other airborne contaminants. However, it will not protect you from vapors, which are gaseous substances that can be harmful if inhaled. Therefore, wearing a dust mask is effective in preventing the inhalation of dust particles but not vapors.

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  • 12. 

    In the maintenance service:

    • A.

      The nail is made thicker

    • B.

      The entire nail enhancement is made thicker

    • C.

      The apex of the nail is removed

    • D.

      The entire nail enhancement is removed

    Correct Answer
    C. The apex of the nail is removed
    Explanation
    In a maintenance service for nail enhancement, the apex of the nail is removed. This means that the highest point or the peak of the nail is taken off. This is done to maintain the shape and structure of the nail enhancement. By removing the apex, the nail can be reshaped and any unevenness or lifting can be corrected. This ensures that the nail enhancement remains strong and durable, and also allows for proper application of new products or enhancements during the maintenance service.

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  • 13. 

    Which of these statements about catalysts is correct?

    • A.

      Catalysts slow down chemical reactions between monomer liquid and polymer powder

    • B.

      Catalysts are added to monomer liquid to control the set time

    • C.

      Monomer liquid is added to a catalyst to control the set time

    • D.

      Catalysts work by preventing the initiators from activating 

    Correct Answer
    B. Catalysts are added to monomer liquid to control the set time
    Explanation
    Catalysts are substances that speed up chemical reactions without being consumed in the process. In the context of the given question, catalysts are added to the monomer liquid to control the set time. This means that the catalysts help regulate the time it takes for the monomer liquid to solidify or set into a polymer. By adjusting the amount or type of catalyst used, the set time can be controlled, allowing for greater flexibility in the manufacturing process.

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  • 14. 

    Polymer powder is available:

    • A.

      Only in clear form

    • B.

      Only in white

    • C.

      In white and pink forms

    • D.

      In many colors

    Correct Answer
    D. In many colors
    Explanation
    Polymer powder is available in many colors. This means that it can be found in various shades and hues, providing a wide range of options for users. This allows for greater creativity and customization in projects that involve polymer powder. Whether someone wants to create colorful jewelry, vibrant sculptures, or unique decorations, having access to polymer powder in many colors allows for endless possibilities and the ability to bring imagination to life.

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  • 15. 

    Which of these refers to one unit called a molecule?

    • A.

      Polymer

    • B.

      Monomer

    • C.

      Initiator

    • D.

      Catalyst

    Correct Answer
    B. Monomer
    Explanation
    A monomer refers to one unit called a molecule. A monomer is a small molecule that can join together with other monomers to form a larger molecule known as a polymer. Therefore, a monomer is the correct answer as it specifically refers to a single unit molecule.

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  • 16. 

    Which of these substance formed by combining many small molecules into very long chain-like structures?

    • A.

      Apex

    • B.

      Bead

    • C.

      Monomer

    • D.

      Polymer

    Correct Answer
    D. Polymer
    Explanation
    A polymer is a substance that is formed by combining many small molecules into very long chain-like structures. This process is known as polymerization. Polymers have high molecular weights and can have a variety of properties depending on their composition and structure. They are widely used in various industries, including plastics, textiles, and pharmaceuticals, due to their versatility and ability to be tailored to specific applications.

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  • 17. 

    A(n)__is a substance that starts the chain reaction that leads to a creation of very long polymer chains.

    • A.

      Initiator

    • B.

      Catalyst

    • C.

      Reactor

    • D.

      Concentrator

    Correct Answer
    A. Initiator
    Explanation
    An initiator is a substance that starts the chain reaction that leads to the creation of very long polymer chains. It is responsible for initiating the reaction by providing the necessary energy or activating the reactants. Without an initiator, the polymerization process would not occur or proceed efficiently. Catalysts, on the other hand, are substances that speed up chemical reactions without being consumed in the process. A reactor is a vessel where chemical reactions take place, and a concentrator is a device used to increase the concentration of a substance.

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  • 18. 

    A__ is a bead created using equal amounts of liquid and powder.

    • A.

      Wet bead

    • B.

      Dry bead

    • C.

      Damp bead

    • D.

      Medium bead

    Correct Answer
    B. Dry bead
    Explanation
    A dry bead is a bead created using equal amounts of liquid and powder. This implies that there is no excess liquid or moisture present in the bead. It is formed by mixing the liquid and powder thoroughly until a dry consistency is achieved. This type of bead is commonly used in various crafts and art projects where a solid and firm texture is desired.

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  • 19. 

    A__ is a bead created using one and a 1/2 times more liquid than powder.

    • A.

      Medium bead

    • B.

      Damp bead

    • C.

      Wet bead

    • D.

      Dry bead

    Correct Answer
    A. Medium bead
    Explanation
    A medium bead is created using one and a 1/2 times more liquid than powder. This means that the bead has a balanced amount of liquid and powder, neither too wet nor too dry. It is in between the damp and dry states, making it the correct answer.

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  • 20. 

    Which of these is placed under the free edge and is use to extend the nail enhancements beyond the finertip for additional length?

    • A.

      Sidewall

    • B.

      Monomer bursh

    • C.

      Nail form

    • D.

      Curing strut

    Correct Answer
    C. Nail form
    Explanation
    A nail form is placed under the free edge and is used to extend the nail enhancements beyond the fingertip for additional length.

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  • 21. 

    The area where the natural nail grows beyond the finger and becomes the free edge is called the:

    • A.

      Lunula

    • B.

      Sidewall

    • C.

      Free edge

    • D.

      Apex

    Correct Answer
    B. Sidewall
    Explanation
    The sidewall is the area where the natural nail grows beyond the finger and becomes the free edge. It is the side portion of the nail plate that extends along the sides of the nail and separates it from the surrounding skin. The lunula refers to the whitish, crescent-shaped area at the base of the nail, while the apex refers to the tip or highest point of the nail. Therefore, the correct answer is sidewall.

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  • 22. 

    The term__ refers to an entire family of thousands of different substances, all of which share important, closely related features.

    • A.

      Nylon

    • B.

      Polymer

    • C.

      Polypedtide

    • D.

      Acrylic

    Correct Answer
    D. Acrylic
    Explanation
    Acrylic refers to an entire family of thousands of different substances, all of which share important, closely related features. This implies that acrylic is a term used to describe a broad range of substances that have similar characteristics or properties.

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  • 23. 

    Polymerization is also known as:

    • A.

      Applying

    • B.

      Resolving

    • C.

      Hardening

    • D.

      Maintaining

    Correct Answer
    B. Resolving
    Explanation
    Polymerization is a chemical process in which small molecules called monomers are combined to form a larger, more complex structure called a polymer. The process involves the resolution or breaking of the double or triple bonds between the monomers, allowing them to react and form a polymer chain. Therefore, resolving is an appropriate term to describe polymerization as it refers to the breaking and resolution of bonds during the process. The other options, applying, hardening, and maintaining, do not accurately describe the process of polymerization.

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  • 24. 

    Which of these abrasives would be MOST appropriate for final buffing?

    • A.

      120 grit

    • B.

      200 grit

    • C.

      320 grit

    • D.

      360 grit

    Correct Answer
    D. 360 grit
    Explanation
    360 grit would be the most appropriate abrasive for final buffing because it has a finer grit size compared to the other options. Finer grit abrasives are used for polishing and achieving a smooth and shiny surface. The higher the grit number, the finer the abrasive, and the better it is for final finishing and buffing. Therefore, 360 grit would be the best choice for achieving a smooth and polished surface during the final buffing process.

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  • 25. 

    After a monomer liquid and polymer powder service, you should wipe the dappen dish with __before storing it in a dust-free location

    • A.

      Acetone

    • B.

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • C.

      Hot water

    • D.

      Cold water

    Correct Answer
    A. Acetone
    Explanation
    After a monomer liquid and polymer powder service, you should wipe the dappen dish with acetone before storing it in a dust-free location. Acetone is commonly used in the beauty industry as a solvent to remove residue and clean tools. It is effective in dissolving and removing any leftover monomer liquid or polymer powder, ensuring that the dappen dish is clean and ready for future use. Acetone also evaporates quickly, leaving no residue behind. Using hydrogen peroxide, hot water, or cold water may not effectively remove all the residue, and they may not evaporate as quickly as acetone.

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  • 26. 

    Nail extensions undersides should:

    • A.

      Always jut straight out

    • B.

      Always dip

    • C.

      Match in length from nail to nail

    • D.

      Have a rough texture

    Correct Answer
    C. Match in length from nail to nail
    Explanation
    Nail extensions undersides should match in length from nail to nail to ensure a uniform and cohesive look. This means that the extensions should be cut or filed to the same length as the natural nails they are attached to, creating a seamless appearance. This helps to maintain a balanced and symmetrical look across all the nails, enhancing the overall aesthetic of the nail extensions.

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  • 27. 

    The apex is usually:

    • A.

      Oval shaped and located on the thumb-side of the nail

    • B.

      Oval-shaped and located in the center of the nail

    • C.

      Rectangular and located at the base of the nail

    • D.

      Round and located beneath the nail

    Correct Answer
    B. Oval-shaped and located in the center of the nail
    Explanation
    The apex of the nail refers to the highest point or the peak of the nail's curvature. It is usually oval-shaped and located in the center of the nail. This means that if you were to draw an imaginary line from one side of the nail to the other, passing through the highest point, it would be positioned in the center.

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  • 28. 

    Odorless products must generally be used with a __mix ratio.

    • A.

      Dry

    • B.

      Wet

    • C.

      Damp

    • D.

      Medium

    Correct Answer
    A. Dry
    Explanation
    Odorless products must generally be used with a dry mix ratio because adding any form of moisture, such as wet, damp, or medium, may activate the chemicals in the product and release odor. Using a dry mix ratio ensures that the product remains odorless and does not produce any unwanted smells.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 12, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Megan
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