Ch. 12 Personality Review Quiz

37 Questions | Total Attempts: 757

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Ch. 12 Personality Review Quiz

Take the following quiz over Ch. 12 Personality. Make sure to include your name so I can score your test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Id is to "Just do it" as superego is to
    • A. 

      Wait till later."

    • B. 

      "Do your own thing."

    • C. 

      "Don't do it."

    • D. 

      "Oh, sit on it."

  • 2. 
    The unconscious contains
    • A. 

      Material that can easily be brought to awareness.

    • B. 

      everything we are aware of at a given moment.

    • C. 

      Repressed memories and emotions.

    • D. 

      Thoughts, perceptions, and memories.

  • 3. 
    The five-factor model of personality includes
    • A. 

      social interactionism.

    • B. 

      Neuroticism.

    • C. 

      Agreeableness.

    • D. 

      Sense of humor.

  • 4. 
      Which of the following is an unconscious personality structure made up of biological urges seeking fulfillment?
    • A. 

      Ego

    • B. 

      Id

    • C. 

      Superego

    • D. 

      subconscious

  • 5. 
    Criticisms of Freud's developmental theory have centered on
    • A. 

      the over-emphasis on sexuality in personality development.

    • B. 

      Freud's treatment of father-daughter relationship.

    • C. 

      The need for a stern or threatening mother in the development of conscience.

    • D. 

      The unimportance of the first years of life in the formation of personality.

  • 6. 
    To understand personality, trait theorists attempt to
    • A. 

      Create traits that fit people.

    • B. 

      Increase the number of basic traits that have been identified.

    • C. 

      Classify traits and discover how they are related to behavior.

    • D. 

      Reduce the common traits to measures of temperament.

  • 7. 
    According to Freud, the energy from life instincts that drives personality is called the
    • A. 

      ego.

    • B. 

      libido.

    • C. 

      Life force.

    • D. 

      Eros.

  • 8. 
    According to Freud, the id is governed by the
    • A. 

      Pleasure principle.

    • B. 

      Reality principle.

    • C. 

      Ego ideal.

    • D. 

      Creature comfort principle.

  • 9. 
      Learning theorists
    • A. 

      have removed the "person" from personality.

    • B. 

      Emphasize situational determinants of behavior.

    • C. 

      Stress the role of the unconscious.

    • D. 

      Would view a trait as stable in all situations.

  • 10. 
    __________ theory maximized and __________ theory minimized the role of the unconscious.
    • A. 

      Trait; humanistic

    • B. 

      Psychoanalytic; behaviorist

    • C. 

      Psychoanalytic; humanistic

    • D. 

      Trait; behaviorist

  • 11. 
    According to Freud, the ego is governed by the
    • A. 

      pleasure principle.

    • B. 

      Reality principle.

    • C. 

      ego ideal.

    • D. 

      Partial ego principle.

  • 12. 
    The five-factor model of personality includes
    • A. 

      Social interactionism.

    • B. 

      Conscientiousness.

    • C. 

      Sense of humor.

    • D. 

      Neuroticism.

  • 13. 
      According to Jung, art, religion, myths, and drama are important to individual functioning because they
    • A. 

      facilitate conscious development.

    • B. 

      Are symbols that appeal to basic archetypes.

    • C. 

      Provide the means for achieving control over a hostile environment.

    • D. 

      Transmit specific information for solving developmental tasks.

  • 14. 
    Psychologists who believe that people grow and develop throughout their lives and that people are inherently good are
    • A. 

      psychoanalysts.

    • B. 

      Radical behaviorists.

    • C. 

      Social learning theorists.

    • D. 

      Humanists.

  • 15. 
    According to behaviorists,
    • A. 

      Hostile, generous, or destructive impulses arise in the unconscious.

    • B. 

      Personality is acquired through conditioning and observational learning.

    • C. 

      Personality is strongly influenced by one's self-image.

    • D. 

      Personality develops from initial feelings of inferiority.

  • 16. 
    The part of the mind that is beyond awareness is called the
    • A. 

      Unconscious.

    • B. 

      Conscious.

    • C. 

      Postconscious.

    • D. 

      Preconscious.

  • 17. 
    The __________ contains material of which you may be unaware but that can easily be brought to awareness.
    • A. 

      Subconscious

    • B. 

      Preconscious

    • C. 

      Unconscious

    • D. 

      Conscious

  • 18. 
    The __________ begins with puberty and ends with a mature capacity for love and the realization of full adult sexuality.
    • A. 

      latency period

    • B. 

      Oedipal and Electra conflicts

    • C. 

      Genital stage

    • D. 

      Phallic stage

  • 19. 
    A key element of Carl Rogers' personality theory is the concept of
    • A. 

      meta-needs.

    • B. 

      The self or self-image.

    • C. 

      Self-reinforcement.

    • D. 

      The pleasure principle.

  • 20. 
      Between the ages of 1 and 3 years, the child is said to go through the __________ stage.
    • A. 

      phallic

    • B. 

      Latency

    • C. 

      Anal

    • D. 

      Genital

  • 21. 
    Which theory of personality was developed by Sigmund Freud?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • B. 

      Behavioristic

    • C. 

      Humanistic

    • D. 

      Psychosocial

  • 22. 
    Jung believed that there are basic universal concepts in all people regardless of culture called
    • A. 

      persona.

    • B. 

      Collective consciousness.

    • C. 

      Archetypes.

    • D. 

      Mandalas.

  • 23. 
    Behaviorists are to the external environment as humanists are to
    • A. 

      Stress.

    • B. 

      Personal growth.

    • C. 

      Humankind.

    • D. 

      internal conflicts.

  • 24. 
    The term personality refers to
    • A. 

      The hereditary aspects of one's emotional nature.

    • B. 

      Unique and enduring behavior patterns.

    • C. 

      favorable and unfavorable personal characteristics.

    • D. 

      Charisma, character, or temperament.

  • 25. 
      If you were asked to describe the personality of your best friend, and you said she was optimistic, reserved, and friendly, you would be using the __________ approach.
    • A. 

      psychodynamic

    • B. 

      analytical

    • C. 

      Humanistic

    • D. 

      Trait

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