IPA Bank Soal Bab Rangka Dan Fungsinya

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Aris_karah1
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IPA  Bank Soal Bab Rangka Dan Fungsinya - Quiz

koleksi evi hermawati  ig : harisali_karah1 


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Rangka memiliki fungsi sebagai berikut, kecuali . . . .

    • A.

      Memberikan bentuk tubuh

    • B.

      Tempat melekatnya otot

    • C.

      Membentuk sel-sel otot

    • D.

      Membentuk sel-sel darah

    Correct Answer
    C. Membentuk sel-sel otot
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Membentuk sel-sel otot". The skeletal system does not form muscle cells. Instead, it provides support and structure to the body, allows for movement, protects internal organs, and produces blood cells. Muscle cells are formed through a different process called myogenesis, which involves the differentiation and fusion of myoblasts to form muscle fibers.

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  • 2. 

    Diantara tulang berikut yang merupakan tulang pipih adalah. . . .

    • A.

      Tulang rusuk dan ruas tulang belakang

    • B.

      Tulang dada dan tulang jari

    • C.

      Ruas tulang belakang dan tulang jari

    • D.

      Tulang rusuk dan tulang dada.  

    Correct Answer
    D. Tulang rusuk dan tulang dada.  
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tulang rusuk dan tulang dada." This is because both the ribs and the sternum (breastbone) are flat bones. They provide protection to the organs in the chest cavity and help with breathing. The other options, such as the vertebrae and finger bones, are not flat bones.

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  • 3. 

    Tulang yang berfungsi untuk melindunngi rongga dada adalah. . . .

    • A.

      Tulang panggul

    • B.

      Tulang selangka

    • C.

      Tulang belikat

    • D.

      Tulang rusuk

    Correct Answer
    D. Tulang rusuk
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tulang rusuk". The ribs are long, curved bones that form the ribcage and provide protection to the organs in the chest cavity, such as the heart and lungs. They also help in the process of respiration by expanding and contracting during breathing.

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  • 4. 

    Tulang rusuk terdiri atas  . . . .

    • A.

      7 pasang tulang rusuk sejati

    • B.

      2 pasang tulang rusuk palsu

    • C.

      3 pasang tulang rusuk melayang

    • D.

      2 pasang tulang rustuk palsu

    Correct Answer
    A. 7 pasang tulang rusuk sejati
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 7 pasang tulang rusuk sejati. This means that the rib cage consists of 7 pairs of true ribs. True ribs are directly attached to the sternum (breastbone) by their own costal cartilage. This is in contrast to false ribs, which either attach indirectly to the sternum or do not attach to it at all. Floating ribs, on the other hand, do not attach to the sternum at all and are only connected to the vertebrae in the back.

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  • 5. 

    Berikut adalah cara yang dapat kita lakukan untuk merawat tulang rangka adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Duduk dengan posisi yang benar.

    • B.

      Makan makanan yang bergizi

    • C.

      Duduk membungkuk

    • D.

      Olahraga teratur

    Correct Answer
    A. Duduk dengan posisi yang benar.
    Explanation
    One way to take care of the skeletal system is by sitting with the correct posture. This is important because sitting with proper alignment helps to maintain the natural curves of the spine, reducing the risk of developing back and neck pain. Sitting with good posture also promotes better breathing, digestion, and overall body alignment. It helps to distribute the weight evenly on the spine and reduces the strain on the muscles and ligaments. Therefore, sitting with the correct posture is crucial for maintaining the health and well-being of the skeletal system.

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  • 6. 

    Kelainan tulang yang menyebabkan tulang belakang membengkok kedepan dinamakan  . . . .

    • A.

      Lordosis

    • B.

      Kifosis

    • C.

      Skoliosis

    • D.

      Osteoporosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Lordosis
    Explanation
    Lordosis is the correct answer because it refers to a condition where the spine curves inward at the lower back, causing a swayback appearance. This condition can be caused by various factors such as poor posture, obesity, pregnancy, or certain medical conditions. Kifosis, on the other hand, refers to a condition where the spine curves outward, causing a hunchback appearance. Skoliosis is a condition where the spine curves sideways, while osteoporosis is a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones.

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  • 7. 

    Mycobacterium  tuberculosis adalah bakteri yang menyebabkan penyakit . . . .

    • A.

      Osteoporosis

    • B.

      Rakhitis

    • C.

      TBC tulang

    • D.

      Rematik

    Correct Answer
    C. TBC tulang
    Explanation
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a bacterium that causes tuberculosis, a contagious bacterial infection that primarily affects the lungs. However, it can also spread to other parts of the body, including the bones. Tuberculosis of the bones, also known as skeletal tuberculosis or osteoarticular tuberculosis, can lead to bone destruction, deformities, and joint stiffness. Therefore, the correct answer in this case is TBC tulang, which means tuberculosis of the bones in Indonesian.

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  • 8. 

    Sendi yang memungkinkan gerakan tulang ke segala arah disebut dengan . . . .

    • A.

      Sendi pelana

    • B.

      Sendi engsel

    • C.

      Sendi peluru

    • D.

      Sendi mati

    Correct Answer
    C. Sendi peluru
    Explanation
    A ball and socket joint allows movement in all directions, making it possible for the bone to move freely. This type of joint is commonly found in the shoulder and hip joints, where the rounded end of one bone fits into the cup-shaped socket of another bone. This allows for a wide range of movement, including flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and rotation. Therefore, the correct answer is "sendi peluru" which translates to "ball and socket joint" in English.

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  • 9. 

    Contoh sendi mati terdapat pada tulang  . . . .

    • A.

      Tengkorak

    • B.

      Leher

    • C.

      Paha

    • D.

      Rahang

    Correct Answer
    A. Tengkorak
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tengkorak" because the term "sendi mati" refers to a joint that does not have any movement. The only option among the given choices that fits this description is "Tengkorak" or skull, as the joints in the skull are immovable and do not allow any movement.

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  • 10. 

    Tulang bahu tersusun atas  . . . .

    • A.

      Tulang selangka dan tulang leher

    • B.

      Tulang selangka dan tulang belikat

    • C.

      Tulang tengkorak dan tulang leher.

    • D.

      Tulang dada dan tulang belikat

    Correct Answer
    B. Tulang selangka dan tulang belikat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tulang selangka dan tulang belikat." The shoulder is composed of the clavicle (collarbone) and scapula (shoulder blade). These two bones work together to provide stability and mobility to the shoulder joint. The clavicle connects the shoulder to the sternum (breastbone) in the front, while the scapula sits on the back of the ribcage. Together, they form the shoulder girdle, which allows for a wide range of movements in the arm.

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  • 11. 

    Punggung dapat digerakkan ke muka dan kebelakang karena mempunyai . . . . 

    • A.

      Ruas – ruas tulang belakang

    • B.

      Tulang – tulang rusuk

    • C.

      Tulang dada

    • D.

      Tulang paha

    Correct Answer
    A. Ruas – ruas tulang belakang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ruas - ruas tulang belakang." The explanation for this is that the spine is made up of individual vertebrae, which are connected by joints called facet joints. These facet joints allow for movement in the spine, including flexion (moving forward) and extension (moving backward). Therefore, the ability to move the back and forth is due to the segments or joints of the spine, known as the vertebrae.

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  • 12. 

    Penyakit yang mengakibatkan terhambatnya pertumbuhan tulang adalah . . . .  

    • A.

      Rakitis

    • B.

      Polio

    • C.

      Osteoporosis

    • D.

      Rematik

    Correct Answer
    A. Rakitis
    Explanation
    Rakitis adalah penyakit yang mengakibatkan terhambatnya pertumbuhan tulang. Penyakit ini disebabkan oleh kekurangan vitamin D, kalsium, dan fosfor dalam tubuh. Kekurangan vitamin dan mineral ini mengganggu penyerapan kalsium dan fosfor oleh tulang, sehingga menyebabkan tulang menjadi lemah dan mudah patah. Rakitis sering terjadi pada anak-anak yang tidak mendapatkan paparan sinar matahari yang cukup dan memiliki pola makan yang tidak seimbang.

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  • 13. 

    Bagian tubuhmu yang begerak karena adanya sendi engsel adalah . . . .     

    • A.

      Lengan

    • B.

      Lutut

    • C.

      Betis

    • D.

      Leher

    Correct Answer
    B. Lutut
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Lutut" because the knee joint is a hinge joint that allows movement in only one direction, like a door hinge. The knee joint is responsible for the movement of the lower leg, allowing it to bend and straighten. Therefore, the knee joint is the body part that moves due to the presence of a hinge joint.

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  • 14. 

    Penyakit akibat kekurangan zat kapur (kapur) adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Polio

    • B.

      Osteoporosis

    • C.

      Rematik

    • D.

      Rakitis

    Correct Answer
    B. Osteoporosis
    Explanation
    Osteoporosis is a disease caused by a lack of calcium in the body. Calcium is an essential nutrient for maintaining strong and healthy bones. When there is a deficiency of calcium, the bones become weak and brittle, leading to a higher risk of fractures and osteoporosis. Therefore, osteoporosis is the correct answer as it is directly related to a deficiency of calcium, which is also known as "zat kapur" in Indonesian.

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  • 15. 

    Sendi engsel terdapat pada . . . .

    • A.

      Ibu jari

    • B.

      Tumit

    • C.

      Siku

    • D.

      Pinggul

    Correct Answer
    C. Siku
    Explanation
    Sendi engsel terdapat pada siku.

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  • 16. 

    Setiap persendian kita dapat digerakkan dengan bantuan . . . .

    • A.

      Kulit

    • B.

      Daging

    • C.

      Otot

    • D.

      Perasaan

    Correct Answer
    C. Otot
    Explanation
    Our joints can be moved with the help of muscles. Muscles are responsible for generating force and movement in the body. They attach to our bones and when they contract, they pull on the bones, allowing us to move our joints. Without the contraction of muscles, our joints would not be able to move. Therefore, muscles are essential for the movement of our joints.

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  • 17. 

    Berdasarkan bentukknya, tulang dibedakan menjadi tiga yaitu . . . .

    • A.

      Tulang kepala, tulang tubuh, dan tulang anggota gerak.

    • B.

      Tulang tengkorak, tulang kepala, dan tulang anggota gerak

    • C.

      Tulang pipa, tulang pipih dan tulang pendek.

    • D.

      Tulang poros, tulang anggota gerak atas, dan tulang anggta gerak bawah.

    Correct Answer
    C. Tulang pipa, tulang pipih dan tulang pendek.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tulang pipa, tulang pipih dan tulang pendek." This answer is correct because it accurately identifies the three types of bones based on their shape. "Tulang pipa" refers to long bones like the femur or humerus, "tulang pipih" refers to flat bones like the skull or scapula, and "tulang pendek" refers to short bones like the carpals or tarsals.

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  • 18. 

    Kelainan akibat tulang puggung membungkuk kesamping (kiri atau kanan) disebut . . . .

    • A.

      Kifosis

    • B.

      Lordosis

    • C.

      Skoliosis

    • D.

      Sinapsis

    Correct Answer
    C. Skoliosis
    Explanation
    Skoliosis is the correct answer because it refers to the condition of the spine where it curves sideways, either to the left or right. Kifosis is the term used for the excessive curvature of the upper back, while lordosis is the excessive inward curvature of the lower back. Sinapsis, on the other hand, is not related to any bone or spine condition.

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  • 19. 

    Sendi yang dapat digerakkan ke samping adalah . . . .      

    • A.

      Pelana

    • B.

      Geser

    • C.

      Peluru

    • D.

      Engsel

    Correct Answer
    A. Pelana
    Explanation
    A saddle is a type of seat that is placed on the back of an animal, usually a horse, to allow the rider to sit and control the animal. A saddle can be moved sideways to adjust its position on the animal's back. Therefore, the correct answer is "Pelana" which means saddle in English.

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  • 20. 

    Kerusakan pada sumsum tulang belakang dapat menyebabkan . . . .      

    • A.

      Mata menjadi buta

    • B.

      Sobeknya paru paru

    • C.

      Kejang – kejang

    • D.

      Lumpuh

    Correct Answer
    D. Lumpuh
    Explanation
    Kerusakan pada sumsum tulang belakang dapat menyebabkan lumpuh. Sumsum tulang belakang berperan penting dalam mengirimkan sinyal-sinyal saraf dari otak ke seluruh tubuh. Jika terjadi kerusakan pada sumsum tulang belakang, sinyal-sinyal saraf tidak dapat dikirim dengan baik, sehingga dapat mengakibatkan hilangnya kemampuan untuk bergerak atau lumpuh.

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  • 21. 

    Gangguan tulang belakang biasanya disebabkan sikap duduk dan berdiri sering membungkuk disebut . . . .

    • A.

      Skoliosis

    • B.

      Porosis

    • C.

      Lordosis

    • D.

      Kifosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Kifosis
    Explanation
    Kifosis adalah kondisi dimana tulang belakang melengkung ke depan secara berlebihan, menyebabkan punggung terlihat membungkuk. Sikap duduk dan berdiri yang sering membungkuk dapat menyebabkan kifosis. Porosis adalah kondisi dimana tulang menjadi rapuh dan rentan patah, sedangkan lordosis adalah kondisi dimana tulang belakang melengkung ke belakang secara berlebihan. Skoliosis adalah kondisi dimana tulang belakang melengkung ke samping.

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  • 22. 

    Penyakit tulang yang mengakibatkan tulang mudah retak atau patah disebut . . . .        

    • A.

      Asam urat

    • B.

      TBC tulang

    • C.

      Osteoporosis

    • D.

      Kurang vitamin

    Correct Answer
    C. Osteoporosis
    Explanation
    Osteoporosis is a bone disease characterized by weak and brittle bones, which makes them more susceptible to fractures and breaks. The condition occurs when the body loses too much bone mass or doesn't produce enough bone tissue. It is more common in older adults, especially women after menopause, due to hormonal changes. Osteoporosis can be caused by various factors, including a lack of calcium and vitamin D, hormonal imbalances, certain medications, and a sedentary lifestyle. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D can help prevent and manage osteoporosis.

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  • 23. 

    Tulang rusuk merupakan tulang yang berbentuk . . . .

    • A.

      Pipih

    • B.

      Pendek

    • C.

      Bulat

    • D.

      Panjang

    Correct Answer
    A. Pipih
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pipih" because tulang rusuk (rib bone) is flat in shape.

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  • 24. 

    Apabila cara duduk kita salah, tulang yang akan mengalami gangguan yaitu tulang . . . .

    • A.

      Belakang

    • B.

      Kaki

    • C.

      Lengan

    • D.

      Rusuk

    Correct Answer
    A. Belakang
    Explanation
    If our sitting position is incorrect, the bone that will be affected is the back bone.

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  • 25. 

    Rangka anggota gerak terutama disusun oleh tulang . . . .       

    • A.

      Pipih dan tulang pipa

    • B.

      Pendek dan tulang pipa

    • C.

      Panjang dan tulang pipih

    • D.

      Pipih dan tulang pendek

    Correct Answer
    B. Pendek dan tulang pipa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pendek dan tulang pipa". This is because the sentence states that the skeletal system is mainly composed of short and tubular bones.

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  • 26. 

    Salah satu tulang penyusun rangka anggota gerak atas yaitu tulang….

    • A.

      Hasta

    • B.

      Betis

    • C.

      Paha

    • D.

      Kering

    Correct Answer
    A. Hasta
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "hasta" because it is the Spanish word for "hand" and is related to the upper limb. The question asks for one of the bones that make up the upper limb, and "hasta" refers to the hand, which is a part of the upper limb.

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  • 27. 

    Osteoporosis dapat dihindari dengan membiasakan mengkonsumsi…

    • A.

      Susu yang mengandung kalsium

    • B.

      Telur yang mengandung protein

    • C.

      Daging yang mengandung lemak

    • D.

      Buah-buahan yang mengandung vitamin C

    Correct Answer
    A. Susu yang mengandung kalsium
    Explanation
    Osteoporosis dapat dihindari dengan mengkonsumsi susu yang mengandung kalsium. Kalsium merupakan mineral yang penting untuk menjaga kekuatan dan kepadatan tulang. Osteoporosis adalah kondisi di mana tulang menjadi rapuh dan rentan patah. Kekurangan kalsium dalam diet dapat menyebabkan penurunan kepadatan tulang dan meningkatkan risiko osteoporosis. Oleh karena itu, mengkonsumsi susu yang mengandung kalsium dapat membantu mencegah osteoporosis.

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  • 28. 

    Tulang yang menyusun rangka kepala yaitu tulang…

    • A.

      Rusuk

    • B.

      Dada

    • C.

      Ubun-ubun

    • D.

      Belakang

    Correct Answer
    C. Ubun-ubun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ubun-ubun." This is because the question is asking about the bones that make up the skull, and the "ubun-ubun" refers to the occipital bone at the back of the skull.

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  • 29. 

    Amelia menggerakkan bahu ke segala arah secara bebas karena adanya persendian…

    • A.

      Sendi peluru

    • B.

      Sendi pelana

    • C.

      Sendi geser

    • D.

      Sendi engsel

    Correct Answer
    A. Sendi peluru
    Explanation
    Amelia can move her shoulders freely in all directions because of the ball-and-socket joint. This type of joint allows for a wide range of motion, as the rounded end of one bone fits into the cup-shaped socket of another bone. This allows for movements like rotation, flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction.

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  • 30. 

     Tulang yang menyusun dasar wajah terdapat pada rangka kepala bagian… 

    • A.

      Depan

    • B.

      Samping kanan

    • C.

      Belakang

    • D.

      Samping kiri

    Correct Answer
    A. Depan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "depan" which means "front" in English. The explanation for this answer is that the bones that make up the foundation of the face are located in the front part of the head.

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  • 31. 

    Rangka badan melindungi bagian-bagian tubuh yang penting yaitu…..

    • A.

      Jantung, paru-paru, dan hati

    • B.

      Otak, usus, dan paru-paru

    • C.

      Otak, usus, dan hati

    • D.

      Jantung, otak, dan usus

    Correct Answer
    A. Jantung, paru-paru, dan hati
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "jantung, paru-paru, dan hati" because these are vital organs that are essential for the body to function properly. The heart pumps blood to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the body, while the lungs are responsible for breathing and oxygenating the blood. The liver plays a crucial role in detoxification, metabolism, and digestion. Protecting these organs is important for overall health and well-being.

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  • 32. 

    Tulang-tulang yang tersusun secara teratur disebut _________

    Correct Answer
    Rangka
    Explanation
    Tulang-tulang yang tersusun secara teratur disebut rangka. Rangka merupakan struktur tubuh yang memberikan dukungan dan kekuatan pada tubuh manusia. Tulang-tulang yang tersusun secara teratur dalam rangka ini membentuk kerangka tubuh yang kokoh dan memungkinkan gerakan tubuh. Rangka juga melindungi organ-organ vital di dalam tubuh dan berperan penting dalam menjaga postur tubuh yang baik.

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  • 33. 

    Rangka anggota gerak adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Leher

    • B.

      Rahang ats bawah

    • C.

      Tulang rusuk

    • D.

      Kaki dan tangan

    Correct Answer
    D. Kaki dan tangan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kaki dan tangan." The phrase "Rangka anggota gerak" translates to "skeletal system of limbs." The limbs in the human body are the arms (tangan) and legs (kaki), which consist of bones and joints that enable movement. Therefore, the answer "Kaki dan tangan" accurately represents the skeletal system of limbs.

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  • 34. 

    Pembentukan tulang sangat dipengaruhi oleh . . . .

    • A.

      Kebiasaan makan

    • B.

      Tempat tidur

    • C.

      Makanan kesukaan

    • D.

      Sikap duduk

    Correct Answer
    D. Sikap duduk
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sikap duduk". The formation of bones is highly influenced by one's sitting posture. Maintaining a correct posture while sitting helps in distributing the body weight evenly, reducing stress on the bones and joints. Poor sitting posture, on the other hand, can lead to misalignment of the spine and increased pressure on certain bones and joints, which can eventually affect bone formation. Therefore, maintaining a good sitting posture is crucial for the proper development and health of bones.

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  • 35. 

    Tulang tengkorak terdiri dari rangkaian tulang yang sebagian besar berbentuk . . . .

    • A.

      Bulat

    • B.

      Panjang

    • C.

      Pipa

    • D.

      Pipih

    Correct Answer
    D. Pipih
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pipih" because the question states that the skull bones are mostly shaped like something, and "pipih" means flat. Therefore, the flat shape of the skull bones is the most appropriate description.

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  • 36. 

    Pada masa bayi tulang ubun – ubun terlihat bergerak – gerak karena tersusun dari tulang . . . .

    • A.

      Keras

    • B.

      Bulat

    • C.

      Rawan

    • D.

      Pipa

    Correct Answer
    C. Rawan
    Explanation
    During infancy, the bones in the skull are not fully fused together, allowing for movement and flexibility. The word "rawan" means "flexible" or "pliable" in Indonesian, which accurately describes the state of the skull bones during this stage of development.

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  • 37. 

    Tulang– tulang penyusun rangkan kepala terdiri dari tulang keras karena berfunsi untuk melindungi. . . .

    • A.

      Otak

    • B.

      Hati

    • C.

      Paru

    • D.

      Lambung

    Correct Answer
    A. Otak
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Otak." The bones that make up the skull are hard because they serve to protect the brain. The brain is a vital organ that needs to be shielded from any potential harm or injury.

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  • 38. 

    Berikut ini yang bukan merupakan fungsi rangka adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Membentuk tubuh

    • B.

      Membentuk daging

    • C.

      Menegakkan tubuh

    • D.

      Tempat melekatnya

    Correct Answer
    B. Membentuk daging
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Membentuk daging". This is because the function of the skeletal system is not to form or shape the muscles (daging), but rather to provide support and structure to the body, enable movement, protect internal organs, and produce blood cells. The formation of muscles is attributed to the muscular system, not the skeletal system.

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  • 39. 

    Tulang anggota gerak bagian atas dan bawah disebut . . . .

    • A.

      Rangka poros

    • B.

      Rangka tubuh

    • C.

      Rangka anggota gerak

    • D.

      Rangka anggota tubuh

    Correct Answer
    C. Rangka anggota gerak
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Rangka anggota gerak". In Indonesian, "rangka" means skeleton and "anggota gerak" means limbs or extremities. Therefore, "rangka anggota gerak" refers to the skeletal structure of the upper and lower limbs, which are responsible for movement and locomotion in the body.

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  • 40. 

    Tulang rusuk membentuk semacam sangkar yang disebut . . . .

    • A.

      Rongga dada

    • B.

      Rongga selangka

    • C.

      Rongga rusuk

    • D.

      Rongga depan

    Correct Answer
    A. Rongga dada
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Rongga dada." Tulang rusuk membentuk semacam sangkar yang disebut rongga dada. Ini adalah tempat di mana organ-organ vital seperti jantung, paru-paru, dan esofagus berada dan dilindungi oleh tulang rusuk. Rongga dada juga berperan dalam proses pernapasan, karena paru-paru berada di dalamnya.

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  • 41. 

    Soal 9 Bagian rangka yang melindungi jantung dan paru – paru adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Tulang rusuk

    • B.

      Tulang selangka

    • C.

      Tulang betis

    • D.

      Tulang panggul

    Correct Answer
    A. Tulang rusuk
    Explanation
    Tulang rusuk melindungi jantung dan paru-paru. Tulang rusuk membentuk kerangka yang melingkari rongga dada dan memberikan perlindungan fisik bagi organ-organ vital di dalamnya.

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  • 42. 

    Tulang – tulang yang tersusun teratur membentuk . . . .

    • A.

      Sendi

    • B.

      Rangka

    • C.

      Otot

    • D.

      Sel

    Correct Answer
    B. Rangka
    Explanation
    Tulang-tulang yang tersusun teratur membentuk rangka. Tulang-tulang ini bekerja sama untuk memberikan kerangka tubuh yang kuat dan mendukung. Rangka tubuh manusia terdiri dari berbagai tulang yang saling terhubung dan membentuk struktur tubuh yang kokoh. Rangka tubuh berfungsi sebagai kerangka penyangga yang melindungi organ-organ dalam tubuh dan memungkinkan gerakan tubuh.

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  • 43. 

    Tulang leher terdiri atas . . . .

    • A.

      7 ruas

    • B.

      8 ruas

    • C.

      5 ruas

    • D.

      6 ruas

    Correct Answer
    A. 7 ruas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 7 ruas because the question is asking about the number of segments or sections in the neck bone. "Ruas" means segments or sections in Indonesian. Therefore, the neck bone consists of 7 segments or sections.

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  • 44. 

    Tulang yang termasuk kedalam tulang anggota gerak adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Tulang punggung

    • B.

      Tulang rusuk

    • C.

      Tulang sanggurdi

    • D.

      Tulang pengumpil

    Correct Answer
    D. Tulang pengumpil
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Tulang pengumpil," is correct because it is a bone that is part of the skeletal system and contributes to movement. The other options, such as "Tulang punggung" (spine), "Tulang rusuk" (ribs), and "Tulang sanggurdi" (vertebrae), are also bones that are part of the skeletal system but are not specifically classified as bones of the appendicular skeleton, which includes the bones of the limbs and their attachments. Therefore, "Tulang pengumpil" is the correct answer as it falls under the category of bones that are part of the appendicular skeleton.

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  • 45. 

    Tulang yang termasuk dalam anggota tulang tungkai adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Tulang kering

    • B.

      Tulang pengumpil

    • C.

      Tulang tengkorak

    • D.

      Tulang rusuk

    Correct Answer
    A. Tulang kering
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tulang kering" because the question asks for the bone that is included in the lower limb. The tibia, or shinbone, is commonly known as the "tulang kering" in Indonesian. It is one of the two bones in the lower leg, along with the fibula. The other options, such as "tulang pengumpil" (vertebrae), "tulang tengkorak" (skull), and "tulang rusuk" (ribs), do not belong to the lower limb.

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  • 46. 

    Tulang yang termasuk dalam anggota tulang tungkai adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Tulang kering

    • B.

      Tulang pengumpil

    • C.

      Tulang tengkorak

    • D.

      Tulang rusuk

    Correct Answer
    A. Tulang kering
    Explanation
    The given question asks for the bone that is included in the lower limb. The correct answer is "Tulang kering" which translates to the shinbone or tibia. The tibia is one of the two long bones in the lower leg and is located between the knee and the ankle. It is responsible for weight-bearing and plays a crucial role in the movement and stability of the leg.

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  • 47. 

    Tulang kemaluan adalah tulang yang membentuk . . . .

    • A.

      Gelang bahu

    • B.

      Gelang panggul

    • C.

      Lengan

    • D.

      Dada

    Correct Answer
    B. Gelang panggul
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Gelang panggul." The phrase "tulang kemaluan" translates to "pelvic bone" in English. Therefore, the correct answer is "pelvic girdle" or "pelvic bone."

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  • 48. 

    Punggung dapat digerakkan ke muka dan kebelakang karena mempunyai . . . 

    • A.

      Tulang paha

    • B.

      Tulang dada

    • C.

      Tulang – tulang rusuk

    • D.

      Ruas – ruas tulang belakang

    Correct Answer
    D. Ruas – ruas tulang belakang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ruas – ruas tulang belakang". The reason for this is that the spine is made up of multiple vertebrae that are connected by joints, allowing it to move in various directions. These joints, known as spinal segments or spinal motion segments, enable the back to flex forward and backward, as well as rotate and bend sideways. Therefore, the ability of the back to move in different directions is primarily due to the presence of these spinal segments.

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  • 49. 

    Bagian tubuhmu yang begerak karena adanya sendi engsel adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Lengan

    • B.

      Lutut

    • C.

      Betis

    • D.

      Leher

    Correct Answer
    B. Lutut
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Lutut" because the knee joint is a hinge joint that allows movement in only one plane, similar to a door hinge. This joint allows the lower leg to move back and forth, enabling activities such as walking, running, and jumping. The other options mentioned, such as the arm (lengan), calf (betis), and neck (leher), do not primarily rely on hinge joints for movement.

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  • 50. 

    Penyakit akibat kekurangan zat kapur (kapur) adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Polio

    • B.

      Osteoporosis

    • C.

      Rematik

    • D.

      Rakitis

    Correct Answer
    B. Osteoporosis
    Explanation
    Osteoporosis is a disease caused by a deficiency of calcium in the body. Calcium is an essential mineral for maintaining strong and healthy bones. When there is a lack of calcium, the bones become weak and brittle, leading to a higher risk of fractures and osteoporosis. Therefore, the correct answer is osteoporosis.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 02, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Aris_karah1
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