AP Government ChAPters 14-16

96 Questions | Total Attempts: 405

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AP Government Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Policies for which Congress has obligated itself to pay a certain level of benefits based on a certain number of recipients are known as
    • A. 

      Entitlements.

    • B. 

      Welfare.

    • C. 

      Earmarks.

    • D. 

      Pork.

    • E. 

      Incremental expenditures.

  • 2. 
    Which federal agency was created in order to collect the federal income tax?
    • A. 

      The Internal Revenue Service

    • B. 

      The Auditors General

    • C. 

      The Treasury Department

    • D. 

      The Congressional Budget Office

    • E. 

      The General Accounting Office

  • 3. 
    Spending bills in Congress originate in
    • A. 

      The House Ways and Means Committee and its subcommittees.

    • B. 

      The Commerce Committees and their subcommittees.

    • C. 

      The Appropriations Committees and their subcommittees.

    • D. 

      The Expenditures Committees and their subcommittees.

    • E. 

      The Senate Finance Committee and its subcommittees.

  • 4. 
    Once a policy decision has been made, such as by passing a legislative act or issuing an executive order, the bureaucracy is responsible for
    • A. 

      Judging its merits.

    • B. 

      Its deregulation.

    • C. 

      Its implementation.

    • D. 

      Funding it.

    • E. 

      Its ratification.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not one of the major sources of federal revenues?
    • A. 

      Social insurance taxes

    • B. 

      Personal income taxes

    • C. 

      Sales taxes

    • D. 

      Corporate income taxes

    • E. 

      Borrowing

  • 6. 
    The Voting Rights Act of 1965
    • A. 

      Failed to achieve its policy goals because of the outright hostility of street-level bureaucrats.

    • B. 

      Was impossible to implement because of a lack of clarity in the legislation.

    • C. 

      Was successfully implemented thanks to its clear goal, its clear methods to achieve the goal, and its lack of bureaucratic fragmentation.

    • D. 

      Was very difficult to implement because of the fragmentation of responsibility for implementing it.

    • E. 

      All but D are true.

  • 7. 
    The government borrows money principally by
    • A. 

      Obtaining loans from the Federal Reserve.

    • B. 

      Maintaining numerous credit card accounts.

    • C. 

      Selling bonds.

    • D. 

      Obtaining loans from foreign governments.

    • E. 

      Printing more currency.

  • 8. 
    Once the Office of Management and Budget has prepared the federal budget,
    • A. 

      It becomes law.

    • B. 

      Congress must vote it up or down as a package within ten days.

    • C. 

      The president makes revisions and submits it to Congress.

    • D. 

      It is sent to the Treasury Department for implementation.

    • E. 

      It is either signed into law or vetoed by the president.

  • 9. 
    Studies have found that most Americans
    • A. 

      Are indifferent about bureaucracies and bureaucrats.

    • B. 

      Dislike bureaucrats.

    • C. 

      Actually like bureaucracies.

    • D. 

      Are satisfied with help received from bureaucrats.

    • E. 

      Want the government bureaucracy dismantled.

  • 10. 
    An "iron triangle" consists of
    • A. 

      Those favoring regulation X, those opposing regulation X, and the regulatory agency in charge of overseeing X.

    • B. 

      The president, the head of a relevant congressional committee, and the head of any regulatory agency.

    • C. 

      A bureaucratic agency, an interest group, and a congressional committee or subcommittee.

    • D. 

      The metal stamp used to certify that the president has approved a new regulation and it now takes legal effect.

    • E. 

      Representatives of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.

  • 11. 
    According to Government in America, which of the following is a legitimate criticism of the federal civil service?
    • A. 

      It does not operate on the merit principle.

    • B. 

      Firing incompetents is extremely difficult.

    • C. 

      Workers are not protected against political firings.

    • D. 

      Too many federal civil servants are actively involved in partisan politics.

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    Forty years ago, the most expensive part of the federal budget was
    • A. 

      Military spending.

    • B. 

      Education.

    • C. 

      Roads and bridges.

    • D. 

      Social services.

    • E. 

      Health care.

  • 13. 
    The General Services Administration and the National Aeronautical and Space administration are examples of
    • A. 

      Government corporations.

    • B. 

      Presidential administrative agencies.

    • C. 

      Cabinet departments.

    • D. 

      Independent executive agencies.

    • E. 

      Independent regulatory agencies.

  • 14. 
    The Office of Management and Budget parcels out money to government agencies and is accountable to
    • A. 

      The Secretary of the Treasury.

    • B. 

      Congress.

    • C. 

      The Internal Revenue Services.

    • D. 

      The Congressional Budget Office.

    • E. 

      The president.

  • 15. 
    The ________ Act was passed partly as a memorial to the memory of President James Garfield, who was assassinated in 1881.
    • A. 

      Interstate Commerce

    • B. 

      Hatch

    • C. 

      Treason

    • D. 

      Pendleton Civil Service

    • E. 

      Voting Rights

  • 16. 
    Which of the following statements about President Reagan's 1981 tax cut is TRUE?
    • A. 

      It led to a major reduction in federal deficits.

    • B. 

      It spread the tax burden more fairly among taxpayers.

    • C. 

      It reduced the federal government's tax expenditures.

    • D. 

      It led to a major reduction in government spending.

    • E. 

      It provided new tax incentives for personal savings and investment.

  • 17. 
    The Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act was adopted in order to
    • A. 

      Permit the president to cut any spending that exceeded deficit limits.

    • B. 

      Change the way Congress enacted budgets.

    • C. 

      Control deficit spending with the goal of balancing the federal budget.

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    What government agency has been established to assist Congress in making budgeting decisions?
    • A. 

      The Congressional Budget Office

    • B. 

      The Internal Revenue Service

    • C. 

      The Commerce Department

    • D. 

      The Office of Management and Budget

    • E. 

      The Treasury Department

  • 19. 
    The Weberian model views bureaucracies as
    • A. 

      Promoting good monopolies.

    • B. 

      Efficient and necessary.

    • C. 

      Largely self-serving.

    • D. 

      Loosely organized and loosely run.

    • E. 

      Hindering democracy.

  • 20. 
    According to Hugh Heclo, the plum book system of recruiting federal employees tends to result in the appointment of
    • A. 

      Talented experts with proven party loyalty.

    • B. 

      Administrators who do not stay long enough in their appointed position to be effective.

    • C. 

      People with access to the Internet, but not necessarily the most qualified people.

    • D. 

      Large numbers of women and minorities, just as it was intended to.

    • E. 

      Senior civil servants to sensitive posts.

  • 21. 
    A major problem for presidents and Congress in controlling bureaucracies is the existence of
    • A. 

      Standard operating procedures.

    • B. 

      Supreme Court rulings curbing the scope of their oversight.

    • C. 

      "iron triangles."

    • D. 

      The plum book.

    • E. 

      The incentive system.

  • 22. 
    The use of governmental authority to control or change some practice in the private sector is called
    • A. 

      Policy implementation.

    • B. 

      Regulation.

    • C. 

      Administrative discretion.

    • D. 

      Public administration.

    • E. 

      Patronage.

  • 23. 
    As a whole, the permanent federal bureaucracy is
    • A. 

      Composed of an American elite.

    • B. 

      More broadly representative of the American people than the rest of the federal government.

    • C. 

      Now employing 15 percent of the American workforce.

    • D. 

      Less diverse in terms of the types of jobs than the private sector.

    • E. 

      Dominated by white males.

  • 24. 
    A budget deficit occurs when expenditures exceed
    • A. 

      Appropriations.

    • B. 

      Revenues.

    • C. 

      Borrowing.

    • D. 

      Inflation.

    • E. 

      Authorizations.

  • 25. 
    The schedule for federal employees ranging from GS 1 to GS 18, by which salaries are keyed to rating and experience is called the
    • A. 

      Spoils System.

    • B. 

      General Schedule.

    • C. 

      Merit Schedule.

    • D. 

      Federal Register.

    • E. 

      Hatch Register.

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