Ancient Israel And Judaism

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Ancient Israel And Judaism - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When people read from the Torah, they are reading from

    • A.

      The Prophets and the Writings.

    • B.

      The first five books of the Hebrew Bible.

    • C.

      An ancient Egyptian book about the Hebrew people.

    • D.

      A collection of prayers and poems used by the early Jews.

    Correct Answer
    B. The first five books of the Hebrew Bible.
    Explanation
    The Torah is the central religious text of Judaism, consisting of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. These books contain the laws, teachings, and narratives that form the foundation of Jewish faith and practice. When people read from the Torah, they are specifically reading from these five books, which are considered sacred and authoritative in Jewish tradition.

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  • 2. 

    How does the Torah say that Abraham first came to the land of Canaan?

    • A.

      He guided the Israelites out of Egypt.

    • B.

      He moved with his family from Mesopotamia.

    • C.

      He passed through the area as a wandering shepherd.

    • D.

      He led an army that won the land from the Philistines.

    Correct Answer
    B. He moved with his family from Mesopotamia.
    Explanation
    The Torah states that Abraham first came to the land of Canaan by moving with his family from Mesopotamia. This is supported by Genesis 12:5, which mentions that Abraham took his wife Sarah, his nephew Lot, and all their possessions and journeyed from Haran to the land of Canaan. This is a significant event in Abraham's life as it marks the beginning of his journey as the father of the Jewish people and the establishment of the covenant with God.

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  • 3. 

    How did ancient Judiasm differ from other religions at the time?

    • A.

      More elegant temples

    • B.

      Rules for how to act

    • C.

      Famous leader-heroes

    • D.

      Belief in one God

    Correct Answer
    D. Belief in one God
    Explanation
    Ancient Judaism differed from other religions at the time because it had a belief in one God. While many other religions during that period worshiped multiple gods, Judaism emphasized monotheism and the worship of a single deity. This belief in one God set Judaism apart from other religions and influenced its practices, rituals, and teachings.

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  • 4. 

    According to the Torah, the faith that would become Judaism began with a covenant, or

    • A.

      Holy dream

    • B.

      Written contract

    • C.

      Sacred agreement

    • D.

      Religious gathering

    Correct Answer
    C. Sacred agreement
    Explanation
    According to the Torah, the faith that would become Judaism began with a sacred agreement. This suggests that there was a mutual understanding or pact between God and the people of Israel, establishing the foundation of their religious beliefs and practices. The term "sacred" implies that this agreement holds significant religious or spiritual importance, emphasizing the divine nature of the covenant. This explanation aligns with the historical and religious context of Judaism, where the covenant between God and the Israelites is a central concept in their faith.

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  • 5. 

    According to Jewish teaching, what did God promise by changing Abram's name to Abraham?

    • A.

      To save Abraham's son

    • B.

      To guide Abraham to Canaan

    • C.

      To help Abraham build a temple

    • D.

      To protect Abraham's descendants

    Correct Answer
    D. To protect Abraham's descendants
    Explanation
    By changing Abram's name to Abraham, God promised to protect Abraham's descendants. This is significant because it signifies that God will ensure the safety and well-being of Abraham's future generations, showing his commitment to Abraham's lineage and the covenant between them.

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  • 6. 

    What place did the Jewish people believe was the promised land?

    • A.

      Ur

    • B.

      Egypt

    • C.

      Canaan

    • D.

      Babylon

    Correct Answer
    C. Canaan
    Explanation
    The Jewish people believed that Canaan was the promised land. Canaan is a region located in the eastern Mediterranean, which encompasses present-day Israel, Palestine, and parts of Jordan. According to the Hebrew Bible, God promised this land to the descendants of Abraham, who is considered the father of the Jewish people. The belief in Canaan as the promised land is deeply rooted in Jewish history, culture, and religious teachings.

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  • 7. 

    Look at the family tree drawn on the board.  According to the family tree, Isaac was Sarah's

    • A.

      Son

    • B.

      Brother

    • C.

      Husband

    • D.

      Grandson

    Correct Answer
    A. Son
    Explanation
    According to the family tree, Isaac is Sarah's son. This means that Sarah is Isaac's mother.

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  • 8. 

    Suppose that you were to arrange the following events in order. Which event happened second?

    • A.

      Abraham moved to Canaan

    • B.

      Moses climbed Mount Sinai

    • C.

      The Israelites moved to Egypt

    • D.

      David was the king of the Jewish people

    Correct Answer
    C. The Israelites moved to Egypt
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Israelites moved to Egypt. This event occurred before Moses climbed Mount Sinai, David became the king of the Jewish people, and Abraham moved to Canaan.

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  • 9. 

    The word exodus means "departure". In the history of the Israelites, the Exodus was the departure from

    • A.

      Ur.

    • B.

      Egypt.

    • C.

      Canaan.

    • D.

      Babylon.

    Correct Answer
    B. Egypt.
    Explanation
    The word "exodus" means "departure", and in the context of the history of the Israelites, it refers to their departure from a particular place. Among the given options, the Israelites' departure or exodus occurred from Egypt. This is a well-known event in biblical history, where Moses led the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt and towards the Promised Land.

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  • 10. 

    According to the Torah, what did Moses bring to his people from Mount Sinai?

    • A.

      Food to eat in the desert

    • B.

      The Ten Commandments

    • C.

      Most of the Hebrew Bible

    • D.

      Directions for building a temple

    Correct Answer
    B. The Ten Commandments
    Explanation
    Moses brought the Ten Commandments to his people from Mount Sinai according to the Torah. These commandments were a set of moral and religious laws given by God to guide the Israelites in their daily lives. They are considered to be the foundation of ethical behavior and worship in Judaism.

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  • 11. 

    Who unified the Israelites into a single nation?

    • A.

      David

    • B.

      Moses

    • C.

      Solomon

    • D.

      Abraham

    Correct Answer
    A. David
    Explanation
    David unified the Israelites into a single nation. He was the second king of Israel and is known for his military victories and his establishment of Jerusalem as the capital city. David's leadership brought together the twelve tribes of Israel and created a strong and united kingdom. He is considered one of the most important figures in Jewish history and his reign is often referred to as the "Golden Age" of Israel.

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  • 12. 

    What did David provide for the Jewish people that they did not have before?

    • A.

      A strong army

    • B.

      A famous temple

    • C.

      A set of commandments

    • D.

      A strong central government

    Correct Answer
    D. A strong central government
    Explanation
    David provided the Jewish people with a strong central government. This means that he established a system of governance that centralized power and authority, allowing for more efficient and effective decision-making and administration. Prior to David, the Jewish people may have had various tribal or regional leaders, but David's central government brought unity and stability to the nation.

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  • 13. 

    Why was Jerusalem considered a holy city?

    • A.

      David built his first place there.

    • B.

      Religious ceremonies were held there.

    • C.

      The Ark of the Covenant was kept there.

    • D.

      The Israelites beeived God told them to live there.

    Correct Answer
    B. Religious ceremonies were held there.
    Explanation
    Jerusalem was considered a holy city because religious ceremonies were held there. This suggests that the city held significant religious importance and was a center for worship and spiritual practices. The presence of these ceremonies indicates that Jerusalem was a sacred site for believers, contributing to its status as a holy city.

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  • 14. 

    For which achievement is Solomon most famous?

    • A.

      Uniting a nation

    • B.

      Winning a battle

    • C.

      Starting a school

    • D.

      Building a temple

    Correct Answer
    D. Building a temple
    Explanation
    Solomon is most famous for building a temple. This is because he constructed the First Temple in Jerusalem, which was considered a significant achievement during his reign. The temple, known as Solomon's Temple, was a symbol of religious and political power, and it became a central place of worship for the Israelites. The construction of the temple showcased Solomon's wealth, wisdom, and dedication to God, making it his most renowned accomplishment.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 02, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Floydj
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