# Ancient Civilization Quiz (Science, Math, Inventions)

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Questions on science, math, and inventions about ancient civilizations.

• 1.

### Which Mesopotamian civilization invented the wheel?

• A.

Babylon

• B.

Sumer

• C.

• D.

Assyrian

B. Sumer
Explanation
Sumer is the correct answer because the Sumerians, who lived in Mesopotamia around 3500 BCE, are credited with inventing the wheel. The wheel was a significant technological advancement that revolutionized transportation and allowed for the development of wheeled vehicles, making trade and transportation much easier and more efficient. The invention of the wheel by the Sumerians had a profound impact on the development of civilizations and is considered one of the most important inventions in human history.

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• 2.

### Which Mesopotamian invention revolutionized agriculture?

• A.

Steel Plow

• B.

Shovel

• C.

Seeder Plow

• D.

Stone Plow

• E.

Pickaxe

C. Seeder Plow
Explanation
The seeder plow revolutionized agriculture in Mesopotamia. This invention allowed farmers to efficiently sow seeds into the soil while simultaneously plowing the land. By combining these two tasks into one, the seeder plow increased productivity and saved time for farmers. It helped in the cultivation of larger areas of land and improved crop yields, leading to significant advancements in Mesopotamian agriculture.

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• 3.

### Which mathematical theory/concept was developed by the Mesopotamians?

• A.

Absolute Primes

• B.

Pi

• C.

Sigma

• D.

Pythagorean theorem

D. Pythagorean theorem
Explanation
The Pythagorean theorem was developed by the Mesopotamians. This theorem states that in a right-angled triangle, the square of the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. This concept is fundamental in geometry and has numerous applications in various fields of science and engineering. It is named after the Greek mathematician Pythagoras, but its origins can be traced back to the ancient Mesopotamian civilization.

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• 4.

### Which invention was vital for the survival of these civilizations?

• A.

Irrigation

• B.

Seeder Plow

• C.

Bricks

• D.

Chariots

• E.

Wheel

A. Irrigation
Explanation
Irrigation was vital for the survival of these civilizations because it allowed them to control and direct water to their crops, ensuring a reliable food supply. Without irrigation, these civilizations would have been dependent on unpredictable rainfall, making it difficult to sustain agriculture and support their growing populations. Irrigation systems allowed for the cultivation of larger areas of land and increased crop yields, contributing to the stability and development of these civilizations.

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• 5.

### The Sumerians are known for their invention of writing. This form of writing was called __________.

Explanation
The Sumerians are known for their invention of writing. This form of writing was called cuneiform.

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• 6.

### The concept of _______ was another one of Mesopotamia's great math concepts.

Zero, zero, 0
Explanation
The explanation for the given answer is that the concept of zero was one of Mesopotamia's great math concepts. Zero is represented by the numeral 0, which is also written as "zero" in words. It is a fundamental concept in mathematics, representing the absence or null value. Mesopotamia, an ancient civilization, made significant contributions to mathematics, including the development and understanding of zero.

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• 7.

### The Sumerians would add a "leap month" every three years to keep up with the sun. This shows the Sumerian's had a basic knowledge of _________.

Astronomy , astronomy , Planetary Alignment , planetary alignment, Planetary alignment
Explanation
The Sumerians' practice of adding a "leap month" every three years to synchronize their calendar with the sun indicates their understanding of astronomy. By observing the sun's movement and making adjustments to their calendar, they demonstrated a basic knowledge of celestial bodies and their patterns.

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• 8.

### Which of these inventions is not credited to Ancient Mesopotamia?

• A.

Glass

• B.

Sailboat

• C.

Concept of the dome, arch, and column

• D.

The first known Fishing Rod

• E.

Glazed Bricks

D. The first known Fishing Rod
Explanation
The first known Fishing Rod is not credited to Ancient Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia is known for its advancements in various fields such as architecture, pottery, and navigation. However, the concept of using a fishing rod for fishing is not attributed to this ancient civilization. Fishing rods were developed independently in different parts of the world, but not in Mesopotamia.

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• 9.

### The Egyptians created two types of clocks. They are as follows...

• A.

Sun Dial and Water Clock

• B.

Sun Dial and Pocket Watch

• C.

Sun Dial and the Hourglass

• D.

Sun Dial and an Astronomical Clock

• E.

They only used their cell phones to check the time

A. Sun Dial and Water Clock
Explanation
The Egyptians created two types of clocks: the Sun Dial and the Water Clock. The Sun Dial used the position of the sun's shadow to tell the time, while the Water Clock used the flow of water to measure time. These were the most common types of clocks used by the Egyptians, as they did not have pocket watches, hourglasses, or astronomical clocks at that time.

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• 10.

### Through mummification, the Egyptians were able to better understand human _________.

Anatomy
anatomy
Explanation
Mummification was a process used by the ancient Egyptians to preserve the bodies of the deceased. By carefully removing the organs and treating the body with various substances, the Egyptians gained a detailed understanding of human anatomy. This knowledge was crucial for their religious beliefs and practices, as well as for medical purposes such as treating injuries and illnesses. The study of anatomy through mummification allowed the Egyptians to explore the intricacies of the human body and advance their understanding of its structure and function.

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• 11.

### The Egyptians used their knowledge of astronomy and other various sources to create the very first....

• A.

Planetary Chart

• B.

365 Day Calendar

• C.

Garden

• D.

Step-Pyramid

• E.

City

B. 365 Day Calendar
Explanation
The Egyptians used their knowledge of astronomy and other various sources to create the very first 365 Day Calendar. This calendar was based on the annual flooding of the Nile River and the movement of the stars. It consisted of 12 months, each with 30 days, and an additional 5 or 6 intercalary days at the end of the year to align it with the solar cycle. This calendar allowed the Egyptians to track the seasons and plan their agricultural activities, making it an essential tool for their civilization.

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• 12.

### The Egyptians invented a very basic type of ______ that granted access to certain areas only if a person had a key.

Lock
lock
Explanation
The Egyptians invented a very basic type of lock that granted access to certain areas only if a person had a key.

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• 13.

### Taking Mesopotamia's agriculture revolution one step further, the Egyptians use a plow pulled by a(n) ____ to help seed their fields.

Ox
ox
Explanation
The Egyptians used a plow pulled by an ox to help seed their fields. The ox was a strong and powerful animal that could efficiently pull the plow through the soil, making it easier for the Egyptians to prepare their fields for planting. This method of using oxen and plows revolutionized agriculture in Egypt, allowing for larger-scale farming and increased crop production.

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• Aug 21, 2023
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• Feb 24, 2009
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