Africa's Physical Features And Cultures

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| By Killianw
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 273
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 273

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Physical Features Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz covers key physical features in Africa and its cultural problems.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the longest river in Africa and the world?

    • A.

      Nile River

    • B.

      Congo River

    • C.

      Mississippi River

    • D.

      Yangtze River

    Correct Answer
    A. Nile River
    Explanation
    The Nile River is the longest river in Africa and the world. It stretches over 4,135 miles, flowing through eleven countries in northeastern Africa. The Nile is historically significant, as it played a crucial role in the development of ancient Egyptian civilization. It is also an important water source for the countries it passes through, supporting agriculture and providing drinking water.

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  • 2. 

    99% of the country of Zaire is in the?

    • A.

      Nile River Basin

    • B.

      Niger River Basin

    • C.

      Congo River Basin

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Congo River Basin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Congo River Basin. This is because Zaire, which is now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is located in Central Africa and the majority of its territory lies within the Congo River Basin. The Congo River is the second longest river in Africa and the basin covers a large portion of the country, making it the most likely option.

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  • 3. 

    The Niger River Basin extends over how many countries?

    • A.

      12

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      9

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    D. 10
    Explanation
    The Niger River Basin extends over 10 countries.

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  • 4. 

    Hydroelectric power is produced by Africa's?

    • A.

      Wind mills

    • B.

      Major Dams

    • C.

      Diamonds

    • D.

      Sun power

    Correct Answer
    B. Major Dams
    Explanation
    Hydroelectric power is produced by harnessing the energy of flowing or falling water. Major dams are built across rivers to create reservoirs of water. When the water is released from the dam, it flows through turbines, which in turn generate electricity. Therefore, major dams are a key source of hydroelectric power production in Africa.

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  • 5. 

    What is the highest point in Africa?

    • A.

      Kilimanjaro

    • B.

      Atlas

    • C.

      Kenya

    • D.

      Drajensburg

    Correct Answer
    A. Kilimanjaro
    Explanation
    Kilimanjaro is the correct answer because it is the highest point in Africa. Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano located in Tanzania and stands at an elevation of 5,895 meters (19,341 feet) above sea level. It is not only the highest peak in Africa but also the highest freestanding mountain in the world. Kilimanjaro is a popular destination for climbers and attracts thousands of visitors each year.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is NOT a desert in Africa?

    • A.

      Sahara

    • B.

      Libyan

    • C.

      Gobi

    • D.

      Sahel

    Correct Answer
    C. Gobi
    Explanation
    The Gobi is not a desert in Africa. The Sahara, Libyan, and Sahel are all deserts located in Africa. The Gobi, on the other hand, is a desert located in Asia, specifically in northern and northwestern China and southern Mongolia.

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  • 7. 

    Overgrazing and drought have led to ________ in Africa.

    • A.

      Mass Genocide

    • B.

      Increase in jobs

    • C.

      Economic surplus in Africa

    • D.

      Desertification

    Correct Answer
    D. Desertification
    Explanation
    Overgrazing refers to the excessive consumption of vegetation by livestock, which can lead to the depletion of plant cover and soil erosion. Drought, on the other hand, is a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, resulting in water scarcity. Both overgrazing and drought can contribute to desertification, which is the process of land degradation where fertile land turns into desert-like conditions. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is desertification, as overgrazing and drought have led to the degradation and transformation of land into desert areas in Africa.

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  • 8. 

    How many countries does the African Rain Forest cover?

    Correct Answer
    37
    Explanation
    The African Rain Forest covers 37 countries.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is not a natural resourse in Africa?

    • A.

      Diamands

    • B.

      Coffee

    • C.

      Petroleum

    • D.

      Peanut

    Correct Answer
    C. Petroleum
    Explanation
    Petroleum is not a natural resource in Africa. Africa is known for its rich natural resources, including diamonds, coffee, and peanuts. However, petroleum is not abundant in Africa compared to other regions like the Middle East. While there are some oil-producing countries in Africa, such as Nigeria and Angola, petroleum is not as prevalent or significant as other resources in the continent.

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  • 10. 

    Africa is the largest continent in the world?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Africa is not the largest continent in the world. The correct answer is False. The largest continent in the world is Asia, both in terms of land area and population. Africa is the second largest continent, but it is still larger than any other continent except Asia.

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  • 11. 

    Which part of Africa was once called the "Pearl of Africa?"

    • A.

      Uganda

    • B.

      Somalia

    • C.

      Sierra Leone

    • D.

      Nigeria

    Correct Answer
    A. Uganda
    Explanation
    Uganda is known as the "Pearl of Africa" because of its stunning natural beauty and diverse wildlife. The country is home to breathtaking landscapes, including the famous Lake Victoria, the Rwenzori Mountains, and the Murchison Falls. Uganda also boasts an incredible array of wildlife, with national parks like Bwindi Impenetrable Forest and Queen Elizabeth National Park offering opportunities to see gorillas, lions, elephants, and more. This nickname reflects Uganda's status as a hidden gem in Africa, with its abundance of natural wonders and unique experiences for visitors.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is not grown in Uganda?

    • A.

      Plantains

    • B.

      Corn

    • C.

      Cassava

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    All three options listed, plantains, corn, and cassava, are grown in Uganda. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the above" as none of the options are not grown in Uganda.

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  • 13. 

    What is Uganda's number one export?

    • A.

      Coffee

    • B.

      Plantains

    • C.

      Cotton

    • D.

      Corn

    Correct Answer
    A. Coffee
    Explanation
    Coffee is Uganda's number one export because Uganda is one of the largest producers of coffee in Africa. The country has a favorable climate and fertile soil that is perfect for growing coffee beans. Coffee production in Uganda has been steadily increasing over the years, and it plays a significant role in the country's economy. Uganda's coffee is known for its high quality and is exported to various countries around the world. Therefore, coffee is the correct answer for Uganda's number one export.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following describes the physical features of Rwanda and Burundi?

    • A.

      Mountains

    • B.

      Hills

    • C.

      High Plateaus

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Rwanda and Burundi are both landlocked countries located in the Great Lakes region of East Africa. These countries are known for their mountainous terrain, with a significant portion of their land covered by mountains. Additionally, they also have numerous hills and high plateaus. Therefore, the statement "All of the above" is the correct answer as it accurately describes the physical features of Rwanda and Burundi.

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  • 15. 

    _________ made it illegal for different races and ethnic groups to mix, thus limiting the rights of blacks in South Africa.

    • A.

      Genocide

    • B.

      Aparthied

    • C.

      The Kimberley Process

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Aparthied
    Explanation
    Apartheid is the correct answer because it refers to the system of racial segregation and discrimination that was enforced by the South African government from 1948 to 1994. Apartheid laws made it illegal for different races and ethnic groups to mix, limiting the rights and freedoms of black individuals in South Africa. This system was characterized by racial inequality, separate residential areas, and restrictions on movement, education, and employment opportunities for black people.

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  • 16. 

    What is a Conflict/Blood Diamond?

    • A.

      A red diamond found in Sierra Leone

    • B.

      Diamonds that are illegally sold to fund civil wars and rebel conflicts.

    • C.

      Any diamond that comes from Africa

    • D.

      Stolen Diamonds

    Correct Answer
    B. Diamonds that are illegally sold to fund civil wars and rebel conflicts.
    Explanation
    Conflict diamonds, also known as blood diamonds, are diamonds that are illegally sold to fund civil wars and rebel conflicts. These diamonds are typically mined in war zones and are used to finance armed conflicts against governments. The trade of conflict diamonds has fueled violence and human rights abuses in countries such as Sierra Leone, Angola, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. International efforts, such as the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, have been established to prevent the trade of conflict diamonds and ensure that diamonds are sourced ethically.

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  • 17. 

    Human rights groups believe that conflict diamonds are still a problem today.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Human rights groups believe that conflict diamonds are still a problem today because despite efforts to regulate the diamond trade, there are still instances where diamonds are mined and sold to finance armed conflicts, human rights abuses, and violence. These conflict diamonds often come from areas where there is political instability, corruption, and lack of proper regulation. Human rights groups advocate for stricter regulations and transparency in the diamond industry to ensure that diamonds are not fueling violence and human rights violations.

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  • 18. 

    Which country purchases the greatest amount of diamonds?

    • A.

      United States

    • B.

      Great Britain

    • C.

      Scotland

    • D.

      Canada

    Correct Answer
    A. United States
    Explanation
    The United States purchases the greatest amount of diamonds because it has a large consumer market and a high demand for luxury goods. Additionally, the United States has a strong economy and a high level of disposable income, which allows its citizens to afford expensive items like diamonds. The country also has a well-established diamond industry, with many jewelry stores and diamond retailers. All these factors contribute to the United States being the top purchaser of diamonds.

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  • 19. 

    ________ requires that diamond shipments to be accompanied by certificates stating they were not mined in countries at war.

    Correct Answer
    Kimberley Process
    Explanation
    The Kimberley Process is a certification scheme established in 2003 to prevent the trade of conflict diamonds, also known as blood diamonds. It requires that diamond shipments be accompanied by certificates stating that they were not mined in countries at war. This process aims to ensure that the diamond trade does not contribute to armed conflict and human rights abuses.

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  • 20. 

    How has the current situation in Darfur effected the population?

    • A.

      400,000 Dead

    • B.

      2.5 million dispaced

    • C.

      10,000 dying every month

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The current situation in Darfur has had a significant impact on the population. With 400,000 people dead, 2.5 million displaced, and 10,000 dying every month, it is clear that the population has been severely affected. This combination of high death toll, large number of displaced individuals, and ongoing loss of life demonstrates the devastating consequences of the situation in Darfur.

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  • 21. 

    What militia is sponsored by the Sudan government?

    • A.

      Hamas

    • B.

      Janjaweed

    • C.

      Africa military

    • D.

      Africa Militia

    Correct Answer
    B. Janjaweed
    Explanation
    The Janjaweed is a militia group that is sponsored by the Sudan government. They have been involved in numerous human rights abuses and atrocities, particularly in the Darfur region of Sudan. The Sudan government has been accused of supporting and arming the Janjaweed in their campaign against rebel groups and civilians. This sponsorship has allowed the Janjaweed to operate with impunity and carry out their violent actions.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following is not a current threat in Darfur?

    • A.

      Murder

    • B.

      Espionage

    • C.

      Rape

    • D.

      Starvation

    Correct Answer
    B. Espionage
    Explanation
    Espionage is not a current threat in Darfur because it refers to the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without permission, typically for political, military, or economic purposes. In the context of Darfur, which is a region in Sudan, the main threats include murder, rape, and starvation, which are all related to the ongoing conflict and humanitarian crisis in the area. Espionage, on the other hand, involves intelligence gathering and is not typically associated with the issues faced by the people in Darfur.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following have responded to the problem in Darfur?

    • A.

      NATO

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      Japan

    • D.

      Great Britain

    Correct Answer
    A. NATO
    Explanation
    NATO has responded to the problem in Darfur.

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  • 24. 

    Why are their so many civilians in Somalia turning to piracy?

    • A.

      Lack of Government

    • B.

      Illegal fishermen fishing their waters

    • C.

      Starvation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The reason why there are so many civilians in Somalia turning to piracy is because of a combination of factors. Firstly, there is a lack of government control and stability in Somalia, which creates a power vacuum and allows piracy to thrive. Additionally, illegal fishermen from other countries are exploiting Somalia's waters, depriving local fishermen of their livelihoods. Lastly, the country has faced severe droughts and famine, leading to widespread starvation and desperation among the population. All of these factors contribute to the rise of piracy as a means of survival in Somalia.

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  • 25. 

    The pirates are preventing ships from entering the Gulf of Aden. What is the significance of this passage way?

    • A.

      Great fishing waters

    • B.

      The only passage way to the Red Sea

    • C.

      Trade route for Asia and Africa

    • D.

      The diamond trade

    Correct Answer
    C. Trade route for Asia and Africa
    Explanation
    The significance of the Gulf of Aden passage way is that it serves as a trade route for Asia and Africa. This means that ships carrying goods and resources between these two continents rely on this passage way for transportation. The pirates preventing ships from entering the Gulf of Aden disrupt this vital trade route, causing economic and logistical challenges for countries in both Asia and Africa.

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  • 26. 

    Which Continent did you enjoy learning about the most? 

    • A.

      Europe

    • B.

      Asia

    • C.

      Africa

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because the question asks which continent the person enjoyed learning about the most, indicating that they enjoyed learning about multiple continents. By selecting "All of the above," it implies that the person enjoyed learning about Europe, Asia, and Africa equally and cannot choose just one continent as their favorite.

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  • 27. 

    Name the important passage way that flows through Eygpt creating a short cut for ships between Asia and Europe.

    • A.

      Gulf of Aden

    • B.

      Suez Canal

    • C.

      Red Sea

    • D.

      Indian Ocean

    Correct Answer
    B. Suez Canal
    Explanation
    The Suez Canal is an important passage way that flows through Egypt, creating a shortcut for ships between Asia and Europe. It connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, allowing ships to avoid the longer and more dangerous route around the Cape of Good Hope. The construction of the Suez Canal in the 19th century revolutionized global trade by significantly reducing travel time and costs for ships traveling between the two continents.

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  • 28. 

    What profession did the majority of the pirates in Somalia have before turning to piracy?

    • A.

      Hunting

    • B.

      Education

    • C.

      Fishing

    • D.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    C. Fishing
    Explanation
    The majority of pirates in Somalia had a profession in fishing before turning to piracy. This can be inferred from the fact that Somalia has a long coastline and a significant fishing industry, which provides a potential source of income for individuals involved in piracy. The other options, hunting and education, are not directly related to the geographical and economic context of Somalia, making fishing the most plausible answer.

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  • 29. 

    The Janjaweed are known to the people as?

    • A.

      Militia

    • B.

      Devils on Horseback

    • C.

      Terrorist

    • D.

      Rebel Groups

    Correct Answer
    B. Devils on Horseback
    Explanation
    The Janjaweed are known to the people as "Devils on Horseback" because of their brutal tactics and atrocities committed during the Darfur conflict in Sudan. They were notorious for their horse-mounted attacks on villages, looting, burning, and killing innocent civilians. The nickname "Devils on Horseback" reflects the terror and fear they instilled in the local population.

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  • 30. 

    What are the three origins of the Darfur Conflict?

    • A.

      Drought, North-South Civil War, Omar Al-Bahir

    • B.

      North-South Civil War

    • C.

      Omar Al-Bashir

    • D.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the Above
    Explanation
    The Darfur Conflict has three origins: drought, the North-South Civil War, and the actions of Omar Al-Bashir. The drought in the region led to competition over scarce resources, which exacerbated tensions between different groups. The North-South Civil War, which lasted for decades, also contributed to the conflict as it created a power vacuum and increased instability. Additionally, the actions of Omar Al-Bashir, the former president of Sudan, including his support for Arab militias and his government's brutal crackdown on rebel groups, further escalated the conflict. Therefore, all of the mentioned factors played a role in the Darfur Conflict.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 07, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Killianw
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