Intro To World Religions 1

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Intro To World Religions 1 - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This religious orientation desires a union with a reality greater than oneself.                               

    • A.

      Mystical

    • B.

      Communal

    • C.

      Prophetic

    • D.

      Apocalyptic

    Correct Answer
    A. Mystical
    Explanation
    Mystical religious orientation desires a union with a reality greater than oneself. This orientation focuses on personal experiences of the divine and seeks to connect with a higher power through meditation, contemplation, and spiritual practices. It emphasizes the importance of inner transformation, transcendence, and unity with the divine. Mystics often seek to dissolve the boundaries between themselves and the divine, seeking a direct and intimate experience of the sacred.

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  • 2. 

    Sikhs and Hindus share which belief system?                         

    • A.

      Polytheism

    • B.

      Living gurus

    • C.

      Reincarnation

    • D.

      Caste systems

    Correct Answer
    C. Reincarnation
    Explanation
    Sikhs and Hindus share the belief in reincarnation. Both religions believe in the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, where the soul is believed to transmigrate into a new body after death. Reincarnation is a fundamental concept in both Sikhism and Hinduism, and it is believed that the actions and deeds in one's current life determine the quality of their next life. This shared belief in reincarnation is one of the similarities between Sikhs and Hindus.

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  • 3. 

    Durin the Roman Empire, which community of the Jews fled to the wilderness due to apocalyptic visions?

    • A.

      Christians

    • B.

      Sadduccees

    • C.

      Essenes

    • D.

      Zealots

    Correct Answer
    C. Essenes
    Explanation
    During the Roman Empire, the Essenes community of Jews fled to the wilderness due to apocalyptic visions. The Essenes were a Jewish sect known for their ascetic lifestyle and strict adherence to religious practices. They believed in the imminent arrival of a messianic figure and the impending end of the world. To prepare for this, they separated themselves from mainstream society and sought solace in isolated desert communities. This withdrawal into the wilderness was a response to their apocalyptic visions and a way for them to live in accordance with their beliefs.

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  • 4. 

    In the 19th Century, which movement believed that the source of understanding came from emotion or intuition rather than reason?

    • A.

      Enlightenment

    • B.

      Romanticism

    • C.

      Judaism

    • D.

      Revivalism

    Correct Answer
    B. Romanticism
    Explanation
    Romanticism is the correct answer because this movement in the 19th Century emphasized the importance of emotions, intuition, and individual experience over reason and logic. Romanticism rejected the Enlightenment's emphasis on rationality and sought to explore and celebrate the power of emotions and imagination. Artists, writers, and philosophers during this period focused on expressing subjective feelings and exploring the beauty and awe of nature. Romanticism was a reaction against the Enlightenment's emphasis on reason and sought to bring forth a deeper understanding and appreciation of the human experience.

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  • 5. 

    The Tanakh is an acronym for what division of the Hebrew Bible?

    • A.

      The first five books

    • B.

      The epistles

    • C.

      The Pentateuch

    • D.

      The three major divisions

    Correct Answer
    D. The three major divisions
    Explanation
    The Tanakh is an acronym for the three major divisions of the Hebrew Bible, which are the Torah (the first five books), the Nevi'im (the Prophets), and the Ketuvim (the Writings). These three divisions collectively make up the Tanakh, which is the central religious text of Judaism.

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  • 6. 

    What does "Shinto" mean?

    • A.

      The Land of the Gods

    • B.

      Ancestral way of persons

    • C.

      The Way of the Gods

    • D.

      Protectors of Buddha's Law

    Correct Answer
    C. The Way of the Gods
    Explanation
    "Shinto" is a Japanese term that translates to "The Way of the Gods." Shinto is an indigenous religion in Japan that focuses on the worship of various deities, spirits, and forces of nature. It emphasizes maintaining a harmonious relationship with the divine and the natural world. The term "The Way of the Gods" accurately captures the essence of Shinto as a religious and spiritual path centered around the reverence and worship of gods and goddesses.

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  • 7. 

    The feminine aspect of the divine is celebrated in which alternative religion?

    • A.

      Baha'i

    • B.

      Hare Krishna

    • C.

      Wicca

    • D.

      Druidism

    Correct Answer
    C. Wicca
    Explanation
    Wicca is an alternative religion that celebrates the feminine aspect of the divine. It is a modern pagan witchcraft tradition that reveres a goddess and a god, with a strong emphasis on the goddess as the primary deity. Wiccans believe in the balance of masculine and feminine energies and often worship and honor the goddess in their rituals and practices. The celebration and recognition of the feminine divine is a central aspect of Wicca's belief system and rituals.

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  • 8. 

    Which of these is the oldest school of the Tibetan Buddism?

    • A.

      Nyingma-pa

    • B.

      Tzen-tsu

    • C.

      Kagya-pa

    • D.

      T'ien-ming

    Correct Answer
    A. Nyingma-pa
    Explanation
    The Nyingma-pa is the oldest school of Tibetan Buddhism. It was founded in the 8th century by Padmasambhava, also known as Guru Rinpoche. This school emphasizes the importance of meditation and the practice of Dzogchen, which is considered the highest and most direct path to enlightenment. The Nyingma-pa school also incorporates teachings from the ancient Bon religion of Tibet. It is known for its rich spiritual lineage and its preservation of ancient Buddhist texts and practices.

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  • 9. 

    According to Hinduism, which describes a sannayasin?

    • A.

      A person who has discovered any worldly goods in order to live a life of asceticism and seek moksha.

    • B.

      The person who uses the Ayurvedic technique to heal illnesses and preserve life.

    • C.

      A person who has achieved a oneness of the mind and senses and abandoned all states of existence through yoga.

    • D.

      The person who finds balance between worldly pleasures and spiritual desires.

    Correct Answer
    A. A person who has discovered any worldly goods in order to live a life of asceticism and seek moksha.
  • 10. 

    The Imam Mahdi are to the Shiites as ______________ is to Christians.                

    • A.

      Mary's virgin birth

    • B.

      Christ's divinity

    • C.

      The Holy Ghost

    • D.

      Christ's Second Coming

    Correct Answer
    D. Christ's Second Coming
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Christ's Second Coming. This is because the Imam Mahdi is a messianic figure in Shiite Islam who is believed to be the prophesied redeemer who will come before the Day of Judgment, similar to how Christians believe in the Second Coming of Christ as the return of Jesus to Earth. Both concepts involve the belief in a future event where a divine figure will come to bring about a period of justice and peace.

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  • 11. 

    How many books of scripture does the Mormon Church belive in?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      2

    Correct Answer
    A. 5
    Explanation
    5. They are Old Testament, New Testament, Book or Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants, and Pearl of Great Price.

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  • 12. 

    The founer of Zen Buddhism was an indianMonk named Bodhidharma. In which century was the Zen school of thought founded?                             

    • A.

      5th century AD

    • B.

      3rd century AD

    • C.

      6th century AD

    • D.

      4th century AD

    Correct Answer
    C. 6th century AD
    Explanation
    The Zen school of thought was founded in the 6th century AD.

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  • 13. 

    Jains belive the highest stage of life, short for liberation is

    • A.

      Birth as a human

    • B.

      Birth as a fish

    • C.

      Becoming a parent

    • D.

      Getting married

    Correct Answer
    A. Birth as a human
    Explanation
    Jains believe that the highest stage of life, referred to as liberation, is achieved through birth as a human. This is because being born as a human provides individuals with the opportunity to practice and attain spiritual enlightenment, ultimately leading to liberation from the cycle of birth and death. Other life forms such as fish, becoming a parent, or getting married do not hold the same significance in Jainism as they do not offer the same potential for spiritual growth and liberation.

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  • 14. 

    In which continent can primal religions be found ?

    • A.

      Australia

    • B.

      North America

    • C.

      South America

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Primal religions can be found in all of the above continents, namely North America, South America, and Australia. Primal religions are indigenous belief systems that have been practiced by various native cultures for centuries. These religions are deeply rooted in the traditions, customs, and spiritual practices of these indigenous communities. Therefore, it is accurate to say that primal religions can be found in all of these continents, as they are an integral part of the cultural and religious fabric of these regions.

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  • 15. 

    What was Paul of Tarsus' originally intending to do when he reachedf Damascus?

    • A.

      Worship at the Temple

    • B.

      Arrest members of the Christ-worshipping church

    • C.

      Convert people to Christianity

    • D.

      Receive communion

    Correct Answer
    B. Arrest members of the Christ-worshipping church
    Explanation
    Paul of Tarsus originally intended to arrest members of the Christ-worshipping church when he reached Damascus. This can be inferred from historical accounts and biblical references, such as Acts 9:1-2, where Paul is described as having letters from the high priest to the synagogues in Damascus, authorizing him to arrest any followers of Jesus. This aligns with his initial opposition to the early Christian movement before his conversion on the road to Damascus.

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  • 16. 

    Which value is not Taoiast?

    • A.

      Formnal education

    • B.

      Simplicity

    • C.

      Spontaneity

    • D.

      Appreciation of nature's movements

    Correct Answer
    A. Formnal education
    Explanation
    The value of formal education is not Taoist because Taoism emphasizes simplicity and spontaneity, while formal education often involves structured learning and adherence to established systems. Taoism encourages individuals to appreciate the natural flow of life and the movements of nature, which may be at odds with the rigid structure and rules of formal education.

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  • 17. 

    Where did the monastic movement on Christianity begin?

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      Russia

    • C.

      Rome

    • D.

      Egypt

    Correct Answer
    D. Egypt
    Explanation
    The monastic movement on Christianity began in Egypt. This is because Egypt was home to many early Christian ascetics and hermits who sought to live a life of solitude and devotion to God. These individuals, known as the Desert Fathers, played a crucial role in shaping the monastic tradition and their practices and teachings spread throughout the Christian world. The desert regions of Egypt provided an ideal environment for these individuals to withdraw from society and focus on their spiritual growth, leading to the establishment of the first Christian monastic communities in Egypt.

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  • 18. 

    Where is the Mahayana Buddhism strongest today?

    • A.

      India

    • B.

      Japan

    • C.

      China

    • D.

      Spain

    Correct Answer
    B. Japan
    Explanation
    Japan is the correct answer because Mahayana Buddhism is most prevalent in East Asian countries, particularly Japan, where it has a significant following. Mahayana Buddhism originated in India but spread to China, Japan, and other East Asian countries, where it has become deeply rooted in their cultures and traditions. Today, Japan has a large number of temples, monasteries, and practitioners dedicated to Mahayana Buddhism, making it one of the strongest regions for this particular branch of Buddhism.

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  • 19. 

    The Hindu yogic path that most emphasizes rational thought as the way to liberation is ?

    • A.

      Bhakti

    • B.

      Karma

    • C.

      Jnana

    • D.

      Rana

    Correct Answer
    C. Jnana
    Explanation
    Jnana is the correct answer because it is a Hindu yogic path that emphasizes rational thought as the means to liberation. Jnana yoga is the path of knowledge and wisdom, where one seeks to understand the true nature of reality through study, self-inquiry, and contemplation. It involves questioning and analyzing one's beliefs and perceptions in order to gain insight and ultimately attain liberation or self-realization. Unlike other paths like Bhakti (devotion) or Karma (action), Jnana yoga focuses on intellectual understanding and logical reasoning as the primary means to achieve spiritual enlightenment.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is NOT true of a get?

    • A.

      A man must present his wife with a get to be considered divorced.

    • B.

      The wife is no longer considered a married woman andthe laws od adultry no longer apply.

    • C.

      The wife is returned the legal rights which the husband held in marriage.

    • D.

      All of the above are true.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above are true.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above are true." This means that all the statements mentioned in the question are true regarding a get. A get is a Jewish divorce document that a man must present to his wife in order for them to be considered divorced. Once the get is given, the wife is no longer considered a married woman and the laws of adultery no longer apply. Additionally, the wife is returned the legal rights which the husband held in the marriage.

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  • 21. 

    What term describes a religion that worships one God but accepts that other religions have other deities?  

    • A.

      Polytheistic

    • B.

      Ecumenical

    • C.

      Henothiest

    • D.

      Philosophist

    Correct Answer
    C. Henothiest
    Explanation
    The term that describes a religion that worships one God but accepts that other religions have other deities is "Henothiest." This term refers to a belief system that acknowledges the existence of multiple gods while worshiping and recognizing the supremacy of one particular deity. In other words, Henothiests believe in the existence of other gods but choose to worship and devote themselves to a single god.

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  • 22. 

    The Rig Veda contains hymns that

    • A.

      Lay out the specific docterines and beliefs of the Vedic religion

    • B.

      Tell believers how to perform sacrificail rituals

    • C.

      Are sung along with rituals as melodies and chants

    • D.

      Offer praise to the Gods to ask them for things like wealth, long life, and victory

    Correct Answer
    D. Offer praise to the Gods to ask them for things like wealth, long life, and victory
    Explanation
    The Rig Veda contains hymns that offer praise to the Gods to ask them for things like wealth, long life, and victory. These hymns serve as a way for believers to express their devotion and seek blessings from the deities. The hymns are not specifically focused on laying out doctrines and beliefs or providing instructions for sacrificial rituals, but rather on praising and invoking the Gods for various desires and needs.

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  • 23. 

    Who started the Reconstructionalist sect ?

    • A.

      Abraham Geiger

    • B.

      Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan

    • C.

      Moses Mendelssohn

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan
    Explanation
    Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan is credited with starting the Reconstructionalist sect. He was a Jewish rabbi and theologian who believed in adapting Judaism to modern times. He founded the Jewish Reconstructionist Foundation and the Reconstructionist Rabbinical College, promoting a more inclusive and progressive form of Judaism. His ideas emphasized the importance of Jewish culture and ethics, while downplaying traditional religious beliefs and practices. This approach resonated with many Jews seeking a more contemporary and relevant expression of their faith, making Kaplan a key figure in the development of the Reconstructionist movement.

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  • 24. 

    The mystic teachings of the sacrificial Hindu religion are called the?

    • A.

      Aranyakas

    • B.

      Puranas

    • C.

      Brahmanas

    • D.

      Upanishads

    Correct Answer
    A. Aranyakas
    Explanation
    The mystic teachings of the sacrificial Hindu religion are called Aranyakas. Aranyakas are a part of the Vedic texts and are considered to be a bridge between the ritualistic Brahmanas and the philosophical Upanishads. They were composed during the later Vedic period and provide instructions and interpretations for rituals performed in the forest. Aranyakas are known for their symbolism and esoteric knowledge, focusing on the deeper meaning behind the rituals and their connection to spiritual enlightenment.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following is NOT considered by the Mormon Church to be a book of scripture?

    • A.

      The Book of Mormon

    • B.

      Doctrine and Covenants

    • C.

      The Pearl of Great Price

    • D.

      All fo the above are considered scripture

    Correct Answer
    D. All fo the above are considered scripture
    Explanation
    The Mormon Church considers all of the options provided (The Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants, and The Pearl of Great Price) to be books of scripture. Therefore, none of them are considered to be NOT a book of scripture by the Mormon Church.

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  • 26. 

    According to the Jain, which being is not one-sensed?

    • A.

      Earth

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Insects

    • D.

      Vegetation

    Correct Answer
    C. Insects
    Explanation
    According to Jainism, insects are not one-sensed beings. Jainism believes in the concept of five senses, which include touch, taste, smell, sight, and hearing. Insects possess more than one sense, such as touch and sight, making them multi-sensed beings. Therefore, insects do not fall under the category of one-sensed beings according to Jain philosophy.

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  • 27. 

    During which holiday does Islam require fasting?

    • A.

      Al-Hijira

    • B.

      Ramadan

    • C.

      Hajj

    • D.

      Aid al-Haddah

    Correct Answer
    B. Ramadan
    Explanation
    Islam requires fasting during the holiday of Ramadan. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and is considered the holiest month for Muslims. It is a time of self-reflection, increased devotion, and abstaining from food, drink, and other physical needs from sunrise to sunset. Fasting during Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is obligatory for all adult Muslims, with exceptions for those who are ill, traveling, pregnant, nursing, or menstruating. It is a time of spiritual purification, increased prayer, charity, and seeking forgiveness.

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  • 28. 

    Approximatelty how many Jews are in Spain today?

    • A.

      100

    • B.

      1,200

    • C.

      12,000

    • D.

      150,000

    Correct Answer
    C. 12,000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 12,000. This suggests that there are approximately 12,000 Jews in Spain today.

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  • 29. 

    What factor was most significant in the division of the kingdom of Israel into the nations of Israel and Judah in 928 AD?

    • A.

      The Assyrian invasion

    • B.

      Dissagreements over the meaning of certian scripture

    • C.

      Rehoboam's implementaion of high taxes

    • D.

      The practice of idolatry in the Southern kingdom

    Correct Answer
    C. Rehoboam's implementaion of high taxes
    Explanation
    Rehoboam's implementation of high taxes was the most significant factor in the division of the kingdom of Israel into the nations of Israel and Judah in 928 AD. This decision by Rehoboam, the son of King Solomon, caused widespread dissatisfaction among the northern tribes of Israel, leading to a rebellion and the establishment of the separate kingdom of Israel. The imposition of high taxes created a sense of economic burden and oppression, which ultimately led to the division of the kingdom.

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  • 30. 

    Which is the most likely symbol of the female divinity in primal religions?

    • A.

      Water and spears

    • B.

      Clouds and moon

    • C.

      Trees and rocks

    • D.

      Spirals and eggs

    Correct Answer
    D. Spirals and eggs
    Explanation
    In many primal religions, spirals and eggs are commonly associated with the symbol of the female divinity. Spirals represent the cyclical nature of life and creation, while eggs symbolize fertility and the potential for new life. These symbols are often connected to the concept of the divine feminine, representing the power of birth, growth, and transformation. They are seen as sacred and representative of the life-giving and nurturing aspects of the female deity.

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  • 31. 

    What is the name for Jewish holiday which is celebrated as the Day of Atonement?

    • A.

      Yom Kippur

    • B.

      Lag BaOmer

    • C.

      Tzom Gedalia

    • D.

      Rosh Hashanah

    Correct Answer
    A. Yom Kippur
    Explanation
    Yom Kippur is the Jewish holiday that is celebrated as the Day of Atonement. It is a solemn and important day in the Jewish calendar, where individuals reflect on their actions and seek forgiveness for any wrongdoings. The name "Yom Kippur" literally means "Day of Atonement" in Hebrew, emphasizing the central theme of repentance and reconciliation with God and others. This holiday is observed through fasting, prayer, and attending synagogue services.

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  • 32. 

    The movement, started in the 1960's brought Pentacostal elements like speaking in toungues to mainstream Protestant churches and the Roman Catholic Church?                  

    • A.

      Evangelical

    • B.

      Charismatic

    • C.

      Ecumenical

    • D.

      Revivalist

    Correct Answer
    B. Charismatic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Charismatic. The Charismatic movement, which started in the 1960s, introduced Pentecostal practices like speaking in tongues to mainstream Protestant churches and the Roman Catholic Church. This movement emphasized the gifts of the Holy Spirit and the personal experience of God's power and presence. It sought to bring a renewed sense of spiritual vitality and enthusiasm to the church.

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  • 33. 

    What is the name ofJewsthat maintain their Judaism but also belief in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior

    • A.

      Messianic Jews

    • B.

      Hassidic Jews

    • C.

      Orthodox Jews

    • D.

      Mitzvah Jews

    Correct Answer
    A. Messianic Jews
    Explanation
    Messianic Jews are individuals who maintain their Jewish identity and practices but also believe in Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior. They combine elements of Judaism with the teachings of Christianity, viewing Jesus as the Messiah promised in Jewish scripture. This belief sets them apart from other Jewish denominations such as Hassidic Jews, Orthodox Jews, and Mitzvah Jews, who do not recognize Jesus as the Messiah.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the five relationships in Confucianism characterizes "filial piety"?

    • A.

      Ruler to Ruled

    • B.

      Father and Son

    • C.

      Husband and Wife

    • D.

      Freind to Friend

    Correct Answer
    B. Father and Son
    Explanation
    In Confucianism, "filial piety" refers to the virtue of respect and obedience that a child should have towards their parents. This concept emphasizes the importance of the father-son relationship, where the son is expected to honor and care for his father. This relationship is considered crucial in Confucian philosophy as it reflects the hierarchical structure of society and the duty of children to uphold family values and traditions.

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  • 35. 

    The rigid caste system outlined in Hinduism is called

    • A.

      Vendu

    • B.

      Haddassah

    • C.

      Brahma

    • D.

      Shudra

    Correct Answer
    A. Vendu
  • 36. 

    How old was Muhammad when he had his vision of the Angel Gabriel?

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      20

    • C.

      40

    • D.

      80

    Correct Answer
    C. 40
    Explanation
    Muhammad was 40 years old when he had his vision of the Angel Gabriel. This event is known as the first revelation and it marked the beginning of his prophethood. The vision occurred while he was meditating in a cave on Mount Hira near Mecca. The Angel Gabriel appeared to him and delivered the first verses of the Quran, which became the foundation of Islam. This event is considered a significant milestone in the life of Muhammad and the history of Islam.

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  • 37. 

    This type of Confucianism is laden with Buddhist and Taoist concepts

    • A.

      Neo-Confucianism

    • B.

      I-Ching Confucianism

    • C.

      Han Confucianism

    • D.

      Jen Confucianism

    Correct Answer
    A. Neo-Confucianism
    Explanation
    Neo-Confucianism is the correct answer because it is a type of Confucianism that incorporates ideas and concepts from Buddhism and Taoism. This syncretic philosophy emerged during the Song Dynasty in China and became the dominant school of thought during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Neo-Confucianism sought to reconcile the teachings of Confucianism with the metaphysical and spiritual aspects of Buddhism and Taoism, emphasizing the cultivation of moral character, self-cultivation, and the pursuit of knowledge. It placed a strong emphasis on the concept of li, or principle, and sought to harmonize the relationships between heaven, earth, and humanity.

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  • 38. 

    Which day of the week is the Jewish Shabbat ?

    • A.

      Monday

    • B.

      Friday

    • C.

      Saturday

    • D.

      Sunday

    Correct Answer
    C. Saturday
    Explanation
    The Jewish Shabbat is observed on Saturday. This day is considered holy and is a day of rest and worship in the Jewish faith. It begins at sundown on Friday and ends at sundown on Saturday. It is a time for prayer, spending time with family, and refraining from work and certain activities.

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  • 39. 

    The name for God in the Sikh religion is

    • A.

      Abu Ghraib

    • B.

      The True Name

    • C.

      The One and Only

    • D.

      Brahman

    Correct Answer
    B. The True Name
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The True Name." In the Sikh religion, God is referred to as "The True Name." This signifies the belief that God cannot be fully understood or described by any name or form, and that the true essence of God can only be realized through devotion and spiritual practice. The concept of "The True Name" emphasizes the importance of recognizing the divine presence within oneself and others, and living a life of love, compassion, and service.

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  • 40. 

    Which of th following is a correct statement about the Ka'bah?

    • A.

      All praying is directed toward the ka'bah

    • B.

      No unclean activivty should be done while facing the ka'bah

    • C.

      Nothing is allowed to cross in the column of air above the ka'bah

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that all of the statements mentioned about the Ka'bah are correct. According to Islamic beliefs, all praying is directed towards the Ka'bah, as it is considered the holiest site in Islam. It is also believed that no unclean activity should be done while facing the Ka'bah, as it is a place of worship and purity. Additionally, it is believed that nothing is allowed to cross in the column of air above the Ka'bah, symbolizing the sanctity and reverence of the site.

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  • 41. 

    Which of these is not one of the Four Affirmations of Shinto?

    • A.

      Physical cleanlines

    • B.

      Tradition

    • C.

      Worship

    • D.

      Sacrificing of Self

    Correct Answer
    D. Sacrificing of Self
    Explanation
    The Four Affirmations of Shinto are Physical cleanliness, Tradition, Worship, and Matsuri (festivals). Sacrificing of Self is not one of the Four Affirmations of Shinto. Shinto focuses on maintaining physical cleanliness, observing traditional practices, engaging in worship rituals, and participating in festivals to honor the kami (spirits or gods). Sacrificing of Self, while it may be a concept found in other religions or philosophies, is not specifically included as one of the core principles in Shinto.

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  • 42. 

    In Christianity, the Nicene Creed strongly emphasizes

    • A.

      The fulfillment of prophecies through Jesus

    • B.

      Jesus' compassion for humanity

    • C.

      Paul's journey

    • D.

      Jesus' equality with God

    Correct Answer
    D. Jesus' equality with God
    Explanation
    The Nicene Creed is a statement of faith in Christianity that was developed to clarify the beliefs of the early church. One of the key teachings in the Nicene Creed is the belief in the equality of Jesus with God. This means that Jesus, as the Son of God, is seen as being fully divine and equal to God the Father in essence and authority. This belief is central to the Christian understanding of the Trinity, which teaches that God exists as three persons in one being. The emphasis on Jesus' equality with God in the Nicene Creed reflects the importance of this doctrine in Christian theology.

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  • 43. 

    Which caliph defended Islam agianst the crusaders ?

    • A.

      Saladin

    • B.

      'Uthman

    • C.

      Umayyad

    • D.

      Abu Hanifa

    Correct Answer
    A. Saladin
    Explanation
    Saladin is the correct answer because he was a prominent Muslim leader who successfully defended Islam against the crusaders during the 12th century. He was the sultan of Egypt and Syria and is known for his military prowess and strategic skills. Saladin's victories against the crusaders, particularly the Battle of Hattin in 1187, significantly weakened their hold on the Holy Land and allowed for the eventual recapture of Jerusalem by Muslim forces. His defense of Islam against the crusaders made him a revered figure in Islamic history.

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  • 44. 

    When one practices Raja Yoga, he or she is trying to reach a state of ________ where the mind is totally under the persons control.

    • A.

      Nirvana

    • B.

      Moksha

    • C.

      Samadhi

    • D.

      Dharma

    Correct Answer
    C. Samadhi
    Explanation
    When practicing Raja Yoga, the goal is to achieve a state of Samadhi, where the mind is completely under the person's control. Samadhi is a state of deep meditation, where the individual experiences a sense of oneness and unity with the object of meditation. In this state, all distractions and fluctuations of the mind are eliminated, and the practitioner attains a state of deep inner peace and tranquility. It is considered the highest state of consciousness and a step towards spiritual enlightenment.

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  • 45. 

    Which of the following does the Eastern Orthodox church believe in ?

    • A.

      Purgatory

    • B.

      Papal Infallibility

    • C.

      Baptism

    • D.

      The Pope

    Correct Answer
    C. Baptism
    Explanation
    Baptism is considered to be the way to cleanse oneself from sin.

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  • 46. 

    Which of these was the most liberal thinking in Ancient China?

    • A.

      Xunzi

    • B.

      Taoists

    • C.

      Reformers

    • D.

      Confucians

    Correct Answer
    B. Taoists
    Explanation
    Taoists in Ancient China were known for their liberal thinking. They believed in living in harmony with nature and advocated for individual freedom and spontaneity. They rejected societal norms and hierarchy, emphasizing the importance of personal introspection and self-expression. Taoists promoted a more relaxed and non-conformist approach to life, which was considered liberal compared to the strict social and moral codes upheld by Confucians. Xunzi, on the other hand, was a Confucian philosopher who emphasized the importance of education and moral cultivation. Reformers, although they may have advocated for change, may not necessarily represent the same level of liberal thinking as the Taoists.

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  • 47. 

    Which of these is one of the six basic duties of the laity to the Jain?

    • A.

      Renouncing certain foods

    • B.

      Being indifferent to the body

    • C.

      Showing respect to the body

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above is the correct answer because all three options mentioned - renouncing certain foods, being indifferent to the body, and showing respect to the body - are considered as basic duties of the laity to the Jain. Renouncing certain foods refers to the practice of following a strict vegetarian diet and avoiding foods that involve violence or harm to living beings. Being indifferent to the body means not indulging in excessive physical pleasures or attachments. Showing respect to the body involves taking care of one's physical well-being and maintaining cleanliness and hygiene.

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  • 48. 

    Which approach to religion relates answers to a systematic whole throught an adherence to reason instead of religious authority?

    • A.

      Phillosophy

    • B.

      Sociology

    • C.

      Mythology

    • D.

      Mysticism

    Correct Answer
    A. Phillosophy
    Explanation
    Philosophy is the correct answer because it is a discipline that seeks to understand the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence through rational inquiry. Unlike religion, which often relies on religious authority or revealed truths, philosophy approaches religion by using reason and critical thinking to analyze and evaluate religious beliefs and concepts. It aims to provide logical and systematic explanations for religious phenomena, making it distinct from other approaches such as sociology, mythology, and mysticism.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following is a true statement about the Catholic veiw of sacraments?

    • A.

      All sacraments are necessary in every case for salvation.

    • B.

      Sacraments are effective regardless of the receiver's disposition.

    • C.

      The sacraments are not necessary

    • D.

      The sacraments build, nourish, and strengthen faith.

    Correct Answer
    D. The sacraments build, nourish, and strengthen faith.
    Explanation
    The sacraments build, nourish, and strengthen faith. It is not required that wvery person receives every sacrament, however, in the general sense is is believed that the sacraments are necessary for salvation. also, their effectivness is influenced by dispostion.

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  • 50. 

    Christians use this term that refers to the Second coming of Jesus Christ

    • A.

      Messiah

    • B.

      Revelation

    • C.

      Rapture

    • D.

      Liturgy

    Correct Answer
    C. Rapture
    Explanation
    The term "Rapture" is used by Christians to refer to the Second coming of Jesus Christ. It is believed that during the Rapture, believers will be taken up to heaven to be with Jesus, while non-believers will be left behind on Earth to face tribulation. This concept is based on interpretations of biblical passages, particularly from the book of Revelation. The term "Messiah" refers to the promised savior in Christianity, "Revelation" is a book in the Bible that contains prophetic visions, and "Liturgy" refers to the prescribed form of public worship in Christianity.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 20, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 06, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Marc025
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