इयत्ता ८ वी नागरिक शास्त्र टेस्ट १

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| By Kalpesh Patil
K
Kalpesh Patil
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 44 | Total Attempts: 20,026
Questions: 21 | Attempts: 690

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    संसदीय शासन पद्धती----  येथे विकसित झाले

    • A.

      इंग्लंड

    • B.

      अमेरिका

    • C.

      नेपाळ

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. इंग्लंड
  • 2. 

    अध्यक्षीय शासन पद्धतीत---- हे कार्यकारी प्रमुख असतात

    • A.

      प्रधानमंत्री

    • B.

      राष्ट्र अध्यक्ष

    • C.

      राज्यपाल

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    B. राष्ट्र अध्यक्ष
    Explanation
    The given statement states that in the presidential form of government, the executive head is the President. This is supported by the fact that the President is referred to as the "राष्ट्र अध्यक्ष" which translates to "President". Therefore, option 4, which states "राष्ट्र अध्यक्ष", is the correct answer.

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  • 3. 

    कायदेमंडळ कोणते कार्य करते ?

    • A.

      कायद्यांच्या निर्मितीचे

    • B.

      न्याय देण्याचे

    • C.

      यापैकी नाही

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. कायद्यांच्या निर्मितीचे
    Explanation
    कायद्यांच्या निर्मितीचे means "related to the creation of laws" or "pertaining to the formation of laws". This indicates that the work of the कायदेमंडळ (Law Commission) is to create or formulate laws.

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  • 4. 

    कार्यकारी मंडळ कोणते कार्य करते?

    • A.

      न्याय देण्याचे

    • B.

      संसदीय संस्थांची निर्मिती

    • C.

      कायद्यांची अंमलबजावणी करणे

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    C. कायद्यांची अंमलबजावणी करणे
    Explanation
    The executive body is responsible for implementing laws, policies, and decisions made by the legislative body. They are responsible for ensuring that laws are enforced and carried out effectively. Therefore, the correct answer is "कायद्यांची अंमलबजावणी करणे" which means "implementing laws".

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  • 5. 

    न्याय मंडळ कोणते कार्य करते?

    • A.

      कायद्यांची निर्मिती

    • B.

      न्याय देण्याचे कार्य

    • C.

      यापैकी नाही

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    B. न्याय देण्याचे कार्य
    Explanation
    न्याय मंडळाचे कार्य न्याय देणे आहे. त्यांनी न्यायिक निर्णय घेण्याचे कार्य करतात. त्यांचा कार्य न्यायिक विचारांच्या आधारे कायद्यांची निर्मिती करणे आहे.

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  • 6. 

    Is [your statement here] true or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given answer is true because it directly agrees with the question statement. The question is asking if the statement provided is true or false, and the answer states that the statement is true.

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  • 7. 

    संसदीय शासन पद्धति संसद किंवा ----श्रेष्ठ असते

    • A.

      कायदेमंडळ

    • B.

      कार्यकारी मंडळ

    • C.

      न्याय मंडळ

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. कायदेमंडळ
  • 8. 

    ------संसदीय संस्थांची निर्मिती ही ब्रिटिश राजवटीच्या काळात झाली होती

    • A.

      अमेरिकेत

    • B.

      भारतात

    • C.

      जपान मध्ये

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    B. भारतात
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "भारतात" because the given statement mentions that the formation of the parliamentary institutions took place during the British rule, and out of the given options, India is the only country that was under British rule.

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  • 9. 

    संसदेमध्ये कोणतीही गोष्ट ----वर लादली जात नाही

    • A.

      शासनावर

    • B.

      नागरिकांवर

    • C.

      यापैकी नाही

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    B. नागरिकांवर
    Explanation
    The question is asking about a matter that is not imposed on the citizens. The correct answer is "नागरिकांवर" which means "on the citizens". This implies that the matter in question does not burden or affect the citizens in any way.

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  • 10. 

    ----व त्यांनी निवडलेले मंत्रिमंडळ संसदीय शासन पद्धती तील कार्यकारी मंडळ आहे

    • A.

      प्रधानमंत्री

    • B.

      राष्ट्रपती

    • C.

      मुख्यमंत्री

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. प्रधानमंत्री
    Explanation
    The given question is asking about the executive body in the parliamentary system of government. The correct answer is "प्रधानमंत्री" which translates to "Prime Minister" in English. In a parliamentary system, the Prime Minister is the head of the executive branch and is responsible for leading the government and making important decisions. The other options listed, "राष्ट्रपती" (President) and "मुख्यमंत्री" (Chief Minister), are not the correct answers as they hold different positions in different forms of government.

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  • 11. 

    अध्यक्षीय शासन पद्धतीत कायदेमंडळ व ----मंडळ थेटपणे परस्परांवर अवलंबून नसतात

    • A.

      कार्यकारी

    • B.

      न्यायमंडळ

    • C.

      कायदेमंडळ

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. कार्यकारी
    Explanation
    The given statement states that the "अध्यक्षीय शासन पद्धतीत कायदेमंडळ व ----मंडळ थेटपणे परस्परांवर अवलंबून नसतात", which means that the "कायदेमंडळ" is not directly dependent on the "अध्यक्षीय शासन पद्धतीत". Among the given options, the "कार्यकारी" is the only option that fits this description as it is not mentioned to be directly dependent on the "अध्यक्षीय शासन पद्धतीत". Therefore, the correct answer is "कार्यकारी".

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  • 12. 

    संसदीय शासन पद्धती व -----शासन पद्धती हे शासन पद्धतीची प्रमुख दोन प्रकार आहेत

    • A.

      राजकीय

    • B.

      अध्यक्षीय

    • C.

      यापैकी नाही

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    B. अध्यक्षीय
    Explanation
    The given statement mentions that there are two main types of parliamentary systems, which are "राजकीय" (political) and "अध्यक्षीय" (presidential). The correct answer is "अध्यक्षीय" which means presidential. Hence, the correct answer aligns with the information provided in the statement.

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  • 13. 

    भारतात प्रधानमंत्री आहेत पण अमेरिकेचे------ आहेत

    • A.

      मुख्यमंत्री

    • B.

      राष्ट्रपती

    • C.

      राष्ट्राध्यक्ष

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    C. राष्ट्राध्यक्ष
    Explanation
    The given statement states that the Prime Minister of India is there, but it is incomplete as it does not mention who the Prime Minister of India is compared to the United States. Therefore, an explanation cannot be provided.

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  • 14. 

    भारताची राजधानी----- आहे

    • A.

      मुंबई

    • B.

      नागपूर

    • C.

      दिल्ली

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    C. दिल्ली
    Explanation
    The correct answer is दिल्ली because it is the capital city of India.

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  • 15. 

    संसदीय शासन पद्धतीत संसद कायदेमंडळ श्रेष्ठ नसते

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "संसदीय शासन पद्धतीत संसद कायदेमंडळ श्रेष्ठ नसते" translates to "The parliamentary system does not have a Parliament Rules Committee." This statement is false because the Parliament Rules Committee is an important committee in the parliamentary system that is responsible for formulating and amending the rules and procedures of the Parliament.

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  • 16. 

    भारतात प्रधानमंत्री आहेत पण अमेरिकेचे राष्ट्राध्यक्ष आहेत

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because it states that the Prime Minister of India exists, and also states that the President of the United States exists. It does not make any comparison or contradiction between the two positions, so both statements can coexist.

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  • 17. 

    भारतात संसदीय संस्थांची निर्मिती ही ब्रिटिश राजवटीच्या काळात झाली होती

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement in the question states that the construction of the parliamentary institutions in India happened during the British rule. This is true because the British introduced parliamentary institutions in India as part of their colonial administration. The British Raj, which lasted from 1858 to 1947, saw the establishment of various legislative bodies like the Imperial Legislative Council and the Provincial Legislative Councils. These institutions laid the foundation for the parliamentary system in India, which continues to exist even after independence. Therefore, the given answer "True" is correct.

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  • 18. 

    मुख्यमंत्री लोकसभा आणि राज्यसभा मिळून संसद तयार होते

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "मुख्यमंत्री लोकसभा आणि राज्यसभा मिळून संसद तयार होते" translates to "The Chief Minister is formed by the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha together." This statement is false. The Chief Minister is not formed by the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha together. The Chief Minister is the head of the state government and is elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly.

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  • 19. 

    संसदीय शासन पद्धति जनतेकडून निवडून दिलेल्या बहुमतातीलपक्षांचा नेता प्रधानमंत्री पदावर जातो

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The parliamentary system allows for the leader of the majority party or coalition to become the Prime Minister. As per this system, the leader of the party or coalition that has the most seats in the parliament becomes the head of the government. Therefore, it is true that the leader of the majority party or coalition becomes the Prime Minister in the parliamentary system.

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  • 20. 

    संसदेमध्ये प्रत्येक गोष्ट नागरिकांवर लादली जाते

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement in the question states that every issue in the parliament is favored by the citizens. However, this statement is not true. It is not possible for every issue to be favored by all citizens as people have different opinions and perspectives. Hence, the correct answer is false.

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  • 21. 

    प्रधानमंत्री व त्यांचे मंत्रिमंडळ सर्व कृती आणि धोरणासाठी कायदेमंडळाला जबाबदार असतात

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. It states that the Prime Minister and his cabinet are responsible for the actions and policies of the government. They are accountable to the law and are expected to perform their duties and responsibilities in accordance with the established norms and standards.

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