In the summer, birds come to the area around Scammon Bay
The Yup'ik Eskimos live in a new world but follow the old ways
Mary Ann was born outside on the tundra
Whale oil or kerosene
Kerosene or seal oil
Seal oil or fish oil
Their tools were made of stone, bone, or ivory
Their tools were made of wood and steel
They bought their tools.
The Yup'ik families heated their homes by burning firewood.
The Yup'ik families heated their homes by burning acorns.
The Yup'ik families heated their homes by burning brushwood.
The seal was divided into circles and given to the old people
The seal was sent back to the ocean to that the gods.
The seal was eaten at a feast that evening.
Alice and Billy want their children to learn both "Outside" and Yup'ik ways.
Alice and Billy want their children to learn just the "Outside" ways.
Alice and Billy want their children to learn just the Yup'ik ways.
Billy says that there are fewer Eskimos because they are leaving for better jobs.
Billy says that things are more expensive and that people depend on having jobs.
Billy says that there are more tourists in Alaska and less places to hunt.
Billy makes them do their homework, before they can go out and play.
Billy wants his children not to be scolded by the teacher for not completing homework.
Billy wants his children to be more educated than he is.
Life in the future in America
Life in a big city today
Life in America long ago
Something that can be used
Something that costs a lot
Something that lasts forever
Learned from strangers or newcomers
Passed from one generation to the next
Carried from one igloo to another