1.
The act of replacing a number by another value that is approximately equal but has a shorter, simpler or more explicit representation is?
Correct Answer
A. Rounding
Explanation
Rounding is the act of replacing a number with another value that is approximately equal but has a shorter, simpler, or more explicit representation. This process is commonly used to simplify calculations or to represent numbers in a more convenient form. It involves determining the closest whole number, decimal place, or significant figure to which the original number is being rounded.
2.
Rounding is often done to obtain a value that is easier to report and communicate than the original, rounding can also be important to avoid misleading reports of a computer number to ensure?
Correct Answer
D. All of the above
Explanation
Rounding is often done to obtain a value that is easier to report and communicate than the original. It helps in simplifying complex numbers and making them more understandable. Rounding can also be important to avoid misleading reports of a computer number, ensuring accuracy in the representation of data. Additionally, rounding can improve precision by reducing the number of decimal places or significant figures, making calculations more efficient and manageable. Therefore, all of the given options - accuracy, precision, and efficiency - are valid reasons for why rounding is important.
3.
It is unavoidable when reporting many computations, especially when dividing two numbers in integer or fixed-point arithmetic, what’s unavoidable?
Correct Answer
D. Rounding
Explanation
When reporting many computations, especially when dividing two numbers in integer or fixed-point arithmetic, rounding is unavoidable. This means that the result of the calculation needs to be rounded to a certain number of decimal places or significant figures in order to provide a more manageable and meaningful value. Rounding helps to simplify the result and make it easier to understand and work with.
4.
Accurate rounding of transcendental mathematical functions is difficult because the number of extra digits that need to be calculated to resolve whether to round up or down cannot be known in advance, this problem is known as?
Correct Answer
C. Table-Maker dilemma
Explanation
Accurate rounding of transcendental mathematical functions is difficult because the number of extra digits that need to be calculated to resolve whether to round up or down cannot be known in advance. This problem is known as the Table-Maker dilemma.
5.
Rounding is almost unavoidable when reporting many computations and when dividing two numbers in integer or fixed-point arithmetic such as?
Correct Answer
D. All of the above
Explanation
Rounding is necessary when reporting computations of square roots, logarithms, and sines because these calculations often result in decimal values that cannot be represented exactly in integer or fixed-point arithmetic. Rounding allows us to approximate these values and make them more manageable and understandable. Therefore, all of the given options require rounding when dividing two numbers in integer or fixed-point arithmetic.
6.
In a sequence of calculations, rounding errors generally accumulate, and in certain ill-conditioned cases, they make the result?
Correct Answer
D. All of the above
Explanation
In a sequence of calculations, rounding errors generally accumulate, meaning that each individual rounding error adds up to the total error. In certain ill-conditioned cases, where the calculations are particularly sensitive to small changes, these rounding errors can become significant and make the result meaningless. Therefore, all of the options - null, void, and meaningless - are correct in describing the outcome of the accumulated rounding errors in certain cases.
7.
Every mathematical expression, whether the operator or operands have their symbol they are represented in, which one is for rounding?
Correct Answer
B. Wavy equals
Explanation
The symbol for rounding in mathematical expressions is the wavy equals sign. This symbol is used to indicate that the expression should be rounded to a certain degree or precision.
8.
In the decimal system, which is base 10, digits from 0 to 9, the first column left of the decimal place are the units?
Correct Answer
B. Column
Explanation
The first column left of the decimal place in the decimal system represents the units place. This is because in the decimal system, each digit's value is multiplied by a power of 10 based on its position. The units place has a power of 10^0, which means it represents the value of the digit itself. Therefore, the correct answer is column.
9.
In these order, the lines up in other of the unit, left is the tens, the next is the hundreds which one is the next?
Correct Answer
B. Thousandths
Explanation
The given order is in increasing order of magnitude. "Millions" is the highest value, followed by "Thousandths" which is the next smallest unit. "Fifties" does not fit into this pattern as it is not a unit of magnitude. Therefore, the correct answer is "Thousandths".
10.
A method of representing or encoding numbers, is distinguished from other notations for its use of the same symbol for the different order of magnitude, this method is called?
Correct Answer
D. A and B only
Explanation
The correct answer is A and B only. Place-value notation and positional notation are both methods of representing or encoding numbers that use the same symbol for different orders of magnitude. Roman numerals, on the other hand, do not follow this principle as they use different symbols for different values.