First in Antarctica Quiz

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First In Antarctica Quiz - Quiz

Welcome to the "First in Antarctica Quiz!" This quiz will test your knowledge about the historical expeditions and remarkable achievements of the pioneers who ventured into the challenging and inhospitable continent of Antarctica. Immerse yourself in the fascinating world of Antarctic exploration as we delve into the accounts of those who were the first to set foot on this icy frontier. Prepare yourself to journey through the narratives of legendary explorers, scientific breakthroughs, and the triumphs of human endurance. Gain insights into the historic feats accomplished in the pursuit of scientific knowledge and the exploration of our planet's last great Read morewilderness.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who led the first expedition to reach the geographic South Pole?

    • A.

      Ernest Shackleton

    • B.

      Roald Amundsen

    • C.

      Richard E. Byrd

    • D.

      Robert Falcon Scott

    Correct Answer
    B. Roald Amundsen
    Explanation
    Roald Amundsen led the first expedition to reach the geographic South Pole. He successfully reached the South Pole on December 14, 1911, with his team of four other explorers. They were the first to reach this milestone, beating out other explorers such as Robert Falcon Scott. Amundsen's meticulous planning, use of sled dogs, and strategic decision-making contributed to the success of his expedition.

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  • 2. 

    Which country was the first to establish a permanent research station in Antarctica?

    • A.

      United Kingdom

    • B.

      Argentina

    • C.

      India

    • D.

      Australia

    Correct Answer
    A. United Kingdom
    Explanation
    The United Kingdom was the first country to establish a permanent research station in Antarctica. This demonstrates their early interest and commitment to scientific exploration in the region. The establishment of a research station allowed for continuous study and observation of the unique environment and wildlife in Antarctica, leading to important discoveries and advancements in scientific knowledge.

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  • 3. 

    Who was the first woman to set foot on Antarctica?

    • A.

      Marie Byrd Land

    • B.

      Edith Ronne

    • C.

      Caroline Mikkelsen

    • D.

      Ingrid Christensen

    Correct Answer
    C. Caroline Mikkelsen
    Explanation
    Caroline Mikkelsen is the correct answer because she was the first woman to set foot on Antarctica. In 1935, she accompanied her husband, a Norwegian whaling captain, on an expedition to Antarctica. While her husband stayed on the ship, Caroline Mikkelsen stepped ashore and became the first woman to set foot on the continent. This achievement marked a significant milestone in the exploration of Antarctica by women.

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  • 4. 

    Which British explorer made the first confirmed landing on the Antarctic mainland?

    • A.

      James Ross

    • B.

      Robert Falcon Scott

    • C.

      Ernest Shackleton

    • D.

      John Davis

    Correct Answer
    A. James Ross
    Explanation
    James Ross is the correct answer because he made the first confirmed landing on the Antarctic mainland. He accomplished this feat during his expedition in 1841. Ross, a British explorer, is known for his significant contributions to Antarctic exploration, including his discovery of the Ross Sea and the Ross Ice Shelf. His landing on the mainland marked an important milestone in the exploration of Antarctica and contributed to our understanding of this remote and inhospitable region.

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  • 5. 

    Who was the first person to fly over the South Pole?

    • A.

      Lincoln Ellsworth

    • B.

      Richard E. Byrd

    • C.

      Umberto Nobile

    • D.

      Roald Amundsen

    Correct Answer
    B. Richard E. Byrd
    Explanation
    Richard E. Byrd was the first person to fly over the South Pole. He accomplished this feat on November 29, 1929, during his expedition to Antarctica. Byrd, an American naval officer and explorer, led the expedition and piloted the Ford Trimotor airplane named Floyd Bennett. This historic flight allowed Byrd to make important scientific observations and gather valuable data about the unexplored region of the South Pole. His achievement marked a significant milestone in the exploration of Antarctica and solidified his place in history as a pioneering aviator and polar explorer.

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  • 6. 

    Who led the first team to successfully traverse the Antarctic continent by land using mechanized vehicles?

    • A.

      Ernest Shackleton

    • B.

      Vivian Fuchs

    • C.

      Richard E. Byrd

    • D.

      Robert Falcon Scott

    Correct Answer
    B. Vivian Fuchs
    Explanation
    Vivian Fuchs is the correct answer because he led the first team to successfully traverse the Antarctic continent by land using mechanized vehicles. Ernest Shackleton, Richard E. Byrd, and Robert Falcon Scott are not the correct answers as they did not achieve this feat.

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  • 7. 

    What was the name of the first ship to navigate the Antarctic Circle?

    • A.

      HMS Beagle

    • B.

      USS Vincennes

    • C.

      HMS Resolution

    • D.

      USS Nautilus

    Correct Answer
    C. HMS Resolution
    Explanation
    HMS Resolution is the correct answer because it was the first ship to navigate the Antarctic Circle. The ship, commanded by Captain James Cook, made this historic voyage in 1773. The expedition aimed to explore the southern seas and gather scientific data. The successful navigation of the Antarctic Circle by HMS Resolution opened up new possibilities for future exploration and contributed to our understanding of the polar regions.

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  • 8. 

    Which research station was the first to be established as part of the International Geophysical Year (IGY) in 1957-1958?

    • A.

      McMurdo Station

    • B.

      Vostok Station

    • C.

      Halley Research Station

    • D.

      Davis Station

    Correct Answer
    C. Halley Research Station
    Explanation
    The Halley Research Station was the first research station to be established as part of the International Geophysical Year (IGY) in 1957-1958. The IGY was a global scientific collaboration aimed at studying various aspects of the Earth and its atmosphere. The establishment of the Halley Research Station marked the beginning of this important international scientific endeavor.

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  • 9. 

    Who was the first person to set foot on the Antarctic Peninsula?

    • A.

      James Cook

    • B.

      John Davis

    • C.

      John Biscoe

    • D.

      Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen

    Correct Answer
    B. John Davis
    Explanation
    John Davis was the first person to set foot on the Antarctic Peninsula. He was an English explorer and navigator who sailed to the Antarctic Peninsula in 1821, becoming the first recorded person to do so. Davis was part of a British sealing expedition and his landing on the peninsula marked an important milestone in the exploration of Antarctica. His discovery paved the way for future expeditions and increased knowledge about the region.

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  • 10. 

    Which nation conducted the first successful landing of an aircraft on the Antarctic continent?

    • A.

      Soviet Union

    • B.

      United States

    • C.

      United Kingdom

    • D.

      Australia

    Correct Answer
    B. United States
    Explanation
    The United States conducted the first successful landing of an aircraft on the Antarctic continent. This achievement marked an important milestone in the exploration of Antarctica and demonstrated the United States' commitment to scientific research and exploration in the region. The landing paved the way for further expeditions and discoveries in Antarctica, contributing to our understanding of this remote and unique environment.

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  • 11. 

    Who was the first scientist to winter over alone in Antarctica?

    • A.

      Richard E. Byrd

    • B.

      Douglas Mawson

    • C.

      Robert Falcon Scott

    • D.

      John Rymill

    Correct Answer
    B. Douglas Mawson
    Explanation
    Douglas Mawson was the first scientist to winter over alone in Antarctica. He led the Australasian Antarctic Expedition from 1911 to 1914 and conducted extensive scientific research during his time there. Mawson's solo wintering experience in Antarctica was a significant achievement in the exploration of the continent and paved the way for future scientific expeditions.

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  • 12. 

    Which country established the first permanent research base in East Antarctica?

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      Russia

    • C.

      India

    • D.

      France

    Correct Answer
    B. Russia
    Explanation
    Russia established the first permanent research base in East Antarctica. This indicates that Russia was the first country to establish a long-term scientific presence in this region.

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  • 13. 

    Who was the first person to dive beneath the Antarctic ice shelf?

    • A.

      Sylvia Earle

    • B.

      Jacques Piccard

    • C.

      Jacques Cousteau

    • D.

      Nick Adams

    Correct Answer
    C. Jacques Cousteau
    Explanation
    Jacques Cousteau is the correct answer because he was the first person to dive beneath the Antarctic ice shelf. Cousteau was a renowned French oceanographer and explorer who dedicated his life to underwater exploration. He co-invented the Aqua-Lung, a device that allowed divers to stay underwater for extended periods, and used it to explore various underwater environments around the world, including the Antarctic. Cousteau's pioneering spirit and passion for the ocean made him a key figure in advancing our understanding of marine life and the underwater world.

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  • 14. 

    Who was the first person to conduct a scientific expedition to study the Antarctic ozone hole?

    • A.

      Susan Solomon

    • B.

      Mario J. Molina

    • C.

      Sherwood Rowland

    • D.

      Richard Farman

    Correct Answer
    A. Susan Solomon
    Explanation
    Susan Solomon was the first person to conduct a scientific expedition to study the Antarctic ozone hole. She led a team of researchers in the late 1980s and early 1990s, conducting groundbreaking studies that provided critical evidence linking the depletion of the ozone layer to the release of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) into the atmosphere. Solomon's research played a significant role in the establishment of the Montreal Protocol, an international agreement aimed at phasing out the production and use of ozone-depleting substances. Her work has been widely recognized and she has received numerous awards for her contributions to atmospheric science.

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  • 15. 

    Who was the first person to reach the summit of Mount Erebus, the southernmost active volcano in Antarctica?

    • A.

      Edmund Hillary

    • B.

      Sir James Clark Ross

    • C.

      Sir Ernest Shackleton

    • D.

      Sir Philip Gibbs

    Correct Answer
    B. Sir James Clark Ross
    Explanation
    Sir James Clark Ross was the first person to reach the summit of Mount Erebus, the southernmost active volcano in Antarctica. Ross was a British naval officer and explorer who led an expedition to Antarctica in 1841-1843. During this expedition, Ross and his team successfully climbed to the summit of Mount Erebus, making him the first person to achieve this feat. Ross's exploration of Antarctica significantly contributed to our understanding of the region and paved the way for future scientific research and expeditions.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jun 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 11, 2023
    Quiz Created by
    Amit Mangal
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