Soal Pilihan Ganda Bab I Kelas X Smk/Mak

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Soal Pilihan Ganda Bab I Kelas X Smk/Mak - Quiz

Materi : Nilai-nilai Pancasila dalam Kerangka Praktik Penyelenggaraan Pemerintahan Negara


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Kekuasaan legislatif, kekuasaan eksekutif dan kekuasaan federatif merupakan macam-macam kekuasaan menurut ....

    • A.

      Montesquieu

    • B.

      John Locke

    • C.

      Riyanto

    • D.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • E.

      Thomas Hobbes

    Correct Answer
    B. John Locke
    Explanation
    John Locke is the correct answer because he is known for his influential ideas on government and political philosophy. One of his key concepts is the separation of powers, which suggests that governmental power should be divided among different branches to prevent abuse of power. This aligns with the question, which asks about the different types of power (legislative, executive, and federative) according to a specific thinker.

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  • 2. 

    Teori kekuasaan negara yang dinamakan “Trias Politika” dicetuskan oleh  ....

    • A.

      Thomas Hobbes

    • B.

      John Locke

    • C.

      Riyanto

    • D.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • E.

      Montesquieu

    Correct Answer
    E. Montesquieu
    Explanation
    Montesquieu is the correct answer because he is the one who proposed the theory of separation of powers, also known as Trias Politika. This theory suggests that the powers of the government should be divided into three separate branches - legislative, executive, and judicial - in order to prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful and potentially abusing their power. Montesquieu's ideas greatly influenced the development of modern democratic systems and the concept of checks and balances.

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  • 3. 

    Kekuasaan untuk mengadili setiap pelanggaran terhadap Undang-Undang adalah makna dari kekuasaan ....

    • A.

      Yudikatif

    • B.

      Eksekutif

    • C.

      Legislatif

    • D.

      Federatif

    • E.

      Konstitutif

    Correct Answer
    A. Yudikatif
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Yudikatif". The given statement mentions the power to judge and prosecute violations of the law, which is the main function of the judiciary. The judiciary is responsible for interpreting and applying the law, ensuring justice is served, and resolving disputes. Therefore, "Yudikatif" is the most fitting answer as it represents the power to adjudicate and administer justice.

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  • 4. 

    Berikut ini adalah lembaga eksekutif yang melaksanakan Pemerintahan Pusat dalam arti sempit, kecuali ....

    • A.

      Presiden

    • B.

      Wakil Presiden

    • C.

      DPR

    • D.

      Kementerian Negara

    • E.

      Lembaga Pemerintahan Non-Kementerian

    Correct Answer
    C. DPR
    Explanation
    The correct answer is DPR. The DPR (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) is the legislative body in Indonesia, not an executive institution. The question asks for the executive institutions that carry out the functions of the central government, and the other options listed (Presiden, Wakil Presiden, Kementerian Negara, and Lembaga Pemerintahan Non-Kementerian) are all executive institutions involved in the governance of the country.

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  • 5. 

    Klasifikasi kekuasaan negara yang umumnya terdiri dari tiga (3) jenis mengalami pergeseran setelah terjadinya perubahan UUD Tahun 1945. Akibatnya jumlah klasifikasi kekuasaan negara menjadi ....

    • A.

      Lima (5) kekuasaan

    • B.

      Enam (6) kekuasaan

    • C.

      Tujuh (7) kekuasaan

    • D.

      Delapan (8) kekuasaan

    • E.

      Sembilan (9) kekuasaan

    Correct Answer
    B. Enam (6) kekuasaan
    Explanation
    After the amendment of the 1945 Constitution, the classification of state power in Indonesia shifted from three types to six types. Therefore, the number of classifications of state power became six.

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  • 6. 

    Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat (MPR) merupakan lembaga negara yang menjalankan kekuasaan ....

    • A.

      Eksekutif

    • B.

      Legislatif

    • C.

      Konstitutif

    • D.

      Yudikatif

    • E.

      Eksaminatif

    Correct Answer
    C. Konstitutif
    Explanation
    MPR is the People's Consultative Assembly, which is an institution in the state that carries out the power of constitution-making. It is responsible for formulating and amending the constitution of the country. Therefore, the correct answer is "Konstitutif".

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  • 7. 

    Dalam konsep pembagian kekuasaan secara vertikal, lembaga yang memegang kekuasaan tertinggi adalah ....

    • A.

      MPR

    • B.

      DPR

    • C.

      Presiden

    • D.

      Pemerintahan Pusat

    • E.

      Pemerintahan Daerah

    Correct Answer
    D. Pemerintahan Pusat
    Explanation
    In the concept of vertical power division, the highest authority is held by the Pemerintahan Pusat (Central Government). This means that the central government has the ultimate power and control over the other institutions and levels of government in the country. The Pemerintahan Pusat is responsible for making decisions and implementing policies that affect the entire nation, while the other institutions mentioned, such as MPR, DPR, and Presiden, may have their own powers and responsibilities but are ultimately subordinate to the central government.

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  • 8. 

    Lembaga negara yang menjalankan kekuasaan moneter adalah ....

    • A.

      Bank Indonesia

    • B.

      BPK

    • C.

      Mahkamah Agung

    • D.

      Mahkamah Konstitusi

    • E.

      Komisi Yudisial

    Correct Answer
    A. Bank Indonesia
    Explanation
    Bank Indonesia is the correct answer because it is the state institution responsible for carrying out monetary power in Indonesia. As the central bank of the country, Bank Indonesia is in charge of formulating and implementing monetary policies, issuing and managing the national currency, regulating and supervising banks and financial institutions, and maintaining price stability. It plays a crucial role in ensuring the stability and integrity of the Indonesian financial system and promoting economic growth.

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  • 9. 

    Keberadaan Kementerian Negara Republik Indonesia diatur secara tegas dalam UUD Tahun 1945 pada ....

    • A.

      Pasal 14

    • B.

      Pasal 15

    • C.

      Pasal 16

    • D.

      Pasal 17

    • E.

      Pasal 18

    Correct Answer
    D. Pasal 17
    Explanation
    Pasal 17 of the UUD Tahun 1945 specifically regulates the existence of the Ministry of State of the Republic of Indonesia. This means that the establishment and functioning of the ministry is clearly outlined and governed by the provisions stated in this article.

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  • 10. 

    Salah satu urusan pemerintahan yang nomenklatur kementeriannya secara tegas disebutkan dalam UUD Tahun 1945 adalah ....

    • A.

      Agama

    • B.

      Pendidikan 

    • C.

      Kebudayaan

    • D.

      Sosial

    • E.

      Dalam Negeri

    Correct Answer
    E. Dalam Negeri
    Explanation
    The question asks for an area of government administration that is explicitly mentioned in the 1945 Constitution. The correct answer, "Dalam Negeri" (Internal Affairs), refers to the ministry responsible for domestic governance and administration within a country. This is an important aspect of government that is explicitly stated in the constitution.

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  • 11. 

    Organisasi Kementerian Negara diatur dalam Peraturan Presiden Nomor ....

    • A.

      5 Tahun 2017

    • B.

      7 Tahun 2015

    • C.

      9 Tahun 2011

    • D.

      11 Tahun 2009

    • E.

      13 Tahun 2014

    Correct Answer
    B. 7 Tahun 2015
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 7 Tahun 2015. This is because the question is asking about the regulation number that governs the organization of the State Ministry. The number 7 Tahun 2015 refers to Peraturan Presiden Nomor 7 Tahun 2015, which is the regulation that specifically governs the organization of the State Ministry.

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  • 12. 

    Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan pada Pemerintahan Presiden Joko Widodo dan Wakil Presiden K.H.  Ma’ruf Amien sekarang ini adalah ....

    • A.

      Muhajir Effendi

    • B.

      Nadiem Makarim

    • C.

      Anies Baswedan

    • D.

      M. Nuh

    • E.

      M. Yasin

    Correct Answer
    B. Nadiem Makarim
    Explanation
    Nadiem Makarim is the current Minister of Education and Culture in the government of President Joko Widodo and Vice President K.H. Ma'ruf Amien.

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  • 13. 

    Jumlah maksimal kementerian negara yang dapat dibentuk berdasarkan peraturan dalam Undang-Undang RI Nomor 39 Tahun 2008 adalah ....

    • A.

      32 Kementerian

    • B.

      33 Kementerian

    • C.

      34 Kementerian

    • D.

      35 Kementerian

    • E.

      36 Kementerian

    Correct Answer
    C. 34 Kementerian
    Explanation
    Based on the information provided, the maximum number of state ministries that can be formed based on the regulations in the Indonesian Law Number 39 of 2008 is 34 ministries.

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  • 14. 

    Kementerian yang berada di bawah koordinasi Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Politik, Hukum dan Keamanan adalah ....

    • A.

      Kementerian Dalam Negeri

    • B.

      Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

    • C.

      Kementerian Riset, Teknologi dan Pendidikan Tinggi

    • D.

      Kementerian Agraria dan Tata Ruang

    • E.

      Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional

    Correct Answer
    A. Kementerian Dalam Negeri
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kementerian Dalam Negeri" because it is the ministry that falls under the coordination of the Ministry of Coordinating Political, Legal, and Security Affairs. This ministry is responsible for domestic affairs, including governance, public administration, and regional autonomy.

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  • 15. 

    Kementerian Pariwisata merupakan kementerian yang berada di bawah naungan ....

    • A.

      Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Politik, hukum dan keamanan

    • B.

      Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian

    • C.

      Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan

    • D.

      Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Sosial Budaya

    • E.

      Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Kemaritiman

    Correct Answer
    E. Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Kemaritiman
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Kemaritiman" because the Ministry of Tourism is under the coordination of the Ministry of Maritime Affairs, which is responsible for coordinating policies and programs related to maritime affairs, including tourism.

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  • 16. 

    Eric Thohir baru saja diangkat oleh Presiden menjadi menteri ....

    • A.

      Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

    • B.

      Pemuda dan Olahraga

    • C.

      Hukum dan HAM

    • D.

      BUMN

    • E.

      Keuangan

    Correct Answer
    D. BUMN
    Explanation
    Eric Thohir baru saja diangkat oleh Presiden menjadi menteri BUMN. This means that Eric Thohir has been appointed by the President to become the Minister of State-Owned Enterprises (BUMN).

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  • 17. 

    Lembaga negara yang dibentuk untuk membantu presiden dalam melaksanakan tugas pemerintahan tertentu disebut ....

    • A.

      Lembaga Tinggi Negara

    • B.

      Kementerian

    • C.

      Lembaga Pemerintah Non-Kementerian

    • D.

      Lembaga eksekutif

    • E.

      Badan Nasional

    Correct Answer
    C. Lembaga Pemerintah Non-Kementerian
    Explanation
    Lembaga Pemerintah Non-Kementerian adalah lembaga negara yang dibentuk untuk membantu presiden dalam melaksanakan tugas pemerintahan tertentu. Lembaga ini berbeda dengan Kementerian karena tidak berada di bawah naungan Kementerian dan memiliki mandat yang lebih spesifik dalam melaksanakan tugas-tugas tertentu.

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  • 18. 

    Keberadaan LPNK diatur oleh Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor ....

    • A.

      101 Tahun 2001

    • B.

      102 Tahun 2001

    • C.

      103 Tahun 2001

    • D.

      104 Tahun 2001

    • E.

      105 Tahun 2001

    Correct Answer
    C. 103 Tahun 2001
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 103 Tahun 2001. This is because the question states that the existence of LPNK (Lembaga Penjaminan Keuangan) is regulated by Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 103 Tahun 2001.

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  • 19. 

    Badan Kepegawaian Negara (BKN) berada di bawah koordinasi ....

    • A.

      Menteri Dalam Negeri

    • B.

      Menteri Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi

    • C.

      Menteri Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian

    • D.

      Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

    • E.

      Menteri Sekretaris Negara

    Correct Answer
    B. Menteri Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Menteri Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi." This is because Badan Kepegawaian Negara (BKN) is responsible for managing and reforming the state apparatus, which includes the civil servants. The Ministry of State Apparatus Empowerment and Bureaucratic Reform is the ministry that oversees and coordinates the activities of BKN.

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  • 20. 

    Badan yang berfungsi untuk mencegah, mengatasi dan melakukan tindakan terhadap peredaran narkoba adalah ....

    • A.

      BIN

    • B.

      BKN

    • C.

      BKKBN

    • D.

      BMKG

    • E.

      BNN

    Correct Answer
    E. BNN
    Explanation
    The correct answer is BNN. BNN stands for Badan Narkotika Nasional, which is the National Narcotics Agency in Indonesia. This agency is responsible for preventing, combating, and taking action against drug trafficking and abuse in the country. They work to enforce drug laws, conduct investigations, and provide rehabilitation programs for drug addicts.

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  • 21. 

    Suatu rangkaian yang saling berkaitan antara nilai yang satu dengan nilai yang lain, merupakan definisi sederhana dari ....

    • A.

      Implementasi

    • B.

      Organisasi

    • C.

      Wadah

    • D.

      Sistem

    • E.

      Struktur

    Correct Answer
    D. Sistem
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sistem." A system refers to a set of interconnected elements or components that work together to achieve a common goal. In this context, the question is asking for a simple definition of a series of interconnected values, which aligns with the concept of a system.

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  • 22. 

    Nilai yang pertama dan paling utama di dalam Pancasila adalah ....

    • A.

      Ketuhanan

    • B.

      Kemanusiaan

    • C.

      Persatuan

    • D.

      Musyawarah

    • E.

      Keadilan

    Correct Answer
    A. Ketuhanan
    Explanation
    The first and foremost value in Pancasila is Ketuhanan, which refers to the belief in the one and only God. This value emphasizes the importance of spirituality and religious freedom in Indonesian society. It acknowledges the diversity of religious beliefs and promotes tolerance and respect for different faiths. Ketuhanan is considered the foundation of Pancasila and reflects the nation's commitment to uphold religious harmony and unity among its citizens.

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  • 23. 

    Nilai-nilai dasar Pancasila bersifat ....

    • A.

      Nyata

    • B.

      Pasti

    • C.

      Semu

    • D.

      Abstrak

    • E.

      Konkrit

    Correct Answer
    D. Abstrak
    Explanation
    The basic values of Pancasila are abstract in nature. This means that they are not tangible or physical, but rather conceptual and philosophical. These values, such as belief in one God, just and civilized humanity, unity, democracy, and social justice, cannot be seen or touched, but they form the foundation of the Indonesian nation. They guide the moral and ethical principles that shape the behavior and actions of individuals and society as a whole.

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  • 24. 

    Pancasila sebagai landasan bangsa Indonesia mengandung tiga tata nilai utama, yaitu ....

    • A.

      Spritual, Kultural dan Fundamental

    • B.

      Spritual, Kultural dan Struktural

    • C.

      Spritual, Fundamental dan Struktural

    • D.

      Spritual, Kultural dan Institusional

    • E.

      Spritual, Struktural dan Institusional

    Correct Answer
    D. Spritual, Kultural dan Institusional
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Spritual, Kultural dan Institusional". Pancasila, as the foundation of the Indonesian nation, encompasses three main values: spiritual, cultural, and institutional. These values reflect the importance of spirituality, cultural diversity, and the establishment of institutions in Indonesian society.

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  • 25. 

    Pancasila harus sebagai landasan utama untuk mencapai cita-cita, tujuan bernegara dan dalam kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara. Pernyataan tersebut merupakan makna dari dimensi ....

    • A.

      Spiritual

    • B.

      Kultural

    • C.

      Struktural

    • D.

      Fundamental

    • E.

      Institusional

    Correct Answer
    E. Institusional
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that Pancasila should be the main foundation for achieving goals and aspirations in the nation's life. This aligns with the institutional dimension, which refers to the establishment and implementation of formal structures, systems, and institutions in society. Pancasila serves as a guiding principle for the functioning and organization of these institutions, making it the correct answer.

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  • 26. 

    Dimensi spiritual menunjukkan bahwa sebagai penyelenggara negara, pemerintah harus dapat mempertanggung jawabkan setiap kebijakan dan akibatnya bagi masyarakat atas kebijakan itu kepada ....

    • A.

      Rakyat

    • B.

      Tuhan

    • C.

      Hukum

    • D.

      Peraturan

    • E.

      Wakil Rakyat

    Correct Answer
    B. Tuhan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tuhan" because the question is asking about the spiritual dimension, which suggests that the government should be accountable for their policies and their consequences to a higher power, in this case, God. This implies that there is a moral and ethical responsibility to govern in a just and fair manner, as it will be judged by a higher authority.

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  • 27. 

    Aktualisasi nilai spiritual dalam Pancasila tergambar dalam sila ....

    • A.

      Pertama

    • B.

      Kedua

    • C.

      Ketiga

    • D.

      Keempat

    • E.

      Kelima

    Correct Answer
    A. Pertama
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pertama" because the first sila (principle) of Pancasila is "Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa" which emphasizes the belief in one supreme God and the recognition of spiritual values. This principle reflects the importance of spiritual fulfillment and the integration of spiritual values in the Indonesian society.

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  • 28. 

    Berikut ini adalah peran pemerintah dalam penyelenggaraan negara sebagai implementasi dari Nilai Sila Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa, kecuali ....

    • A.

      Menjamin penduduk untuk memeluk agama masing-masing dan beribadah menurut agamanya

    • B.

      Menjamin berkembang dan tumbuh suburnya kehidupan beragama, toleransi antarumat dan dalam beragama

    • C.

      Melindungi yang lemah agar kelompok warga masyarakat dapat bekerja sesuai dengan bidangnya

    • D.

      Memfasilitasi tumbuh kembangnya agama dan iman warga negara

    • E.

      Menjadi mediator ketika terjadi konflik antar agama

    Correct Answer
    C. Melindungi yang lemah agar kelompok warga masyarakat dapat bekerja sesuai dengan bidangnya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Melindungi yang lemah agar kelompok warga masyarakat dapat bekerja sesuai dengan bidangnya." This statement does not directly relate to the implementation of the value of belief in one God. Instead, it focuses on the government's role in protecting vulnerable individuals and ensuring that they can work in their respective fields. The other options all involve aspects of promoting and facilitating religious freedom and tolerance, which align with the value of belief in one God.

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  • 29. 

    Pengakuan adanya causa prima (sebab pertama) merupakan salah satu perwujudan nilai di dalam Pancasila. Yang dimaksud dengan causa prima tersebut adalah ....

    • A.

      Tuhan Yang Maha Esa

    • B.

      Rakyat

    • C.

      Pemerintahan

    • D.

      Wakil Rakyat

    • E.

      Kedaulatan

    Correct Answer
    A. Tuhan Yang Maha Esa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tuhan Yang Maha Esa". The explanation for this is that the concept of "causa prima" or the first cause refers to the belief in a higher power or ultimate creator. In the context of Pancasila, which is the foundational philosophy of Indonesia, the belief in God is considered one of the core values. Therefore, acknowledging the existence of "causa prima" is a manifestation of the value of God in Pancasila.

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  • 30. 

    Pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan kekayaan dan potensi alam sebesar-besarnya untuk kemakmuran dan kebahagiaan rakyat Indonesia, merupakan perwujudan peran pemerintah dalam mengimplementasikan nilai sila ....

    • A.

      Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa

    • B.

      Kemanusiaan yang adil dan beradab

    • C.

      Persatuan Indonesia

    • D.

      Kerakyatan yang dipimpin oleh hikmat kebijaksanaan dalam permusyawaratan perwakilan

    • E.

      Keadilan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia

    Correct Answer
    E. Keadilan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia
    Explanation
    The given correct answer, "Keadilan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia" (Social justice for all Indonesian people), aligns with the principle of maximizing the management and utilization of natural resources for the prosperity and happiness of the Indonesian people. This principle emphasizes the importance of ensuring fairness and equality in the distribution of wealth and resources, aiming to create a just society where every citizen has access to basic needs, opportunities, and benefits. By implementing social justice, the government plays a role in promoting a more equitable and inclusive society for all Indonesians.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 03, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Septi6275
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