Soal Sastra Melayu Lama

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| By Agsuyoto
A
Agsuyoto
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 9,633
Pertanyaan: 13 | Attempts: 949

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Soal Sastra Melayu Lama - Quiz

Penulis soal : Agustinus Suyoto Identitas        : Guru Bahasa Indonesia/ Sastra Indonesia Kantor            ; : SMA Stella Duce 1 Yogyakarta Jumlah soal  : 10 soal Waktu              : 10 menit Soal di bawah ini adalah soal-soal yang berkaitan dengan Sastra Melayu Klasik. Silakan dikerjakan!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Berikut ini merupakan puisi lama empat baris sebait, bersajak abab, dua baris pertama merupakan sampiran, dua baris lainnya merupakan isi ...

    • A.

      Pantun

    • B.

      Gurindam

    • C.

      Seloka

    • D.

      Talibun

    • E.

      Syair

    Correct Answer
    A. Pantun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pantun" because the description of the poem matches the characteristics of a pantun. A pantun is a traditional Malay form of poetry consisting of four-line stanzas with an abab rhyme scheme. The first two lines are called sampiran, which serve as an introduction or a metaphorical opening, while the following two lines are called isi and contain the main message or meaning of the poem. Therefore, based on the given description, it can be concluded that the poem is a pantun.

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  • 2. 

    Bentuk puisi lama yang merupakan pengaruh kebudayaan Arab/Islam adalah ....

    • A.

      Karmina

    • B.

      Talibun

    • C.

      Seloka

    • D.

      Syair

    • E.

      Hikayat

    Correct Answer
    D. Syair
    Explanation
    Syair adalah bentuk puisi lama yang merupakan pengaruh kebudayaan Arab/Islam. Puisi syair memiliki ciri-ciri seperti menggunakan bahasa yang indah dan kiasan, mengandung pesan moral atau nasihat, serta biasanya ditulis dalam bentuk bait-bait yang terdiri dari beberapa baris. Bentuk puisi ini sangat populer dalam sastra Arab dan Islam, dan telah menjadi bagian dari warisan budaya yang diteruskan dalam masyarakat Indonesia.

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  • 3. 

    Tokoh masa sastra indonesia peralihan adalah ....

    • A.

      Merari Siregar

    • B.

      Amir Hamzah

    • C.

      Abdullah bin Abdulkadir Munsyi

    • D.

      Chairil Anwar

    • E.

      Sitti Nurbaya

    Correct Answer
    C. Abdullah bin Abdulkadir Munsyi
    Explanation
    Abdullah bin Abdulkadir Munsyi is considered a transitional figure in Indonesian literature because he lived during the transition from traditional Malay literature to modern Indonesian literature. He was one of the first Indonesian writers to use the Indonesian language as a medium for literary expression, rather than the traditional Malay language. Munsyi's works, such as his autobiography "Hikayat Abdullah," played a significant role in shaping the development of Indonesian literature during this period.

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  • 4. 

    Berikut ini adalah salahsatu pembagian sastra lama berdasarkan pengaruh asing ...

    • A.

      Sastra indonesia pengaruh Hindu

    • B.

      Sastra indonesia pegaruh Belanda

    • C.

      Sastra indonesia pengaruh Malaysia

    • D.

      Sastra indonesia pengaruh Inggris

    • E.

      Sastra indonesia pengaruh Jepang

    Correct Answer
    A. Sastra indonesia pengaruh Hindu
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sastra indonesia pengaruh Hindu". This is because during the ancient times, Indonesia was heavily influenced by Hindu culture and religion, which had a significant impact on the development of Indonesian literature. Hindu epics and myths were adapted into various forms of literary works, such as Kakawin and Kidung. The influence of Hinduism can be seen in the themes, characters, and literary techniques used in Indonesian literature from that period.

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  • 5. 

    Berdasarkan isinya puisi lama dibedakan menjadi tiga yaitu sastra undang-undang, sastra petunjuk bagi raja atau penguasa dan .....

    • A.

      Dokumentasi sejarah

    • B.

      Sastra bersejarah

    • C.

      Sejarah sastra

    • D.

      Sastra sejarah

    • E.

      Sastra kitab suci

    Correct Answer
    D. Sastra sejarah
    Explanation
    Based on the content, ancient poetry is divided into three categories: literature of laws, literature of guidance for kings or rulers, and historical literature. The term "sastra sejarah" translates to "historical literature," which fits in with the given categories and completes the list of options.

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  • 6. 

    Pantun yang terdiri dari enam baris sebait, bersajak abc-abc adalah ....

    • A.

      Karmina

    • B.

      Pantun berkait

    • C.

      Talibun

    • D.

      Seloka

    • E.

      Pantun kliat

    Correct Answer
    C. Talibun
    Explanation
    Talibun adalah pantun yang terdiri dari enam baris sebait dengan pola sajak abc-abc. Dalam pantun ini, setiap baris terdiri dari 8-12 suku kata. Pantun talibun sering digunakan dalam tradisi sastra Melayu dan memiliki ciri khas dalam penyusunan bait-baitnya.

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  • 7. 

    Sejenis puisi yang ditulis dalam bahasa Jawa Kuno dan yang mempergunakan metrum dari India (Tambo), berkembang pada masa Kediri dan Majapahit, disebut ....

    • A.

      Wira carita

    • B.

      Kakawin

    • C.

      Epos

    • D.

      Hikayat

    • E.

      Legende

    Correct Answer
    B. Kakawin
    Explanation
    Kakawin is a type of poetry that was written in Old Javanese language and used Indian metrical forms (Tambo). It was developed during the Kediri and Majapahit periods.

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  • 8. 

    Berikut ini adalah bentuk-bentuk dongeng .....

    • A.

      Fabel, farabel, legende, sage

    • B.

      Fabel, legende, talibun, wira carita

    • C.

      Masnawi, legende, fabel, kakawin

    • D.

      Mantra, bidal, pemeo, myte

    • E.

      Tambo, wira carita, kakawin, mantra

    Correct Answer
    A. Fabel, farabel, legende, sage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is fabel, farabel, legende, sage. This is because the other options do not include the word "sage" which is a type of folk tale or legend. Fabel, farabel, and legende are all different variations of the word "fable" which refers to a short story with a moral lesson. Therefore, the correct answer includes all the correct terms related to different types of folk tales and legends.

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  • 9. 

    Pawang yang memiliki keahlian yang berkaitan dengan dunia pertenungan, perdukunan, dan ilmu hitam disebut ....

    • A.

      Pawang usada

    • B.

      Pawang malim

    • C.

      Pawang pelipur lara

    • D.

      Pawang kutika

    • E.

      Pawang dukun

    Correct Answer
    B. Pawang malim
    Explanation
    Pawang yang memiliki keahlian yang berkaitan dengan dunia pertenungan, perdukunan, dan ilmu hitam disebut "pawang malim".

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  • 10. 

    Yang dimaksud bersifat istana sentris dalam sastra lama adalah ....

    • A.

      Menceritakan keluarga raja

    • B.

      Menggunakan bahasa istana

    • C.

      Bercerita tentang kemewahan

    • D.

      Perebutan kekuasaan raja

    • E.

      Hanya dibaca oleh keluarga istana

    Correct Answer
    A. Menceritakan keluarga raja
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "menceritakan keluarga raja" because "bersifat istana sentris" means that the literature focuses on the royal family and their lives. It implies that the stories revolve around the monarchy and provide insights into the dynamics, traditions, and experiences of the royal household.

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  • 11. 

    Pawang yang memiliki keahlian yang berkaitan dengan pengobatan adalah ....

    • A.

      Pawang malim

    • B.

      Pawang pelipur lara

    • C.

      Pawang osada

    • D.

      Pawang medis

    • E.

      Pawang malim

    Correct Answer
    C. Pawang osada
    Explanation
    An explanation for the given correct answer, "pawang osada," is that osada refers to a traditional healer or shaman in Indonesian culture. They possess knowledge and skills related to traditional medicine and healing practices. Therefore, pawang osada is the most appropriate option that aligns with the context of the question, which asks for a pawang (shaman) with expertise in medicine.

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  • 12. 

    Gendang gendut tali kecapi, kenyang perut senang hati, Pantun di atas adalah ....

    • A.

      Talibun

    • B.

      Gurindam

    • C.

      Karmina

    • D.

      Seloka

    • E.

      Pantun biasa

    Correct Answer
    C. Karmina
    Explanation
    The given pantun (traditional Malay poem) consists of two lines that rhyme and have a similar rhythm. It also follows the common structure of a pantun, which is quatrain. Therefore, the correct answer is karmina, which refers to a type of pantun that has a more complex structure and often contains deeper meanings or moral lessons.

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  • 13. 

    Orang yang meninggalkan sembahyang, ibarat rumah tiada bertiang Puisi di atas termasuk .....

    • A.

      Gurindam

    • B.

      Syair

    • C.

      Karmina

    • D.

      Seloka

    • E.

      Talibun

    Correct Answer
    A. Gurindam
    Explanation
    The given poem is a gurindam. Gurindam is a traditional Malay poetic form that consists of two-line stanzas. Each stanza usually contains a complete thought or moral lesson. In this poem, the comparison is made between someone who neglects prayer and a house without pillars, implying that prayer is essential and necessary in life, just like pillars are crucial for a house.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 10, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Agsuyoto
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