Kuis Osk Geografi Sma

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Kuis Osk Geografi Sma - Quiz

Kuis ini bertujuan agar para siswa yang akan mengikuti Olimpiade Siswa Kabupaten terbantu dengan mengerjakan soal soal ini.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Salah satu tipe bencana menurut UU No. 24 Tahun 2007 tentang Penaggulangan Bencana adalah:

    • A.

      Geologis

    • B.

      Hidrometereologis

    • C.

      Alam

    • D.

      Konflik

    • E.

      Kegagalan teknologi

    Correct Answer
    C. Alam
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Alam" (Natural). According to UU No. 24 Tahun 2007 tentang Penaggulangan Bencana (Law No. 24 of 2007 on Disaster Management), one of the types of disasters is "Alam" or natural disasters. This category includes disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, floods, landslides, and droughts, which are caused by natural processes and phenomena.

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  • 2. 

    Kegiatan perekonomian di perkotaan didominasi oleh sektor:

    • A.

      Industri

    • B.

      Pertanian

    • C.

      Tambang

    • D.

      Jasa

    • E.

      Kaki Lima

    Correct Answer
    D. Jasa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Jasa." The explanation for this is that in urban areas, the economy is primarily driven by the service sector. This includes various services such as banking, healthcare, education, transportation, tourism, and entertainment. The service sector plays a significant role in generating employment and income in urban areas, as it caters to the needs and demands of the urban population. Additionally, the service sector is often characterized by higher productivity and value-added activities compared to other sectors like agriculture or mining.

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  • 3. 

    Indonesia adalah negara anggota :

    • A.

      OPEC

    • B.

      APEC

    • C.

      NATO

    • D.

      ZEE

    • E.

      BRIC

    Correct Answer
    B. APEC
    Explanation
    Indonesia is a member of APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation). APEC is a regional forum that promotes economic cooperation and trade among its member countries in the Asia-Pacific region. It aims to create a more prosperous and sustainable region by facilitating economic integration, liberalization, and cooperation. As a member of APEC, Indonesia participates in various initiatives and activities to enhance economic growth, promote regional integration, and strengthen relationships with other member economies.

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  • 4. 

    Industri yang ketergantungannya pada lokasi bahan baku adalah industri :

    • A.

      Foot-loose

    • B.

      Resource based

    • C.

      Capital based

    • D.

      Capital loose

    • E.

      Resource loose

    Correct Answer
    B. Resource based
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "resource based". This is because industries that are dependent on the location of raw materials require a steady supply of resources in close proximity to their production facilities. These industries typically involve the extraction, processing, and manufacturing of natural resources such as mining, forestry, and agriculture. The availability and accessibility of these resources greatly influence the viability and profitability of such industries.

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  • 5. 

    Pengertian lempeng pada interior bumi :

    • A.

      Bagian atas dari selubung bumi

    • B.

      Astenosfer

    • C.

      Litosfer

    • D.

      Selubung bumi

    • E.

      Batuan di permukaan kerak bumi

    Correct Answer
    C. Litosfer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "litosfer". Litosfer merupakan bagian terluar dari bumi yang terdiri dari kerak bumi dan sebagian mantel atas yang bersifat padat. Litosfer berfungsi sebagai lempeng-lempeng yang saling bergerak di atas astenosfer, yang terletak di bawahnya.

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  • 6. 

    Di antara gas-gas rumah kaca penyusun atmosfer kering, gas yang paling tinggi konsentrasinya adalah Nitrogen.

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    B. Salah
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. Nitrogen is not the gas with the highest concentration among the greenhouse gases that make up the dry atmosphere. The most abundant greenhouse gas in the atmosphere is carbon dioxide (CO2), followed by methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O). Nitrogen, although it makes up the majority of the atmosphere, is not considered a greenhouse gas because it does not trap heat like the other gases mentioned.

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  • 7. 

    Alat ukur penginderaan jauh yang sangat bermanfaat dalam analisis curah hujan di tanah air adalah radar cuaca.

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    A. Benar
    Explanation
    The given statement states that radar cuaca is a very useful remote sensing tool for analyzing rainfall in the country. This implies that radar cuaca is capable of providing valuable data and information about rainfall patterns and amounts. Therefore, the answer "Benar" (True) is correct as it aligns with the statement's assertion about the usefulness of radar cuaca in analyzing rainfall in the country.

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  • 8. 

    Republik Palau adalah salah satu dari negara yang tidak berbatasan baik darat maupun laut dengan Indonesia.

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    B. Salah
    Explanation
    Republik Palau adalah salah satu dari negara yang berbatasan laut dengan Indonesia.

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  • 9. 

    Jumlah negara bagian milik Australia  adalah sebanyak 6 negara bagian (Teritorial tidak perlu dihitung).

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    A. Benar
    Explanation
    Australia memiliki enam negara bagian yang terdiri dari New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, dan Western Australia. Teritorial seperti Teritorial Ibu Kota Australia dan Teritorial Utara tidak dihitung sebagai negara bagian. Oleh karena itu, pernyataan bahwa jumlah negara bagian Australia adalah enam adalah benar.

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  • 10. 

    Sumber energi terbarukan yang paling potensial untuk dikembangkan di Indonesia adalah gelombang.

    • A.

      Benar

    • B.

      Salah

    Correct Answer
    B. Salah
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. The most potential renewable energy source to be developed in Indonesia is geothermal energy, not wave energy. Indonesia has a high potential for geothermal energy due to its location in the Pacific Ring of Fire, which is characterized by volcanic activity. Geothermal energy is a clean and sustainable source of power that can contribute significantly to Indonesia's energy needs.

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  • 11. 

    Pilih dua negara bagian Malaysia yang terletak di utara Kalimantan :

    • A.

      Sabah

    • B.

      Johor

    • C.

      Serawak

    • D.

      Kelantan

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sabah
    C. Serawak
    Explanation
    Sabah and Sarawak are the two Malaysian states that are located in the northern part of Kalimantan. Sabah is situated in the northeastern part of Borneo island, while Sarawak is located in the northwestern part. Both states share borders with Kalimantan, which is the Indonesian portion of Borneo. Johor and Kelantan are not located in the northern part of Kalimantan, so they are not the correct answers.

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  • 12. 

    Pada saat angin tenggara, peluang terjadi upwelling semakin besar khusunya pada wilayah (Pilih dua) :

    • A.

      Pantai timur Kalimantan

    • B.

      Pantai selatan Jawa

    • C.

      Pantai selatan Gorontalo

    • D.

      Pantai utara Jawa

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Pantai selatan Jawa
    C. Pantai selatan Gorontalo
    Explanation
    During the southeast wind, the chances of upwelling are higher, especially in the southern coast of Java and the southern coast of Gorontalo.

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  • 13. 

    Berikut pilihlah negara-negara yang tidak memiliki  laut di dunia adalah :

    • A.

      Kamboja

    • B.

      Austria

    • C.

      Burundi

    • D.

      Mongolia

    • E.

      Gabon

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Kamboja
    B. Austria
    C. Burundi
    D. Mongolia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Kamboja, Austria, Burundi, Mongolia. These countries do not have any coastline or access to a sea or ocean. Kamboja is a landlocked country in Southeast Asia, while Austria is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Burundi is a landlocked country in East Africa, and Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. Therefore, none of these countries have a sea or ocean.

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  • 14. 

    Pilihlah tempat-tempat yang dilintasi garis ekuator di Indonesia  dari pilihan dibawah:

    • A.

      Bonjol

    • B.

      Pulau Buru

    • C.

      Pulau Waigeo

    • D.

      Pontianak

    • E.

      Pulau Lingga

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Bonjol
    C. Pulau Waigeo
    D. Pontianak
    E. Pulau Lingga
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes Bonjol, Pulau Waigeo, Pontianak, and Pulau Lingga. These places are all crossed by the equator in Indonesia.

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  • 15. 

    Laut terdalam di Indonesia adalah laut _________ . 

    Correct Answer(s)
    Laut Banda , Banda
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Laut Banda, Banda". This means that the deepest sea in Indonesia is the Banda Sea.

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  • 16. 

    Nama ibukota Timor Leste ketika masih bergabung dengan Indonesia adalah ____.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Dili
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Dili. Dili is the capital city of Timor-Leste, formerly known as East Timor, when it was still part of Indonesia.

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  • 17. 

    Batas timur Niger adalah ____.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Chad
    Explanation
    The eastern border of Niger is Chad. This means that Chad is located to the east of Niger.

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  • 18. 

    Ibukota dari negara Malawi adalah ________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Lilongwe
    Explanation
    Lilongwe is the correct answer because it is the capital city of Malawi. The question asks for the capital city of Malawi, and Lilongwe fits this description.

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  • 19. 

    Sungai terpanjang di Indonesia adalah _________.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Sungai Kapuas , Kapuas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sungai Kapuas , Kapuas." Sungai Kapuas is the longest river in Indonesia.

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  • 20. 

    Kecambah yaitu benih yang telah membentuk (Pilih dua) :

    • A.

      Akar

    • B.

      Batang

    • C.

      Daun

    • D.

      Pucuk

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Akar
    D. Pucuk
    Explanation
    Kecambah adalah benih yang telah membentuk akar dan pucuk. Akar berfungsi untuk menyerap air dan nutrisi dari tanah, sedangkan pucuk merupakan pertumbuhan awal dari tanaman yang akan menjadi batang dan daun.

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