Soal Ips Kelas 9 Bab 3

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Soal Ips Kelas 9 Bab 3 - Quiz

Bab 3 tentang "Ketergantungan Antarruang dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Kesejahteraan Masyarakat"


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Tidak termasuk latar belakang munculnya perdagangan internasional adalah …  

    • A.

      A. Perbedaan sumber daya alam

    • B.

      B. Munculnya perbedaan budaya

    • C.

      C. Perbedaan iklim dan cuaca

    • D.

      D. Perbedaan kualitas sumber daya manusia

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Munculnya perbedaan budaya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. Munculnya perbedaan budaya (The emergence of cultural differences) because the question is asking for a factor that does not contribute to the emergence of international trade. Cultural differences do not directly affect the availability or quality of resources, climate, or weather conditions, which are all factors that can influence international trade. Therefore, cultural differences are not a background factor in the emergence of international trade.

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  • 2. 

    Perdagangan internasional muncul akibat adanya kesamaan dalam ….

    • A.

      A. Kepentingan

    • B.

      B. Sumber daya alam

    • C.

      C. Letak geografi

    • D.

      D. Ideologi

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Kepentingan
    Explanation
    International trade arises due to the similarity in interests between countries. When countries have common interests, such as the need for certain goods or services, they engage in trade to fulfill those needs. This trade is driven by the mutual benefit that both countries can derive from it. Therefore, the correct answer is A. Kepentingan (interests).

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  • 3. 

    Salah satu hambatan dalam perdagangan internasional adalah ….

    • A.

      A. Munculnya spesialisasi ekonomi

    • B.

      B. Terjadi transfer ilmu dan teknologi

    • C.

      C. Munculnya pergeseran budaya suatu negara

    • D.

      D. Kebijakan pemerintah suatu negara

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Kebijakan pemerintah suatu negara
    Explanation
    One of the barriers in international trade is the government policies of a country. Government policies such as tariffs, quotas, and trade restrictions can hinder the flow of goods and services between countries. These policies can create barriers to entry for foreign companies, increase the cost of imports, and limit market access for exporters. Therefore, government policies can significantly impact international trade and act as a barrier to the free flow of goods and services across borders.

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  • 4. 

    Dampak positif dari perdagangan internasional adalah ….

    • A.

      A. Menambah devisa negara

    • B.

      B. Munculnya ketergantungan suatu negara

    • C.

      C. Munculnya pergeseran budaya

    • D.

      D. Pelaksanaan politik dumping

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Menambah devisa negara
    Explanation
    Perdagangan internasional memiliki dampak positif yaitu dapat menambah devisa negara. Hal ini terjadi karena dengan adanya perdagangan internasional, negara dapat meningkatkan ekspor barang dan jasa ke negara lain, sehingga mendapatkan penerimaan devisa yang lebih besar. Devisa tersebut dapat digunakan untuk membiayai kegiatan pembangunan, membayar utang luar negeri, atau sebagai cadangan dalam menghadapi krisis ekonomi. Dengan demikian, perdagangan internasional dapat memberikan manfaat ekonomi bagi suatu negara.

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  • 5. 

    Kegiatan suatu negara untuk mendatangkan barang dari luar negeri disebut ….  

    • A.

      A. Impor

    • B.

      B. Ekspor

    • C.

      C. Importir

    • D.

      D. Eksportir

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Impor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. Impor. Impor refers to the activity of a country bringing in goods from foreign countries. It involves the purchase and transportation of goods from other nations to meet the domestic demand or to supplement the local production.

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  • 6. 

    Menjual barang di luar negeri dengan harga yang lebih murah daripada di dalam negeri disebut ….  

    • A.

      A. Embargo

    • B.

      B. Proteksi

    • C.

      C. Tarif/bea

    • D.

      D. Dumping

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Dumping
    Explanation
    Dumping refers to the practice of selling goods in a foreign market at a lower price than in the domestic market. This can be done to gain a competitive advantage and increase market share in the foreign market. By selling goods at a lower price, the exporter may undercut domestic producers and potentially drive them out of business. Dumping is often considered unfair trade practice and can be subject to anti-dumping measures by the importing country.

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  • 7. 

    Barang-barang yang didatangkan dari luar negeri disebut ….

    • A.

      A. Barang dagangan

    • B.

      B. Komoditas ekspor

    • C.

      C. Komoditas impor

    • D.

      D. Premi ekspor

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Komoditas impor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C. Komoditas impor. Barang-barang yang didatangkan dari luar negeri disebut sebagai komoditas impor. Impor adalah kegiatan memasukkan barang atau jasa dari luar negeri ke dalam negara. Dalam konteks ini, barang-barang yang didatangkan dari luar negeri merupakan barang impor atau komoditas impor.

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  • 8. 

    Komoditas ekspor Indonesia yang berasal dari hasil pertanian antara lain ….  

    • A.

      A. Getah karet

    • B.

      B. Kayu lapis

    • C.

      C. Rotan

    • D.

      D. Kayu

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Getah karet
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. Getah karet. Getah karet is one of the agricultural commodities exported by Indonesia. It refers to the latex or sap obtained from rubber trees, which is used in the production of rubber products such as tires, gloves, and rubber bands. Indonesia is one of the largest producers and exporters of natural rubber in the world.

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  • 9. 

    Komoditas impor Indonesia yang merupakan bahan baku penolong adalah ….  

    • A.

      A. Alat elektronik

    • B.

      B. Bahan kimia

    • C.

      C. Mesin-mesin

    • D.

      D. Makanan

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Bahan kimia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. Bahan kimia. Bahan kimia merupakan komoditas impor Indonesia yang digunakan sebagai bahan baku penolong dalam berbagai industri. Bahan kimia ini dapat digunakan dalam produksi berbagai produk seperti kosmetik, obat-obatan, plastik, pupuk, dan lain-lain. Import bahan kimia penting karena Indonesia mungkin tidak memiliki sumber daya alam yang cukup atau teknologi yang diperlukan untuk memproduksi bahan kimia tersebut secara efisien.

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  • 10. 

    Negara yang tidak ikut mendirikan organisasi ASEAN adalah…

    • A.

      A. Indonesia

    • B.

      B. Malaysia

    • C.

      C. Singapura

    • D.

      D. Laos

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Laos
    Explanation
    Laos tidak ikut mendirikan organisasi ASEAN karena Laos bergabung dengan ASEAN pada tahun 1997, setelah organisasi tersebut didirikan pada tahun 1967.

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  • 11. 

    Alasan masyarakat Indonesia mengembangkan sektor pertanian yang terus ditingkatkan dengan mekanisme pertanian adalah karena tanahnya ....

    • A.

      A. subur             

    • B.

      B. berair  

    • C.

      C. gersang

    • D.

      ​​​​​​​D.        tandus

    Correct Answer
    A. A. subur             
    Explanation
    The reason why the Indonesian society continues to develop the agricultural sector with agricultural mechanisms is because the land is fertile.

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  • 12. 

    Pengembangan ekonomi yang dapat dilakukan di daerah perkotaan adalah ....

    • A.

      A. pertanian

    • B.

      B. perkebunan

    • C.

      C. industri

    • D.

      D. perikanan

    Correct Answer
    C. C. industri
    Explanation
    In urban areas, economic development can be achieved through the establishment and growth of industries. Industries in urban areas create job opportunities, attract investments, and contribute to the overall economic growth of the region. They also help in diversifying the economy and promoting innovation and technological advancements. Additionally, industries in urban areas can support the development of a strong supply chain and infrastructure, which further boosts economic activities in the region. Therefore, the correct answer is C. industri.

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  • 13. 

    Untuk memasarkan hasil pertanian unggulan Indonesia sebagai potensi peningkatan kesejahteraan masyarakat setempat, maka dikembangkan kegiatan bidang ....

    • A.

      A. industri           

    • B.

      B. perdagangan

    • C.

      C. ekstraktif

    • D.

      D.        eksklusif

    Correct Answer
    B. B. perdagangan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. perdagangan. This is because marketing agricultural products involves the buying, selling, and exchanging of goods and services. Perdangan (trade) is the most suitable option as it encompasses activities related to buying and selling agricultural products, which would help increase the welfare of the local community.

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  • 14. 

    Pengolahan hasil pertanian dari bahan memtah menjadi barang setengah jadi dan siap   pakai dinamakan kegiatan ....

    • A.

      A. industri

    • B.

      B. perdagangan

    • C.

      C. pertanian  

    • D.

      D. produksi

    Correct Answer
    A. A. industri
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. industri. Pengolahan hasil pertanian dari bahan mentah menjadi barang setengah jadi dan siap pakai refers to the process of transforming raw agricultural materials into semi-finished and ready-to-use goods. This process involves various manufacturing and processing activities, which are typically associated with industrial production. Therefore, the term "industri" accurately describes this type of agricultural processing.

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  • 15. 

    Pengolahan hasil pertanian pada era reformasi di Indonesia pada dasarnya bertujuan untuk ....

    • A.

      A. meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat agraris

    • B.

      B. meningkatkan pendapatan nelayan

    • C.

      C. meningkatkan taraf hidup sejahtera

    • D.

      D.        meningkatkan pengelolaan laut secara optimal

    Correct Answer
    A. A. meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat agraris
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A because the processing of agricultural products in the reform era in Indonesia aims to improve the welfare of agrarian communities. This means that the goal is to improve the living conditions, income, and overall well-being of people involved in agriculture.

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  • 16. 

    Untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat Indonesia selain pengembangan sektor pertanian, maka dikembangkanlah ketrampilan kerajinan produktif dalam bentuk ..

    • A.

      A. periuk

    • B.

      B. batu merah

    • C.

      C. wajan

    • D.

      D. keramik

    Correct Answer
    B. B. batu merah
    Explanation
    Batu merah is a type of red stone that is commonly used in traditional Indonesian crafts. Developing productive craft skills, such as working with batu merah, can contribute to improving the welfare of the Indonesian society. By promoting and supporting the development of craft industries, individuals can earn income and create job opportunities, leading to an increase in overall prosperity.

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  • 17. 

    Di kalangan masyarakat Sulawesi Selatan yang terkenal dengan budaya pinisi adalah kabupaten ....

    • A.

      A. Wajo

    • B.

      B. Sinjai

    • C.

      C. Ara

    • D.

      D.  Bulukumba

    Correct Answer
    D. D.  Bulukumba
    Explanation
    Bulukumba is known for its traditional boat called pinisi, which is a significant part of the local culture. Therefore, among the people of South Sulawesi, Bulukumba is famous for its pinisi culture.

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  • 18. 

    .Salah satu potensi keunggulan daerah di kalangan masyarakat kabupaten Takalar Sulawesi Selatan adalah ....

    • A.

      A. pendidikan

    • B.

      B. pertanian

    • C.

      C. kerajinan

    • D.

      D. keagamaan

    Correct Answer
    C. C. kerajinan
    Explanation
    One potential area of excellence in the Takalar district in South Sulawesi is craftsmanship. This suggests that the district is known for its skilled artisans and their ability to create high-quality and unique handicrafts. This could be a source of pride for the local community and a potential economic opportunity for the district.

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  • 19. 

    Pengembangan ketrampilan tenun sarung tradisional yang berwarna hitam berbahan dasar dari flora adalah adat dari masyarakat ....

    • A.

      A. Asmat

    • B.

       B.    Ammatoa 

    • C.

      C. Dayak

    • D.

      D.    Badui 

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Dayak
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C. Dayak. The Dayak community is known for their traditional skill in weaving black sarongs using flora as the main material.

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  • 20. 

    Daerah Industri Batik yang terkenal di Propinsi Jawa Tengah adalah  ....

    • A.

      A. Pekalongan

    • B.

      B. Jepara

    • C.

      C. Solo

    • D.

      D. Demak

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Pekalongan
    Explanation
    Pekalongan is a well-known industrial area for batik in Central Java. It is famous for its high-quality batik production and has a long history of batik making. The region is known for its unique batik designs and techniques, attracting tourists and buyers from all over the world. Pekalongan's batik industry has made a significant contribution to the cultural and economic development of the region.

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  • 21. 

    Kerja sama yang dilakukan oleh banyak  Negara di namakan kerja sama….

    • A.

      A. multinasional

    • B.

      B. Bilateral    

    • C.

      c.    Internasioanal

    • D.

      D.    Nasional

    Correct Answer
    A. A. multinasional
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a. multinasional. This is because the question states that the cooperation is done by many countries, which indicates that it is a multinational cooperation.

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  • 22. 

    Anggota Negara ASEAN yang paling terakhir  adalah ….

    • A.

      A. Kamboja                                                          

    • B.

      B. Laos                                                               

    • C.

      C.    Mianmar

    • D.

      D.         Vietnam

    Correct Answer
    A. A. Kamboja                                                          
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a. Kamboja. This is because the question asks for the most recent member of ASEAN, and Cambodia was the last country to join ASEAN in 1999.

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  • 23. 

    Untuk pelaksanaan tugas ASEAN telah di bentuk secretariat tetap ASEAN yang berada di ….

    • A.

      A.    Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia                               

    • B.

      B. Jakarta, Indonesia                                           

    • C.

      C.    Bangkok, Thailand

    • D.

      D.   Hanoi, Vietnam

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Jakarta, Indonesia                                           
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b. Jakarta, Indonesia. The ASEAN Secretariat is located in Jakarta, Indonesia. It serves as the headquarters for ASEAN and is responsible for coordinating and implementing the activities and programs of the organization.

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  • 24. 

    Tujuan pokok di dirikan ASEAN adalah untuk mempercepat pertumbuhan di bidang…

    • A.

      A.    pertahanan dan keamanan                           

    • B.

      B. politik                                                               

    • C.

      C.   ekonomi,sosial dan budaya

    • D.

      D. teknologi

    Correct Answer
    C. C.   ekonomi,sosial dan budaya
    Explanation
    The main objective of establishing ASEAN is to accelerate growth in the fields of economy, social, and culture. ASEAN was founded with the aim of promoting regional cooperation and integration, particularly in economic development, social progress, and cultural exchange among its member countries. This objective is reflected in the various initiatives and agreements that ASEAN has implemented over the years, such as the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC).

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  • 25. 

    Masyarakat Ekonomi Eropa (MEE) didirikan berdasarkan perjanjian antar Negara-negara Eropa Barat di….

    • A.

      A. Paris, Perancis     

    • B.

      B.    Roma, Italia                                                   

    • C.

      C.    Inggris

    • D.

      D. Jerman

    Correct Answer
    B. B.    Roma, Italia                                                   
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b. Roma, Italia. The explanation for this is that the Masyarakat Ekonomi Eropa (MEE) was established based on an agreement between Western European countries. Since Rome is the capital city of Italy, it is logical to assume that the agreement was made in Rome, Italy.

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  • 26. 

    Forum kerja sama ekonomi di kawasan Asia Pasifik yang didirikan pada tahun1989 adalah…

    • A.

      A.    AFTA                                                             

    • B.

      B. APEC                                                               

    • C.

      C.    EFTA

    • D.

      D.         OPEC

    Correct Answer
    B. B. APEC                                                               
    Explanation
    APEC stands for Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. It is a forum for promoting economic cooperation and trade among countries in the Asia-Pacific region. It was established in 1989 to foster economic growth, cooperation, and integration in the region. APEC provides a platform for member economies to discuss and address economic issues, promote sustainable development, and enhance regional economic integration. It is an important forum for facilitating economic cooperation and promoting free trade in the Asia-Pacific region.

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  • 27. 

    Sumber daya manusia (SDM) dapat berupa….       

    • A.

      A.  kecerdasan

    • B.

      b. ketermpilan

    • C.

      C. ketekunan

    • D.

      D. ketrampilan, ketekunan,dan keahlian penduduk

    Correct Answer
    D. D. ketrampilan, ketekunan,dan keahlian penduduk
    Explanation
    Human resources (SDM) can consist of skills, perseverance, and expertise of the population.

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  • 28. 

    Tujuan didirikan APEC adalah….       

    • A.

      A. meningkatkan keamanan wilayah di Asia Pasifik

    • B.

      B. menyelenggarakan latihan bersama di bidang keamanan

    • C.

      C. membangun pusat perdagagan di kawasan Asia Pasifik

    • D.

      D.  meningkatkan dan memperlancar kerja sama ekonomi di kawasan Asia Pasifik

    Correct Answer
    D. D.  meningkatkan dan memperlancar kerja sama ekonomi di kawasan Asia Pasifik
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d. The purpose of establishing APEC is to enhance and facilitate economic cooperation in the Asia Pacific region. APEC aims to promote trade and investment, reduce barriers to trade, and foster economic growth among its member economies. It focuses on promoting regional economic integration and advancing economic cooperation through various initiatives and dialogues among member economies.

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  • 29. 

    Kawasan perdagangan bebas Eropa dengan tujuan menghendaki adanya perdagangan bebas di kawasan Eropa adalah….

    • A.

      A.    APEC                                                            

    • B.

      b. EFTA

    • C.

      C.    NAFTA

    • D.

      D.    AFTA

    Correct Answer
    B. b. EFTA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is EFTA. EFTA stands for European Free Trade Association, which is an intergovernmental organization that aims to promote free trade and economic integration among its member states in Europe. EFTA was established in 1960 as an alternative to the European Economic Community (EEC), which later became the European Union (EU). EFTA member states are not part of the EU, but they have access to the EU's single market through various agreements. Therefore, EFTA aligns with the goal of wanting free trade in the European region.

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  • 30. 

    Disamping ada tujuan pokok dari kerja sama ekonomi antar negara,di bawah ini adalah tujuan umum dari kerja sama ekonomi, kecuali….     

    • A.

      A. mempercepat pertumbuhan ekonomi, khususnya bagi negara-negara berkembang

    • B.

      B. menciptakan kemakmuran dan kesejahteraan di seluruh dunia

    • C.

      C. menambah kekuatan Negara

    • D.

      D. mempercepat persahabatan antarnegara

    Correct Answer
    C. C. menambah kekuatan Negara
    Explanation
    The general goals of economic cooperation among countries include accelerating economic growth, particularly for developing countries, creating prosperity and well-being worldwide, and promoting friendship between nations. However, the goal of increasing the power of a country is not typically considered a general objective of economic cooperation. Economic cooperation is usually focused on mutual benefits and shared prosperity rather than enhancing the power of individual nations.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 15, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Aidyfi
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