9 клас. Тест. Изходно ниво. І срок Quiz

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Тестът е предназначен за проверка и оценка на знанията и уменията на учениците от 9. клас в ПГ по икономика - гр. Шумен.  Провежда се в края на І-ви срок от учениците в 9 клас след съответен изучен материал. Въпросите са съобразени с ДОИ.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Ренесансът в Европа обхваща периода:  

    • A.

      XIII в.

    • B.

      XIX в.

    • C.

      от края на XІV до началото на XVI в.

    • D.

      от ХІ до ХІХ в.

    Correct Answer
    C. от края на XІV до началото на XVI в.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "от края на XІV до началото на XVI в." which translates to "from the end of the 14th century to the beginning of the 16th century." This period is commonly known as the Renaissance in Europe. It was a time of great cultural and intellectual awakening, characterized by a renewed interest in the arts, literature, science, and philosophy. The Renaissance saw the revival of classical learning and the development of new ideas and artistic styles, marking a significant shift from the medieval period.

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  • 2. 

    Европейският икономически център се измества след Великите географски открития от Средиземноморието към:  

    • A.

      Испания, Франция, Англия, Нидерландия

    • B.

      Африка

    • C.

      Америка

    • D.

      Османската империя

    Correct Answer
    A. Испания, Франция, Англия, Нидерландия
    Explanation
    After the Great Geographical Discoveries, the European economic center shifted from the Mediterranean to Spain, France, England, and the Netherlands.

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  • 3. 

    Тридесетгодишната война, опустошила германските земи, започва през:

    • A.

      1718 г.

    • B.

      1618 г.

    • C.

      1920 г.

    • D.

      1565 г.

    Correct Answer
    B. 1618 г.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1618 г. The Thirty Years' War devastated the German lands and started in 1618.

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  • 4. 

    Кое от посочените въстания на българите НЕ е против османското господство:  

    • A.

      Чипровско въстание

    • B.

      Въстанието на Карпош

    • C.

      Второ Търновско въстание

    • D.

      Въстанието на Петър Делян

    Correct Answer
    D. Въстанието на Петър Делян
    Explanation
    The given answer states that the rebellion led by Petar Delian was not against Ottoman rule.

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  • 5. 

    През XVIIв. в Англия се налага начин на управление на държавата, наречен:  

    • A.

      монархия

    • B.

      конституционна монархия

    • C.

      самодържавие

    • D.

      абсолютизъм

    Correct Answer
    B. конституционна монархия
    Explanation
    In the 17th century, a system of government called constitutional monarchy was established in England. This form of government limited the power of the monarch and gave more power to elected representatives and a constitution. It ensured that the monarch's authority was subject to the laws and regulations outlined in the constitution. This system allowed for a balance of power between the monarch and the people, preventing absolute rule or autocracy.

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  • 6. 

     Д. Дидро е автор на:  

    • A.

      ”Духът на законите”

    • B.

      ”Енциклопедия”

    • C.

      ”Писма относно английската нация”

    • D.

      ”Елементи на философията на Нютон”

    Correct Answer
    B. ”Енциклопедия”
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Енциклопедия" because Denis Diderot is known for being the main editor and contributor to the "Encyclopédie," a comprehensive encyclopedia that aimed to gather and disseminate knowledge on various subjects. This work was a significant contribution to the Enlightenment movement and played a crucial role in spreading new ideas and knowledge during that time.

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  • 7. 

    Кое от изброените НЕ е сред причините за Великите географски открития?  

    • A.

      желанието на европейците да открият богатствата на Изтока

    • B.

      появата на излишно население в Европа, което искало нова земя

    • C.

      стремежът да се освободят светите места от неверниците

    • D.

      желанието да се разпространява християнската вяра

    Correct Answer
    C. стремежът да се освободят светите места от неверниците
    Explanation
    The desire to discover the wealth of the East, the emergence of excess population in Europe seeking new land, and the desire to spread the Christian faith were all reasons for the Great Geographic Discoveries. However, the desire to liberate holy places from non-believers was not a reason for these discoveries.

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  • 8. 

    Ренесансът е:  

    • A.

      критика на католицизма срещу индулгенциите

    • B.

      колосална културна революция - преход от Средновековие кьм Ново време

    • C.

      копиране на гръко-римската култура

    • D.

      преместване на центъра на европейската икономика от Венеция кьм атлантическите държави

    Correct Answer
    B. колосална културна революция - преход от Средновековие кьм Ново време
    Explanation
    The Renaissance was a colossal cultural revolution that marked the transition from the Middle Ages to the Modern era. It was a period of great intellectual, artistic, and scientific advancements, characterized by a renewed interest in the classical Greco-Roman culture. During this time, there was a shift in the center of European economy from Venice to the Atlantic states. The Renaissance also saw criticisms of Catholicism, particularly against indulgences, but this was not the defining characteristic of the era.

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  • 9. 

    Продуктите, станали популярни в Европа след Великите географски открития, били:  

    • A.

      маслини, зехтин и кожи

    • B.

      тютюн, кафе, какао и захар

    • C.

      коприна и порцелан

    • D.

      памучни и вълнени платове

    Correct Answer
    B. тютюн, кафе, какао и захар
    Explanation
    The products that became popular in Europe after the Great Geographical Discoveries were tobacco, coffee, cocoa, and sugar. These products were introduced to Europe from the newly discovered lands in the Americas and quickly gained popularity due to their unique tastes and uses. Tobacco was used for smoking, coffee and cocoa were consumed as beverages, and sugar was used as a sweetener. These products had a significant impact on European society and economy, leading to the development of new industries and trade routes.

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  • 10. 

    Бойните действия в Тридесетгодишната война между Франция и австрийските Хабсбурги се водят на територията на:  

    • A.

      Франция

    • B.

      Германия

    • C.

      Австрия

    • D.

      Испания

    Correct Answer
    B. Германия
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Germany. The Thirty Years' War was primarily fought on German soil between France and the Habsburgs of Austria. While France and Austria were involved in the conflict, the majority of the fighting took place in Germany.

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  • 11. 

    Кое от посочените решения НЕ е сред тези на Вестфалския мирен договор от 1648г.?  

    • A.

      Швейцарската конфедерация получила официална независимост

    • B.

      Испания получила Нидерландиите

    • C.

      Елзас и Лотарингия са предадени на Франция

    • D.

      признати са над 300 суверенни държавици и владения в Германия

    Correct Answer
    B. Испания получила Нидерландиите
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Испания получила Нидерландиите" because the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 did not grant Spain control over the Netherlands. Instead, the Netherlands gained independence from Spain as a result of the Eighty Years' War, which ended in 1648. The Treaty of Westphalia primarily focused on resolving the conflicts in Germany and establishing the principle of state sovereignty.

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  • 12. 

    Османската империя през ХV-ХVІІ в. е:  

    • A.

      конституционна монархия

    • B.

      абсолютна монархия

    • C.

      просветена монархия

    • D.

      феодална теократична монархия

    Correct Answer
    D. феодална теократична монархия
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "феодална теократична монархия" because during the 15th to 17th centuries, the Ottoman Empire was characterized by a feudal system where power was decentralized and held by local landlords known as timariots. Additionally, the empire was governed by Islamic law, making it a theocratic monarchy.

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  • 13. 

    Джентрите са:  

    • A.

      чиновници на организираната централна власт

    • B.

      не изкарват прехраната си с труд

    • C.

      дребни английски провинциални благородници

    • D.

      дребни испански благородници

    Correct Answer
    C. дребни английски провинциални благородници
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "дребни английски провинциални благородници" which translates to "minor English provincial nobles". This answer suggests that the term "джентрите" refers to a specific group of people in English society who are of noble descent but hold a lower status compared to the higher-ranking nobility. They are described as being from provincial areas, implying that they may not have as much wealth or influence as the nobility in more prominent regions.

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  • 14. 

    Първият законен владетел обвинен, съден и екзекутиран за лошо управление е:  

    • A.

      Джеймс I Стюарт

    • B.

      Чарлс I

    • C.

      Чарлс II

    • D.

      Луи XVI

    Correct Answer
    B. Чарлс I
    Explanation
    Charles I was the first lawful ruler to be accused, tried, and executed for mismanagement. During his reign, he faced numerous conflicts with Parliament, which eventually led to the English Civil War. Charles I's refusal to compromise with Parliament and his attempts to assert absolute power over the country ultimately resulted in his arrest, trial, and execution in 1649. This marked a significant turning point in English history, as it established the principle that the monarch was not above the law and could be held accountable for their actions.

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  • 15. 

    Под термина „Славна революция” се разбира:  

    • A.

      обявяването на република в Англия

    • B.

      връщането на Стюартите на власт

    • C.

      възкачването на Вилхелм Орански на английския престол под името Уилям ІІІ

    • D.

      разпускането на „Дългия парламент”

    Correct Answer
    C. възкачването на Вилхелм Орански на английския престол под името Уилям ІІІ
    Explanation
    The term "Glorious Revolution" refers to the ascension of William of Orange to the English throne as William III. This event took place in 1688 and marked a significant shift in power from the monarchy to Parliament. William III, along with his wife Mary, was invited to take the throne by a group of English nobles who were dissatisfied with the Catholic reign of James II. The Glorious Revolution resulted in the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in England and the passing of the Bill of Rights, which limited the powers of the monarch and affirmed the rights of Parliament.

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  • 16. 

    Подредени ли са следните събития  в хронология?
    • Завършва управлението на Луи ХІV
    • Избухва Тридесетгодишната война
    • Обявяване на Петър І Велики за император
    • Кромуел става лорд-протектор

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The events listed are not in chronological order. The correct chronological order is as follows:
    1. Завършва управлението на Луи ХІV (The end of Louis XIV's reign)
    2. Кромуел става лорд-протектор (Cromwell becomes Lord Protector)
    3. Избухва Тридесетгодишната война (The Thirty Years' War begins)
    4. Обявяване на Петър І Велики за император (Peter I the Great is declared emperor)

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 22, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Adelinapeneva
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