DNA And Protein Synthesis Vocabulary

14 Questions  I  By Hjvanwinkle1008
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1.  A type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins form DNA to the rest of the cell.
2.  This base contains nitrogen and sticks out sideways from the nucleotide chain and can be joined together in any order. It is very good at absorbing light.
3.  Nucleic acid made up of nucleotides joined into long strands or chains by covalent bonds, or genetic information.
4.  Involves messenger RNA ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA.  Most RNA molecules are involved in just this one job.
5.  A change in the genetic material of a cell.
6.  A type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes.
7.  A type of RNA htat carries each amino acid to a ribosome during protein synthesis.
8.  A substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DNA tightly coiled around histones.
9.  Looks like a twisted ladder, the two strands twist around each other like spiral staircases.
10.  A group of three nucleotide bases in mRNA that specify a particular amino acid to be incorporated into a protein.
11.  The percentages of adenine [A] and thymine [T] bases are almost equal in any smaple of DNA.  The same thing is true for the other 2 nucleotides, guanine [G] and cytosine [C].
12.  The process by which the sequence of bases of a mRNA is converted into the sequence of amino acids of a protein.
13.  A group of three bases on at RNA molecule that are complementary to the three bases of a codon of mRNA.
14.  A sub-unit of which nucleic acids are composed: made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
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