DNA And Protein Synthesis Vocabulary

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1.  A sub-unit of which nucleic acids are composed: made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
2.  A substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DNA tightly coiled around histones.
3.  The process by which the sequence of bases of a mRNA is converted into the sequence of amino acids of a protein.
4.  A group of three nucleotide bases in mRNA that specify a particular amino acid to be incorporated into a protein.
5.  A group of three bases on at RNA molecule that are complementary to the three bases of a codon of mRNA.
6.  A change in the genetic material of a cell.
7.  This base contains nitrogen and sticks out sideways from the nucleotide chain and can be joined together in any order. It is very good at absorbing light.
8.  Looks like a twisted ladder, the two strands twist around each other like spiral staircases.
9.  The percentages of adenine [A] and thymine [T] bases are almost equal in any smaple of DNA.  The same thing is true for the other 2 nucleotides, guanine [G] and cytosine [C].
10.  Nucleic acid made up of nucleotides joined into long strands or chains by covalent bonds, or genetic information.
11.  A type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes.
12.  A type of RNA htat carries each amino acid to a ribosome during protein synthesis.
13.  A type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins form DNA to the rest of the cell.
14.  Involves messenger RNA ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA.  Most RNA molecules are involved in just this one job.
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