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Social Psychology / Practice Multiple Choice

20 Questions
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Tendency to favor one's group and see this group as correct

    • B. 

      Tendency to see other members of a group as similar

    • C. 

      Tendency to perform better when others are watching

    • D. 

      Tendency to perform worse when others are watching

    • E. 

      Tendency to conform to the social harmony of a group

  • 2. 
    People who are less likely to help someone because there are a lot of people present would be exhibiting:
    • A. 

      Groupthink

    • B. 

      Group polarization

    • C. 

      Diffusion of responsibility

    • D. 

      Mere exposure effect

    • E. 

      Ethnocentrism

  • 3. 
    At first Jimmy did not like his teacher, but after sitting in this teacher's class for a number of weeks Jimmy as started to like his teacher. this new perspective would be an example of:
    • A. 

      Diffusion of responsibility

    • B. 

      Bystander effect

    • C. 

      In-group bias

    • D. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • E. 

      Mere-exposure effect

  • 4. 
    Muszafer Sherif believed that __________ would reduce prejudice behavior.
    • A. 

      Working together to solve a problem

    • B. 

      Sharing background

    • C. 

      Group sharing

    • D. 

      Talking out differences

    • E. 

      Competitive games

  • 5. 
    Jimmy has constantly heard that he is not a good student, after a while starts to act how people percieve him. This recent behavioral change supports the:
    • A. 

      Groupthink

    • B. 

      Group polarization

    • C. 

      Self-fufilling prophecy

    • D. 

      Social influence

    • E. 

      Altruism

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • B. 

      Altruism

    • C. 

      Foot-in-the-door

    • D. 

      Door-in-the-foot

    • E. 

      Bystander effect

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Group polarization

    • B. 

      The power of SSRI's

    • C. 

      Deindividuation

    • D. 

      Groupthink

    • E. 

      Self-fufilling prophecy

  • 8. 
    _____________ set up an experiment, known as the Stanford Prison experiment, where people plaed the role of a prison guard. The goal was to observe if this authority position would cause them to act differently.
    • A. 

      Stanley Milgram

    • B. 

      Philip Zimbardo

    • C. 

      Soloman Ache

    • D. 

      Muzafer Sherif

    • E. 

      Mike Mclane "The Mclaniac"

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      To the tendency for people to do less in a group setting

    • B. 

      To the tendency to keep personal oppinions to themselves for fear of upsetting the group

    • C. 

      When the presence of other people watching improves a persons performance

    • D. 

      When the prescence of other people watching hinders a person's performance

    • E. 

      When people listen more attentively to people of authority

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Actor observer discepency

    • B. 

      Self serving bias

    • C. 

      Blaming the victim

    • D. 

      Fundamental attribution error

    • E. 

      Modest bias

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Central route of persuasion

    • B. 

      Peripheral route of persuasion

    • C. 

      Foot-in-the-door

    • D. 

      Door-in-the-foot

    • E. 

      Cognitive dissonance

  • 12. 
    A contributor of prejudice behavior is when people blame others for their misfortunes and often respond with negative behavior and actions towards these poeple. this is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Out-group homongeneity effect

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Altruism

    • D. 

      Bystander effect

    • E. 

      Scapegoat theory

  • 13. 
    information social influence occurs when:
    • A. 

      The person presenting the information as seen as expert and making it more likely for a person to listen or conform to their ideas

    • B. 

      A person is influenced by the presence or group oppinion encouraging conformity or changing of attitudes

    • C. 

      A person is less likely to listen or conform

    • D. 

      A person is less likely to perform behavior within a group

    • E. 

      A person does not share his or oppinion from fear of upsetting the group

  • 14. 
    Groupthink is defined as:
    • A. 

      When an attitude becomes stronger in group presence

    • B. 

      Thinking that revolves around keeping harmony within a group through not disagreeing with group opinion

    • C. 

      The tendency to do less in a group situation

    • D. 

      Improved performance when people are watching

    • E. 

      The loss of identity due to a group situation

  • 15. 
    In Stanley Migram's experiment on the role of obedience, the ____________ was the person who worked with Milgram and played the part of an authority figure.
    • A. 

      Teacher

    • B. 

      Learner

    • C. 

      Experimenter

    • D. 

      Doctor

    • E. 

      Dog

  • 16. 
    The fundamental attribution error occurs when a person underestimates or does not consider ________________ attributes and focuses too much on ________________ attributes or personal factors.
    • A. 

      Situational; dispositional

    • B. 

      Dispositional; situational

    • C. 

      Unconscious; situational

    • D. 

      Situational; unconscious

    • E. 

      Unconscious; dispositional

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Self-serving bias

    • B. 

      Just world hypothesis

    • C. 

      Blaming the victim

    • D. 

      Actor-observer discrepancy

    • E. 

      Fundamental attribution error

  • 18. 
    According to Soloman Ache, in his experiment on conformity ____% of the subjects gave the wrong answer because the group unanimously also gave the wrong answer.
    • A. 

      76

    • B. 

      48

    • C. 

      32

    • D. 

      89

    • E. 

      2

  • 19. 
    When a person experiences guilt or discomfort because he or she realizes that he or she is not being truthful with their friends, then this person may be experiencing:
    • A. 

      Blaming the victim

    • B. 

      Self-serving bias

    • C. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • D. 

      Constipation

    • E. 

      Normative social influence

  • 20. 
    In Stanley Milgram's experiment on the role of obedience, the ___________ was the subject who was being observed and did not know what the experiment was about or what was being studied.
    • A. 

      Learner

    • B. 

      Experimenter

    • C. 

      Dog

    • D. 

      Teacher

    • E. 

      Milgram