Social Psychology / Practice Multiple Choice

20 Questions  I  By Mmclane
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  • 1. 
    In-group bias is the
    • A. 

      Tendency to favor one's group and see this group as correct

    • B. 

      Tendency to see other members of a group as similar

    • C. 

      Tendency to perform better when others are watching

    • D. 

      Tendency to perform worse when others are watching

    • E. 

      Tendency to conform to the social harmony of a group


  • 2. 
    People who are less likely to help someone because there are a lot of people present would be exhibiting:
    • A. 

      Groupthink

    • B. 

      Group polarization

    • C. 

      Diffusion of responsibility

    • D. 

      Mere exposure effect

    • E. 

      Ethnocentrism


  • 3. 
    At first Jimmy did not like his teacher, but after sitting in this teacher's class for a number of weeks Jimmy as started to like his teacher. this new perspective would be an example of:
    • A. 

      Diffusion of responsibility

    • B. 

      Bystander effect

    • C. 

      In-group bias

    • D. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • E. 

      Mere-exposure effect


  • 4. 
    Muszafer Sherif believed that __________ would reduce prejudice behavior.
    • A. 

      Working together to solve a problem

    • B. 

      Sharing background

    • C. 

      Group sharing

    • D. 

      Talking out differences

    • E. 

      Competitive games


  • 5. 
    Jimmy has constantly heard that he is not a good student, after a while starts to act how people percieve him. This recent behavioral change supports the:
    • A. 

      Groupthink

    • B. 

      Group polarization

    • C. 

      Self-fufilling prophecy

    • D. 

      Social influence

    • E. 

      Altruism


  • 6. 
    If you have a friend who is reluctant to help you clean your entire room, you maybe successful through asking him to simply help you move one item in your room. this approach is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • B. 

      Altruism

    • C. 

      Foot-in-the-door

    • D. 

      Door-in-the-foot

    • E. 

      Bystander effect


  • 7. 
    Jimmy is very quiet at school, but later that night at a party Jimmy gets 'crazy' and starts to cut the rug on the dance floor. Jimmy's classmates are stunned at this displayed behavior. Jimmy is experiencing:
    • A. 

      Group polarization

    • B. 

      The power of SSRI's

    • C. 

      Deindividuation

    • D. 

      Groupthink

    • E. 

      Self-fufilling prophecy


  • 8. 
    _____________ set up an experiment, known as the Stanford Prison experiment, where people plaed the role of a prison guard. The goal was to observe if this authority position would cause them to act differently.
    • A. 

      Stanley Milgram

    • B. 

      Philip Zimbardo

    • C. 

      Soloman Ache

    • D. 

      Muzafer Sherif

    • E. 

      Mike Mclane "The Mclaniac"


  • 9. 
    Social Facilitation occurs:
    • A. 

      To the tendency for people to do less in a group setting

    • B. 

      To the tendency to keep personal oppinions to themselves for fear of upsetting the group

    • C. 

      When the presence of other people watching improves a persons performance

    • D. 

      When the prescence of other people watching hinders a person's performance

    • E. 

      When people listen more attentively to people of authority


  • 10. 
    Believing that all homeless people are responsible for their outcomes or got what they deserved would be an example of which attribution process?
    • A. 

      Actor observer discepency

    • B. 

      Self serving bias

    • C. 

      Blaming the victim

    • D. 

      Fundamental attribution error

    • E. 

      Modest bias


  • 11. 
    If you are in the market to buy a new stereo and you catch yourself getting vaught up in the salesperson's life story and personal triumphs and setbacks, then sccording to the elaboration liklihood model you are too focused on the:
    • A. 

      Central route of persuasion

    • B. 

      Peripheral route of persuasion

    • C. 

      Foot-in-the-door

    • D. 

      Door-in-the-foot

    • E. 

      Cognitive dissonance


  • 12. 
    A contributor of prejudice behavior is when people blame others for their misfortunes and often respond with negative behavior and actions towards these poeple. this is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Out-group homongeneity effect

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Altruism

    • D. 

      Bystander effect

    • E. 

      Scapegoat theory


  • 13. 
    information social influence occurs when:
    • A. 

      The person presenting the information as seen as expert and making it more likely for a person to listen or conform to their ideas

    • B. 

      A person is influenced by the presence or group oppinion encouraging conformity or changing of attitudes

    • C. 

      A person is less likely to listen or conform

    • D. 

      A person is less likely to perform behavior within a group

    • E. 

      A person does not share his or oppinion from fear of upsetting the group


  • 14. 
    Groupthink is defined as:
    • A. 

      When an attitude becomes stronger in group presence

    • B. 

      Thinking that revolves around keeping harmony within a group through not disagreeing with group opinion

    • C. 

      The tendency to do less in a group situation

    • D. 

      Improved performance when people are watching

    • E. 

      The loss of identity due to a group situation


  • 15. 
    In Stanley Migram's experiment on the role of obedience, the ____________ was the person who worked with Milgram and played the part of an authority figure.
    • A. 

      Teacher

    • B. 

      Learner

    • C. 

      Experimenter

    • D. 

      Doctor

    • E. 

      Dog


  • 16. 
    The fundamental attribution error occurs when a person underestimates or does not consider ________________ attributes and focuses too much on ________________ attributes or personal factors.
    • A. 

      Situational; dispositional

    • B. 

      Dispositional; situational

    • C. 

      Unconscious; situational

    • D. 

      Situational; unconscious

    • E. 

      Unconscious; dispositional


  • 17. 
    When you fail a test and believe that the test was too hard; but when a friend fails the same test it was because he or she did not study enough. This is an example of which type of attribution process?
    • A. 

      Self-serving bias

    • B. 

      Just world hypothesis

    • C. 

      Blaming the victim

    • D. 

      Actor-observer discrepancy

    • E. 

      Fundamental attribution error


  • 18. 
    According to Soloman Ache, in his experiment on conformity ____% of the subjects gave the wrong answer because the group unanimously also gave the wrong answer.
    • A. 

      76

    • B. 

      48

    • C. 

      32

    • D. 

      89

    • E. 

      2


  • 19. 
    When a person experiences guilt or discomfort because he or she realizes that he or she is not being truthful with their friends, then this person may be experiencing:
    • A. 

      Blaming the victim

    • B. 

      Self-serving bias

    • C. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • D. 

      Constipation

    • E. 

      Normative social influence


  • 20. 
    In Stanley Milgram's experiment on the role of obedience, the ___________ was the subject who was being observed and did not know what the experiment was about or what was being studied.
    • A. 

      Learner

    • B. 

      Experimenter

    • C. 

      Dog

    • D. 

      Teacher

    • E. 

      Milgram


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