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Respiratory System Quiz

44 Questions
Respiratory System Quizzes & Trivia

Medical-Surgical Nursing. Studying for respiratory test

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This type of necrosis impacts the lungs. Caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Resembles clumped cheese, soft and granular.
  • 2. 
    Dry lung drowning is caused by the _______ response, resulting in extreme bronchoconstriction.
  • 3. 
    Pulmonary emboli commonly arise from the deep veins in the _______ and _______ .
  • 4. 
    It takes a lot of ________ to reinflate the alveoli once they've collapsed. A _______ to help the patient.
  • 5. 
    Atelectasis increases the risk of ...
  • 6. 
    What condition is described below:Blood is occluded; Increased V/Q ratio/perfusion problem; and not much blood can get to the alveoli to get oxygen and perfuse it to the rest of the body.
  • 7. 
    What condition are signs and symptoms indicative of:Chronic hypoxemia; hypercapnea; increased work to breath; bronchospasm; mucus plugging; and pulmonary HTN leads to RHF.
  • 8. 
    What condition does the factors listed below cause:Premature birth; immature lungs; Increased inspired oxygen; (+) pressure ventilation; and infections
  • 9. 
    What condition is described below:An instability of a portion of the chest that occurs from serious trauma like an accident, ribs are broken, etc. Paradoxical movement of the chest (1 side sinks in when they breath in)
  • 10. 
    What is described below:Fluid is accumulated in the pleural space, most likely from an infection...
  • 11. 
    A complication of an open pneumothorax. Whatever caused the seal to break creates a flap that makes a one-way valve causing air to accumulate with each breath. Pleural space grows and impinges on heart and trachea. This is an example of          
  • 12. 
    How is acute epiglottis treated?
  • 13. 
    Nasal flaring; grunting; and intercostal muscle retraction are signs and symptoms of        in children
  • 14. 
    If a V/Q ratio is low, it's a _______ problem.
  • 15. 
    _______ is the most common type of lung cancer in non-smoking women.
  • 16. 
    Sudden apprehension; SOB; chest pain; rapid pulse; cough with blood sputum; syncope; and diaphoresis are symptoms of a                            
  • 17. 
    Dyspnea on exertion; think; decreased FEVI (less than 70%); barrel chest; tripod positioning, leaned forward; pursed lips; Increased FRC, RV and TLC; dark areas and flattening on x-ray are signs and symptoms of        
  • 18. 
    Mechanical ventilation; surfactant admin; glucocorticoid admin to women to women in pretermlabor are treatments for      
  • 19. 
           leads to the breakdown of elastin in the septa which leads to the loss of recoil (can't push air out) which leads to hyperinflation of the lungs which leads to increased RV.
  • 20. 
    In     , the lungs collapses causing incomplete expansion of the alveoli. That part of the lung becomes non-functional.
  • 21. 
    Atelectasis is an indication of ... a        , it isn't a condition on it's own, it's a symptom.
  • 22. 
    SOA; no lung sounds on affected side; anxiety; unconscious (maybe); and cyanosis are signs and symptoms of a closed         
  • 23. 
    In a ventilation problem _______ is coming to the area there's no _______ because of a problem with the _______.
  • 24. 
    High V/Q ratio = _______ problem
  • 25. 
    Tachynpnea; expiratory grunting, nasal flaring and dusky skin are signs and symptoms of          
  • 26. 
    Small cell/oat cell _______ can produce ADH from the lung. It's rapidly growing, rapidly metastasizes. Poor prognosis.
  • 27. 
    Dyspnea, tachypnea, V/Q mismatch (Increased ratio), chest pain, cough, apprehension, diaphoresis, crackles, low grade fever, signs and symptoms of RHF (systemic edema) are common signs and symptoms of a               
  • 28. 
    In a perfusion problem, blood is _______, usually by a _______ .
  • 29. 
    Situations in which a patient conditions are life threatening, no breath sounds, tracheal deviations, SOA, anxious, cyanosis, and may be unconscious are signs and symptoms of a        
  • 30. 
    Chest tube to re-exert (-) pressure is how a            is treated
  • 31. 
    The presence of air or gas in the pleural space that leads to lung collapse...
  • 32. 
    Increased LV systolic or diastolic dysfunction; LV overload; and LV outflow obstruction are the underlying causes of              
  • 33. 
    Closed; occurs in healthy young men; and visceral layerThese conditions described             
  • 34. 
    Lungs don't expand or contract due to remodeling of vessels describes            
  • 35. 
    Barotrauma and connective tissue diseases causes a          
  • 36. 
    In a          ,the parietal is intact but the visceral pleura is disrupted. Essentially a separation of the wall layers.
  • 37. 
    Pancreas; respiratory tract; sweat and salivary glands; intestines; and liver are structures affected by     .
  • 38. 
    50% of metastatic carcinomas arise from the _______ .
  • 39. 
    Hyperventilation triggers respiratory _______ and that can lead to seizures.
  • 40. 
    If a patient has hypoxemia, they'll have _______ also.
  • 41. 
    Loss of elastic recoil and expiration speed leads to not enough elasticity to push air up and out which leads to increased air in lungs, decreased mucus production and alveoli cannot push air out describe the pathology of       
  • 42. 
    _______ happen in people that have hypoxia in the brain due to decreased brain stem functioning.
  • 43. 
    Leaning over, gasping, and sweating are all signs and symptoms of      breathing.
  • 44. 
    Abnormal permanent enlargement of the gas-exchange airways accompanied by destruction of alveolar walls without obvious fibrosis is indicative of         
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