Respiratory System Quiz

44 Questions  I  By Sgomes
Medical-Surgical Nursing. Studying for respiratory test

  
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1.  Atelectasis is an indication of ... a        , it isn't a condition on it's own, it's a symptom.
2.  _______ happen in people that have hypoxia in the brain due to decreased brain stem functioning.
3.  Lungs don't expand or contract due to remodeling of vessels describes            
4.  Closed; occurs in healthy young men; and visceral layerThese conditions described             
5.  A complication of an open pneumothorax. Whatever caused the seal to break creates a flap that makes a one-way valve causing air to accumulate with each breath. Pleural space grows and impinges on heart and trachea. This is an example of          
6.  High V/Q ratio = _______ problem
7.  Nasal flaring; grunting; and intercostal muscle retraction are signs and symptoms of        in children
8.         leads to the breakdown of elastin in the septa which leads to the loss of recoil (can't push air out) which leads to hyperinflation of the lungs which leads to increased RV.
9.  Mechanical ventilation; surfactant admin; glucocorticoid admin to women to women in pretermlabor are treatments for      
10.  Dry lung drowning is caused by the _______ response, resulting in extreme bronchoconstriction.
11.  Tachynpnea; expiratory grunting, nasal flaring and dusky skin are signs and symptoms of          
12.  In a ventilation problem _______ is coming to the area there's no _______ because of a problem with the _______.
13.  Dyspnea on exertion; think; decreased FEVI (less than 70%); barrel chest; tripod positioning, leaned forward; pursed lips; Increased FRC, RV and TLC; dark areas and flattening on x-ray are signs and symptoms of        
14.  Atelectasis increases the risk of ...
15.  SOA; no lung sounds on affected side; anxiety; unconscious (maybe); and cyanosis are signs and symptoms of a closed         
16.  Situations in which a patient conditions are life threatening, no breath sounds, tracheal deviations, SOA, anxious, cyanosis, and may be unconscious are signs and symptoms of a        
17.  In     , the lungs collapses causing incomplete expansion of the alveoli. That part of the lung becomes non-functional.
18.  What is described below:Fluid is accumulated in the pleural space, most likely from an infection...
19.  It takes a lot of ________ to reinflate the alveoli once they've collapsed. A _______ to help the patient.
20.  Small cell/oat cell _______ can produce ADH from the lung. It's rapidly growing, rapidly metastasizes. Poor prognosis.
21.  In a          ,the parietal is intact but the visceral pleura is disrupted. Essentially a separation of the wall layers.
22.  50% of metastatic carcinomas arise from the _______ .
23.  _______ is the most common type of lung cancer in non-smoking women.
24.  Pulmonary emboli commonly arise from the deep veins in the _______ and _______ .
25.  Pancreas; respiratory tract; sweat and salivary glands; intestines; and liver are structures affected by     .
26.  If a V/Q ratio is low, it's a _______ problem.
27.  Dyspnea, tachypnea, V/Q mismatch (Increased ratio), chest pain, cough, apprehension, diaphoresis, crackles, low grade fever, signs and symptoms of RHF (systemic edema) are common signs and symptoms of a               
28.  If a patient has hypoxemia, they'll have _______ also.
29.  Abnormal permanent enlargement of the gas-exchange airways accompanied by destruction of alveolar walls without obvious fibrosis is indicative of         
30.  How is acute epiglottis treated?
31.  The presence of air or gas in the pleural space that leads to lung collapse...
32.  This type of necrosis impacts the lungs. Caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Resembles clumped cheese, soft and granular.
33.  Leaning over, gasping, and sweating are all signs and symptoms of      breathing.
34.  Loss of elastic recoil and expiration speed leads to not enough elasticity to push air up and out which leads to increased air in lungs, decreased mucus production and alveoli cannot push air out describe the pathology of       
35.  What condition is described below:An instability of a portion of the chest that occurs from serious trauma like an accident, ribs are broken, etc. Paradoxical movement of the chest (1 side sinks in when they breath in)
36.  In a perfusion problem, blood is _______, usually by a _______ .
37.  Hyperventilation triggers respiratory _______ and that can lead to seizures.
38.  Increased LV systolic or diastolic dysfunction; LV overload; and LV outflow obstruction are the underlying causes of              
39.  Chest tube to re-exert (-) pressure is how a            is treated
40.  What condition is described below:Blood is occluded; Increased V/Q ratio/perfusion problem; and not much blood can get to the alveoli to get oxygen and perfuse it to the rest of the body.
41.  What condition does the factors listed below cause:Premature birth; immature lungs; Increased inspired oxygen; (+) pressure ventilation; and infections
42.  Barotrauma and connective tissue diseases causes a          
43.  What condition are signs and symptoms indicative of:Chronic hypoxemia; hypercapnea; increased work to breath; bronchospasm; mucus plugging; and pulmonary HTN leads to RHF.
44.  Sudden apprehension; SOB; chest pain; rapid pulse; cough with blood sputum; syncope; and diaphoresis are symptoms of a                            
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