Respiratory System Quiz

44 Questions  I  By Sgomes
Medical-Surgical Nursing. Studying for respiratory test

  
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1.  Abnormal permanent enlargement of the gas-exchange airways accompanied by destruction of alveolar walls without obvious fibrosis is indicative of         
2.  _______ happen in people that have hypoxia in the brain due to decreased brain stem functioning.
3.  What condition is described below:An instability of a portion of the chest that occurs from serious trauma like an accident, ribs are broken, etc. Paradoxical movement of the chest (1 side sinks in when they breath in)
4.  What condition does the factors listed below cause:Premature birth; immature lungs; Increased inspired oxygen; (+) pressure ventilation; and infections
5.  In a          ,the parietal is intact but the visceral pleura is disrupted. Essentially a separation of the wall layers.
6.  Increased LV systolic or diastolic dysfunction; LV overload; and LV outflow obstruction are the underlying causes of              
7.  A complication of an open pneumothorax. Whatever caused the seal to break creates a flap that makes a one-way valve causing air to accumulate with each breath. Pleural space grows and impinges on heart and trachea. This is an example of          
8.  Closed; occurs in healthy young men; and visceral layerThese conditions described             
9.  Nasal flaring; grunting; and intercostal muscle retraction are signs and symptoms of        in children
10.  This type of necrosis impacts the lungs. Caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Resembles clumped cheese, soft and granular.
11.  High V/Q ratio = _______ problem
12.  How is acute epiglottis treated?
13.  Atelectasis is an indication of ... a        , it isn't a condition on it's own, it's a symptom.
14.         leads to the breakdown of elastin in the septa which leads to the loss of recoil (can't push air out) which leads to hyperinflation of the lungs which leads to increased RV.
15.  Pulmonary emboli commonly arise from the deep veins in the _______ and _______ .
16.  _______ is the most common type of lung cancer in non-smoking women.
17.  Loss of elastic recoil and expiration speed leads to not enough elasticity to push air up and out which leads to increased air in lungs, decreased mucus production and alveoli cannot push air out describe the pathology of       
18.  If a V/Q ratio is low, it's a _______ problem.
19.  Dry lung drowning is caused by the _______ response, resulting in extreme bronchoconstriction.
20.  Hyperventilation triggers respiratory _______ and that can lead to seizures.
21.  Tachynpnea; expiratory grunting, nasal flaring and dusky skin are signs and symptoms of          
22.  50% of metastatic carcinomas arise from the _______ .
23.  Leaning over, gasping, and sweating are all signs and symptoms of      breathing.
24.  In a perfusion problem, blood is _______, usually by a _______ .
25.  Barotrauma and connective tissue diseases causes a          
26.  Lungs don't expand or contract due to remodeling of vessels describes            
27.  What condition is described below:Blood is occluded; Increased V/Q ratio/perfusion problem; and not much blood can get to the alveoli to get oxygen and perfuse it to the rest of the body.
28.  Small cell/oat cell _______ can produce ADH from the lung. It's rapidly growing, rapidly metastasizes. Poor prognosis.
29.  Chest tube to re-exert (-) pressure is how a            is treated
30.  Dyspnea, tachypnea, V/Q mismatch (Increased ratio), chest pain, cough, apprehension, diaphoresis, crackles, low grade fever, signs and symptoms of RHF (systemic edema) are common signs and symptoms of a               
31.  In     , the lungs collapses causing incomplete expansion of the alveoli. That part of the lung becomes non-functional.
32.  In a ventilation problem _______ is coming to the area there's no _______ because of a problem with the _______.
33.  SOA; no lung sounds on affected side; anxiety; unconscious (maybe); and cyanosis are signs and symptoms of a closed         
34.  Pancreas; respiratory tract; sweat and salivary glands; intestines; and liver are structures affected by     .
35.  If a patient has hypoxemia, they'll have _______ also.
36.  Mechanical ventilation; surfactant admin; glucocorticoid admin to women to women in pretermlabor are treatments for      
37.  What condition are signs and symptoms indicative of:Chronic hypoxemia; hypercapnea; increased work to breath; bronchospasm; mucus plugging; and pulmonary HTN leads to RHF.
38.  Atelectasis increases the risk of ...
39.  It takes a lot of ________ to reinflate the alveoli once they've collapsed. A _______ to help the patient.
40.  Sudden apprehension; SOB; chest pain; rapid pulse; cough with blood sputum; syncope; and diaphoresis are symptoms of a                            
41.  What is described below:Fluid is accumulated in the pleural space, most likely from an infection...
42.  The presence of air or gas in the pleural space that leads to lung collapse...
43.  Dyspnea on exertion; think; decreased FEVI (less than 70%); barrel chest; tripod positioning, leaned forward; pursed lips; Increased FRC, RV and TLC; dark areas and flattening on x-ray are signs and symptoms of        
44.  Situations in which a patient conditions are life threatening, no breath sounds, tracheal deviations, SOA, anxious, cyanosis, and may be unconscious are signs and symptoms of a        
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