Principles Of Disease And Epidemiology

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  • 1. 
    Study of disease

  • 2. 
    Study of the cause of disease

  • 3. 
    Development of disease

  • 4. 
    Colonization of the body by pathogens

  • 5. 
    Abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally

  • 6. 
    Change in the body function that is felt by the patient as a result of disease

  • 7. 
    Change in a body that can be measured

  • 8. 
    A specific group of signs and symptoms that accompany a disease, usually unknown.

  • 9. 
    Disease spread from one host to another

  • 10. 
    Disease that is EASILY spread from one host to another

  • 11. 
    Disease not transmitted from one host to another

  • 12. 
    Fraction of a population that contracts a disease during a specific time# of cases of those who just got it

  • 13. 
    Fraction of a population having a specific disease

  • 14. 
    Disease that occurs occasionally

  • 15. 
    Disease constantly present in a population

  • 16. 
    Disease acquired by many hosts in a given area in a short time

  • 17. 
    World wide epidemic

  • 18. 
    Immunity in most of a population

  • 19. 
    Symptoms develop rapidly

  • 20. 
    Develops slowly

  • 21. 
    Symptoms between acute and chronic

  • 22. 
    Disease with a period of no symptoms when the causative agent is inactive

  • 23. 
    Pathogens are limited to a small area

  • 24. 
    An infection throughout the body

  • 25. 
    Systemic infection that began as a local infection

  • 26. 
    Toxic inflammatory condition arising from the spread of microbes, especially bacteria or their toxins, from a focus of infection

  • 27. 
    Bacteria in the blood

  • 28. 
    Growth of bacteria in the blood

  • 29. 
    Toxins in the blood

  • 30. 
    Viruses in the blood

  • 31. 
    Acute infection that causes the initial illness

  • 32. 
    Opportunistic infection after a primary infection

  • 33. 
    No noticeable signs or symptoms

  • 34. 
    Which is not a factor for disease
    • A. 

      Short urethra in females

    • B. 

      Age

    • C. 

      Sex


  • 35. 
    Carriers always have the disease
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 36. 
    Name 3 continual sources of infection

  • 37. 
    Transmission of Disease:requires close association between infected and susceptible host

  • 38. 
    Transmission of Disease:spread by fomites (ex: door knobs)

  • 39. 
    Transmission of Disease:transmission via airborne droplets

  • 40. 
    Transmission by an inanimate reservoir (food, water, air)

  • 41. 
    Vectors:Arthropod carries pathogen on feet

  • 42. 
    Vectors:Pathogen reproduces in vector

  • 43. 
    Type of infection acquired as a result of a hospital stayaffects 5-15% of all hospital patients

  • 44. 
    3 causes of nosocomial infections
    • A. 

      Chain of transmission, compromised host ,UTI

    • B. 

      Microogransims, Vectors, compromised host

    • C. 

      Microorganisms, compromised host, chain of transmission


  • 45. 
    Study of where and when diseases occur

  • 46. 
    Incidence of a specific notifiable disease

  • 47. 
    Deaths from noticeable diseases

  • 48. 
    # of people affected in relation to the total population in a given time period

  • 49. 
    Number of deaths

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