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Patho Quiz 1

44 Questions
Pathology Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Prolonged exposure of cells to adverse or exaggerated normal stimuli which evokes various changes at the level of individual cells, tissues or whole organs is known as what?
    • A. 

      Altered cells

    • B. 

      Cell alteration

    • C. 

      Cell adaptation

    • D. 

      Cell variation

  • 2. 
    True or False?  Once the cause or stimulus has been removed, most cells that have adapted to chronic stimulation are able to revert back to normal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    The loss of cells, decrease in the size of a tissue, organ or the entire body is known as what?
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Hyperplasia

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Dysplasia

  • 4. 
    Thymus undergoing involution, bones and muscles becoming thin in the elderly are just two examples of what?
    • A. 

      Pathologic atrophy

    • B. 

      Physiologic atrophy

    • C. 

      Pathologic hypertrophy

    • D. 

      Physiologic hypertrophy

  • 5. 
    Alzheimer's Disease is an example of what?
    • A. 

      Physiologic atrophy

    • B. 

      Pathologic atrophy

    • C. 

      Physiologic hypertrophy

    • D. 

      Pathologic hypertrophy

  • 6. 
    Enlargement, an increase in the size of tissues or organs due to enlargement of individual cells is known as what?
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Hyperplasia

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Dysplasia

  • 7. 
    Enlargement of muscles in body builders is an example of _____________ while enlargement of the heart due to increased workload is an example of _____________.
    • A. 

      Physiologic atrophy, pathologic atrophy

    • B. 

      Pathologic atrophy, physiologic atrophy

    • C. 

      Pathologic hypertrophy, physiologic hypertrophy

    • D. 

      Physiologic hypertrophy, pathologic hypertrophy

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Hyperplasia

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Dysplasia

  • 9. 
    True or False?  Hyperplasia can be seen along with hypertrophy?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The change of one cell to another cell type is known as what?
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Hyperplasia

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Dysplasia

  • 11. 
    True or false?  Metaplasia is reversible but it can also progress to dysplasia
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    What are two examples of Metaplasia?
    • A. 

      Polyps on the colon and BPH

    • B. 

      Bronchial epithelium due to smoking and the GE junction in Barrett Esophagus

    • C. 

      Testicular atrophy and Alzheimer's disease

    • D. 

      Endometrial hyperlasia and squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix

  • 13. 
    Disordered growth of tissues resulting from chronic irritation or infection is known as what?
    • A. 

      Hypertrophy

    • B. 

      Hyperplasia

    • C. 

      Metaplasia

    • D. 

      Dysplasia

  • 14. 
    True or false?  There is no association between dysplasia and cancer.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Based on pap smears, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is the best example of what condition?
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Metaplasia

    • D. 

      Dysplasia

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Undifferentiated and uncontrolled growth of cells is known as what?
    • A. 

      Anaplasia

    • B. 

      Metaplasia

    • C. 

      Dysplasia

    • D. 

      Hyperplasia

  • 19. 
    Malignancy, carcinoma, cancer, and neoplasm are synonyms for what?
    • A. 

      Metaplasia

    • B. 

      Dysplasia

    • C. 

      Anaplasia

    • D. 

      Bastard

  • 20. 
    What is one of the microscopic hallmarks of anaplasia?
    • A. 

      Low N/C ratio, 1:4

    • B. 

      High N/C ratio, 1:1

    • C. 

      Small nucleoli

    • D. 

      Cells similar in size and shape

  • 21. 
    True or false?  If the nucleus dies, the cell dies?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    What is an example of reversible cell injury?
    • A. 

      Changes in the nucleus

    • B. 

      Hypoxia

    • C. 

      Rupture of the cell membrane

    • D. 

      Loss of cell integrity

  • 23. 
    Pyknosis, Karyorrhexis, and Karyolysis are all forms of what?
    • A. 

      Phagocytosis

    • B. 

      Pinocytosis

    • C. 

      Autolysis

    • D. 

      Damage to the nucleus

  • 24. 
    True or false?  Can irreversible cellular changes by diagnosed?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    High levels of what enzymes are typically found in pts with MI's or viral hepatitis?
    • A. 

      AST or ALT

    • B. 

      AST or LDH

    • C. 

      LDH or BLT

    • D. 

      ALST or LDL

  • 26. 
    What are among the most important and most common causes of cell injury?
    • A. 

      Lack of nutrients

    • B. 

      Chemical injury

    • C. 

      Infection

    • D. 

      Hypoxia/anoxia

  • 27. 
    When deprived of O2, brain cells die within __________, heart muscle dies within__________ and kidney cells die within ____________.
    • A. 

      1 min, 5 mins, 1 hour

    • B. 

      4-5 mins, 30 mins, several hours

    • C. 

      3 mins, 25 mins, 2 hours

    • D. 

      20 mins, 1 hour, 1 day

  • 28. 
    The death of cells or tissues within a living organism is known as what?
    • A. 

      Hyperplasia

    • B. 

      Anaplasia

    • C. 

      Necrosis

    • D. 

      Autolysis

  • 29. 
    True or false?  Autolysis is seen in living tissues?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    What is the most common form of necrosis?
    • A. 

      Coagulative

    • B. 

      Liquefactive

    • C. 

      Caseous

    • D. 

      Fat

  • 31. 
    Which type of necrosis occurs in solid internal organs and is most often cause by Anoxia (ie MI)?
    • A. 

      Coagulative

    • B. 

      Liquefactive

    • C. 

      Caseous

    • D. 

      Fat

  • 32. 
    Where does liquefactive necrosis occur most often?
    • A. 

      Heart and lung

    • B. 

      Spleen and brain

    • C. 

      Heart and kidney

    • D. 

      Brain and lung

  • 33. 
    Which type of necrosis typically has a thick, yellowish, cheesy substance form?
    • A. 

      Liquefactive

    • B. 

      Coagulative

    • C. 

      Caseous

    • D. 

      Fat

  • 34. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    What cell necrosis is caused by the action of lipolytic enzymes?
    • A. 

      Caseous

    • B. 

      Liquefactive

    • C. 

      Fat

    • D. 

      Coagulative

  • 36. 
    Which type of cell necrosis is limited to fat tissue and usually associated with the pancreas?
    • A. 

      Liquefactive

    • B. 

      Fat

    • C. 

      Coagulative

    • D. 

      Caseous

  • 37. 
    ________  calcifications refers to the macroscopic deposition of Ca2+ in injured or dead tissues, visible to the naked eye and range from gritty, sand-like grains to rock hard material.
    • A. 

      Metastatic

    • B. 

      Nectrotic

    • C. 

      Dystrophic

    • D. 

      Diastatic

  • 38. 
    True or False?  Metastatic calcifications are associated with increased serum calcium levels.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Calcifications in Atherosclerotic coronary arteries is an example of what?
    • A. 

      Myotropic calcification

    • B. 

      Metastatic calcification

    • C. 

      Dystrophic calcification

    • D. 

      Anaplastic calcification

  • 40. 
    True or False? Mitral or Aortic stenosis are examples of Metastatic calcifications.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    True or False?  Calcifications seen around breast cancers are examples of Dystrophic calcifications
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    Infant periventricular calcifications seen in congenital Toxoplasmosis is an example of what?
    • A. 

      Dystrophic Calcification

    • B. 

      Metastatic Calcification

  • 43. 
    Hyperparathyroidism, Vit D toxicity, and chronic renal failure are examples of what?
    • A. 

      Dystrophic calcifications

    • B. 

      Metastatic calcification

  • 44. 
    True or False?  Metastatic calcifications reflect deranged calcium metabolism leading to increased serum calcium levels and deposition of calcium in other locations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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