Nurs 200 - Exam 2 - Chapter 43: Urinary Elimination

89 Questions  I  By Lailaa
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1.  Awakening at night to urinate
2.  A _____  _____ is a cutaneous urinary diversion. It involves a surgical resection of the small intestine, with transplantation of the ureters to the isolated segment of small bowel. This separated section of th esmall intestine is then brought to the This diversion requires external appliances to collect the urine.
3.  According to the textbook, to pee is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  A continent ___ is a surgical alternative that uses a section of the intestine to create an internal reservoire that holds urine. It uses an external stoma that must b e catheterized at regular intervals to drain the urine that has collected in the reservoir.
5.  When the bladder fills to about ____ to ____ mL (in an adult) a person feels the diesire to void.
6.  What type of catheter is used for continuous drainage through the urethra?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  True or False:Urinary incontinence is untreatable.
8.  One of the key functions of the kidneys is to help maintain the _____ and _____ of body fluids.
9.  _____ in the bladder are stimulated as the urine collects, eventually causing the desire to void.
10.  In a Mitrofanoff procedure the bladder neck is closed and one end of the _____ is brought to the skin surface and is used as a stoma; the other end is tunneled into the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Pain during urination
12.  With micturation, the pressure within the bladder is _____ to the the pressure with the bladder is filling.
A.
B.
C.
13.  What is it called when urine is produced normally but is not excreted completely from the bladder?
14.  Patients can be taught to insert and remove intermittent catheterse themselves
A.
B.
15.  How many nephrons are in each kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following is used as a manual bladder compression technique?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Overflow incontience is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Caffeine-containing beverages, such as soda, coffee, and tea, have a ____ effect
19.  Difficulty during urination is known as____; while scanty or diminshed amount urine is known as _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Some causes of decreased muscles tone does not include which of the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Surgery is the first line of therapy for urinary incontience
A.
B.
22.  Fluid intake should be _____ output
23.  Proteinuria is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Anuria is a 24-hour urine output that is less than ____ mL
25.  Which of the following does not place someoen at risk for a UTI:
26.  The surgical creation of an alternate route for excretion of urine is called
27.  Catheter lumens are graded on a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  A bladder irrigationi (through the catheter) rinses out the bladder and can also instill medication that acts directly on the _____ ____.
29.  When assessing a patient's urine, check all of the following, but do not note:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  A nurse can test urine for the presence of glucose, blood, protein, bilirubin, and bacteria.
A.
B.
31.  Obtaining a specimen for routine uralysis requires ____ technique
A.
B.
C.
32.  Which of the following does not affect urination in older adults?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  An indwelling catheter is usually preferred over suprapubic catheters for long-term continous drainage.
A.
B.
34.  The involuntary losso fo urine that occurs soon after feeling an urgent need to void is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The technique that requires a sampe obtained by catheterizing the patient's bladder or by use of an foley catheter is a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  If a stoma is dark or purple-blue it suggests:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Drugs known to be ______ are capable of causing kidney damage
38.  The device used to create an image of the patient's bladder and calculate urine volume present in the bladder is called a _____ scanner.
39.  _____ are infections acquired in the hospital. The most common cause of which is ______
40.  Voiding is largely a(n) voluntary/involuntary reflex?
41.  Urine that appears cloudy or urine that has pus in it is called
42.  A 24-hour output of less than _____ mL is called oliguria
43.  When micturation is initiated the ______ contracts, the _____ relaxes, and urine enters the posterior urethra. The muscles of the perineum and the _______ relax, the ______ contracts slightly, the _____ lowers, and micturation occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  As one ages is there an increase or decrease in the sensation of thirst?
45.  For long-term use in an adult, a ___F to ___F catheter is commonly used
46.  An antiparkinson drug and injectable iron compounds can turn urine into which two colours?
47.  The first voided urine of the day is usually ____ concentrated than other urine excreted during the day.
A.
B.
C.
48.  This type of catheter is used for long-term use and is surgically inserted through a small incision above the pubic area; it is often used due to urethra injury or blockage occurs.
49.  One should apply lubricant to a catheter before inserting it into a male patient.
A.
B.
50.  _____ is a measure of the density of urine compared with the density of water.
51.  _____ is a delay or difficulty in initiating voiding.
52.  Normally, the kidneys _____ be palpated, generally requring ______ palpation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Diuretics are commonly used in the treatment of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Experiencing overflow incontiennce and functional incontinence is considere to be what kind of incontience,
55.  What types of exercises targets the inner muscles that lie under and support the bladder.
56.  The basic structural and functional unit of the kidney is
57.  An involuntary loss of urine related to an incrase in intra-abdominal pressure is called ______ incontinence.
58.  What are the three types of wastes that are characteristics of urine?
59.  Give the two names of the catheter used to drain the bladder for short periods of time (5 to 10 minutes)
60.  What type of medication causes increased urine production?
61.  Any involuntary loss of urine is known as
62.  What type of medication can lighten the colour of urine to pale yellow?
63.  True or False:Most people void during sleeping hours
64.  True or False:When collecting a urine sample, the first voided urine of the day is not collected because it is considered not to be fresh urine.
65.  A culture and sensitivity (C&S) is considered positive if it shows at least 10,000 organisms per mL of urine.
A.
B.
66.  Some antidepressants and B-complex vitamins can turn the urine ______
67.  Voluntary control of the urethral sphincters occurs between what ages?
68.  Phenazopyridine (Pyridium), a urinary tract analgesic, often used to treat UTIs, can cause urine to turn what colour?
69.  When a patient leaks a bit of urine while laughing, it is called what kind of incontience?
70.  What type of incontience is it when a patient has a broken leg which prevents them from getting to the bathroom.
71.  ____ is the intentional or involuntary urination into bed or clothes that occurs after an urge when contience should be prese t,
72.  Bacteria in the urine is called
73.  Continuous and unpredicaable loss of urine, resulting from surger, physical malformation, or trauma is known as what type of incontience?
74.  What type of incontinence appears suddenly and lasts for 6 months or less.
75.  _____ is the amount of urine rematining in the bladder immediately after voiding, which can be measured by catheterization or use of portable ultrasound device.
76.  Is it normal for mucus to appear in the urine of a patient with an ileal conduit?
77.  Diuresis is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Weakening of which muscles is a common cause of urinary incontinence.
79.  The kidneys are located on either side of the ______ column, behind the ______, in the _____ abdominal cavity.
80.  A clean-catch specimen of urine is collected during _____
81.  Those who urinate frequently/infrequently usually have more/less urinary tract infections and kidney disorders.
82.  Can the bladder be palpated when empty? Percussed?
83.  Blood in the urine, also known as _____, or pink or red coloured urine may be due to taking what drug?
84.  When higher nerve centers develop early in life, the _____ control of micturation develops.
85.  The higher the number on the urometer the lower the urine concentration and specific gravity.
A.
B.
86.  Sometimes events such as coupghin and sneezing cause a(n) ________ in abdominal pressure, forcing an involuntary escape in urine, especially in _____, because the urethra is _____.
87.  What is the most common organismal cause of urinary tract infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The presence of sugar in the urine is known as
89.  Which of the following is synonymous with a 24-hour output of less than 50 mL of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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