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Nurs 200 - Exam 2 - Chapter 43: Urinary Elimination

89 Questions  I  By Lailaa
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A self-designed quiz based from the assisgned readings in the Fundamentals of Nursing textbook. Some questions may have more than one right answer, in such circumstances select the BEST answer available.

  
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1.  Phenazopyridine (Pyridium), a urinary tract analgesic, often used to treat UTIs, can cause urine to turn what colour?
2.  Diuresis is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  _____ is the amount of urine rematining in the bladder immediately after voiding, which can be measured by catheterization or use of portable ultrasound device.
4.  When assessing a patient's urine, check all of the following, but do not note:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Give the two names of the catheter used to drain the bladder for short periods of time (5 to 10 minutes)
6.  The kidneys are located on either side of the ______ column, behind the ______, in the _____ abdominal cavity.
7.  True or False:Urinary incontinence is untreatable.
8.  What is the most common organismal cause of urinary tract infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Anuria is a 24-hour urine output that is less than ____ mL
10.  Catheter lumens are graded on a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  What are the three types of wastes that are characteristics of urine?
12.  What types of exercises targets the inner muscles that lie under and support the bladder.
13.  What type of catheter is used for continuous drainage through the urethra?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The basic structural and functional unit of the kidney is
15.  True or False:When collecting a urine sample, the first voided urine of the day is not collected because it is considered not to be fresh urine.
16.  Voluntary control of the urethral sphincters occurs between what ages?
17.  If a stoma is dark or purple-blue it suggests:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The higher the number on the urometer the lower the urine concentration and specific gravity.
A.
B.
19.  The first voided urine of the day is usually ____ concentrated than other urine excreted during the day.
A.
B.
C.
20.  Any involuntary loss of urine is known as
21.  _____ in the bladder are stimulated as the urine collects, eventually causing the desire to void.
22.  Which of the following is synonymous with a 24-hour output of less than 50 mL of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  A continent ___ is a surgical alternative that uses a section of the intestine to create an internal reservoire that holds urine. It uses an external stoma that must b e catheterized at regular intervals to drain the urine that has collected in the reservoir.
24.  True or False:Most people void during sleeping hours
25.  When micturation is initiated the ______ contracts, the _____ relaxes, and urine enters the posterior urethra. The muscles of the perineum and the _______ relax, the ______ contracts slightly, the _____ lowers, and micturation occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  When the bladder fills to about ____ to ____ mL (in an adult) a person feels the diesire to void.
27.  With micturation, the pressure within the bladder is _____ to the the pressure with the bladder is filling.
A.
B.
C.
28.  _____ are infections acquired in the hospital. The most common cause of which is ______
29.  How many nephrons are in each kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  This type of catheter is used for long-term use and is surgically inserted through a small incision above the pubic area; it is often used due to urethra injury or blockage occurs.
31.  What type of medication can lighten the colour of urine to pale yellow?
32.  Those who urinate frequently/infrequently usually have more/less urinary tract infections and kidney disorders.
33.  What type of medication causes increased urine production?
34.  Sometimes events such as coupghin and sneezing cause a(n) ________ in abdominal pressure, forcing an involuntary escape in urine, especially in _____, because the urethra is _____.
35.  When higher nerve centers develop early in life, the _____ control of micturation develops.
36.  Which of the following does not affect urination in older adults?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  _____ is a measure of the density of urine compared with the density of water.
38.  An indwelling catheter is usually preferred over suprapubic catheters for long-term continous drainage.
A.
B.
39.  An involuntary loss of urine related to an incrase in intra-abdominal pressure is called ______ incontinence.
40.  For long-term use in an adult, a ___F to ___F catheter is commonly used
41.  Proteinuria is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The presence of sugar in the urine is known as
43.  The involuntary losso fo urine that occurs soon after feeling an urgent need to void is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Urine that appears cloudy or urine that has pus in it is called
45.  Diuretics are commonly used in the treatment of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  A _____  _____ is a cutaneous urinary diversion. It involves a surgical resection of the small intestine, with transplantation of the ureters to the isolated segment of small bowel. This separated section of th esmall intestine is then brought to the This diversion requires external appliances to collect the urine.
47.  Fluid intake should be _____ output
48.  Blood in the urine, also known as _____, or pink or red coloured urine may be due to taking what drug?
49.  The technique that requires a sampe obtained by catheterizing the patient's bladder or by use of an foley catheter is a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  ____ is the intentional or involuntary urination into bed or clothes that occurs after an urge when contience should be prese t,
51.  As one ages is there an increase or decrease in the sensation of thirst?
52.  A nurse can test urine for the presence of glucose, blood, protein, bilirubin, and bacteria.
A.
B.
53.  Voiding is largely a(n) voluntary/involuntary reflex?
54.  Which of the following does not place someoen at risk for a UTI:
55.  Overflow incontience is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Can the bladder be palpated when empty? Percussed?
57.  Drugs known to be ______ are capable of causing kidney damage
58.  What type of incontinence appears suddenly and lasts for 6 months or less.
59.  When a patient leaks a bit of urine while laughing, it is called what kind of incontience?
60.  Caffeine-containing beverages, such as soda, coffee, and tea, have a ____ effect
61.  According to the textbook, to pee is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Obtaining a specimen for routine uralysis requires ____ technique
A.
B.
C.
63.  Patients can be taught to insert and remove intermittent catheterse themselves
A.
B.
64.  A clean-catch specimen of urine is collected during _____
65.  The device used to create an image of the patient's bladder and calculate urine volume present in the bladder is called a _____ scanner.
66.  What type of incontience is it when a patient has a broken leg which prevents them from getting to the bathroom.
67.  An antiparkinson drug and injectable iron compounds can turn urine into which two colours?
68.  Is it normal for mucus to appear in the urine of a patient with an ileal conduit?
69.  A bladder irrigationi (through the catheter) rinses out the bladder and can also instill medication that acts directly on the _____ ____.
70.  The surgical creation of an alternate route for excretion of urine is called
71.  In a Mitrofanoff procedure the bladder neck is closed and one end of the _____ is brought to the skin surface and is used as a stoma; the other end is tunneled into the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  One should apply lubricant to a catheter before inserting it into a male patient.
A.
B.
73.  Difficulty during urination is known as____; while scanty or diminshed amount urine is known as _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Surgery is the first line of therapy for urinary incontience
A.
B.
75.  One of the key functions of the kidneys is to help maintain the _____ and _____ of body fluids.
76.  _____ is a delay or difficulty in initiating voiding.
77.  Bacteria in the urine is called
78.  What is it called when urine is produced normally but is not excreted completely from the bladder?
79.  Experiencing overflow incontiennce and functional incontinence is considere to be what kind of incontience,
80.  A 24-hour output of less than _____ mL is called oliguria
81.  Awakening at night to urinate
82.  Which of the following is used as a manual bladder compression technique?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Pain during urination
84.  Some antidepressants and B-complex vitamins can turn the urine ______
85.  Normally, the kidneys _____ be palpated, generally requring ______ palpation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Some causes of decreased muscles tone does not include which of the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  A culture and sensitivity (C&S) is considered positive if it shows at least 10,000 organisms per mL of urine.
A.
B.
88.  Continuous and unpredicaable loss of urine, resulting from surger, physical malformation, or trauma is known as what type of incontience?
89.  Weakening of which muscles is a common cause of urinary incontinence.
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