Nurs 200 - Exam 2 - Chapter 43: Urinary Elimination

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1.  An indwelling catheter is usually preferred over suprapubic catheters for long-term continous drainage.
A.
B.
2.  Diuresis is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What are the three types of wastes that are characteristics of urine?
4.  Voiding is largely a(n) voluntary/involuntary reflex?
5.  When micturation is initiated the ______ contracts, the _____ relaxes, and urine enters the posterior urethra. The muscles of the perineum and the _______ relax, the ______ contracts slightly, the _____ lowers, and micturation occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  When higher nerve centers develop early in life, the _____ control of micturation develops.
7.  The kidneys are located on either side of the ______ column, behind the ______, in the _____ abdominal cavity.
8.  An involuntary loss of urine related to an incrase in intra-abdominal pressure is called ______ incontinence.
9.  Weakening of which muscles is a common cause of urinary incontinence.
10.  Phenazopyridine (Pyridium), a urinary tract analgesic, often used to treat UTIs, can cause urine to turn what colour?
11.  What type of medication can lighten the colour of urine to pale yellow?
12.  When assessing a patient's urine, check all of the following, but do not note:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The device used to create an image of the patient's bladder and calculate urine volume present in the bladder is called a _____ scanner.
14.  The basic structural and functional unit of the kidney is
15.  What type of incontience is it when a patient has a broken leg which prevents them from getting to the bathroom.
16.  Patients can be taught to insert and remove intermittent catheterse themselves
A.
B.
17.  Which of the following does not affect urination in older adults?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  As one ages is there an increase or decrease in the sensation of thirst?
19.  Anuria is a 24-hour urine output that is less than ____ mL
20.  Some antidepressants and B-complex vitamins can turn the urine ______
21.  Overflow incontience is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Obtaining a specimen for routine uralysis requires ____ technique
A.
B.
C.
23.  According to the textbook, to pee is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  When the bladder fills to about ____ to ____ mL (in an adult) a person feels the diesire to void.
25.  How many nephrons are in each kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  _____ is a measure of the density of urine compared with the density of water.
27.  Catheter lumens are graded on a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The first voided urine of the day is usually ____ concentrated than other urine excreted during the day.
A.
B.
C.
29.  What is it called when urine is produced normally but is not excreted completely from the bladder?
30.  A nurse can test urine for the presence of glucose, blood, protein, bilirubin, and bacteria.
A.
B.
31.  Is it normal for mucus to appear in the urine of a patient with an ileal conduit?
32.  Urine that appears cloudy or urine that has pus in it is called
33.  What types of exercises targets the inner muscles that lie under and support the bladder.
34.  The higher the number on the urometer the lower the urine concentration and specific gravity.
A.
B.
35.  _____ in the bladder are stimulated as the urine collects, eventually causing the desire to void.
36.  Pain during urination
37.  True or False:Urinary incontinence is untreatable.
38.  A 24-hour output of less than _____ mL is called oliguria
39.  Caffeine-containing beverages, such as soda, coffee, and tea, have a ____ effect
40.  One of the key functions of the kidneys is to help maintain the _____ and _____ of body fluids.
41.  Can the bladder be palpated when empty? Percussed?
42.  Which of the following is used as a manual bladder compression technique?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  In a Mitrofanoff procedure the bladder neck is closed and one end of the _____ is brought to the skin surface and is used as a stoma; the other end is tunneled into the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  A continent ___ is a surgical alternative that uses a section of the intestine to create an internal reservoire that holds urine. It uses an external stoma that must b e catheterized at regular intervals to drain the urine that has collected in the reservoir.
45.  Normally, the kidneys _____ be palpated, generally requring ______ palpation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  _____ is a delay or difficulty in initiating voiding.
47.  For long-term use in an adult, a ___F to ___F catheter is commonly used
48.  When a patient leaks a bit of urine while laughing, it is called what kind of incontience?
49.  With micturation, the pressure within the bladder is _____ to the the pressure with the bladder is filling.
A.
B.
C.
50.  True or False:Most people void during sleeping hours
51.  What type of catheter is used for continuous drainage through the urethra?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Diuretics are commonly used in the treatment of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  A culture and sensitivity (C&S) is considered positive if it shows at least 10,000 organisms per mL of urine.
A.
B.
54.  Surgery is the first line of therapy for urinary incontience
A.
B.
55.  A _____  _____ is a cutaneous urinary diversion. It involves a surgical resection of the small intestine, with transplantation of the ureters to the isolated segment of small bowel. This separated section of th esmall intestine is then brought to the This diversion requires external appliances to collect the urine.
56.  Voluntary control of the urethral sphincters occurs between what ages?
57.  Sometimes events such as coupghin and sneezing cause a(n) ________ in abdominal pressure, forcing an involuntary escape in urine, especially in _____, because the urethra is _____.
58.  Give the two names of the catheter used to drain the bladder for short periods of time (5 to 10 minutes)
59.  Which of the following is synonymous with a 24-hour output of less than 50 mL of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  One should apply lubricant to a catheter before inserting it into a male patient.
A.
B.
61.  ____ is the intentional or involuntary urination into bed or clothes that occurs after an urge when contience should be prese t,
62.  The involuntary losso fo urine that occurs soon after feeling an urgent need to void is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Experiencing overflow incontiennce and functional incontinence is considere to be what kind of incontience,
64.  Proteinuria is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  An antiparkinson drug and injectable iron compounds can turn urine into which two colours?
66.  Bacteria in the urine is called
67.  _____ is the amount of urine rematining in the bladder immediately after voiding, which can be measured by catheterization or use of portable ultrasound device.
68.  True or False:When collecting a urine sample, the first voided urine of the day is not collected because it is considered not to be fresh urine.
69.  Fluid intake should be _____ output
70.  Blood in the urine, also known as _____, or pink or red coloured urine may be due to taking what drug?
71.  The technique that requires a sampe obtained by catheterizing the patient's bladder or by use of an foley catheter is a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Drugs known to be ______ are capable of causing kidney damage
73.  Some causes of decreased muscles tone does not include which of the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Which of the following does not place someoen at risk for a UTI:
75.  What is the most common organismal cause of urinary tract infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  What type of medication causes increased urine production?
77.  Continuous and unpredicaable loss of urine, resulting from surger, physical malformation, or trauma is known as what type of incontience?
78.  This type of catheter is used for long-term use and is surgically inserted through a small incision above the pubic area; it is often used due to urethra injury or blockage occurs.
79.  Awakening at night to urinate
80.  A clean-catch specimen of urine is collected during _____
81.  _____ are infections acquired in the hospital. The most common cause of which is ______
82.  Difficulty during urination is known as____; while scanty or diminshed amount urine is known as _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Any involuntary loss of urine is known as
84.  The surgical creation of an alternate route for excretion of urine is called
85.  A bladder irrigationi (through the catheter) rinses out the bladder and can also instill medication that acts directly on the _____ ____.
86.  The presence of sugar in the urine is known as
87.  If a stoma is dark or purple-blue it suggests:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Those who urinate frequently/infrequently usually have more/less urinary tract infections and kidney disorders.
89.  What type of incontinence appears suddenly and lasts for 6 months or less.
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