Nurs 200 - Exam 2 - Chapter 43: Urinary Elimination

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1.  What type of incontinence appears suddenly and lasts for 6 months or less.
2.  The higher the number on the urometer the lower the urine concentration and specific gravity.
A.
B.
3.  The presence of sugar in the urine is known as
4.  Can the bladder be palpated when empty? Percussed?
5.  When assessing a patient's urine, check all of the following, but do not note:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Normally, the kidneys _____ be palpated, generally requring ______ palpation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Some causes of decreased muscles tone does not include which of the following:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  ____ is the intentional or involuntary urination into bed or clothes that occurs after an urge when contience should be prese t,
9.  A continent ___ is a surgical alternative that uses a section of the intestine to create an internal reservoire that holds urine. It uses an external stoma that must b e catheterized at regular intervals to drain the urine that has collected in the reservoir.
10.  Voiding is largely a(n) voluntary/involuntary reflex?
11.  Urine that appears cloudy or urine that has pus in it is called
12.  As one ages is there an increase or decrease in the sensation of thirst?
13.  Anuria is a 24-hour urine output that is less than ____ mL
14.  Fluid intake should be _____ output
15.  When micturation is initiated the ______ contracts, the _____ relaxes, and urine enters the posterior urethra. The muscles of the perineum and the _______ relax, the ______ contracts slightly, the _____ lowers, and micturation occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Diuretics are commonly used in the treatment of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  One of the key functions of the kidneys is to help maintain the _____ and _____ of body fluids.
18.  Which of the following is used as a manual bladder compression technique?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  What type of incontience is it when a patient has a broken leg which prevents them from getting to the bathroom.
20.  Which of the following does not affect urination in older adults?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The involuntary losso fo urine that occurs soon after feeling an urgent need to void is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Pain during urination
23.  A _____  _____ is a cutaneous urinary diversion. It involves a surgical resection of the small intestine, with transplantation of the ureters to the isolated segment of small bowel. This separated section of th esmall intestine is then brought to the This diversion requires external appliances to collect the urine.
24.  What is it called when urine is produced normally but is not excreted completely from the bladder?
25.  The device used to create an image of the patient's bladder and calculate urine volume present in the bladder is called a _____ scanner.
26.  Diuresis is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Proteinuria is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  What type of catheter is used for continuous drainage through the urethra?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Weakening of which muscles is a common cause of urinary incontinence.
30.  _____ is a delay or difficulty in initiating voiding.
31.  According to the textbook, to pee is also known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Sometimes events such as coupghin and sneezing cause a(n) ________ in abdominal pressure, forcing an involuntary escape in urine, especially in _____, because the urethra is _____.
33.  True or False:When collecting a urine sample, the first voided urine of the day is not collected because it is considered not to be fresh urine.
34.  Which of the following does not place someoen at risk for a UTI:
35.  What type of medication can lighten the colour of urine to pale yellow?
36.  This type of catheter is used for long-term use and is surgically inserted through a small incision above the pubic area; it is often used due to urethra injury or blockage occurs.
37.  The surgical creation of an alternate route for excretion of urine is called
38.  One should apply lubricant to a catheter before inserting it into a male patient.
A.
B.
39.  _____ is the amount of urine rematining in the bladder immediately after voiding, which can be measured by catheterization or use of portable ultrasound device.
40.  Phenazopyridine (Pyridium), a urinary tract analgesic, often used to treat UTIs, can cause urine to turn what colour?
41.  A clean-catch specimen of urine is collected during _____
42.  Bacteria in the urine is called
43.  The technique that requires a sampe obtained by catheterizing the patient's bladder or by use of an foley catheter is a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  What types of exercises targets the inner muscles that lie under and support the bladder.
45.  Patients can be taught to insert and remove intermittent catheterse themselves
A.
B.
46.  Catheter lumens are graded on a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  An involuntary loss of urine related to an incrase in intra-abdominal pressure is called ______ incontinence.
48.  Obtaining a specimen for routine uralysis requires ____ technique
A.
B.
C.
49.  An indwelling catheter is usually preferred over suprapubic catheters for long-term continous drainage.
A.
B.
50.  Is it normal for mucus to appear in the urine of a patient with an ileal conduit?
51.  With micturation, the pressure within the bladder is _____ to the the pressure with the bladder is filling.
A.
B.
C.
52.  _____ are infections acquired in the hospital. The most common cause of which is ______
53.  If a stoma is dark or purple-blue it suggests:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  _____ is a measure of the density of urine compared with the density of water.
55.  An antiparkinson drug and injectable iron compounds can turn urine into which two colours?
56.  The first voided urine of the day is usually ____ concentrated than other urine excreted during the day.
A.
B.
C.
57.  True or False:Most people void during sleeping hours
58.  A culture and sensitivity (C&S) is considered positive if it shows at least 10,000 organisms per mL of urine.
A.
B.
59.  The kidneys are located on either side of the ______ column, behind the ______, in the _____ abdominal cavity.
60.  How many nephrons are in each kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  A bladder irrigationi (through the catheter) rinses out the bladder and can also instill medication that acts directly on the _____ ____.
62.  Drugs known to be ______ are capable of causing kidney damage
63.  Voluntary control of the urethral sphincters occurs between what ages?
64.  Those who urinate frequently/infrequently usually have more/less urinary tract infections and kidney disorders.
65.  Awakening at night to urinate
66.  Difficulty during urination is known as____; while scanty or diminshed amount urine is known as _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  For long-term use in an adult, a ___F to ___F catheter is commonly used
68.  Blood in the urine, also known as _____, or pink or red coloured urine may be due to taking what drug?
69.  In a Mitrofanoff procedure the bladder neck is closed and one end of the _____ is brought to the skin surface and is used as a stoma; the other end is tunneled into the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Which of the following is synonymous with a 24-hour output of less than 50 mL of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The basic structural and functional unit of the kidney is
72.  When a patient leaks a bit of urine while laughing, it is called what kind of incontience?
73.  _____ in the bladder are stimulated as the urine collects, eventually causing the desire to void.
74.  What are the three types of wastes that are characteristics of urine?
75.  A 24-hour output of less than _____ mL is called oliguria
76.  When the bladder fills to about ____ to ____ mL (in an adult) a person feels the diesire to void.
77.  Overflow incontience is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Caffeine-containing beverages, such as soda, coffee, and tea, have a ____ effect
79.  Continuous and unpredicaable loss of urine, resulting from surger, physical malformation, or trauma is known as what type of incontience?
80.  When higher nerve centers develop early in life, the _____ control of micturation develops.
81.  Surgery is the first line of therapy for urinary incontience
A.
B.
82.  Any involuntary loss of urine is known as
83.  What type of medication causes increased urine production?
84.  Some antidepressants and B-complex vitamins can turn the urine ______
85.  What is the most common organismal cause of urinary tract infections?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  A nurse can test urine for the presence of glucose, blood, protein, bilirubin, and bacteria.
A.
B.
87.  True or False:Urinary incontinence is untreatable.
88.  Give the two names of the catheter used to drain the bladder for short periods of time (5 to 10 minutes)
89.  Experiencing overflow incontiennce and functional incontinence is considere to be what kind of incontience,
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