Human Growth And Development Quiz Ch. 1 - 5

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Human Growth And Development Quiz Ch. 1 - 5

  
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  • 1. 
    __________________ involves development of the body's makeup, including the brain, nervous system, muscles, senses, and the need for food, drink, and sleep.
    • A. 

      Cognitive Development

    • B. 

      Physical Development

    • C. 

      Social Development

    • D. 

      Learning Development


  • 2. 
    __________________ involves development of the ways that growth and change in intellectual capabilities influence a person's behavior. 
    • A. 

      Physical Development

    • B. 

      Learning Development

    • C. 

      Social Development

    • D. 

      Cognitive Development


  • 3. 
    __________________ involves development in which individuals' reactions with others and their social relationships grow, change, and remain stable over the course of life. 
    • A. 

      Physical Development

    • B. 

      Social Competence

    • C. 

      Social Development

    • D. 

      Personality Development


  • 4. 
    __________________ involves development involving the ways that the enduring characteristics that differentiate one person from another change over the lifespan. 
    • A. 

      Social Development

    • B. 

      Cognitive Development

    • C. 

      Personality Development

    • D. 

      Physical Development


  • 5. 
    The approach that encompasses changes in our interactions with and understandings of one another, as well as in our knowledge and understanding of ourselves as members of society.  
    • A. 

      Psychosexual Development

    • B. 

      Psychosocial Development

    • C. 

      Initiative-vs-Guilt Stage

    • D. 

      Behavioral Perspective


  • 6. 
    Refers to the environmental influences that shape behavior.
    • A. 

      Nurture

    • B. 

      Nature

    • C. 

      Cohort

    • D. 

      Accomodation


  • 7. 
    Refers to traits, abilities, and capacities that are inherited from one’s parents. 
    • A. 

      Nature

    • B. 

      Nurture

    • C. 

      Cohort

    • D. 

      Accomodation


  • 8. 
    A point in development when organisms are particularly susceptible to certain kinds of stimuli in their environments, but the absence of those stimuli does not always produce irreversible consequences. 
    • A. 

      Critical Period

    • B. 

      Sensitive Period

    • C. 

      Embryonic Period

    • D. 

      Assimilation


  • 9. 
    A group of people born at around the same time in the same place. These people are products of the social time in which they live. 
    • A. 

      Group

    • B. 

      Cohort

    • C. 

      Longitudinal Study

    • D. 

      Family


  • 10. 
    A specific time during development when a particular event has its greatest consequences and the presence of certain kinds of environmental stimuli are necessary for development to proceed normally. 
    • A. 

      Sensitive Period

    • B. 

      Critical Period

    • C. 

      Fetal Period

    • D. 

      Critically Enhanced Period


  • 11. 
    Changes in existing ways of thinking in response to encounters with new stimuli or events. 
    • A. 

      Accommodation

    • B. 

      Niches

    • C. 

      Schemes

    • D. 

      Assimilation


  • 12. 
    The approach that suggests that the keys to understanding development are observable behavior and outside stimuli in the environment. 
    • A. 

      Psychosexual Development

    • B. 

      Behavioral Development

    • C. 

      Psychosocial Development

    • D. 

      Behavioral Perspective


  • 13. 
    The process by which a sperm and an ovum – the male and female gametes, respectively – join to form a single new cell. 
    • A. 

      Fertilization

    • B. 

      Zygote

    • C. 

      Zygotic fertilization

    • D. 

      Oogonia


  • 14. 
    The process in which people understand a new experience in terms of their current stage of cognitive development and existing ways of thinking. 
    • A. 

      Schemes

    • B. 

      Accommodation

    • C. 

      Assimilation

    • D. 

      Thinking


  • 15. 
    The newest of the diseases to affect a new born. Mothers who have the disease or who merely are carriers of the virus may pass it on to their fetuses through the blood that reaches the placenta.
    • A. 

      HIV

    • B. 

      AIDS

    • C. 

      SIDS

    • D. 

      Childhood Depression


  • 16. 
    Anderson (2001) has shown that if mothers with AIDS are treated with antiviral drugs, less than ___ of infants are born with the disease. In infants of mothers who do NOT receive treatment, the rate of transmission is closer to ____.
    • A. 

      10%; 50%

    • B. 

      5%; 30%

    • C. 

      5%; 10%

    • D. 

      5%; 20%


  • 17. 
    A factor that produces a birth defect. It is an environmental agent such as a drug, chemical, virus, or other factor that produces a birth defect. 
    • A. 

      Cocaine

    • B. 

      Drugs

    • C. 

      Teratogens

    • D. 

      Products of critical periods


  • 18. 
    The average pregnancy is ___ weeks from the last period, which is ___ days. 
    • A. 

      36; 245

    • B. 

      36; 277

    • C. 

      35; 278

    • D. 

      38; 266


  • 19. 
    These contractions are sometimes called “false labor” because they can fool eager and anxious parents. They occur after the fourth month of pregnancy to expand the uterus as the fetus grows.
    • A. 

      Delivery Contractions

    • B. 

      Engagement

    • C. 

      Braxton-Hicks Contractions

    • D. 

      Labor Contractions


  • 20. 
    The new cell formed by the process of fertilization. 
    • A. 

      Gametes

    • B. 

      Chromosomes

    • C. 

      Zygote

    • D. 

      Blastula


  • 21. 
    Twins who are genetically identical. 
    • A. 

      Dizygotic Twins

    • B. 

      Monozygotic Twins

    • C. 

      Prenatal Twins

    • D. 

      Siblings


  • 22. 
    Rod-shaped portions of DNA that are organized in 23 pairs. 
    • A. 

      DNA

    • B. 

      Chromosomes

    • C. 

      Genetic Diversity

    • D. 

      Genes


  • 23. 
    The reproductive/sex cells of males and females. The male reproductive cell is called a sperm, and the female reproductive cell is called ova. 
    • A. 

      Zygote

    • B. 

      Gametes

    • C. 

      Blastula

    • D. 

      Sperm and Ovum


  • 24. 
    An incision sometimes made to increase the size of the opening of the vagina to allow the baby to pass. 
    • A. 

      Laparotomy

    • B. 

      Episiotomy

    • C. 

      Abdominal Incision

    • D. 

      C-Section


  • 25. 
    The basic unit of genetic information. 
    • A. 

      Chromosomes

    • B. 

      Genes

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      RNA


  • 26. 
    There are roughly _____ genes in a human.
    • A. 

      35,000

    • B. 

      45,000

    • C. 

      26,000

    • D. 

      25,000


  • 27. 
    Twins who are produced when two separate ova are fertilized by two separate sperm at roughly the same time. 
    • A. 

      Monozygotic Twins

    • B. 

      Zygote

    • C. 

      Siblings

    • D. 

      Dizygotic Twins


  • 28. 
    The first stage of labor in which regular and increasingly frequent uterine contractions widen the cervix. Contractions occur every 8-10 minutes and last about 30 seconds. Contractions force the head of the fetus against the cervix.
    • A. 

      Engagement

    • B. 

      Effacement

    • C. 

      Dilation and Effacement

    • D. 

      Labor


  • 29. 
    The contractions increase to their greatest intensity, a period known as ________. 
    • A. 

      Transcription

    • B. 

      Translation

    • C. 

      Transition

    • D. 

      Engagement


  • 30. 
    This stage can last from ___________.
    • A. 

      15 to 25 hours

    • B. 

      12 to 24 hours

    • C. 

      16 to 24 hours

    • D. 

      16 to 20 hours


  • 31. 
    During the second stage of labor, the baby's head moves through the birth canal. This stage typically lasts ____ minutes. After each contraction the baby's head emerges more and increases the vaginal opening. In this stage, _________ commences.
    • A. 

      90; Water Breaking

    • B. 

      80; Labor

    • C. 

      90; Labor

    • D. 

      80; Contractions


  • 32. 
    During the third stage of labor, the child's ________________ are expelled. This is the shortest stage, lasting only _____ minutes.
    • A. 

      Amniotic sac and placenta; 5-10

    • B. 

      Umbilical cord and placenta; 5-10

    • C. 

      Umbilical cord and amniotic sac; 5-10

    • D. 

      Placenta and liver; 5-10


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