AP World History Ch. 23

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Chapter 23

  
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  • 1. 
    Series of Changes in economy of Western nations between 18th and 20th century. Stimulated  by; rapid population growth, increase agriculture productivity commercial revolution of 17th century and development of new means of transportation.

  • 2. 
    Period of political upheaval beginning with the American Revolution in 1775 and continuing through the French Revolution of 1789 and other movements for change up to 1848.

  • 3. 
    Huge Growth in pop in W Europe beginning about 1730

  • 4. 
    Shift away from agricultural economy in Europe; workers become full or parttime producers of textile and metal products, working at home but in capitalistic system in which meterial, work orders, and ultimate sales depended on urban merchanges; Encourage New Technologies.

  • 5. 
    Rebeliion of English American Colonies along Atlantic Seaboard between 1775 and 1783' resulted in independence for former british colonies and eventual formation of USA

  • 6. 
    1789-1800.-resulted in overthrow of Bourbon monarchy and old reginmes; ended with est of French Empire under Napoleon Bonaparte; source of many liberal movements and constitutions in Europe.

  • 7. 
    French King.Bourbon monarch of france executed during the radical phase of the french revolution

  • 8. 
    Accepted during the liberal phase of Revolution; started the fundamental equality of all French citizens. Declared The political objectives of the early phases of the French Revolution. "liberty, property, and security"

  • 9. 
    Execute thousands during radical phase of FR known as reign of terror

  • 10. 
    Political View point with origins in WE. urged IMPORTANCE of natiional unity.Valued collective identity based on culture, race, or ethnic origin.

  • 11. 
    A leading general who converted revolutionary republic to an authoritarian empre. Ended FR and est french empire.liberal gaiins

  • 12. 
    A meeting after Napoleon Wars to restore political stability in Europe and Settle Diplomatic Disputes.

  • 13. 
    Opposition to REV goalsadvocated restoration of monarchy and defense of church

  • 14. 
    Issues of Political Structure.Mostly Middle Class

  • 15. 
    Wanted wider VOTING. "Reign of Terror"

  • 16. 
    Against ottoman empire 1820.key step in dismanting ottoman empire in balkans

  • 17. 
    Response to popular agitationto give parliamentary VOTE to most middle class men in BritainFailed to Produce democracy

  • 18. 
    Hoped that democratic GOV would regulate new technologies and promote popular education.attepted by ARTISANS and WORKERS in Britain to gain right to VOTE. Movement failed

  • 19. 
    French Sci.Discover germsled to better sanitaion

  • 20. 
    British Conservative leader took initiative of granting the vote to WORKING CLASS MEN 1867

  • 21. 
    In the Italian state of Piedmont began to support industrial development and extend the powers of parliament to please liberal forces.  archetect of italian unification in 1858; formed alliance with france to attack austrian control of northern italy. -resulted in creation of consitutional monarchy under piedmontese king

  • 22. 
    Prussia Prime Ministerwork with parliment to extend vote of menarchitect of german unification Junker- wealthy Noble

  • 23. 
    Fought 1861-1865.1st war based on industrial weaponry & transport systems-resulted in abolition of slavery in the US & reunification of N & S

  • 24. 
    Parlimentary people of all parties transformed once in rome to a single minded pursuit of poliical office. and support status quo

  • 25. 
    Constitutional issues replaced by social issues -schools-welfare

  • 26. 
    Political movemnt with origins in WE during 19th century.-urge attack on private property-state control means of production to end capitalistic exploitation of working men

  • 27. 
    German Socialist/Theorist-focus on human perfectibility and utopia

  • 28. 
    Social movements that argued marx's revolutionary vision was wrong & success could be achieved by peaceful democratic means.

  • 29. 
    1900s various legal and economic gains ofr women such as equal access to professions and high ed. right to vote  - middle class women

  • 30. 
    Entertainment

  • 31. 
    Evolution. biologist. survival

  • 32. 
    Mathmatical thoriesplantetary motionrelativity

  • 33. 
    Viennese Physician-theories of human subconscious

  • 34. 
    Artistic, literary, emotion, imprettion NO REASON, passion nature human experience

  • 35. 
    French Philosopher-Founder of positivism- stressed observation and scientific approaches to the problems in society

  • 36. 
    Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

  • 37. 
    Britain Russia France

  • 38. 
    Movements to create nations within balkan possessions of the ottoman empire; provooke series of crisis within the european alliance system; evenutally led to WW1

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