AP World History Ch. 23

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Chapter 23

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1.  Series of Changes in economy of Western nations between 18th and 20th century. Stimulated  by; rapid population growth, increase agriculture productivity commercial revolution of 17th century and development of new means of transportation.
2.  Period of political upheaval beginning with the American Revolution in 1775 and continuing through the French Revolution of 1789 and other movements for change up to 1848.
3.  Huge Growth in pop in W Europe beginning about 1730
4.  Shift away from agricultural economy in Europe; workers become full or parttime producers of textile and metal products, working at home but in capitalistic system in which meterial, work orders, and ultimate sales depended on urban merchanges; Encourage New Technologies.
5.  Rebeliion of English American Colonies along Atlantic Seaboard between 1775 and 1783' resulted in independence for former british colonies and eventual formation of USA
6.  1789-1800.-resulted in overthrow of Bourbon monarchy and old reginmes; ended with est of French Empire under Napoleon Bonaparte; source of many liberal movements and constitutions in Europe.
7.  French King.Bourbon monarch of france executed during the radical phase of the french revolution
8.  Accepted during the liberal phase of Revolution; started the fundamental equality of all French citizens. Declared The political objectives of the early phases of the French Revolution. "liberty, property, and security"
9.  Execute thousands during radical phase of FR known as reign of terror
10.  Political View point with origins in WE. urged IMPORTANCE of natiional unity.Valued collective identity based on culture, race, or ethnic origin.
11.  A leading general who converted revolutionary republic to an authoritarian empre. Ended FR and est french empire.liberal gaiins
12.  A meeting after Napoleon Wars to restore political stability in Europe and Settle Diplomatic Disputes.
13.  Opposition to REV goalsadvocated restoration of monarchy and defense of church
14.  Issues of Political Structure.Mostly Middle Class
15.  Wanted wider VOTING. "Reign of Terror"
16.  Against ottoman empire 1820.key step in dismanting ottoman empire in balkans
17.  Response to popular agitationto give parliamentary VOTE to most middle class men in BritainFailed to Produce democracy
18.  Hoped that democratic GOV would regulate new technologies and promote popular education.attepted by ARTISANS and WORKERS in Britain to gain right to VOTE. Movement failed
19.  French Sci.Discover germsled to better sanitaion
20.  British Conservative leader took initiative of granting the vote to WORKING CLASS MEN 1867
21.  In the Italian state of Piedmont began to support industrial development and extend the powers of parliament to please liberal forces.  archetect of italian unification in 1858; formed alliance with france to attack austrian control of northern italy. -resulted in creation of consitutional monarchy under piedmontese king
22.  Prussia Prime Ministerwork with parliment to extend vote of menarchitect of german unification Junker- wealthy Noble
23.  Fought 1861-1865.1st war based on industrial weaponry & transport systems-resulted in abolition of slavery in the US & reunification of N & S
24.  Parlimentary people of all parties transformed once in rome to a single minded pursuit of poliical office. and support status quo
25.  Constitutional issues replaced by social issues -schools-welfare
26.  Political movemnt with origins in WE during 19th century.-urge attack on private property-state control means of production to end capitalistic exploitation of working men
27.  German Socialist/Theorist-focus on human perfectibility and utopia
28.  Social movements that argued marx's revolutionary vision was wrong & success could be achieved by peaceful democratic means.
29.  1900s various legal and economic gains ofr women such as equal access to professions and high ed. right to vote  - middle class women
30.  Entertainment
31.  Evolution. biologist. survival
32.  Mathmatical thoriesplantetary motionrelativity
33.  Viennese Physician-theories of human subconscious
34.  Artistic, literary, emotion, imprettion NO REASON, passion nature human experience
35.  French Philosopher-Founder of positivism- stressed observation and scientific approaches to the problems in society
36.  Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
37.  Britain Russia France
38.  Movements to create nations within balkan possessions of the ottoman empire; provooke series of crisis within the european alliance system; evenutally led to WW1
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