A&p Chapter 9 - Joints

15 Questions  I  By MelMH on April 16, 2012
Anatomy

  
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1.  A point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartilage, or between bone and teeth is called a(n)                   .
2.  The surgical procedure in which a severely damaged join is replaced with an artificial joint is known as                      .
3.  Menisci are fluid-filled sacs located outside of the joint cavity to ease friction between bones and softer tissue.
A.
B.
4.  Shrugging your shoulders involves flexion and extension.
A.
B.
5.  Synovial fluid becomes more viscous as a movement at the joint increases.
A.
B.
6.  Which of the following are structural classifications of joints? 1. amphiarthrosis 2. cartilaginous 3. synovial 4. synarthrosis 5. fibrous.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following joints could be classified functionally as synarthroses?  1. syndesmosis 2. symphysis 3. synovial 4. gomphosis 5. suture
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The most common degenerative joint disease in the elderly, often caused by wear and tear, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Chewing your food involves 1. flexion 2. extension 3. hyperextensions 4. elevations 5. depression
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Synovial fluid functions to 1. absorb shocks at joints 2. lubricate joints 3. form a blood clot in a joint injury 4. supply oxygen and nutrients to chondrocytes 5. provide phagocytes to remove debris from joints.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following statements are true concerning a synovial joint?  1. The bones at a synovial joint are covered by a mucous membrane 2. The articular capsule surrounds a synovial joint, encloses the synovial cavity, and unites the articulating bones. 3. The fibrous membrane of the articular capsule permits considerable movement at a joint.  4. The tensile strength of the fibrous membrane helps prevent bones from disarticulating.  5. All synovial joints contain a fibrous membrane.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following keep the articular surfaces of synovial joints in contact and affect range of motion?  1. structure or shape of the articulating bones 2. strength and tension of the joint ligaments 3. arrangement and tension of muscles 4. lack of use 5. contact of soft parts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Match the following:
A. a fibrous joint that unites the bones of the skull; a synarthrosis
A.
B. a fibrous joint between the tibia and fibula; an amphiarthrosis
B.
C. the articulation between bone and teeth
C.
D. the epiphyseal plate
D.
E. joint between the two pubic bones
E.
F. joint with a cavity between the bones; diarthrosis
F.
G. a bony joint
G.
14.  Match the following:
A. rounded or pointed surface of one bone articulates with a ring formed by another bone and a ligament; allows rotation around its own axis
A.
B. articulating bone surfaces are flat or slightly curved; permit gliding movement
B.
C. convex, oval projection of one bone fits into oval depression of another bone; permits movement in two axes
C.
D. convex surface of one bone articulates with concave surface of another bone; permits flexion and extension
D.
E. ball-shaped surface of one bone articulates with cuplike depression of another bone; permits largest degree of movement in three axes
E.
F. modified condyloid joint where articulation bones resemble a rider sitting in a saddle
F.
15.  Match the following:
A. upward movement of a body part
A.
B. downward movement of a body part
B.
C. movement of bone toward midline
C.
D. movement in which relatively flat bone surfaces move back-and-forth and side-to-side with respect to one another
D.
E. movement of a body part anteriorly in the transverse plane
E.
F. decrease in angle between bones
F.
G. movement of an anteriorly projected body part back to the anatomical position
G.
H. movement of the sole medially
H.
I. movement of the sole laterally
I.
J. movement of bone away from midline
J.
K. action that occurs when you stand on your heals
K.
L. action that occurs when you stand on your toes
L.
M. movement of the forearm to turn the palm anteriorly
M.
N. movement of the forearm to turn palm posteriorly
N.
O. movement of thumb across the palm to touch the tips of the fingers of the same hand
O.
P. increase in angle between bones
P.
Q. movement of distal end of a part of the body in a circle
Q.
R. bone revolves around its own longitudinal axis
R.
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