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Anthropology 1102-012 Quiz 5

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Anthropology Quiz 5

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What best describes the breadth of applied anthropology?
    • A. 

      Any use of the knowledge and/or techniques of the four subfields, with a special emphasis on forensics and biological anthropology given the rise of deaths due to international, state-sponsored terrorism

    • B. 

      The use of anthropological knowledge to increase the size of anthropology departments nation-wide

    • C. 

      The hiring on anthropologists by the armed forces interested in improving secret intelligence

    • D. 

      The hiring practices of nongovernmental organizations interested in culture

    • E. 

      Any use of the knowledge and/or techniques of the four subfields to identify, assess, and solve practical problems

  • 2. 
    All of the following are proper roles for applied anthropologists except
    • A. 

      Identifying needs for change that local people perceive

    • B. 

      Working with people to design culturally appropriate and socially sensitive change

    • C. 

      Placing the cultural values of the local people above everybody else's cultural values

    • D. 

      Protecting local people from harmful policies and projects that may threaten them

    • E. 

      Working at participant observers, taking part in the events they study in order to understand local thought and behavior

  • 3. 
    What is the commonly stated goal for most developement projects?
    • A. 

      Greater socioeconomic stratification

    • B. 

      Ethnocide

    • C. 

      Cultural assimilation

    • D. 

      Decreased local autonomy

    • E. 

      Increased equity

  • 4. 
    In a comparative study of 68 development projects, Kottak determined that
    • A. 

      Overinnovation was the most productive development model

    • B. 

      Culturally compatible development projects were twice as successful as incompatible ones

    • C. 

      The socialist bloc model was the msot successful

    • D. 

      The capitalist bloc model was the most financially sucessful

    • E. 

      The underdifferentiated model led to the most equity

  • 5. 
    Robert Redfield's research recognized that a city is a social context that is very different from a tribal or peasant village. What did he study?
    • A. 

      Differences in urban life between more and less developed countries

    • B. 

      Differences between healthcare systems among foragers and agriculturaalists

    • C. 

      Differences between urban and rural communities

    • D. 

      Differences between the consequences of overinnovation and underdifferentiation

    • E. 

      Differences between illnesses and diseases

  • 6. 
    What term refers to the tendency to view less developed countries as more alike than they are?
    • A. 

      Cultural relativism

    • B. 

      Ethnobias

    • C. 

      Overinnocation

    • D. 

      Underdifferentiation

    • E. 

      Intervention philosophy

  • 7. 
    Which of the following best illustrates urban applied anthropologists' ability to help social groups deal with urban institutions?
    • A. 

      "culture at a distance" studies among Japanese and Germans in an attempt to predict the behavior of the enemies of the United States

    • B. 

      Kottak's comparative study of development projects from around the world

    • C. 

      Vigil's study of gang violence in the context of large-scale immigrant adaptation to American cities

    • D. 

      Anthropological analysis of the relation between Malagasy descent groups and the state

    • E. 

      Analysis of differences between personalistic and naturalistic disease theories among the United State's rural poor

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is true about medical anthropology?
    • A. 

      It is the field that has proved that people from rural areas only suffer from illnesses and not diseases

    • B. 

      It applies non-Western health knowledge to a troubled industrialized medical system

    • C. 

      Typically in cooperation with pharmaceutical ompanies, this field does market research on the use of health products around the world

    • D. 

      It applies Western medicine to solve the health problems of the world

    • E. 

      This growing field considers the biocultural context and implications of disease and illness

  • 9. 
    What is the world's oldest profession besides forager?
    • A. 

      Big man

    • B. 

      Soldier

    • C. 

      Prostitute

    • D. 

      Curer

    • E. 

      Chief

  • 10. 
    Shamans and other magico-religious specialists are effective curers with regard to what kind of disease theory
    • A. 

      Exotic

    • B. 

      Ritualistic

    • C. 

      Naturalistic

    • D. 

      Personalistic

    • E. 

      Scientific

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