Education Flashcards

It is the basis of our society and it guarantees that all of our greatest pieces of knowledge are transmitted from one generation to another. Education, in many countries, is the most important thing on which the government focuses because it plays such an important role in development. Do you agree with us? Then maybe you would like to try out a couple of the samples before you go ahead with the trivia.

What is the name of the only non-Asian country which is ranked among the top five when it comes to education? Schooling usually begins with elementary/primary school, followed by middle/junior high school, represented by what US grades? The term education system generally refers to public schooling, not private schooling, and more commonly to kindergarten through what kind of programs? Find out more about education here.

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Education Flashcards

  • Side A: Which of the following statements best describes the role of the local school board?a. local school boards of education have retained a great deal of influence over the day-to-day operation of schoolsb. although they have the legal right to make decisions about the operation of public schools, school boards generally leave the day-to-day operation of schools to professional educators.c. the only area in which school boards directly influence day-to-day operation of schools is in the determination of curriculumd. school boards have basically become outdated, having only symbolic roles in public education
    Side B:  b

  • Side A: the shift from categorical grants to block grants in the 1980s resulted in:a. more funding for education from the federal levelb. funding decisions shifting from the federal level to the state levelc. more rules and regulations from the federal department of educationd. greater emphasis on funding specific federal programs
    Side B: b

  • Side A: given the history of federal funding of education, it is most accurate to say that:a. the federal government has never had a noticeable impacts on public schools through allocation of financial supportb. the federal government has always supported public education financially, but this has only recently been noticed because of budget cuts. c. federal funding of public education has generally been tied to special projects, special legislation, or issues of national concern such as desegregation and, more recently, academic achievementd. states have consistently been able to refuse federal financial support of public education rather than face the intrusion of the federal government in a state responsibility
    Side B: c

  • Side A: What is behavior?
    Side B: anything a person says or does

  • Side A: What are 2 types of behavior?
    Side B: Overt-observable, can be recorded, macro/microCovert-w/in one's skin. ex-heart rate

  • Side A: What are 4 types of covert behavior?
    Side B: thought, feeling, imaging, recall

  • Side A: online catalog
    Side B: – to let the patron know what items are available within a given library collection

  • Side A: Patrons can review their library account for?
    Side B: overdue fines, determine which materials they have checked out, and renew checked out materials.

  • Side A: Centrals cluster catalog is known as?
    Side B: Quest

  • Side A: ·       Resistance training probably affects the NMJ … how so? If you can increase the release of ACh then you can cause more ionic current strength to initiate more muscle action. 
    Side B: ANSWER: Heavy resistance training has the potential to change this neuromuscular junction (NMJ) ... This is not known for sure, but it is hypothesized that, at the NMJ, the endplate (the part of the sarcolemma with the receptors) may increase in length/surface area, and may become more dense with receptors. Once, again, this is a specific example of how the body may specifically adapt to the imposed demands.

  • Side A: ·       Why is it important to know that muscle cells are multinucleated? 
    Side B: ANSWER: Muscle cells, unlike other cells in the body, are multinucleated …. they have several nuclei. Each nucleus is responsible for the maintenance, development, and adaptation of a small area surrounding that nucleus … this specified area is called its nuclear domain … this may help to explain why training isometrically at one joint angle tends to produce strength at only that angle … Only where the muscle cells are stressed will there be a resultant adaptation engendered by the local nucleus in charge ... Satellite cells can actually give birth to new nuclei within muscle cells, and it appears that muscle hypertrophy would not be possible without the addition of more and more nuclei …

  • Side A: ·       What is “nuclear domain?” …Use your resources to find out what “active insufficiency” is … then tell me how the phenomenon may be related to the length-tension curve.
    Side B: ANSWER: “Active insufficiency” is a phenomenon that is most often manifested by biarticular or polyarticular muscles … that is, muscles that cross two or more joints … like the hamstrings or biceps brachii. The length-tension curve reveals that a sarcolemma, and by extension, the muscle, will be able to generate varying amounts of force depending on the length of the sarcomere/muscle. The curve tells us that when a muscle is short, the overlap between the thick and thin myofilaments will NOT be optimal, and thus, force is less than maximal. It also tells us that when the muscle is quite long, the overlap between the thick and thin myofilaments will NOT be optimal either and thus, force is less than maximal. Maximal force is developed at an intermediate length, known as “resting length,” where there is an optimal arrangement and overlap of the thick and thin myofilaments. Now, back to active insufficiency. Active insufficiency occurs when a biarticular muscle or polyarticular muscle tries to generate maximal force as it moves through its full range of motion at all of the joints that it crosses. Since the muscle can effectuate movement at more than one joint, it has the potential to become quite short.