Vitamin Test

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Vitamins test/ Fundamentals 1

  
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  • 1. 
    Vitamins
    • A. 

      Provide energy

    • B. 

      Are all synthesized in the body

    • C. 

      Are needed in large amounts

    • D. 

      Are necessary for proper growth and development


  • 2. 
    Water-soluble vitamins
    • A. 

      Can be stored in the liver

    • B. 

      So not have to be included in the diet on a daily basis

    • C. 

      Are found in citrus fruits

    • D. 

      Are found in margarine


  • 3. 
    Fat-soluble vitamins
    • A. 

      Are more stable than water-soluble vitamins

    • B. 

      Are found in all foods

    • C. 

      Must be supplied daily

    • D. 

      Cannot be stored in the body


  • 4. 
    The term vitamin B complex refers to:
    • A. 

      Only thiamin and riboflavin

    • B. 

      Only niacin and folacin

    • C. 

      All water-soluble vitamins except absorbic acid

    • D. 

      Vitamin B6 and vitamin B12


  • 5. 
    Vitamin C is:
    • A. 

      Always toxic in high doses

    • B. 

      Found in bread and cereal

    • C. 

      Stored in the body

    • D. 

      Involved in the conversion of folate to folic acid


  • 6. 
    Vitamin A is important in:
    • A. 

      Helping the eyes adapt in dim light

    • B. 

      Maintaining healthy skin

    • C. 

      Preventing scurvy

    • D. 

      Both a and b


  • 7. 
    Vitamin E is responsible for:
    • A. 

      Absorption of vitamin c

    • B. 

      Protecting red blood cells from bursting

    • C. 

      Destroying vitamin A

    • D. 

      Oxidizing polyunsaturated fatty acids


  • 8. 
    If a person has vitamin K deficiency, which of the following is likely to occur?
    • A. 

      Acne

    • B. 

      Formation of blood clots

    • C. 

      Excessive bleeding

    • D. 

      Acidosis


  • 9. 
    A person who consumes the recommended amounts of milk or milk products will have an adequate intake of:
    • A. 

      Vitamins D and B2

    • B. 

      Iron

    • C. 

      Vitamin A

    • D. 

      Thiamin


  • 10. 
    Which of the following is not a good source of vitamin A?
    • A. 

      Dark-green, leafy vegetables

    • B. 

      Orange, vegetables, and fruits

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Whole-wheat bread


  • 11. 
    Inadequate iodine intake leads to:
    • A. 

      Anemia

    • B. 

      Goiter

    • C. 

      Rickets

    • D. 

      Osteoporosis


  • 12. 
    Electrolytes are responsible for:
    • A. 

      Acid-base balance

    • B. 

      Blood sugar levels

    • C. 

      Hemoglobin levels

    • D. 

      Hormone levels


  • 13. 
    ____________are all good sources of potassium
    • A. 

      Bananas, oranges, and potatoes

    • B. 

      Tomatoes, apples, and carrots

    • C. 

      Cranberries, bananas, and rice

    • D. 

      Noodles, rice, and potatoes


  • 14. 
    Water requirements increase with:
    • A. 

      Fever

    • B. 

      Diarrhea

    • C. 

      High-fiber diets

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 15. 
    Vitamin B12:
    • A. 

      Is present in large amounts in green, leafy vegetables

    • B. 

      Prevents goiter

    • C. 

      Prevents scurvy

    • D. 

      Requires intrinsic factor secreted in the stomach to aid its absorption


  • 16. 
    Iron absorption can be improved by
    • A. 

      Drinking milk daily

    • B. 

      Consuming foods high in vitamin A

    • C. 

      Eating high-iron foods with meat and foods high in vitamin c

    • D. 

      Storing food properly


  • 17. 
    Fat-Soluble Vitamins

  • 18. 
    Water Soluble Vitamins

  • 19. 
    Toxic forms of Vitamin A

  • 20. 
    Excess causes skin to turn yellow

  • 21. 
    Obtained from sunlight

  • 22. 
    Synthesized from bacteria in the intestines

  • 23. 
    Easily destroyed

  • 24. 
    Light sensitive vitamin in milk

  • 25. 
    Deficiency causes pernicious anemia

  • 26. 
    Occurs when megadoses of vitamin C are abruptly stopped

  • 27. 
    Helps on formation of hemoglobin

  • 28. 
    Transmits nerve impulses; found in large amounts in apricots, legumes, and potatoes

  • 29. 
    Enhances the removal of glucose from blood

  • 30. 
    An essential component of vitamin B12

  • 31. 
    Essential for healing, immune function, and taste acuity

  • 32. 
    Helps muscles to contract and relax, thereby helping to regulate heartbeat

  • 33. 
    Part of three amino acids,vitamin B1 and biotin

  • 34. 
    Acts as an antioxidant with vitamin E to protect the cell from oxygen

  • 35. 
    Recommended to prevent dental caries

  • 36. 
    Along with potassium, plays a role in fluid balance

  • 37. 
    Back rub to increase circulation

  • 38. 
    True skin

  • 39. 
    Excessive sleepiness

  • 40. 
    Bananas

  • 41. 
    Citrus juice

  • 42. 
    Excessive bleeding, necessary for blood clotting

  • 43. 
    Nutrient that is not found in food and has to be added...

  • 44. 
    Oranges, meats, whole grain, legumes and clams are high in which material?

  • 45. 
    Renal stones come from high intake of?

  • 46. 
    Client eats this to increase calcium...

  • 47. 
    Vitamin A deficiency causes:

  • 48. 
    What are the 2 forms Vitamin A can be obtained from?

  • 49. 
    What preformed vitamin A known as?

  • 50. 
    Where is vitamin A/retinol found?

  • 51. 
    Why is vitamin A important?

  • 52. 
    What can vitamin A deficiency cause?

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