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Sociology Practice Quiz #5

50 Questions
Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is to help me study for my sociology test.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to data on the effectiveness of Head Start programs in the United States, which of the following is TRUE?
    • A. 

      The data are clear: these programs are a colossal failure.

    • B. 

      The data are clear: these programs are a total success.

    • C. 

      The data show positive results for girls and negative results for boys.

    • D. 

      The results for later years are uneven, but they do give hope that early intervention programs can provide benefits to some disadvantaged students.

  • 2. 
    Whose work includes creating Web sites for Nike and McDonald’s, as well as the photo-sharing site Flickr?
    • A. 

      Simmel

    • B. 

      Merton

    • C. 

      Fake

    • D. 

      Cooley

  • 3. 
    A duo such as the superhero Batman and his sidekick Robin is an example of which type of group?
    • A. 

      A dyad

    • B. 

      A triad

    • C. 

      A party

    • D. 

      A small group

  • 4. 
    A married couple and their firstborn child are a type of group known as:
    • A. 

      A dyad

    • B. 

      A triad

    • C. 

      A party

    • D. 

      A small group

  • 5. 
    Which of the following wrote “The Dyad and the Triad,” which argues that the number of people in a group helps to determine the form of the social relations within the group?
    • A. 

      Durkheim

    • B. 

      Fake

    • C. 

      Simmel

    • D. 

      Cooley

  • 6. 
    All of the following are basic forms of political relations that can evolve within a triad depending upon what role the entering third party assumes, EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Mediator

    • B. 

      The third party rejoices

    • C. 

      Divide and conquer

    • D. 

      Chaos reigns supreme

  • 7. 
    A person who intentionally tries to drive a wedge between two other people is termed by Simmel as:
    • A. 

      Divide and conquer

    • B. 

      Troublemaker

    • C. 

      Buttinski

    • D. 

      Scapegoat

  • 8. 
    According to Simmel, the three types of groups larger than a triad include all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Small groups

    • B. 

      Parties

    • C. 

      Large groups

    • D. 

      Aggregates

  • 9. 
    All of the following are characteristics of Simmel’s small group EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      They are made up of three or fewer people

    • B. 

      Face-to-face interaction is unifocal

    • C. 

      They lack formal arrangements or roles

    • D. 

      Equality

  • 10. 
    According to Simmel, the essential feature of a party is that it is:
    • A. 

      Multifocal

    • B. 

      Unifocal

    • C. 

      Unfocused

    • D. 

      Difficult to control

  • 11. 
    The characteristics of a formal structure and status differentiation are essential to which of Simmel’s type of group?
    • A. 

      Triad

    • B. 

      Small groups

    • C. 

      Party

    • D. 

      Large group

  • 12. 
    Cooley distinguished between two types of groups he called:
    • A. 

      Triads and dyads

    • B. 

      Small and large groups

    • C. 

      Primary and secondary groups

    • D. 

      Parties and wild bashes

  • 13. 
    A family is an example of which type of group identified by Cooley?
    • A. 

      Primary group

    • B. 

      Secondary group

    • C. 

      Small group

    • D. 

      Large group

  • 14. 
    Your intro sociology class is probably which of the following type of group identified by Cooley? 
    • A. 

      A secondary group

    • B. 

      A small group

    • C. 

      A large group

    • D. 

      A party

  • 15. 
    Which of the following conducted experiments and established a test that demonstrates the power of group conformity?
    • A. 

      Asch

    • B. 

      Cooley

    • C. 

      Merton

    • D. 

      Simmel

  • 16. 
    Which of the following type of groups are significant in that they distinguish between the relative power to define what is normal versus abnormal type of behaviors within the groups?
    • A. 

      In- and out-groups

    • B. 

      Primary and secondary groups

    • C. 

      Small and large groups

    • D. 

      Parties and large groups

  • 17. 
    Stigmatized groups, such as gays and lesbians in the United States, are known as:
    • A. 

      Primary groups

    • B. 

      Secondary groups

    • C. 

      In-groups

    • D. 

      Out-groups

  • 18. 
    Marina is a 10-year-old girl who idolizes singers like Mariah Carey and Christina Aguilera. She compares herself to them and imitates them while singing in front of her bedroom mirror. These singers are known as Marina’s:
    • A. 

      In-group

    • B. 

      Out-group

    • C. 

      Reference group

    • D. 

      Primary group

  • 19. 
    Which of the following types of groups do people compare themselves to, even if they don’t know each other personally?
    • A. 

      In-groups

    • B. 

      Out-groups

    • C. 

      Reference groups

    • D. 

      Primary groups

  • 20. 
    Sets of dyads held together by ties between the individuals are known as:
    • A. 

      Triads

    • B. 

      Social networks

    • C. 

      Primary groups

    • D. 

      Reference groups

  • 21. 
    A set of stories that explain the content of a particular relationship are known as a:
    • A. 

      Tie

    • B. 

      Connection

    • C. 

      Dyad

    • D. 

      Triad

  • 22. 
    The sum of stories about a set of ties that exist between people is known as a(n):
    • A. 

      Social network

    • B. 

      Narrative

    • C. 

      Uniplex tie

    • D. 

      Multiplex tie

  • 23. 
    Sociologists refer to the degree to which ties are reinforced through indirect paths within a social network as:
    • A. 

      Embeddedness

    • B. 

      Structural holes

    • C. 

      Social capital

    • D. 

      A narrative

  • 24. 
    The fact that relatively weak ties that are not reinforced through indirect paths often turn out to be the most valuable, especially in job searches, is known as:
    • A. 

      A structural hole

    • B. 

      Embeddedness

    • C. 

      The strength of weak ties

    • D. 

      Networking

  • 25. 
    The example of how real estate agents earn money by contractually maintaining or creating distance or contact between potential buyers and sellers highlights which of the following?
    • A. 

      Structural holes

    • B. 

      Narratives

    • C. 

      Social capital

    • D. 

      Bureaucracies

  • 26. 
    According to Putnam’s research, although much data suggests that the United States is becoming less community-oriented and more selfish, which of the following events has led to a temporary revival of civic engagement among young people?
    • A. 

      The death of Tupac Shakur

    • B. 

      The terrorist attacks of 9/11/01

    • C. 

      The rise in gas prices

    • D. 

      The Boston Red Sox winning the World Series

  • 27. 
    The training and skills that make individuals more productive and valuable to employers, such as information, knowledge of people or things, and connections, are known as:
    • A. 

      Narrative

    • B. 

      Isomorphism

    • C. 

      Social capital

    • D. 

      Bureaucracy

  • 28. 
    According to data presented in Chapter 4, which of the following is TRUE regarding social capital in the United States today?
    • A. 

      Social capital is increasing.

    • B. 

      Social capital is decreasing.

    • C. 

      Social capital is relatively the same as it was 30 years ago.

    • D. 

      Social capital data is not available to sociologists.

  • 29. 
    The examples of more and more people bowling and eating alone are used to highlight which of the following?
    • A. 

      The increase in social capital

    • B. 

      The decrease in social capital

    • C. 

      How bowling is gaining popularity among widows and widowers

    • D. 

      How bowling is affecting young, single gay men

  • 30. 
    Which of the following cultures is a case study of a lifestyle that has endured and maintained its traditions despite wide changes in United States modern life?
    • A. 

      Native Americans in New Mexico

    • B. 

      Italian-Americans in New York

    • C. 

      The Amish in Pennsylvania

    • D. 

      Polygamous families in Utah

  • 31. 
    According to research in Chapter 5, about how many people visit the Amish communities of Pennsylvania each year?
    • A. 

      100,000

    • B. 

      1,000,000

    • C. 

      2,000,000

    • D. 

      5,000,000

  • 32. 
    What appears to be the main reason for the success of Amish businesses when compared to other United States businesses?
    • A. 

      The Amish live by prioritizing the community and its social capital, rather than rugged individualism.

    • B. 

      Like all the inhabitants of the United States, the Amish value rugged individualism.

    • C. 

      The Amish hire outsourced labor from Mexico.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 33. 
    When analyzing the social structure of teenage sex in the United States, researchers report that what percentage of teens older than age 15 admit to engaging in sexual intercourse?
    • A. 

      25%

    • B. 

      50%

    • C. 

      75%

    • D. 

      90%

  • 34. 
    President George W. Bush and other religious and conservative policy makers’ emphasis on abstinence programs and “virginity pledges” has led to:
    • A. 

      An increase in teen pregnancy

    • B. 

      A decrease in teen pregnancy

    • C. 

      An earlier onset of sexual activity, on average

    • D. 

      A delayed onset of sexual activity, on average

  • 35. 
    A general rule found in research, known as “no cycles of four” within two romantic heterosexual couples, is that people rarely date the ex of their ex-partner’s new boy- or girlfriend. What explanation is given for this finding?
    • A. 

      The exes have already moved on to new partners.

    • B. 

      The entire group of four don’t like one another anymore.

    • C. 

      The replaced exes don’t want to lose social status and be seen as “leftovers.”

    • D. 

      One of the partners was hiding his or her homosexuality and now only wants a homosexual partner.

  • 36. 
    In their networking analysis of Nazis, Bearman and Stovel asked which of the following questions?
    • A. 

      Why do people become Nazis?

    • B. 

      How do people become Nazis?

    • C. 

      How and why do people become Nazis?

    • D. 

      What effects did their membership in the Nazi Party have on the individuals?

  • 37. 
    Any social network that is defined by a common purpose and that has a boundary between its members and the rest of the social world is known within sociology as a(n):
    • A. 

      Tie

    • B. 

      Narrative

    • C. 

      Large group

    • D. 

      Organization

  • 38. 
    An example of organizational culture is this type of group that allows only certain groups of males to join, as it gives them preferential treatment in hiring, promotion, and so on:
    • A. 

      Political action group

    • B. 

      An old boys’ club

    • C. 

      Country club

    • D. 

      No-girls-allowed club

  • 39. 
    The shared beliefs and behaviors within a social group, also called “corporate culture,” are known as:
    • A. 

      Organizational culture

    • B. 

      Cross-culture

    • C. 

      Interculture

    • D. 

      Counterculture

  • 40. 
    The ways in which power and authority are distributed hierarchically within an organization are called:
    • A. 

      Isomorphism

    • B. 

      Organizational structure

    • C. 

      Old boys’ club

    • D. 

      Patriarchy

  • 41. 
    C. Wright Mills’s term for interlocking directorates is which of the following?
    • A. 

      The power elite

    • B. 

      Patriarchy

    • C. 

      Hierarchy

    • D. 

      Conflict of interest

  • 42. 
    A process by which organizations face the same conditions, and ultimately tend to end up like each other, is known as:
    • A. 

      Embeddedness

    • B. 

      The power elite

    • C. 

      Reference groups

    • D. 

      Isomorphism

  • 43. 
    Although the nature of the rules that govern social networks and organizations is virtually timeless, networks have changed dramatically over time because of which of the following?
    • A. 

      Political changes in Eastern Europe

    • B. 

      Technological advancements, especially the Internet

    • C. 

      Global warming

    • D. 

      More money in the hands of top executives

  • 44. 
    One new format for organizations that is displacing the traditional corporation is the peer-based production model known as:
    • A. 

      Open source

    • B. 

      The power elite

    • C. 

      Isomorphism

    • D. 

      Embeddedness

  • 45. 
    A popular example of the open-source format is this online encyclopedia called:
    • A. 

      Facebook

    • B. 

      MySpace

    • C. 

      EBay

    • D. 

      Wikipedia

  • 46. 
    Benkler’s (2006) term for “a new model of economic production in which the creative energy of large numbers of people is coordinated (usually with the aid of the Internet) into large meaningful projects” is:
    • A. 

      The power elite

    • B. 

      Peer pressure

    • C. 

      Commons-based peer production

    • D. 

      Capitalism

  • 47. 
    Conley uses the example of writing a Sociology 101 text without accepting any monetary compensation to highlight which of the following concepts?
    • A. 

      Commons-based peer production

    • B. 

      Rugged individualism

    • C. 

      Isomorphism

    • D. 

      The power elite

  • 48. 
    Which of the following is a federal law that eliminated quotas on national origins for potential immigrants to the United States?
    • A. 

      The 14th Amendment

    • B. 

      The Hart-Cellar Act

    • C. 

      Title IX

    • D. 

      The Civil Rights Act

  • 49. 
    Today, the legal approach to immigration in the United States is based upon which of the following?
    • A. 

      How much money potential immigrants and their families have to pay to get in

    • B. 

      The national origin of potential immigrants

    • C. 

      People’s family preferences and ties

    • D. 

      Whether potential immigrants speak English or not

  • 50. 
    Which of the following is TRUE regarding the applicability of network analysis within sociological research?
    • A. 

      It can be used in both microlevel and macrolevel studies.

    • B. 

      It can be used in microlevel studies only.

    • C. 

      It can be used in marcrolevel studies only.

    • D. 

      It has not yet been applied to either microlevel