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Sociology Practice Quiz #3

50 Questions
Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is to help me study for my sociology exam.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      An experiment

    • B. 

      Participant observation

    • C. 

      A case study

    • D. 

      A survey

  • 2. 
    Lance is a sociologist who has mailed 10,000 surveys to possible respondents in a population he is studying. He hopes to get responses from, and have a sample of, at least 5,000. This is known as:
    • A. 

      The response rate

    • B. 

      Probing

    • C. 

      Selection bias

    • D. 

      Validity

  • 3. 
    The main reason that achieving high response rates and limiting selection bias are so important is that they lead to:
    • A. 

      Increasing generalizability

    • B. 

      Decreasing generalizability

    • C. 

      Increasing validity

    • D. 

      Decreasing validity

  • 4. 
    The General Social Survey (GSS) is replicated yearly with a new sample of 2,000 respondents. This is an example of:
    • A. 

      An experiment

    • B. 

      Participant observation

    • C. 

      A repeated cross-sectional survey

    • D. 

      A longitudinal study

  • 5. 
    A type of longitudinal study in which the same sample of respondents is tracked over a long period of time is known as:
    • A. 

      An experiment

    • B. 

      Participant observation

    • C. 

      The historical method

    • D. 

      A panel study

  • 6. 
    Researchers studying social movements often use which of the following methods, which involves collecting data from written reports and other artifacts that date to a specific time period?
    • A. 

      Experiments

    • B. 

      Audit studies

    • C. 

      Panel surveys

    • D. 

      Historical methods

  • 7. 
    The notion that our culture, lacking a history of feudalism, was uniquely individualistic and nonpaternalistic is known as:
    • A. 

      The American Dream

    • B. 

      The American Way

    • C. 

      American exceptionalism

    • D. 

      American history

  • 8. 
    Rogers Brubaker (1992) studied the notions of citizen and statehood in both France and Germany. His method of research is known as:
    • A. 

      Comparative research

    • B. 

      A case study

    • C. 

      An experiment

    • D. 

      Content analysis

  • 9. 
    The general approach to comparative research is to:
    • A. 

      Study a total population or census

    • B. 

      Find cases that match on every variable

    • C. 

      Use a panel study approach only

    • D. 

      Find cases that match on many potentially relevant dimensions, yet vary on just one

  • 10. 
    Perhaps the most difficult method to apply to the social sciences, as compared with laboratory-based natural sciences, is/are:
    • A. 

      Surveys

    • B. 

      Experimental methods

    • C. 

      Historical methods

    • D. 

      Content analysis

  • 11. 
    LeeAnn is a graduate student in sociology who is studying media depictions of gun violence in popular films such as Rambo and Scarface. Her choice of methods is known as:
    • A. 

      An audit study

    • B. 

      A panel study

    • C. 

      Content analysis

    • D. 

      Surveys

  • 12. 
    In content analysis research, which of the following refers to observations that are implied, but not easily observed?
    • A. 

      Manifest content

    • B. 

      Latent content

    • C. 

      Spurious variables

    • D. 

      Mediating variables

  • 13. 
    All of the following are described as golden rules of ethical conduct in social research EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Do no harm

    • B. 

      Informed consent

    • C. 

      Never debrief

    • D. 

      Voluntary participation

  • 14. 
    Research subjects have a right to know that they are participating in a study and what the study consists of. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Involuntary participation

    • B. 

      Informed consent

    • C. 

      Manifest content

    • D. 

      Latent content

  • 15. 
    Social research aimed to influence public policy and society as a whole is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Feminist sociology

    • B. 

      Historical sociology

    • C. 

      Private sociology

    • D. 

      Public sociology

  • 16. 
    A set of beliefs, traditions, and practices that is the total of the social categories and concepts that people embrace is one definition of:
    • A. 

      Media

    • B. 

      Culture

    • C. 

      Hegemony

    • D. 

      Norms

  • 17. 
    The word culture derives from the Latin word colere, which means:
    • A. 

      A cult

    • B. 

      An ideology

    • C. 

      To cultivate

    • D. 

      A plan of action

  • 18. 
    In Chapter 3, the pictures of the U.S. Capitol and the Lincoln Memorial are used as examples of:
    • A. 

      Early U.S. architectural choices in columnar styles

    • B. 

      U.S. nationalism and pride

    • C. 

      Patriarchal power and the institutions they represent

    • D. 

      The only types of buildings acceptable in Washington, D.C.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following was a poet and cultural critic who defined culture as the pursuit of perfection and broad knowledge of the world, in contrast to narrow self-centeredness and material gain? 
    • A. 

      Matthew Arnold

    • B. 

      Emile Durkheim

    • C. 

      Dalton Conley

    • D. 

      Karl Marx

  • 20. 
    One of the two main categories of culture that includes values, beliefs, norms, and behaviors is known as:
    • A. 

      Subculture

    • B. 

      Counterculture

    • C. 

      Nonmaterial or symbolic culture

    • D. 

      Material culture

  • 21. 
    Everything in our constructed environment, including technology, buildings, furniture, clothing, and books, is part of:
    • A. 

      Subculture

    • B. 

      Counterculture

    • C. 

      Nonmaterial or symbolic culture

    • D. 

      Material culture

  • 22. 
    Slang terms such as LOL, ROFL, and BRB are examples of:
    • A. 

      Nonmaterial culture

    • B. 

      Material culture

    • C. 

      Cultural concepts

    • D. 

      Social norms

  • 23. 
    According to ___________, the language we speak directly influences and reflects the way we think about and see the world.
    • A. 

      The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

    • B. 

      The high-low culture debate

    • C. 

      Marxist ideology

    • D. 

      The Law of Averages

  • 24. 
    A type of nonmaterial culture known as ____________ is a system of concepts and relationships sometimes used to understand cause and effect.
    • A. 

      High art

    • B. 

      Ideology

    • C. 

      Cultural relativism

    • D. 

      Ethnocentrism

  • 25. 
    Galileo’s discovery that the earth revolved around the sun rather than standing at the center of the universe is an example of:
    • A. 

      Cultural relativism

    • B. 

      Emoticons

    • C. 

      The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

    • D. 

      A disproved ideology

  • 26. 
    Low culture such as hip-hop music is also known as:
    • A. 

      Counterculture

    • B. 

      Popular culture

    • C. 

      Cultural scripts

    • D. 

      Cultural relativism

  • 27. 
    Which of the following is TRUE regarding the value of high versus low culture?
    • A. 

      High culture is much more valuable than low culture.

    • B. 

      Low culture is much more valuable than high culture.

    • C. 

      Both are equally valuable depending upon one’s perspective.

    • D. 

      Neither is valuable at all, so popular culture is preferred.

  • 28. 
    First names that are given to males often cross over to females in the United States, according to Lieberson’s research. This is referred to as:
    • A. 

      The androgyny of names

    • B. 

      Socially structured naming

    • C. 

      The gendering of names

    • D. 

      The cross cultural impact on names

  • 29. 
    It is important to take into account differences across cultures without making value judgments. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Cultural scripts

    • B. 

      High culture

    • C. 

      Counterculture

    • D. 

      Cultural relativism

  • 30. 
    Gender and engaging in enjoyable premarital sex are examples of learned behaviors that are not natural or universal, and are known as:
    • A. 

      Subcultures

    • B. 

      Cultural scripts

    • C. 

      Material culture

    • D. 

      Counterculture

  • 31. 
    Baseball in the United States and cockfighting in Bali are examples of which of the following? 
    • A. 

      Counterculture

    • B. 

      Nonmaterial or symbolic culture

    • C. 

      Cultural scripts

    • D. 

      Ethnocentrism

  • 32. 
    While they are difficult to define, ____________ are smaller subgroups within a larger dominant society that share some of the dominant cultural values, but also have some of their own, unique material and nonmaterial or symbolic culture.
    • A. 

      High cultures

    • B. 

      Low cultures

    • C. 

      Mini-cultures

    • D. 

      Subcultures

  • 33. 
    The various musical genres and the groups inspired by them, such as heavy metal music and the goths, are examples of which of the following?
    • A. 

      High cultures

    • B. 

      Subcultures

    • C. 

      Socialization

    • D. 

      Emoticons

  • 34. 
    Which of the following is an example of a Giffen good in the United States?
    • A. 

      Cherries

    • B. 

      Suntan lotion

    • C. 

      Bread

    • D. 

      Eye shadow

  • 35. 
                If ____________ are abstract cultural beliefs, then ____________ are how they are put into play.
    • A. 

      Values; norms

    • B. 

      Norms; values

    • C. 

      Subcultures; countercultures

    • D. 

      Countercultures; subcultures

  • 36. 
    The experience of learning a culture’s norms, values, and so on is known as:
    • A. 

      Socialization

    • B. 

      Ideology

    • C. 

      Hegemony

    • D. 

      Reflection

  • 37. 
    The first form of mass media was the:
    • A. 

      Television

    • B. 

      Book

    • C. 

      Silent film

    • D. 

      Billboard

  • 38. 
    According to data presented in Chapter 3, by 1964, what percentage of U.S. households had a television set?
    • A. 

      25%

    • B. 

      50%

    • C. 

      78%

    • D. 

      92%

  • 39. 
    Gramsci’s concept for the historical process in which a dominant group exercises moral and intellectual leadership by voluntarily receiving the approval and consent of the masses is known as:
    • A. 

      Socialization

    • B. 

      Hegemony

    • C. 

      Domination

    • D. 

      Rebellion

  • 40. 
    Gramsci’s concept for getting people to do what you want them to do by force and sometimes violence is known as:
    • A. 

      Socialization

    • B. 

      Hegemony

    • C. 

      Domination

    • D. 

      Rebellion

  • 41. 
    Research questions, such as why fairy tales often begin with a mother’s death, are an example of the analysis of media content stemming from Gramsci’s work and known as:
    • A. 

      The functional analysis

    • B. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • C. 

      Meta-analysis

    • D. 

      Textual analysis

  • 42. 
    Similar to sociologists’ research, Herbert Gans (1979) studied television news outlets’ decisions on what to include (or not to include) in the news. What did he find?
    • A. 

      Most news outlets are always non-biased in their decision making.

    • B. 

      News outlets are usually non-biased, as required by the FCC.

    • C. 

      One or two news outlets are notoriously biased.

    • D. 

      All news outlets are biased.

  • 43. 
    Deliberate, long-term media campaigns such as Smokey the Bear, which began in 1944 and is still with us today, are examples of ads used by non-profit organizations to educate the public. They are commonly known as:
    • A. 

      Messages to the masses

    • B. 

      Mass media services

    • C. 

      Public service announcements

    • D. 

      Fireside chats

  • 44. 
    All of the following are part of the “three general principles” of the movie industry’s Production Code, EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      No picture shall be produced that will lower the moral standards of those who see it. Hence the sympathy of the audience should never be thrown to the side of crime, wrongdoing, evil, or sin.

    • B. 

      Correct standards of life, subject only to the requirements of drama and entertainment, shall be presented.

    • C. 

      Language such as the seven words you can never say on television shall not be broadcast before 11:00 p.m.

    • D. 

      Law, natural or human, shall not be ridiculed, nor shall sympathy be created for its violation.

  • 45. 
    The O. J. Simpson murder case and Hurricane Katrina are examples of which of the following?
    • A. 

      Two recent U.S. natural disasters

    • B. 

      How the media reflects racist ideology

    • C. 

      Gramsci’s concept of hegemony

    • D. 

      Cultural scripts in news media

  • 46. 
    Jean Kilbourne’s college lectures and film, Killing Us Softly (1979), examine which of the following issues?
    • A. 

      Racism in the media

    • B. 

      Gun violence in the media

    • C. 

      Homophobia in the media

    • D. 

      Sexism in the media

  • 47. 
    In response to feminist critiques of the media’s messages to girls and women, which of the following advertisements feature women with human imperfections such as cellulite and frizzy hair?
    • A. 

      Reflection theory

    • B. 

      Dove’s Campaign for Real Beauty

    • C. 

      Killing Us Softly

    • D. 

      The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

  • 48. 
    In the United States, six major companies, including Disney and Time-Warner, own what percentage of the media?
    • A. 

      30%

    • B. 

      60%

    • C. 

      75%

    • D. 

      90%

  • 49. 
    The fact that the United States hardly has a free press due to the private ownership of broadcast companies and their reliance on advertising and financial support can be analyzed as which of the following?
    • A. 

      The political economy of the media

    • B. 

      The liberal media

    • C. 

      The affects of antitrust laws

    • D. 

      A monopoly economy

  • 50. 
    Fewer and fewer groups own more and more of the media. The media can be said to be increasingly:
    • A. 

      Socialized

    • B. 

      Media-ized

    • C. 

      Centralized

    • D. 

      Culturalized