Psychology Exam: Memory, Thinking, Intelligence And Language

44 Questions  I  By Katissuave on April 28, 2010
Quizzing myself before my psychology exam

  

Question Excerpt

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1.  You tell your friends about the great time you had at the local Six Flags park. Most of the information that you have forgotten about this experience was most likely processed in your
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2.  Short-term memory has a ________ capacity than sensory memory and a ________ duration.
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3.  According to the connectionist network view or memory, memories are _________, and according to the schema theory of memory, memories are _________.
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4.  Shane is studying for a vocabulary test. When he studies the word "braggart" he thinks of how his friend Bill acts whenever Bill wins a tennis match. Shane is processing this word at a(n)
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5.  One of the most effective ways to make our memories distinctive is to use mental
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6.  The extensiveness of processing informationat a given level is called
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7.  Memory is the _________ of information or experience over a period of time.
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8.  When we take in information in the course of daily life, such as the words and diagrams presented during a lecture, we are using the memory process of
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9.  The three processes of memory are encoding, ________, and retrieval.
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10.  A relatively permanent type of memory that stores a huge amount of information for a long time is known as your
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11.  A person's knowledge about the world is also know as their
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12.  A preexisting mental framework or concept that helps people organize and interperet information is called a(n)
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13.  Memory in which behavior is affected by prior experience without a recollection of that experience is known as
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14.  The memory process that occurs when information that was retained in memory storage comes out is called _______.
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15.  A schema for an event often containing info about physical features people and typical occurences is called a _____________.
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16.  In her research, Professor Kyoto seeks to identify circumstances in which confirmation bias is especially likely to impede effective problem solving. Which specialty area does her research best represent?
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17.  According to the semantic/associate model proposed by Collins and Quillian, which memory concept is most likely to be activated when the person thinks about the concept “robin”?
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18.  Pigeons can reliably discriminate pictures of cars from pictures of chairs. This best illustrates their capacity to develop:
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19.  When Janet sees a coffee mug, a tall juice glass, and a short whiskey glass, she probably categorizes all these objects together as the ___ of "cup".
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20.  Prototype is to category as ____ is to ____.
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21.  Kendra only classifies an animal as a fish if it swims, lays eggs, and has gills. She considers these necessary traits that all fish must have. In this case, Kendra’s classification method uses
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22.  What type of prototype of tree is a person living in Iowa likely to have?
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23.  Arnold had difficulty recognizing that bullfighting was a sport because it failed to resemble his ________ of a sport.
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24.  We more quickly recognize that a blue jay is a bird than that a penguin is a bird because a blue jay more closely resembles our________ of a bird.
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25.  If you have never seen a Chihuahua, but you have seen somewhat similar types of dog breeds, such as rat terriers and miniature Pinschers, which theory would better predict your ability to correctly identify a Chihuahua as a “dog”?
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26.  Aramis is taking a statistics exam.  He knows that he has to calculate a standard deviation for the third problem, but he isn’t sure which numbers to use for the calculations. According to the IDEAL steps for problem solving, Aramis would be in:
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27.  In attempting to find and purchase high-quality cosmetics, Megan reminds herself that the most expensive brands are the best. Megan’s self-reminder illustrates the use of:
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28.  To find Tabasco sauce in a large grocery store, you could systematically search every shelf in every store aisle. This best illustrates problem solving by means of:
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29.  Pablo vainly searches for a screwdriver while failing to recognize that a readily available coin in his pocket would turn the screw. His oversight best illustrates:
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30.  While out-of-town on an important business conference, Charles finds his shoelace is broken. He doesn’t have another pair or time to stop on the way to his presentation. Then he realizes he can use the neck strap of his name tag to substitute for the broken shoelace. This illustrates:
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31.  The easier it is for people to remember an instance in which they were betrayed by a friend, the more they expect such an event to recur. This best illustrates the impact of:
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32.  A defense attorney emphasizes to a jury that her client works full-time, supports his family, and enjoys leisure-time hobbies. Although none of this information is relevant to the trial, it is designed to make the defendant appear to be a typical member of the local community. The lawyer is most clearly seeking to take advantage of:
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33.  You visit your academic advisor because you have to pick a major, but you have no idea what you want to do in life. She asks you to define your goals, list the subjects you excel in and your interests. By the end of the meeting you and your advisor have successfully gone through several steps in the process of choosing a major and you feel confident in your choice: Psychology! What method best describes your problem solving process?
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34.  Beatrix is trying to decide how to tell her new boyfriend that the relationship is not working out for her. Her friend Dave tells her to think about a bandaged wound: “It’s best to just rip it off! It hurts for a little bit but then the pain is over.” What type of problem solving is this?
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35.  The word “chimps” contains ________ phoneme(s) and ________ morpheme(s).
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36.  Native German speakers who pronounce the English world “this” as “dis” are demonstrating their difficulty with an English:
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37.  When you add s to the word apple you are referring to more than one apple. This illustrates an English language rule of:
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38.  In the English language, adjectives are typically placed before nouns as in “green car.” This illustrates an English language rule of:
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39.  Which language theorist would have been most likely to emphasize that children master the rule for forming the past tense of regular verbs like “push” before they learn common past tense constructions of irregular verbs like “go”?
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40.  The fact that children speak with an accent that is similar to that of their peers is best explained by ________ theory of language acquisition.
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41.  Shortcut strategies or guidelines that suggest a solution to a problem but do not guarantee an answer are things called:
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42.  Strategies including formulas and instructions and the testing of all possible solutions that guarantee a solution to a problem are strategies called
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43.  Our tendency to report falsely, after the fact that we accurately preficted an outcome
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44.  Remembering information about doing something in the future is known as
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