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Life Span Fall '09 Test 1

56 Questions  I  By Raskel69
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Prof Velisek Test 1

  
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1.  A developmental specialist who focuses on physical development would be interested in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A developmentalist studying how memory changes over the life span specializes in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Your family, friends, and classmates are part of your:
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  "Baby boomers" are an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Growth in height would be an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Nature is to genetics as nurture is to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The effect of a pregnant mother's alcohol use on her unborn child is an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  What personality structure is present at birth and operates according to the pleasure principle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  A research investigation on cooperative behavior in preschoolers which is conducted in preschool classrooms is an example of a(n):
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  NIn an experiment testing the effects of a drug on behavior, whether or not a subject receives a drug represents the :
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which of the following statements best describes the role of a dependent variable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  What is the major purpose of applied research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Joe and James are 16-year-old twins who are contacted every year to complete a battery of psychological tests. They are participating in a(n):
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  What research design compares people of different ages at the same point in time?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Researchers who combine the longitudinal and cross-sectional approaches use the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Human life begins with a single fertilized cell. What is the first cell called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The process by which sperm and ovum join to form a single new cell is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What are the basic units of genetic information?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Kim is expecting twins as a result of a cluster of cells in the ovum splitting off within the first two weeks following fertilization. The twins are from the same zygote, and are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Zach and Luis are dizygotic twins. Therefore, they:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The physical manifestation of  one's genetic blueprint is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Behavioral genetics is the study of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  What is the first stage of prenatal development?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  What is the term used for newborns?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Braxton-Hicks contractions are sometimes termed:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  What is the longest stage of labor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  During the stage of childbirth is the placenta and umbilical cord expelled from the uterus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  During what stage of childbirth does the actual birth of the baby occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What is the perfect APGAR score?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  A restriction in the supply of oxygen is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Infant mortality is defined as a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  What does a fetal monitor record?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Unlearned, organized involuntary responses that occur automatically in the presence of certain stimuli are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  What principle states that growth follows a pattern that begins with head and upper body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  What principle states that different body systems grow at different rates?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  What is the developmental sequence of Piaget's cognitive stages?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  An infant who repeatedly drops blocks in different ways to see how the sound changes is in what substage of sensorimotor thought?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Primary circular reactions are to the infants body as secondary circular reactions are to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The realization that people and objects exist even when they can not be seen is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  What approach compares cognitive growth to a computer?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Infantile amnesia is defined as the lack of memory for experiences that occurred prior to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  NMaking speechlike but meaningless sounds is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  The act of using words too restrictively:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Heather refers to bicycles, trucks, and school buses as "cars". This error is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  When infants display distress because they encounter someone unfamiliar, lifespan developmentalists refer to the concept of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Smiling in response to other individuals is considered a(n):
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The positive emotional bond that develops between a child and a particular individual is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  What is the most important form of social development that occurs during infancy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  What technique was developed my Mary Ainsworth to measure the infants attachment to the primary care giver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The Ainsworth strange situation was designed to measure:
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Daniel is an inactive baby, showing relatively calm reactions to her environment. Her mood is generally negative, and she withdrawals from new situations. Daniel's temperament can be classified as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The period of infancy corresponds with Erick Erickson's:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Eight month old Skylar responds to her first plum by rolling it around her hi-chair tray as if it were her red rubber ball. This demonstrates Piagetian process of :
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  According to Jean Piaget, infants acquire knowledge from:
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  FASD stands for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  HIn the classroom discussion on dreams, Brianna shared with the class her dream. In her dream she was being chased by something very scary to her. What was she afraid of?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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