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Life Span Fall '09 Test 1

56 Questions
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Prof Velisek Test 1

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A developmental specialist who focuses on physical development would be interested in:
    • A. 

      Motor skils

    • B. 

      Memory

    • C. 

      Emotions

    • D. 

      Language

  • 2. 
    A developmentalist studying how memory changes over the life span specializes in:
    • A. 

      Physical development

    • B. 

      Social development

    • C. 

      Personality development

    • D. 

      Cognitive development

  • 3. 
    Your family, friends, and classmates are part of your:
    • A. 

      Mesosystem

    • B. 

      Microsystem

    • C. 

      Exosystem

    • D. 

      Macrosystem

  • 4. 
    "Baby boomers" are an example of:
    • A. 

      Alliance

    • B. 

      Cohort

    • C. 

      Support system

    • D. 

      Reference group

  • 5. 
    Growth in height would be an example of:
    • A. 

      Social development

    • B. 

      Discontinuous change

    • C. 

      Continuous change

    • D. 

      Cultural influences

  • 6. 
    Nature is to genetics as nurture is to:
    • A. 

      Environment

    • B. 

      Readiness

    • C. 

      Growth

    • D. 

      Maturation

  • 7. 
    The effect of a pregnant mother's alcohol use on her unborn child is an example of:
    • A. 

      Readiness

    • B. 

      Maturation

    • C. 

      Nurture

    • D. 

      Nature

  • 8. 
    What personality structure is present at birth and operates according to the pleasure principle?
    • A. 

      Superego

    • B. 

      Ego

    • C. 

      Id

    • D. 

      Psychic pleasure

  • 9. 
    A research investigation on cooperative behavior in preschoolers which is conducted in preschool classrooms is an example of a(n):
    • A. 

      Survey

    • B. 

      Experiment

    • C. 

      Case study

    • D. 

      Field study

  • 10. 
    NIn an experiment testing the effects of a drug on behavior, whether or not a subject receives a drug represents the :
    • A. 

      Random variable

    • B. 

      Independent variable

    • C. 

      Control variable

    • D. 

      Dependent variable

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements best describes the role of a dependent variable?
    • A. 

      It is the variable that the researchers measure

    • B. 

      It is the variable also known as the treatment

    • C. 

      It is the variable that the researchers manipulate

    • D. 

      It is used in theoretical research but not applied research

  • 12. 
    What is the major purpose of applied research?
    • A. 

      It is a certain method for determining cause and effect

    • B. 

      It provides practical solutions to immediate problems

    • C. 

      It only shows an association exists between variables

    • D. 

      It tests development explanations and expands scientific knowledge

  • 13. 
    Joe and James are 16-year-old twins who are contacted every year to complete a battery of psychological tests. They are participating in a(n):
    • A. 

      Longitudinal study

    • B. 

      Cross-sequential studies

    • C. 

      Age cohort study

    • D. 

      Cross-sectional study

  • 14. 
    What research design compares people of different ages at the same point in time?
    • A. 

      Longitudinal studies

    • B. 

      Cross-sequential studies

    • C. 

      Cross-sectional studies

    • D. 

      Age cohort studies

  • 15. 
    Researchers who combine the longitudinal and cross-sectional approaches use the:
    • A. 

      Cross-sectional design

    • B. 

      Longitudinal design

    • C. 

      Cross-cultural design

    • D. 

      Cross-sequential design

  • 16. 
    Human life begins with a single fertilized cell. What is the first cell called?
    • A. 

      Autosome

    • B. 

      Karyotype

    • C. 

      Gamete

    • D. 

      Zygote

  • 17. 
    The process by which sperm and ovum join to form a single new cell is called:
    • A. 

      Fertilization

    • B. 

      Insemination

    • C. 

      Implantation

    • D. 

      Ovulation

  • 18. 
    What are the basic units of genetic information?
    • A. 

      Genes

    • B. 

      Alleles

    • C. 

      Chromosomes

    • D. 

      Acrosomes

  • 19. 
    Kim is expecting twins as a result of a cluster of cells in the ovum splitting off within the first two weeks following fertilization. The twins are from the same zygote, and are:
    • A. 

      Non-identical

    • B. 

      Monozygotic

    • C. 

      Dizygotic

    • D. 

      Fraternal

    • E. 

      Confused

  • 20. 
    Zach and Luis are dizygotic twins. Therefore, they:
    • A. 

      Are no more genetically alike then siblings

    • B. 

      Share the same genotype

    • C. 

      Come from different environments

    • D. 

      Resulted from the division of a single fertilized ovum

  • 21. 
    The physical manifestation of  one's genetic blueprint is called:
    • A. 

      Genotype

    • B. 

      Heredity

    • C. 

      Mutation

    • D. 

      Phenotype

  • 22. 
    Behavioral genetics is the study of:
    • A. 

      Genetic engineering and cloning

    • B. 

      The alteration of genes

    • C. 

      The effects of heredity on behavior

    • D. 

      The effects of the environment on genetic disorders

  • 23. 
    What is the first stage of prenatal development?
    • A. 

      Embryonic stage

    • B. 

      Fetal stage

    • C. 

      Zygotic stage

    • D. 

      Germinal stage

  • 24. 
    What is the term used for newborns?
    • A. 

      Zygote

    • B. 

      Embryo

    • C. 

      Neonate

    • D. 

      Fetus

  • 25. 
    Braxton-Hicks contractions are sometimes termed:
    • A. 

      False labor

    • B. 

      Postnatal depression

    • C. 

      Expulsion

    • D. 

      Afterbirth

  • 26. 
    What is the longest stage of labor?
    • A. 

      Second

    • B. 

      First

    • C. 

      Fourth

    • D. 

      Third

  • 27. 
    During the stage of childbirth is the placenta and umbilical cord expelled from the uterus?
    • A. 

      Fourth

    • B. 

      Second

    • C. 

      First

    • D. 

      Third

  • 28. 
    During what stage of childbirth does the actual birth of the baby occur?
    • A. 

      Third

    • B. 

      Second

    • C. 

      First

    • D. 

      Fourth

  • 29. 
    What is the perfect APGAR score?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      0

  • 30. 
    A restriction in the supply of oxygen is called:
    • A. 

      Anoxia

    • B. 

      Meconium

    • C. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

    • D. 

      Neonatal jaundice

  • 31. 
    Infant mortality is defined as a:
    • A. 

      The delivery of a a child who is not alive

    • B. 

      Death within the first year of life

    • C. 

      Death immediately following child birth

    • D. 

      Death within the first month of life

  • 32. 
    What does a fetal monitor record?
    • A. 

      Baby's rate of breathing

    • B. 

      Mother's dilation

    • C. 

      Baby's temperature

    • D. 

      Baby's heart beat

  • 33. 
    Unlearned, organized involuntary responses that occur automatically in the presence of certain stimuli are:
    • A. 

      Schemes

    • B. 

      First habits

    • C. 

      Operations

    • D. 

      Reflexes

  • 34. 
    What principle states that growth follows a pattern that begins with head and upper body?
    • A. 

      Hierarchical integration

    • B. 

      Proximodistal

    • C. 

      Cephalocaudal

    • D. 

      Independence of systems

  • 35. 
    What principle states that different body systems grow at different rates?
    • A. 

      Hierarchical integration

    • B. 

      Independence of systems

    • C. 

      Proximodistal

    • D. 

      Cephalocaudal

  • 36. 
    What is the developmental sequence of Piaget's cognitive stages?
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational

    • B. 

      Preoperational, sensorimotor, formal operational, concrete operational

    • C. 

      Preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational, sensorimotor

    • D. 

      Sensorimotor, formal operational, preoperational, concrete operational

  • 37. 
    An infant who repeatedly drops blocks in different ways to see how the sound changes is in what substage of sensorimotor thought?
    • A. 

      Internalization of schemes

    • B. 

      Tertiary circular reactions

    • C. 

      Coordination of secondary circular reactions

    • D. 

      Secondary circular reactions

  • 38. 
    Primary circular reactions are to the infants body as secondary circular reactions are to:
    • A. 

      Environment

    • B. 

      Infant's brain

    • C. 

      An adult's body

    • D. 

      An infant's parent

  • 39. 
    The realization that people and objects exist even when they can not be seen is called:
    • A. 

      Habituation

    • B. 

      Object permanence

    • C. 

      Differed imitation

    • D. 

      Visual-recognition memory

  • 40. 
    What approach compares cognitive growth to a computer?
    • A. 

      Information-processing approach

    • B. 

      Behavioral approach

    • C. 

      Social-cognitive approach

    • D. 

      Cognitive-developmental approach

  • 41. 
    Infantile amnesia is defined as the lack of memory for experiences that occurred prior to:
    • A. 

      The first month of life

    • B. 

      1 year of age

    • C. 

      Birth

    • D. 

      3 years of age

  • 42. 
    NMaking speechlike but meaningless sounds is known as:
    • A. 

      Expressive jargon

    • B. 

      Telegraphic speech

    • C. 

      Babbling

    • D. 

      Vocables

  • 43. 
    The act of using words too restrictively:
    • A. 

      Motherease

    • B. 

      Telegraphic speech

    • C. 

      Underextension

    • D. 

      Overextension

  • 44. 
    Heather refers to bicycles, trucks, and school buses as "cars". This error is called:
    • A. 

      Overextension

    • B. 

      Telegraphic speech

    • C. 

      Holophrastic

    • D. 

      Underextension

  • 45. 
    When infants display distress because they encounter someone unfamiliar, lifespan developmentalists refer to the concept of:
    • A. 

      Differential emotions

    • B. 

      Stranger anxiety

    • C. 

      Separation anxiety

    • D. 

      Non-verbal encoding

  • 46. 
    Smiling in response to other individuals is considered a(n):
    • A. 

      Social smile

    • B. 

      Undifferentiated smile

    • C. 

      Mutual smile

    • D. 

      Indiscriminate smile

  • 47. 
    The positive emotional bond that develops between a child and a particular individual is called:
    • A. 

      Attachment

    • B. 

      Social referencing

    • C. 

      Temperament

    • D. 

      Empathy

  • 48. 
    What is the most important form of social development that occurs during infancy?
    • A. 

      Attachment

    • B. 

      Social referencing

    • C. 

      Temperament

    • D. 

      Empathy

  • 49. 
    What technique was developed my Mary Ainsworth to measure the infants attachment to the primary care giver?
    • A. 

      Ainsworth surrogate test

    • B. 

      Ainsworth strange situation

    • C. 

      Ainsworth stranger anxiety test

    • D. 

      Ainsworth separation scenario

  • 50. 
    The Ainsworth strange situation was designed to measure:
    • A. 

      Attachment

    • B. 

      Temperament

    • C. 

      Anxiety

    • D. 

      Social referencing

  • 51. 
    Daniel is an inactive baby, showing relatively calm reactions to her environment. Her mood is generally negative, and she withdrawals from new situations. Daniel's temperament can be classified as:
    • A. 

      Flexible

    • B. 

      Difficult

    • C. 

      Slow to warm

    • D. 

      Easy

    • E. 

      Mellow

  • 52. 
    The period of infancy corresponds with Erick Erickson's:
    • A. 

      Industry v. inferiority

    • B. 

      Autonomy v. shame and doubt

    • C. 

      Trust v. mistrust

    • D. 

      Intimacy v. isolation

  • 53. 
    Eight month old Skylar responds to her first plum by rolling it around her hi-chair tray as if it were her red rubber ball. This demonstrates Piagetian process of :
    • A. 

      Organization

    • B. 

      Object permanence

    • C. 

      Assimilation

    • D. 

      Accommodation

  • 54. 
    According to Jean Piaget, infants acquire knowledge from:
    • A. 

      Direct motor behavior

    • B. 

      Facts communicated by others

    • C. 

      The environment

    • D. 

      Through sensation and perception

  • 55. 
    FASD stands for:
    • A. 

      Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

    • B. 

      Fetal Alcolhol Seizure Disorder

    • C. 

      Fetal Awake Sleep Disorder

    • D. 

      Funny Alaskan Strong Dogs

  • 56. 
    HIn the classroom discussion on dreams, Brianna shared with the class her dream. In her dream she was being chased by something very scary to her. What was she afraid of?
    • A. 

      Clowns

    • B. 

      Bees

    • C. 

      Tall men

    • D. 

      Pregnant women

    • E. 

      Spiders