Human Growth

40 Questions  I  By Caitlinnorthcutt
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Human Growth
Human Growth & Development

  
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  • 1. 
    The______approach stresses that reading instruction should parallel a childs natural language learning.
    • A. 

      Assisted-language

    • B. 

      Remedial-language

    • C. 

      Complex-language

    • D. 

      Whole-language


  • 2. 
    During elementary school years, most children double their:
    • A. 

      Height

    • B. 

      Weight

    • C. 

      Muscle-to-fat-ratio

    • D. 

      Strength capabilities


  • 3. 
    By adolescence, the heritability of intelligence has been estimated to be about________.
    • A. 

      .40

    • B. 

      .55

    • C. 

      .65

    • D. 

      .75


  • 4. 
    Approximately______of children in the United States receive special education or related services.
    • A. 

      .5%

    • B. 

      10%

    • C. 

      20%

    • D. 

      30%


  • 5. 
    Ellen Winner described three criteria that characterize gifted children. Which of the following was NOT one of these criteria?
    • A. 

      Precocity

    • B. 

      Marching to their own drummer

    • C. 

      Easily bored

    • D. 

      A passion to master


  • 6. 
    Nathan Brody (2007) observes that people who excel at one type of intellectual task are:
    • A. 

      Not likely to excel at tasks in any other domain or area.

    • B. 

      Geniuses.

    • C. 

      Savants.

    • D. 

      Likely to excel at tasks in other area or domains.


  • 7. 
    What is the best explanation for why minorities earn lower scores on IQ tests?
    • A. 

      Environment

    • B. 

      Heredity

    • C. 

      Racism

    • D. 

      Unfair scoring


  • 8. 
    Which of the following BEST exemplifies "critical thinking"?
    • A. 

      Being able to comphrend a scientific study

    • B. 

      Being able to remember the details

    • C. 

      Being able to understand the statistical analyses

    • D. 

      Being able to evaluate the practical usefulness


  • 9. 
    What does the research indicate about gender differences in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    • A. 

      Boys are more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

    • B. 

      Girls are more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

    • C. 

      There are no significnt gender differences

    • D. 

      Girls are more likely to be diagnosed as having attention deficit (ADHD),whereas boys are more likely to be referred for treatment


  • 10. 
    Advances in the ______ of the brain are linked to childrens_______.
    • A. 

      Parietal lobe:sharper color and peripheral vision.

    • B. 

      Occipital lobe;better spacial skills.

    • C. 

      Prefrontal cortex; improved attention, reasoning, and cognitive control.

    • D. 

      Temporal lobe; eye-hand coordination.


  • 11. 
    All of the following are types of intelligence according to Howard Gardner EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Naturalist skills.

    • B. 

      Musical skills.

    • C. 

      Artistic skills.

    • D. 

      Verbal skills.


  • 12. 
    "Hannah as an IQ of 135. She is very bright, and I'm sure she will have no difficulties at all in any of her school subjects. With that level of intelligence, I'm sure she'll be quite successful whether she chooses to go to into medicine or law as a career". This speaker is:
    • A. 

      Missusing the results of an intelligence test.

    • B. 

      Giving an appropriate interpretation of an intelligence test.

    • C. 

      Assuming that intelligence us composed of several different factors.

    • D. 

      Not placing enough emphasis on intelligence.


  • 13. 
    The ability to think about something in novel and unusual ways and to come up with unique soluations to problems is called______.
    • A. 

      Spontaneity.

    • B. 

      Congruency.

    • C. 

      Elasticisty.

    • D. 

      Creativity.


  • 14. 
    The term individual differences in the text discussion of intelligence referes to:
    • A. 

      The relative strengths and weakness within an individual.

    • B. 

      Day to day changes in an individuals knowledge and skills.

    • C. 

      Differences between individuals that change over time.

    • D. 

      Differences between individuals that are stable over time.


  • 15. 
    Mimi looks at her mother and says, "Grandma cant be your mother, because she is my grandmother." Mimi does not yet understand:
    • A. 

      Classification.

    • B. 

      Reversibility.

    • C. 

      Conservation.

    • D. 

      Mental representation.


  • 16. 
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of concrete operational thought?
    • A. 

      The ability to mentally reverse action.

    • B. 

      Logical reasoning.

    • C. 

      Classification skills.

    • D. 

      The ability to think abstractly.


  • 17. 
    A dimension that distinguishes attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from other types of learning disability is:
    • A. 

      Activity level.

    • B. 

      Success in school.

    • C. 

      Emotional maturity.

    • D. 

      Level of intelligence.


  • 18. 
    Knowing about knowing is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Metamemory.

    • B. 

      First-order congnition.

    • C. 

      Metacognition.

    • D. 

      Second-order condition.


  • 19. 
    Jean Piagets theory of congnitive development has been been criticized in four areas. Which of the following is NOT a criticism of Piagets theory?
    • A. 

      Serveral concrete operational cencepts do not appear in synchrony.

    • B. 

      some cognitive abilities emerge earlier than piagets thought.

    • C. 

      Children who are at one cognitive stage can be trained.

    • D. 

      Culture and education exert less influence on childrens development than Piagets believed.


  • 20. 
    The development of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding rules and conventions about what people should do in their interactions with other people is called:
    • A. 

      Moral development.

    • B. 

      Superego development.

    • C. 

      Integrity development.

    • D. 

      Democratic development.


  • 21. 
    Which type of play increases dramatically during the preschool years?
    • A. 

      Practice play

    • B. 

      Sensorimotor play

    • C. 

      Social play

    • D. 

      Constrictive play


  • 22. 
    One of the following terms does NOT belong with others. Which is it?
    • A. 

      Multile classification.

    • B. 

      Egocentrism.

    • C. 

      Reversibility.

    • D. 

      Logical reasoning.


  • 23. 
    Overall, the effects of television on childrens development are:
    • A. 

      Almost all negative.

    • B. 

      Almost all positive.

    • C. 

      Mixed-some positive, some negative.

    • D. 

      Not measurable enough to be significant.


  • 24. 
    A parent who denies, ignores, ot tries to change the negative emeotions of their choldren would be called a(n):
    • A. 

      Emotion-dismissing parent.

    • B. 

      Emotion-criticizing parent.

    • C. 

      Emotion-coaching parent.

    • D. 

      Emotion-encouraging parent.


  • 25. 
    Which idea about divorce is BEST supported by available evidence?
    • A. 

      A divorce may improve choldrens lives under some circumstances.

    • B. 

      Divorces invitably impair childrens ablilty to adapt.

    • C. 

      Competent children cannot be raised in a single-parent families.

    • D. 

      Divorce has only minor effects in children.


  • 26. 
    Which of the following statements regarding most children of gay and lesbian parents is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Most children of gay and lesbian parents were adopted

    • B. 

      Most children of gay and lesbian parents were born in heterosexual relationships that ended in divorce.

    • C. 

      Children whose parents are gay or lesbian are just as popular as their peers.

    • D. 

      Children whos parents are gay or lesbian have no more mental health issues.


  • 27. 
    After kate, age 3, has called her playmate a "jerk", her mother tells her that she needs to think about how words can hurt other peoples feelings. Kates mother is helping Kate to develop her:
    • A. 

      Social understanding.

    • B. 

      Sympathy quotient.

    • C. 

      Self-consciousness.

    • D. 

      None of these.


  • 28. 
    Suzie just brought home her report card. she earned C's and D's in all of her classes. When looking at the grades, her father stated, "you are an embrrassment to me! You better get those grades up, or else!" Suzies Dad is most likelt a(n):
    • A. 

      Authoritarian parent.

    • B. 

      Authoritative parent.

    • C. 

      Indulgent parent.

    • D. 

      Neglectful parent.


  • 29. 
    Because many studies show that exposure to violent TV programming is assocaited with increased aggression in children, many people conclude that watchinhg TV causes aggression. This conclusion is going beyond database because most studies:
    • A. 

      Are correlational.

    • B. 

      Are experimental.

    • C. 

      Are cross-sectional and not longitudinal.

    • D. 

      Use only children who alredy watch a lot of TV.


  • 30. 
    Jean Piaget was primarily interested in:
    • A. 

      Moral reasoning.of children.

    • B. 

      Moral behavior of children.

    • C. 

      How parents tech moral standards.

    • D. 

      The biological basis.


  • 31. 
    What does a child get from peers that he or she typically cannot get from siblings?
    • A. 

      a same-sex friend

    • B. 

      A chance to share intimate feelings.

    • C. 

      An idea of how the child compares with other children the same age.

    • D. 

      A view of what the world looks like from another person.


  • 32. 
    Which of the following provide gender role models?
    • A. 

      Peer.

    • B. 

      School.

    • C. 

      The media.

    • D. 

      All of these.


  • 33. 
    Which of the following statements about practice play is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Practice play involves increases in elementary schoolo years.

    • B. 

      Practice play can be engaged in throughout life.

    • C. 

      Practice play involves the repetition of behavior when new skills are being learned.

    • D. 

      Practice play is prevalent in the preschool years.


  • 34. 
    How does maternal employment outside of the home affect children?
    • A. 

      Children are not properly socialized for the adult roles.

    • B. 

      Children are not able to develop a secure attachment to their parents.

    • C. 

      Children tend to perform poorly academically.

    • D. 

      None of the above.


  • 35. 
    Who has the easiest time learning a second language
    • A. 

      Children in early childhood

    • B. 

      Children in late childhood

    • C. 

      Adolescents.

    • D. 

      Young adults.


  • 36. 
    Organci retardation is cause by:
    • A. 

      A genetic disorder or brian damge.

    • B. 

      Being raised by poorly educated parents.

    • C. 

      An improvished intellectual environment.

    • D. 

      Traumatic experiences.


  • 37. 
    Which public service announcement would be beneficial in preventing cultural-familial retardation?
    • A. 

      Protect your chiuldren from lead exposure.

    • B. 

      Provide an enriching home enviroment for your children.

    • C. 

      Make nutrition your number one priority.

    • D. 

      Do not have children after the age of 40


  • 38. 
    The individuals with disabilities education improvement ACT (2004) requires:
    • A. 

      Mainstreaming of all students with disabilities.

    • B. 

      Special classes for all strudents.

    • C. 

      A free and appropriate education for all children.

    • D. 

      The same daily activities for students.


  • 39. 
    Which of the following statements about chiuldren and cardiovascular disaese is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Cardiovascular disease is common in children

    • B. 

      High blood pressure is most likely to be seen in asian american children.

    • C. 

      High blood pressure goes indignosed in 75% of the children.

    • D. 

      Behaviors in childhood do not affect the development.


  • 40. 
    Dante is 10 years old who likes to play soccer during recess. one day a friend teaches him a different aset of rules about the game that Dante accepts. He now plays soccer in a new way. Dante is in which stage of moral development?
    • A. 

      Autonomous morality.

    • B. 

      Heteronomous morality.

    • C. 

      Basic morality.

    • D. 

      Extended morality.


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