Final Exam - Chapter 21

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1.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
2.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
5.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
10.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
14.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
16.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
20.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
21.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
22.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
24.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
27.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
29.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
31.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
32.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
34.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
35.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
37.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
39.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
40.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
41.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
43.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
45.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
48.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
49.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
50.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
51.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
52.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
53.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
54.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
58.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
59.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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