Final Exam - Chapter 21

60 Questions  I  By Relsing

  
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1.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
2.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
3.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
8.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
9.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
10.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
11.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
12.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
13.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
17.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
20.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
21.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
26.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
28.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
30.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
34.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
37.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
39.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
40.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
43.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
46.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
49.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
50.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
52.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
53.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
54.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
56.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
58.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
59.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
60.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
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