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Final Exam - Chapter 21

60 Questions  I  By Relsing
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Final Exam - Chapter 21

  
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1.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
2.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
7.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
8.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
10.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
11.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
14.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
15.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
17.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
19.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
24.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
26.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
29.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
30.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
31.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
32.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
33.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
34.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
36.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
37.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
38.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
42.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
43.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
46.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
49.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
50.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
52.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
53.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
54.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
56.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
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