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Final Exam - Chapter 21

60 Questions  I  By Relsing
Final Exam - Chapter 21

  
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1.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
5.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
10.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
14.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
16.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
19.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
20.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
21.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
23.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
24.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
25.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
26.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
29.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
30.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
32.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
34.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
35.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
36.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
37.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
39.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
40.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
41.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
45.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
46.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
47.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
48.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
49.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
50.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
52.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
58.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
60.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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