Final Exam - Chapter 21

60 Questions  I  By Relsing

  
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1.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
2.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
7.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
8.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
9.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
10.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
12.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
13.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
15.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
20.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
21.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
22.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
23.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
24.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
27.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
31.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
33.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
35.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
37.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
38.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
39.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
40.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
41.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
43.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
51.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
54.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
55.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
56.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
58.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
60.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
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