Final Exam - Chapter 21

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1.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
4.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
6.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
7.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
8.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
9.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
12.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
19.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
22.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
23.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
24.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
25.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
26.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
27.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
28.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
29.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
30.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
31.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
32.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
36.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
37.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
43.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
47.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
48.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
49.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
53.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
54.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
56.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
57.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
58.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
59.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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