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Final Exam - Chapter 21

60 Questions  I  By Relsing
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Final Exam - Chapter 21

  
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1.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
2.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
6.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
14.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
17.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
18.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
19.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
20.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
23.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
24.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
25.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
27.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
28.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
30.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
33.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
36.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
37.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
39.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
40.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
41.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
43.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
44.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
45.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
47.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
51.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
52.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
53.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
54.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
55.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
59.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
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