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Final Exam - Chapter 21

60 Questions  I  By Relsing
Final Exam - Chapter 21

  
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1.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
2.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
8.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
10.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
11.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
12.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
13.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
14.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
17.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
18.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
22.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
25.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
26.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
27.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
29.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
31.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
34.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
38.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
41.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
42.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
43.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
44.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
45.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
46.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
50.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
54.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
56.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
57.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
58.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
59.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
60.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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