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Final Exam - Chapter 21

60 Questions  I  By Relsing
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Final Exam - Chapter 21

  
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1.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
2.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
5.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
6.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
8.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
11.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
12.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
17.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
18.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
22.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
23.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
25.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
26.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
27.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
29.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
30.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
32.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
36.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
39.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
41.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
42.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
43.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
44.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
47.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
49.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
51.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
52.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
55.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
56.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
57.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
58.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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