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Final Exam - Chapter 21

60 Questions  I  By Relsing
Final Exam - Chapter 21

  
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1.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
2.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
4.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
5.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
7.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
8.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
9.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
10.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
17.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
18.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
20.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
21.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
22.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
25.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
27.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
29.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
30.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
31.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
33.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
36.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
37.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
38.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
39.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
40.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
41.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
43.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
49.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
53.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
58.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
59.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
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