Final Exam - Chapter 21

60 Questions  I  By Relsing

  
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1.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
2.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
4.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
6.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
8.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
9.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
11.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
12.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
14.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
15.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
16.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
17.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
21.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
25.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
26.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
28.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
29.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
30.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
31.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
32.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
38.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
43.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
45.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
46.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
47.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
54.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
55.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
57.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
58.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
59.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
60.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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