Final Exam - Chapter 21

60 Questions  I  By Relsing on December 13, 2010

  
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1.  Peristalis is controlled by the myenteric nerve plexus
A.
B.
2.  T lymphocytes are involved only in cell-mediated immunity
A.
B.
3.  Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The minimum osmolarity of urine is 300 mOsm/L, equal to the osmolarity of the blood
A.
B.
5.  Filling of the stomach stimulates contractions of the colon.
A.
B.
6.  Micturition depends on contraction of the detrusor muscle.
A.
B.
7.  A person who is HIV-positive and has a TH (CD4) count of 1,000 cells/mL does not have AIDS.
A.
B.
8.  What phase of gastric regulation includes inhibition by the enterogastric reflex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following cells are involved in nonspecific resistance but not in specific defense?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of these is the most abudant nitrogenous waste in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Anatomically, the ________ of the stomach most closely resemble the _______ of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The proximal convoluted tubule is not subject to hormonal influence.
A.
B.
13.  All forms of diabetes are charactgerized by glucose in the urine.
A.
B.
14.  Tight junctions of the small intestine prevent anything from leaking between the epithelial cells.
A.
B.
15.  Which of the following cells secrete digestive enzymes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following results from a lack of self-tolereance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The kidney has more distal convoluted tubules than collecting ducts.
A.
B.
18.  Increased ADH secretion should cause the urine to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The respiratory burst is used by ______ to kill bacteria
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Fat is not digested until it reaches the duodenum.
A.
B.
21.  The absorption of dietary iron depends on intrinsic factor
A.
B.
22.  Histamine and heparin are secreted by basophils and mast cells
A.
B.
23.  The only lymphatic organ with both afferent and efferent lymphatic vessels is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Beavers have relatively little need to conserve eater and could therefore be expected to have _____ than humans do.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The cytolytic action of the complement system is most similar to the action of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the following correctly states the order of events in humoral immunity?  Let 1 = antigen display. 2=antibody secretion. 3=secretion of interleukin. 4=clonal selection, and 5=endocytosis of an antigen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Cholecystokinin stimulates the release of bile into the duodenum.
A.
B.
28.  The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Some bacteria employ lysozyme to liquefy the tissue gel and make it easier for them to get around
A.
B.
30.  A glomerulus and glomerular capsule make up one
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Anergy is often a cause of autoimmune diseases.
A.
B.
32.  Which of these is a macrophage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  All of the following contribute to the absorptive surface area of the small intestine except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Interferons help to reduce inflammation
A.
B.
35.  Angiotensin II reduces urine output.
A.
B.
36.  The white pulp of the spleen gets its color mainly from lymphocytes and macrophages.
A.
B.
37.  Sodium is the most abundant solute in the urine.
A.
B.
38.  Tight junctions prevent material from leaking between the epithelial cells of the renal tubule.
A.
B.
39.  The renal clearance of _______ is normally zero.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  T lymphocytes undergo clonal deletion and anergy in the Thymus
A.
B.
41.  Most sodium is reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following is a periodontal tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The lacteals absorb
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The duodenum secretes a hormone that inhibits contractions of the stomach.
A.
B.
45.  A tooth is composed mostly of enamel
A.
B.
46.  _______ become antigenic by binding to larger host molecules.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  If all other conditions remain the same, constriction of the afferent arteriole reduces the glomerular filtration rate.
A.
B.
49.  Hepatocytes secrete bile into the hepatic sinusoids
A.
B.
50.  Interferons kill pathogenic bacteria by making holes in their cell walls.
A.
B.
51.  Which of the following is not an enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The cardinal signs of inflammation include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The substance in question 3 that is not an enzymne is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  A sodium deficiency (hyponatremia) could cause glycosuria.
A.
B.
55.  A helper T cell can bind only to another cell that has
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The kidney has more _______ than any of the other structures listed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Pepsinogen, trypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are enzymatically inactive zymogens
A.
B.
58.  Perforins are employed in both nonspecific resistance and cellular immunity.
A.
B.
59.  Micturition occurs when the _______ contracts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  Which of the following enzymnes does not digest any nutrients?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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