Exam 4 For Sociology

23 Questions  I  By Tmacattack
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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia
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  • 1. 
    "Race" refers to:
    • A. 

      Skin color, when it is other than white

    • B. 

      A variety of members of any minority group or category within a mulicultural society

    • C. 

      A shared cultural heritage, including language and religion

    • D. 

      A socially constructed category of people who share biological traits that members of a society consider important


  • 2. 
    All but one of the following statements are correct. Which one is NOT correct?
    • A. 

      Minorities have a distinctive identity

    • B. 

      Usually, peopl can readily identify a member of a minority

    • C. 

      A minority does not have to be a numerical minority

    • D. 

      All people in a minority category are disadvantaged.


  • 3. 
    Scapegoat theory states that prejudice is created by:
    • A. 

      Culture itself

    • B. 

      People w/rigid personalities

    • C. 

      Frustration among disadvantaged people

    • D. 

      High levels of immigration


  • 4. 
    Which of the following terms refers to a state in which racial and ethnic minorities are distinct but have social equality?
    • A. 

      Genocide

    • B. 

      Assimilation

    • C. 

      Segregation

    • D. 

      Pluralism


  • 5. 
    Which of the following is NOT a case of institutional discrimination?
    • A. 

      A police dept. promotes people of one race faster than those of another race

    • B. 

      A bank usually refuses loans to people of some racial category

    • C. 

      A mother wants her child to stay away from a child of a different race

    • D. 

      A school district requires children to attend a school with others of the same race


  • 6. 
    What is the term for a category of people who are distinguished by physical or cultural traits and who are socially disadvantaged?
    • A. 

      Ethnic category

    • B. 

      Out-group

    • C. 

      Minority

    • D. 

      Racial category


  • 7. 
    While prejudice is a matter of ..............., discrimination is a matter of ....................
    • A. 

      Biology, culture

    • B. 

      Choice, social structure

    • C. 

      Attitudes, action

    • D. 

      Abnormality, what a society considers normal


  • 8. 
    What is the term for social org in which males dominate females?
    • A. 

      Matriarchy

    • B. 

      Gerontocracy

    • C. 

      Monarchy

    • D. 

      Patriarchy


  • 9. 
    Gender refers to:
    • A. 

      The personal traits and social positions that member of a society attach to being female and male

    • B. 

      The degree of inequality between men and women in a society

    • C. 

      The secondary sex characteristics of individuals

    • D. 

      People's sexual orientation


  • 10. 
    The point of describing gender in the Israeli kibbutzim is:
    • A. 

      To show that gender is basically biological

    • B. 

      To show that boys and girls must be raised by biological parents

    • C. 

      To show that women can dominate men

    • D. 

      To show that cultures define gender in diff. ways


  • 11. 
    Margaret Mead's research on gender in three societies in New Guinea illustrates that:
    • A. 

      All societies consider men to be more aggresive than women

    • B. 

      What is feminine to one society may be masculine to another

    • C. 

      Farming is always done by men

    • D. 

      All societies display much the same gender definitions


  • 12. 
    In the United States in 2007, women in the labor force working full time earned ....... as much as men working full time
    • A. 

      Around 27%

    • B. 

      Exactly 47%

    • C. 

      About 76%

    • D. 

      More than 97%


  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements is the best reason to see women as a minority in the United States?
    • A. 

      Men outnumber women

    • B. 

      At every class levell, women have less income, wealth, edu., and pwr than men do

    • C. 

      Women see themselves as a minority

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct


  • 14. 
    In the US, a mojority of bachelor degrees are earned by men
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 15. 
    In athletics, the performance gap between male and female athletes is get'n bigger
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    Like race or social class, gender is a major dimension of social stratification
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 17. 
    The ? "is it a boy or a girl?" is commonly asked of new parents, a fact that shows the importance of sex in shaping a child's entire life.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 18. 
    In most cases, race and ethnicity amount to the same thing
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    Segregation refers to the physical and social seperation of categories of ppl
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    Conflict theory says that prejudice benefits pwrful ppl by dividing society
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    Which of the follwoing items would Gerhard Lenski especially highlight as bringing about change in society?
    • A. 

      New religious ideas

    • B. 

      The discovery of new sources of energy

    • C. 

      Conflict between workers and factory owners

    • D. 

      The extent to which ppl share moral values


  • 22. 
    Which of the following does NOT characterize changes brought on by industrialization?
    • A. 

      New forms of transportation and communication make the world seem smaller

    • B. 

      Tradition becomes a more pwrful part of culture

    • C. 

      The economy becomes more productive

    • D. 

      The pace of social change increases


  • 23. 
    The term "cultural lag" refers to the fact that:
    • A. 

      Time often seems to stand still

    • B. 

      Material things usually change faster than nonmaterial things like ideas and attitudes

    • C. 

      Change is faster in some societies than in others

    • D. 

      Most change involves returning to earlier patterns.


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