Developmental Psychology (psyc110) Exam #3 Ch 9-12

55 Questions  I  By MszWard
Developmental Psychology (PSYC110) Exam #3 Ch 9-12

  
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1.  Preoperational intelligence differs from sensorimortor intelligence in that preoperational intelligence:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A magician's stock and trade is getting the audience to focus on one aspect of his demo whole he is manipulating another. This is the most easy with preoperational children, as they are easily fooled with their tendency to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  To assume that the world is unchanging is to engage in
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Jakes father is taking him to the barber for his first real haircut. At first, jake is excited about his trip, but as soon as the barber makes the first cut in his hair, he becomes very upset and tells his father to make the barber stop. In spite of his fathers efforts to assure jake his hair will grow back, Jake is exhibiting the concept of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Vygotsky's term for a person wh9ose cognition is stimulated and direcdted by older ande more skilled members of soceity is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  According to Vygotsky, guided participation requires that a child:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The youngest children to demonstrate theory of mind in experiments are age
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Because of fast mapping, a preschooler:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Programs are called child-centered because they stress children's:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Krista understand that 4+6=10 but does not understand that 10-6=4. She is displaying
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  An experiment lines up pairs of checkers into two identical rows. Then the experimenter elongates one of the rows by spacing the checkers farther apart. This is a classic test of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following is the best example of scaffolding?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  An angry 5 year old might stop herself from hitting another child because she has developed:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Erikson's stage that occurs between 3 and 6 years of age is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Girls usually develop emotional reg8ulation ___________ boys, which is especially evident when comparing girls' and boys' externalizing emotions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  An illness or disorder of the mind is referred to as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Control of which of the following emotions is emphasized in the US?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  A drive or reason to pursue a goal that comes from inside a person is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  The four dimensions of parenting style are warmth, discipline communication  and
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Janelle's usual bedtime is 830pm and her parents strictly enforce this rule. One evening, Janelle is watching an educational program which ends at 9pm. She asks her parents if she can stay up this one night to watch the end f the program. Her parents agree to let her stay up as long as she gets up in time for school in the morning. Which type of parents style are Janelle's parents demonstrating?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Children who lack self control are most likely to have parents who are
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  An example of antisocial behavior is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which type of aggression tends to be characteristic of 2 year olds?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Aggression used to obtain or retain a toy or object is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Three girls start a rumor that 7 year old Heather is a bed wetter who still uses a pacifier. They are demonstrating:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  When is time out an effective discipline strategy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Which of the following health facts is seen in obese children?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following is the biggest determinant of whether a child will develop healthy lifestyle habits?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  In which of the following cultures are the rates of increasing obesity among children the highest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Asthma is a disorder caused by _________ of the airways.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Frequently, school age children on a baseball field will shout, think fast.. and immediately throw a baseball in the direction of a teammate. What is being tested is the teammates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The ability to concentrate on certain specific stimuli while ignoring others is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  About 2/3 of all those who take the IQ tests score in the avg range, that is between 85 and:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Insights from normal development are applied to the study of childhood disorders in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Seven year old Henry has been diagnosed as having ADHD and dyslexia. Which of the following terms applies to Henry having both conditions together?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  David is excitable, impulsive and very active in addition to having difficulty concentrating. He might have:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Joshua and Tiffany have both been diagnosed with ADHD. Who is more likely to be prescribed medication for the condition.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  According to the usual definition, a child with a learning disability often:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  In early childhood, autistic children have difficulty
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Many chyildren with autism are unusually sensitive to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Most likely, autism is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  A document for children with special needs that specifics their educational goals and plans for acheiving the gials is known as a(an):
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  With concrete operational thoughts, children can
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  According to Piaget, a child between the ages of 5 and 7 can apply logical principles to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The information-processing theory likens many aspects of human thinking to the functioning of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  You are a professor who believes that our brains work much like a computer in terms of learning, storing, and retrieving information. With which of the following theories would you most likely agree?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Metacognition is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The memory system in which signals are held for less than a second, yet long enough for one to process them further, if so desired, is called the ______ memory.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  New concepts are best learned if they are connected to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Evaluating a cignitive task to determine how best to accomplish and monitor one's performance is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Jefferson High Schoool has rules and regulations that guarantee student representation in school affrairs. John a senior, has learned that the adminstration of his HS wants obedience. Obedience at John's school is an example of a hidden:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  By the end of middle childhood, the capacity of long-term memory is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which of the following occurences is listed n the textbo as a factor that increases the knowledge base?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The logical principle that objects can be grouped according to some characteristics they share is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following is a crucial difference between Piaget's and Vygotsky's theories of learning?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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