Developmental Psychology (psyc110) Exam #2 Ch 5-8

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  • 1. 
    Which types of artistic expression blossom during early childhood?
    • A. 

      Music

    • B. 

      Art

    • C. 

      Dance

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 2. 
    In the Strange Situation, a sign of a secure attachment is:
    • A. 

      Smiling at Mother when she returns to the room

    • B. 

      Crying and not being comforted when mother comes back

    • C. 

      Ignoring mother when she returns to the room

    • D. 

      Being reluctant to leave mother to play with new toys


  • 3. 
    Greti's little girl is deaf and therefore we would expect that shye would:
    • A. 

      Not communicate until she has speech therapy

    • B. 

      Babble several months earlier than hearing children

    • C. 

      Babble manually at about the same time normal children babble

    • D. 

      Learn sign language about 6 months later than hearing chiildren begin to speak


  • 4. 
    Pete's father is physically abusinve toward Pete, often leaving bruises. His mother, also living in the home, witneses the abuse but says nothing. She is:
    • A. 

      Compassionate but quiet

    • B. 

      Neglectful

    • C. 

      Supportive of Pete

    • D. 

      An innocent victim


  • 5. 
    Which of the following emotions are apparent at birth?
    • A. 

      Social smiles

    • B. 

      Pleasure and pain

    • C. 

      Embarrassed crying

    • D. 

      Fear of strangers


  • 6. 
    Manuel is 12 months old and is showing signs of autism. Manuel's mother ingested various illegal drugs fairly frequently during her pregnancy. This might be an example of the effects of which of the following?
    • A. 

      Infant drug withdrawal

    • B. 

      Vaccination side effects

    • C. 

      Behavioral teratogens

    • D. 

      Functional teratogens


  • 7. 
    The specialization of the functioning of the two halves of the brain is called
    • A. 

      Linearization

    • B. 

      Lateralization

    • C. 

      Equalization

    • D. 

      Disequilibrium


  • 8. 
    In order, the three main periods of prenatal growth are:
    • A. 

      Fetal, embryonic, germinal

    • B. 

      Germinal, embryonic, fetal

    • C. 

      Embryonic, fetal, germinal

    • D. 

      Germinal, fetal, embryonic


  • 9. 
    Gross motor skills such as riding a tricycle are acquired:
    • A. 

      Solely through many opportunities for practice.

    • B. 

      Automatically when brain maturation occurs

    • C. 

      Through a combination of brain maturation and practice

    • D. 

      Only if the parents are well coordinated


  • 10. 
    Which of the following best defines the term affordance?
    • A. 

      The oppurtunity for perception and interacdtion that is offered by people, the environment, and objects.

    • B. 

      The physical means through which we interact with people and our environment

    • C. 

      The process of acclimating to an object or event through repeated exposure to it

    • D. 

      The cognitive ability of an infant to interact with its environment


  • 11. 
    Jan's mother calls him high strung because he is disturbed by even the slightest noise, very hard to distract, and extrememly fussy. The New York Longitudinal Study would call him
    • A. 

      Slow to warm up

    • B. 

      Difficult

    • C. 

      Hard to classify

    • D. 

      An extrovert


  • 12. 
    Compared with mothers, fathers are more likely to make their infants
    • A. 

      Cry less

    • B. 

      Laugh more

    • C. 

      Go to sleep

    • D. 

      Say "please"


  • 13. 
    Tammi age 4 months, and Dawn, age 13 months, are left with a baby sitter. How will they react?
    • A. 

      Tammi will be more upset than dawn.

    • B. 

      Dawn will probably show more distress than Tami

    • C. 

      Both Tammi and Dawn will be similiar in experiencing separation anxiety

    • D. 

      Neither is likely to show distress


  • 14. 
    A teratogen is"
    • A. 

      Damage sustained to the placenta

    • B. 

      A substance or a condition that can increase the risk of prenatal abnormalities

    • C. 

      A cell with extra chromosomes

    • D. 

      Waste products from the embryo


  • 15. 
    Full term pregnancies typicaoll last:P
    • A. 

      32 wks from the date of conception

    • B. 

      34 wks from the date of conception

    • C. 

      36 wks from the date of conception

    • D. 

      38 wks from the date of conception


  • 16. 
    Synaptogenesis refers to an increase in the
    • A. 

      Number of neurons in the brain

    • B. 

      Length of axons in the brain

    • C. 

      Number of brain cells

    • D. 

      Number of connections btween neurons in the brain


  • 17. 
    A baby trying to pry his Dad's fingers apart to get a small toy hidden in his hands demonstrates accompli8shment of
    • A. 

      Synchrony

    • B. 

      Accommodation

    • C. 

      Mutuality

    • D. 

      Object permanence


  • 18. 
    The process of getting used ot an objct or an event through repeatede exposure to it is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Habituation

    • B. 

      Assimilation

    • C. 

      Accommodation

    • D. 

      Equilibration


  • 19. 
    When parents find a way to provide a smooth interaction between their childs temperament and his social, family,k and school life, they have provided:
    • A. 

      Temperamental congruence

    • B. 

      Social compliance

    • C. 

      Goodness to fit

    • D. 

      Environmental attachment


  • 20. 
    Victor and Rosa want to enhance their synchrony with their 6 month old daughter. They can best do this by:
    • A. 

      Watching her imitate their mouth movements and smiles

    • B. 

      Listening to her vocalizations

    • C. 

      Imitating her vocal and facial expressions

    • D. 

      Including her in their conversations


  • 21. 
    ______ is failure to meet a childs basic physical, emotional, or educational needs.
    • A. 

      Child maltreatment

    • B. 

      Child neglect

    • C. 

      Reported maltreatment

    • D. 

      Child abuse


  • 22. 
    "Proximity seeking" and "contact maintaining" behaviors are displays of:
    • A. 

      Love

    • B. 

      Insecurity

    • C. 

      Attachment

    • D. 

      Friendliness


  • 23. 
    The ethnic group from which chioldren tend to be tallest is
    • A. 

      Africans

    • B. 

      Europeans

    • C. 

      Asians

    • D. 

      Latinos


  • 24. 
    The infants first sensorimotor activities are:
    • A. 

      Reflexes

    • B. 

      First acquired adaptations

    • C. 

      Anticipations

    • D. 

      Active experimentation


  • 25. 
    Research indicates that infants reach the stages of Piaget's sensorimotor intelligence _________ Piaget originally predicted.
    • A. 

      Earlier than

    • B. 

      Later than

    • C. 

      At the same time that

    • D. 

      In a different sequence than


  • 26. 
    __________ is any deliberate action that is harmful to a child's physical, emotional, or sexual well-being.
    • A. 

      Child maltreatment

    • B. 

      Child neglect

    • C. 

      Reported maltreatment

    • D. 

      Child abuse


  • 27. 
    The most common cause(s) of death of children worldwide is(are):
    • A. 

      Accidents

    • B. 

      Disease

    • C. 

      Violence

    • D. 

      Poor sanitation


  • 28. 
    The scientific method used by an infant in stage five is:
    • A. 

      Trial and error

    • B. 

      Considered anticipation of results

    • C. 

      Theoretical

    • D. 

      Behavioral conditioning


  • 29. 
    In Piaget's terminology, sensorimotor stage two is described by:
    • A. 

      The stage of reflexes

    • B. 

      Procedures for making interesting sights last

    • C. 

      The first acquired adaptations

    • D. 

      New adaptation and anticipation


  • 30. 
    According to dynamic perception, 1 y/o Diane would most prefer to look at:
    • A. 

      A brightly colored beach ball

    • B. 

      A picture of Barney

    • C. 

      A mobile spinning over her head

    • D. 

      The puzzle being held by her aunt Cynthia


  • 31. 
    Because Suzanne is pregnant, she drinks only one glass of wine a day an d smokes fewer cigarettes than previously. She should be told that:
    • A. 

      This will definitely cause serious damage

    • B. 

      She is taking appropriate precautions

    • C. 

      Only her smoking may represent a risk

    • D. 

      Each drug might intensify the effects of the other.


  • 32. 
    The five vital signs that are evaluated in the Apgar are:
    • A. 

      The Babinski, Moro, Stepping, swimming, and grasping reflexes

    • B. 

      Heart rate, breathing, muscle tone, coolor and reflexes

    • C. 

      Cuddling, startling, irritability, vocal response, and visual response

    • D. 

      Sucking reflex, breathing reflex, size, weight, and disease symptoms.


  • 33. 
    Jimmy's dad comes home from grocery shopping and see Jimmy sitting on the sofa eating chips and says {"where s that boy of mine?" Immediately, Jimmy gives his dad the biggest smile, which spreads across his entire face. Now dad responds with an exaggerated surprised look. Th8is is an example of which of the following?
    • A. 

      Psychosocialization

    • B. 

      Synchrony

    • C. 

      Symbiosis

    • D. 

      Polarization


  • 34. 
    The best policy regarding prescriptions drugs during pregnancy is:
    • A. 

      Avoid taking any medication because all do serious damage

    • B. 

      Prescriptions drugs are safer because they have to pass strict FDA testing.

    • C. 

      Take drugs only if necessary, prescribed by a knowledgeable doctor.

    • D. 

      Drugs are safe when taken in low doses for short periods of time.


  • 35. 
    Myelination:
    • A. 

      Connects the two halves of the brain.

    • B. 

      Compensates for loss of brain function due to injury

    • C. 

      Promotes regular childhood sleep patterns

    • D. 

      Speeds up the transmission of neural impulses


  • 36. 
    What is the function of the placenta?
    • A. 

      To screen out potentially harmful substances

    • B. 

      To exchange blood between the mother and the developing embryo

    • C. 

      To protect and nourish the developing fetus

    • D. 

      To create antibodies for the developming fetus


  • 37. 
    Which of the following is the best way to ensurre adequate nutrition and vitamin intake?
    • A. 

      Eat 6-8 times a day

    • B. 

      Take vitamin and mineral supplements

    • C. 

      Eat breakfast cereals which contain 100% of the days nutrients and vitamins.

    • D. 

      Eat well balanced meals with a variety of foods.


  • 38. 
    An example of teritiary prevention is:
    • A. 

      Making laws against hit and run drivers

    • B. 

      Insisting that children walk with adults

    • C. 

      Emergency room procedures that reduce brain swelling

    • D. 

      Requiringt flashing lights on stopped school buses


  • 39. 
    The neural tube will become the:
    • A. 

      Reproductive organs

    • B. 

      Intestinal tract

    • C. 

      Brain and spinal cord

    • D. 

      Backbone, legs and arms


  • 40. 
    Piaget called the infants' first period of cognitive development:
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor intelligence

    • B. 

      Adaptation

    • C. 

      Object awareness

    • D. 

      Imitative learning


  • 41. 
    When playing with their children, mothers are more likely than fathers to:
    • A. 

      Engage in physical play

    • B. 

      Provide less basic care

    • C. 

      Engage in noisy play

    • D. 

      Play peek a boo and patty ake


  • 42. 
    The researchers in the film were conerned of deaf children are behind in their developmental milestones because:
    • A. 

      Deaf children do not truly use speech and language

    • B. 

      Deaf children are not exposed to true language of learning sign language

    • C. 

      Deafr children, compare dto hearing chldren, are developmentally behind because of the disability.

    • D. 

      Deaf children meet all the major milestones as their counterparts if given the opportunity to learn sign language


  • 43. 
    It appears that a babies' brain is unable to larn how to process speech and language only with the ability of sound...even if it is internal sounds.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 44. 
    The premise for the film is the that brain is geared to receive only the spoken word as the brain develops.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 45. 
    Parenting styles have no impact on the baby's expression of traits.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 46. 
    This film addressed the folloowing "big issues" in developments psycholoogy
    • A. 

      Nature vs. nurture

    • B. 

      Parental genes and evolution

    • C. 

      Stability vs change

    • D. 

      A & C

    • E. 

      None of the above.


  • 47. 
    After viewing the film,. you might surmise which of the following:
    • A. 

      Babies brains cannot process language and speech separately

    • B. 

      Babies brains process speech seprately and language develops from this ability

    • C. 

      Babies brains are hard wired for specific languages

    • D. 

      Babies brains cannot express speech


  • 48. 
    The boldest monkeys in the film exhibited a(an) ________ style while the timid monkeys exhibited a(an) ____________ style.
    • A. 

      Reactive attachment, avoidant attachment

    • B. 

      Secure attachment, reactive attachment

    • C. 

      Avoidant attachment, difficult attachment

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 49. 
    Traits can be described as:
    • A. 

      Learned patterns of behavior

    • B. 

      Patterns of behavior that have been repeated because of the environment

    • C. 

      Patterns of behavior that have a genetic basis

    • D. 

      Patterns that are always fixed


  • 50. 
    It is not possible to adjust traits to the behavior expected in the environment
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 51. 
    Oxycodone is the nurturing hormorne produced in thre womans body increasing at the time of her baby
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 52. 
    Inutero testosterone significantly affects females in that they become more intereste din people after birth while boys becomes more interest in how things work after birth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 53. 
    Males and females are biologically wired to respond differently to:
    • A. 

      Sadness

    • B. 

      Frustration

    • C. 

      Happiness

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 54. 
    Females are at risj for breast cancer because of the hormone estrogen.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 55. 
    Compartmentalized brains theoretically allow brains to be more
    • A. 

      Specialized in skills

    • B. 

      A part of female brain development

    • C. 

      Underdevelopment

    • D. 

      None of the above


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