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Developmental Psychology Midterm Quiz Chapters 1-5

35 Questions
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Review of ch 1 and 2 then more extensive questions on chapters 3-5. Questions are from the book human development, eleventh edition by Diane papalia, Sally wendkos-olds, Ruth duskin-feldman.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The concept of a lifelong process of development that can be studied scientifically is known as what?
    • A. 

      Longtime development

    • B. 

      Life-span development

    • C. 

      Childhood development

    • D. 

      Social development

  • 2. 
    Life-span studies are based on which of the following ideas?
    • A. 

      There is little continuity over the life span

    • B. 

      Development occurs early in life, not during adulthood

    • C. 

      Every portion of the life span is influenced by earlier events and will affect later events

    • D. 

      There is no development that takes place in the late adulthood stage

  • 3. 
    Name the 3 major domains of development that developmental scientists study: (separate them by commas =] )
  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Social construction

    • B. 

      Intellectual construction

    • C. 

      Physical construction

    • D. 

      Cognitive construction

  • 5. 
    Tentative explanations or predictions that can be scientifically tested are called
    • A. 

      Research findings

    • B. 

      Theories

    • C. 

      Conclusions

    • D. 

      Hypotheses

  • 6. 
    Organismic theorists emphasize ____________ change, while mechanistic theorists emphasize ____________ change
  • 7. 
  • 8. 
    ___________ __________ also called fraternal twins are conceived by te union of two different ova with two different sperm cells. ___________ _________ also called identical twins result from the dvision of a single zygote after fertilization.
    • A. 

      Monozygotic twins; dizygotic twins

    • B. 

      Fertilization; zygote

    • C. 

      Dizygotic twins; monozygotic twins

    • D. 

      Triplets; quadruplets

  • 9. 
    The unique cell divion of the sex cells is called
    • A. 

      Meiosis

    • B. 

      Mitosis

    • C. 

      Autosome

    • D. 

      Human genome

  • 10. 
    How many pairs of chromosomes does the normal human being have?
    • A. 

      22

    • B. 

      23

    • C. 

      44

    • D. 

      46

  • 11. 
    The increased use of fertility drugs, along with delayed childbearing, has resulted in:
    • A. 

      An increase in fetal deaths

    • B. 

      A decrease in fetal deaths

    • C. 

      A decrease in multiple births

    • D. 

      An increase in multiple births

    • E. 

      No change

  • 12. 
    A person's observable characteristics are his/her:
    • A. 

      Genotype

    • B. 

      Phenotype

    • C. 

      Genetic imprint

    • D. 

      Alleles

  • 13. 
    The most common chromosomal abnormality is _________ _________ where there is an extra chromosome # __. (separate answers by a comma)
  • 14. 
    Tendancy of a person, especially after early childhood, to seek out environments compatible with his or her genotype.
    • A. 

      Genotype-environment correlation

    • B. 

      Active correlation

    • C. 

      Passive correlation

    • D. 

      Niche-picking

  • 15. 
    A psychological disorder marked by loss of contact with reality and demonstrating such symptoms as hallucinations and delusions, which also seem to have a strong genetic component, is:
    • A. 

      Neuroticism

    • B. 

      Depression

    • C. 

      Schizophrenia

    • D. 

      Mental retardation

  • 16. 
    What are the names of the stages of prenatal development and give the time/duration of each and  a brief description of what happens during that period:
  • 17. 
    The name for a leading cause of mental retardation caused by mothers who drink alcohol heavily during their pregnancies is:
    • A. 

      Drinker's syndrome

    • B. 

      Fetal alcohol syndrome

    • C. 

      Drunk woman's syndrome

    • D. 

      Mental retardation syndrome

  • 18. 
    The genetic-environment correlation where children with different genetic makeups evoke responses from adults that strengthen the child's genetic inclinations is called:
    • A. 

      Passive correlations

    • B. 

      Active correlations

    • C. 

      Reactive correlations

    • D. 

      Niche-picking

  • 19. 
    THE PROCESS OF GIVING BIRTH IS CALLED ________
  • 20. 
    What are the stages in the childbirth process
  • 21. 
    • A. 

      6

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      3

  • 22. 
    An apparently normal infant who dies in his or her sleep probably suffered from
    • A. 

      Respiratory distress syndrome

    • B. 

      Hyaline membrane syndrome

    • C. 

      Suddent infant death syndrome

    • D. 

      Down's syndrome

  • 23. 
    Cesarean deliveries have ________ since 1996. It is commmonly performed when labor progresses too ___________.
    • A. 

      Increased; rapidly

    • B. 

      Decreased; rapidly

    • C. 

      Increased; slowly

    • D. 

      Decreased; slowly

  • 24. 
    A baby can: typically hold its head at ____ monthspick up a moderate sized object at about _____ monthstypcially develop a pinsor grasp at ______ months.
    • A. 

      3; 3 1/2; 7-11

    • B. 

      3 1/2; 7-11; 3

    • C. 

      2 1/2; 4; 6-12

    • D. 

      2 1/2; 3 1/2; 9 1/2

  • 25. 
    According to the class notes, at what age can a child:build a tower of 2 cubes sit (unassisted)roll overcrawlwalk (unassisted)
  • 26. 
    What are gross motor skills?what are fine motor skills?
  • 27. 
    Looking to cargivers for clues as to whether a situation is secure or frightening is
    • A. 

      Self locomotion

    • B. 

      Habituation

    • C. 

      Dishabituation

    • D. 

      Social referencing

  • 28. 
    Name 3 of the 5 characteristics of early speech.
  • 29. 
    What are the three memory systems?
    • A. 

      Behaviorist, psychometric, information-processing

    • B. 

      Implicit, explicit, working

    • C. 

      Causality, categorization,object permenance

  • 30. 
    Unconscious recall, generally of habits and skills is:
    • A. 

      Implicit memory

    • B. 

      Explicit memory

    • C. 

      Working memory

  • 31. 
    Intentional and conscious memory, generally of facts names and events is :
    • A. 

      Implicit memory

    • B. 

      Explicit memory

    • C. 

      Working memory

  • 32. 
    Short-term storage of information beign processed is
    • A. 

      Implicit memory

    • B. 

      Explicit memory

    • C. 

      Working memory

  • 33. 
    Which one of these is not a type of reading style?
    • A. 

      Describer

    • B. 

      Comprehender

    • C. 

      Code swithcing

    • D. 

      Performance-oriented

  • 34. 
    Piaget's term for the understanding that when a person or object still exists when out of sight:
    • A. 

      Object concept

    • B. 

      Object permenance

    • C. 

      Dual representation hypothesis

    • D. 

      Syntax

  • 35. 
    Increase in responsiveness after presentation of a new stimulus is:
    • A. 

      Dishabituation

    • B. 

      Habituation

    • C. 

      Visual preference

    • D. 

      Novelty preference