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Cognition Quiz- Chapter 10

15 Questions
Cognition Quizzes & Trivia

Test your Cognitio skills!

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When choosing who should retrieve food for them, humans prefer someone who has witnessed it being hidden. Chimps do not. This best illustrates that chimps have a more limited: 
    • A. 

      Syntax.

    • B. 

      Prototype.

    • C. 

      theory of mind

    • D. 

      Category hierarchy.

  • 2. 
     Using different words for two very similar objects enables people to recognize conceptual distinctions between the objects. This illustrates: 
    • A. 

      Telegraphic speech

    • B. 

      Linguistic determinism.

    • C. 

      Functional fixedness.

    • D. 

      The representativeness heuristic.

  • 3. 
     Learning a spoken language during childhood ________ the learning of sign language during adolescence. Learning sign language during childhood _______ the learning of a spoken language during adolescence. 
    • A. 

      Inhibits; facilitates

    • B. 

      Facilitates; inhibits

    • C. 

      Inhibits; inhibits

    • D. 

      Facilitates; facilitates

  • 4. 
    The fact that children speak with an accent that is similar to that of their peers is best explained by ________ theory of language acquisition. 
    • A. 

      Skinner’s

    • B. 

      Whorf’s

    • C. 

      Chomsky’s

    • D. 

      Tversky’s

  • 5. 
    The two-word stage of language development typically begins at the age of ________ months. 
    • A. 

      6

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      24

    • D. 

      36

  • 6. 
     When you add s to the word apple you are referring to more than one apple. This illustrates an English language rule of: 
    • A. 

      Semantics.

    • B. 

      Algorithms.

    • C. 

      Syntax.

    • D. 

      Telegraphic speech

  • 7. 
    Native German speakers who pronounce the English world “this” as “dis” are demonstrating their difficulty with an English: 
    • A. 

      Morpheme.

    • B. 

      Prototype.

    • C. 

      Phoneme.

    • D. 

      Heuristic.

  • 8. 
    Professor Chadwick evaluated a graduate student’s research proposal negatively simply because he had heard a rumor about the student’s incompetence. When later informed that the rumor had been patently false, the professor’s assessment of the student’s research proposal remained almost as negative as it was originally. This best illustrates: 
    • A. 

      The representativeness heuristic

    • B. 

      The availability heuristic

    • C. 

      Belief perseverance

    • D. 

      Framing.

  • 9. 
     College students are more likely to choose a condom that is said to be effective when informed that it has a 95 percent success rate than when told it has a 5 percent failure rate. This best illustrates the impact of: 
    • A. 

      Framing.

    • B. 

      Confirmation bias.

    • C. 

      Functional fixedness.

    • D. 

      The representativeness heuristic

  • 10. 
    The easier it is for people to remember an instance in which they were betrayed by a friend, the more they expect such an event to recur. This best illustrates the impact of: 
    • A. 

      Framing.

    • B. 

      Representativeness heuristic

    • C. 

      Functional fixedness.

    • D. 

      The availability heuristic.

  • 11. 
    Pablo vainly searches for a screwdriver while failing to recognize that a readily available coin in his pocket would turn the screw. His oversight best illustrates: 
    • A. 

      Functional fixedness.

    • B. 

      The availability heuristic.

    • C. 

      Belief perseverance

    • D. 

      The framing effect.

  • 12. 
    Max is so used to thinking that a tough competitive style of behavior is the best way to impress others that he fails to recognize that the most effective way to impress his girlfriend is with cooperative tenderness. Max’s oversight best illustrates: 
    • A. 

      A fixation.

    • B. 

      The framing effect.

    • C. 

      The representativeness heuristic.

    • D. 

      Functional fixedness.

  • 13. 
    To find Tabasco sauce in a large grocery store, you could systematically search every shelf in every store aisle. This best illustrates problem solving by means of: 
    • A. 

      The availability heuristic

    • B. 

      Functional fixedness

    • C. 

      An algorithm.

    • D. 

      The representativeness heuristic.

  • 14. 
    Prototype is to category as ________ is to ________. 
    • A. 

      Wheel; car

    • B. 

      Milk; beverage

    • C. 

      Waiter; restaurant

    • D. 

      Comedian; laughter

  • 15. 
    We more quickly recognize that a blue jay is a bird than that a penguin is a bird because a blue jay more closely resembles our________ of a bird. 
    • A. 

      Heuristic

    • B. 

      Prototype

    • C. 

      Algorithm

    • D. 

      Phoneme