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Chapter 12: Dna And Rna

22 Questions  I  By Cowart01
Chapter 12: DNA and RNA

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1.  A(n) ______________, is made up of three parts: a deoxyribose sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogeneous base.
2.  Three nucleotides that specify a single amino acid to be added to a polypeptide
3.  The enzyme that uses one strand of DNA as a template to assemble nucleotides into a strand of RNA is called ________________.
4.  A change in the genetic material
5.  The principle of ____________ states that hydrogenbonds can form only between certain bases in DNA.
6.  Region of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to bind to make RNA
7.  Process in which cells become specialized in structure and function
8.  Process in which one strain of bacteria changes into another one
9.  The decoding of an mRNA message into a protein is known as __________.
10.  After introns have been cut out of RNA molocules, the remaining peices called _________ are spliced together.
11.  A group of genes that operate together
12.  Condition in which an organism has extra sets of chromosomes
13.  Eukaryotic chromoromes contain both DNA and protein tightly packed together to form a substance called ____________.
14.  Sections of RNA molocules that are not involved in coding for proteins
15.  Virus that infects bacteria
16.  Process in which DNA makes a copy of itself
17.  Three bases on the tRNA molocule are that complementary to one of the mRNA codons are called a(n) _____________.
18.  Protein that DNA wraps around in eukaryotic chromosomes
19.  When the lac repressor protein binds to the ___________________, the lac operon is turned off.
20.  A series of genes, called the __________________, controls the development of organs and tissues in various parts of an embryo.
21.  The principal enzyme involved in DNA replication
22.  During the process of _____________, RNA molocules are produced by copying part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA into a complementary sequence in RNA.
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