Ch. 5 Consciousness Quiz

20 Questions  I  By Kender
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  • 1. 
    The chief characteristic of hypnosis is
    • A. 

      heightened arousal.

    • B. 

      increased suggestibility.

    • C. 

      Enhanced creativity.

    • D. 

      Increased clairvoyance


  • 2. 
    Dissociation or a split in awareness is an experience commonly associated with
    • A. 

      Hypnotic induction.

    • B. 

      Amphetamine intoxication.

    • C. 

      withdrawal symptoms.

    • D. 

      relaxation training.


  • 3. 
    Beta waves are characteristic in the EEG of a person who is
    • A. 

      dreaming.

    • B. 

      Asleep but not dreaming.

    • C. 

      Awake and alert.

    • D. 

      In Stage 2 sleep.


  • 4. 
    Physical cravings for a drug and unpleasant reactions when the drug is withheld are signs of
    • A. 

      Drug tolerance.

    • B. 

      psychological dependence.

    • C. 

      Emotional dependence.

    • D. 

      Physical addiction.


  • 5. 
    The reduction in the body's response to a drug which may accompany drug use is called
    • A. 

      Withdrawal.

    • B. 

      Addiction

    • C. 

      Dependence.

    • D. 

      Tolerance.


  • 6. 
    A sleep disturbance in which one awakens several times during the night and has difficulty returning to sleep is
    • A. 

      narcolepsy.

    • B. 

      sleep apnea.

    • C. 

      somnambulism.

    • D. 

      Insomnia.


  • 7. 
    During hypnosis, EEG (brain-wave) recordings
    • A. 

      resemble those obtained during sleep.

    • B. 

      Resemble those obtained when a person is awake.

    • C. 

      Slow almost to a stop.

    • D. 

      show clearly identifiable "trance waves."


  • 8. 
    Nicotine is classified as a
    • A. 

      narcotic.

    • B. 

      depressant.

    • C. 

      Relaxant.

    • D. 

      Stimulant.


  • 9. 
    Substances capable of altering human consciousness are classified as
    • A. 

      pharmacologic drugs.

    • B. 

      Addictive.

    • C. 

      Psychoactive drugs.

    • D. 

      narcotics


  • 10. 
    Night terrors most often occur during
    • A. 

      Stage 1 NREM sleep.

    • B. 

      Stage 2 REM sleep.

    • C. 

      Stage 3 NREM sleep.

    • D. 

      Stage 4 NREM sleep.


  • 11. 
    According to Freud, dreams are very often a means of
    • A. 

      Wish fulfillment.

    • B. 

      Solving daytime problems

    • C. 

      Telling oneself what's missing in one's life.

    • D. 

      Categorizing one's experience.


  • 12. 
    Perhaps the best known hallucinogen is
    • A. 

      cocaine.

    • B. 

      Alcohol.

    • C. 

      LSD.

    • D. 

      Nicotine


  • 13. 
    Which stage of sleep typically has spindles?
    • A. 

      First

    • B. 

      Second

    • C. 

      Third

    • D. 

      Fourth


  • 14. 
    That there is a need for REM sleep is suggested by
    • A. 

      REM rebound.

    • B. 

      REM tolerance.

    • C. 

      Eye movements accompanying REM sleep.

    • D. 

      Emotional catharsis during REM sleep.


  • 15. 
    A sleep disturbance characterized by snoring, short silences, and gasps is called
    • A. 

      Sleep apnea.

    • B. 

      Narcolepsy.

    • C. 

      Somnambulism.

    • D. 

      Insomnia.


  • 16. 
    Some physicians believe that SIDS, or crib death, may be caused by
    • A. 

      prematurity.

    • B. 

      Sleep apnea.

    • C. 

      Narcolepsy.

    • D. 

      Snoring.


  • 17. 
    Which of the following is classified as a stimulant?
    • A. 

      alcohol

    • B. 

      Cocaine

    • C. 

      Marijuana

    • D. 

      Morphine


  • 18. 
    Drugs with names like Xanax, Halcion, and Valium are
    • A. 

      Barbiturates.

    • B. 

      Stimulants.

    • C. 

      Hallucinogens.

    • D. 

      Tranquilizers.


  • 19. 
    Our sleep rhythms are tied to a 24-hour day because
    • A. 

      The time of peak activity is invariant from person to person.

    • B. 

      They are tied to external time markers like light and dark.

    • C. 

      They have adapted to technological improvements made in the last century.

    • D. 

      Everyone needs at least 8 hours of sleep every night.


  • 20. 
    Immediately before sleep the EEG shifts to patterns of larger and slower waves called __________ waves.
    • A. 

      Alpha

    • B. 

      Beta

    • C. 

      delta

    • D. 

      Spindle


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