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APUSH Unit 1

57 Questions
APUSH unit 1

Ch 1-4

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to the religious philosophy of John Calvin and his followers,
    • A. 

      Women and men were saved by faith alone

    • B. 

      God controlled who would receive salvation

    • C. 

      Humans should accept their faith and merely exist on earth.

    • D. 

      Humans had total control over their destinies

    • E. 

      Hell did not exist

  • 2. 
    The single greatest factor that caused the destruction of Native Americans after contact with Europeans was
    • A. 

      Warfare

    • B. 

      Forced conversions to Christianity.

    • C. 

      Disease

    • D. 

      Planned genocide.

    • E. 

      Forced removal from tribal lands.

  • 3. 
    The Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494 resulted in
    • A. 

      English control of Canada

    • B. 

      The withdrawal of the Spanish from the New World.

    • C. 

      Portuguese control of Brazil.

    • D. 

      French control of Martinique.

    • E. 

      War between Spain and Portugal

  • 4. 
    What factor helps to explain the development of different Native American communities in the New World?
    • A. 

      Feudalism

    • B. 

      Agricultural Revolution

    • C. 

      Warm environment

    • D. 

      Development of secular religion

    • E. 

      Written languages

  • 5. 
    The men largely responsible for Spain's conquest of the New World were known as
    • A. 

      "Sea Dogs"

    • B. 

      Condottiere

    • C. 

      Comerciante

    • D. 

      Los conquistadores

    • E. 

      Coureurs de bois

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is NOT related to the French experience in the New World
    • A. 

      Contact with the Aztecs

    • B. 

      The fur trade

    • C. 

      Encomiendas

    • D. 

      Samuel de Champlain

    • E. 

      Coureurs de bois

  • 7. 
    The first French explorers were
    • A. 

      Eager to Christianize the Native Americans

    • B. 

      Interested in finding the mythical "northwest passage" to China.

    • C. 

      Ruthless and exploitative of the native peoples.

    • D. 

      Considered stupid by the Native Americans

    • E. 

      Determined to find gold and silver

  • 8. 
    The leader of the failed Roanoke colony was
    • A. 

      Richard Hakluyt

    • B. 

      Walter Raleigh

    • C. 

      Francis Drake

    • D. 

      George Grenville

    • E. 

      Richard Grenville

  • 9. 
    From the beginning of colonization, Spain regarded her New World domain as primarily
    • A. 

      A place to establish penal colonies

    • B. 

      A place to send exiled Moors and Jews

    • C. 

      A source of precious metal.

    • D. 

      Supplier of cheap Native American labor to be used on Spanish estates

    • E. 

      An opportunity to further promote the Catholic faith

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Jamaica

    • B. 

      Scotland

    • C. 

      The Virgin Islands

    • D. 

      Ireland

    • E. 

      Wales

  • 11. 
    Which of the following countries is incorrectly matched with one of its colonies?
    • A. 

      Spain - Puerto Rico

    • B. 

      France - Canada

    • C. 

      England - Ireland

    • D. 

      England - Cuba

    • E. 

      Portugal - Brazil

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Massachusetts

    • B. 

      Pennsylvania

    • C. 

      Rhode Island

    • D. 

      Virginia

    • E. 

      New York

  • 13. 
    Which of the following individuals is INCORRECTLY associated with the colony he established?
    • A. 

      John Smith - Virgina

    • B. 

      Sir George Carteret - New Jersey

    • C. 

      George Calvert - Pennsylvania

    • D. 

      Roger Williams - Rhode Island

    • E. 

      John Winthrop - Massachusetts

  • 14. 
    Under the "headright" system in Virginia,
    • A. 

      All new arrivals who had paid their trans-Atlantic fares received fifty-acre land grants

    • B. 

      Every new settler was entitled to one slave.

    • C. 

      New immigrants were guaranteed a year's provision

    • D. 

      Every child was guaranteed a primary education

    • E. 

      Every adult male could vote

  • 15. 
    To resolve the problem of the vast expenses New World settlement required, English merchant-capitalists introduced the concept of
    • A. 

      Feudalism

    • B. 

      Primogeniture

    • C. 

      Proprietorship

    • D. 

      Mercantilism

    • E. 

      The joint-stock company

  • 16. 
    Which one of the following was a Chesapeake colony?
    • A. 

      Rhode Island

    • B. 

      Maryland

    • C. 

      Connecticut

    • D. 

      Massachusetts

    • E. 

      Pennsylvania

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Was not required to obtain a royal charter

    • B. 

      Encouraged investment in colonial enterprises, with "limited liability" for the investors

    • C. 

      Promised immense wealth to investors

    • D. 

      Required large capital investment

    • E. 

      Proved to be a failure in providing capital for colonization

  • 18. 
    Anne Hutchinson's skillful self-defense at her trial before the magistrates of Massachusetts Bay was ruined by
    • A. 

      Her claim of personal revelation.

    • B. 

      The fact that she was female

    • C. 

      Her rejection of free grace

    • D. 

      Her affinity for the dictum of works

    • E. 

      Her reliance on the Scriptures

  • 19. 
    By 1631 in Massachusetts, which of the following people could vote?
    • A. 

      All married, adult men who owned property and were memebers of the Congregational Church

    • B. 

      All adults

    • C. 

      All adult men

    • D. 

      All adult men who owned property and were members of the Congregational Church

    • E. 

      All men who owned property.

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Formed an alliance with the Native American tribes of New England

    • B. 

      Migrated westward to avoid future contact with settlers

    • C. 

      Established permanently good relations with the English settlers

    • D. 

      Learned from the English settlers how to grow tobacco

    • E. 

      Viciously attacked the Jamestown settlement

  • 21. 
    The most successful agricultural product in seventeenth-century North American colonies was
    • A. 

      Sugar

    • B. 

      Indigo

    • C. 

      Rice

    • D. 

      Tobacco

    • E. 

      Wheat

  • 22. 
    Upon arriving in the New World, English settlers
    • A. 

      Generally adapted old beliefs to the new environment

    • B. 

      Immediately focused on converting the Native Americans

    • C. 

      Rarely were forced to significantly change their old English ways

    • D. 

      Quickly abandoned English beliefs and values

    • E. 

      Usually adopted the customs of the local Indian tribes as a way to survive

  • 23. 
    Puritan dissenter Roger Williams established the colony of
    • A. 

      Rhode Island

    • B. 

      Maryland

    • C. 

      Connecticut

    • D. 

      New Jersey

    • E. 

      New York

  • 24. 
    A feudal land system was associated with which one of the following colonies?
    • A. 

      Maryland

    • B. 

      Rhode Island

    • C. 

      Plymouth

    • D. 

      New Jersey

    • E. 

      Massachusetts

  • 25. 
    The Puritans of Massachusetts Bay believed that the best way to reform the Church of England was to
    • A. 

      Rely on help from the English monarchy

    • B. 

      Separate from it and reform it from the outside

    • C. 

      Remain in the Church and reform it from the inside

    • D. 

      Actively work to destroy the tenets with which they disagreed

    • E. 

      Refuse to associate with it in any way

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      Public school

    • B. 

      English Crown

    • C. 

      Township

    • D. 

      Ehurch

    • E. 

      Family

  • 27. 
    • A. 

      Debates over the treatment of the region's Indian population

    • B. 

      Charges of favoritism toward tobacco growers

    • C. 

      The debate over slavery

    • D. 

      Economic disagreements among the colonists

    • E. 

      Pent-up anti proprietary and anti-Catholic sentiment

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      Reflected the community's underlying resistance to the teachings of Calvinism

    • B. 

      Lay in the community's dislike of English authority

    • C. 

      Are not known exactly

    • D. 

      Were primarily economic

    • E. 

      Were rooted in personal grudges within the community

  • 29. 
    New England families were unique because of the presence of
    • A. 

      Polygamy

    • B. 

      Extended families living in one household

    • C. 

      Widows

    • D. 

      Grandparents

    • E. 

      Native American wives

  • 30. 
    The Staple Act of 1663 stated that
    • A. 

      Nothing could be imported to America unless first shipped through England

    • B. 

      Americans could not produce iron products.

    • C. 

      Americans could only produce staple foodstuffs

    • D. 

      Rum had to be manufactured in the West Indies

    • E. 

      Americans must stop raising corn and wheat

  • 31. 
    The Navigation Acts established the principle that
    • A. 

      All foreign goods that were to be sold in England had to be shipped in England

    • B. 

      Only English or colonial merchants could engage in colonial trade

    • C. 

      Certain American products could be sold only in England

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 32. 
    The character of the first English settlements in the New World
    • A. 

      Was greatly dependent on geography

    • B. 

      Differed from colony to colony because of government rules

    • C. 

      Was determined primarily by the religious preference of each colony

    • D. 

      Remained remarkably similar throughout the seventeenth century

    • E. 

      Different substantially from colony to colony from the very beginning of colonization

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      The French and Indian War

    • B. 

      King Phillip's War

    • C. 

      King William's War

    • D. 

      Queen Anne's War

    • E. 

      The Thirty Years' War

  • 34. 
    Followers of the Great Awakening, who emphasized a powerful, emotional religion, were known
    • A. 

      Evangelicals

    • B. 

      "Old Lights"

    • C. 

      Presbyterians

    • D. 

      Deists

    • E. 

      "New Lights"

  • 35. 
    • A. 

      Fiscal jealousies of colonial assemblies

    • B. 

      Beginning of the French and Indian War

    • C. 

      Refusal of the Iroquois tribes to support it

    • D. 

      Lack of interest from colonial representatives

    • E. 

      Opposition of British authorities

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      The Seven Years' War (aka French and Indian War)

    • B. 

      The War of the League of Augsburg

    • C. 

      Queen Anne's War

    • D. 

      King George's War

    • E. 

      King William's War

  • 37. 
    • A. 

      In desperate need of revision

    • B. 

      A rigid and static collection of laws and regulations

    • C. 

      A formal written document

    • D. 

      Rarely the subject of thought and discussion

    • E. 

      An expanding body of laws, statutes, and decisions

  • 38. 
    The French empire in North America succeeded because of the
    • A. 

      Withdrawal of the Spanish

    • B. 

      Complete annihilation of the Native American tribes in Canada

    • C. 

      Fur trade

    • D. 

      Armada

    • E. 

      Discovery of huge amounts of gold

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Particide

    • B. 

      Monotheism

    • C. 

      Interibal marriages

    • D. 

      Land ownership

    • E. 

      Kinship

  • 40. 
    Those who migrated to the Chesapeake Bay area as indenture servants were
    • A. 

      Normally single, lower-class males in their teens or early twenties

    • B. 

      English farmers who saw a better guture in the New World

    • C. 

      Generally convicted criminals who traded jail time in England for indentures

    • D. 

      Usually from the dregs of English society

    • E. 

      Married individuals who me with their families

  • 41. 
  • 42. 
    Which one of the following was NOT a factor that stimulated English migration to the New World
    • A. 

      Religious disagreements in Egnaldn

    • B. 

      A desire for land ownership

    • C. 

      Rapid population growth

    • D. 

      Government laws that forced the migration of the poorer classes

    • E. 

      Poverty or the fear of falling into poverty

  • 43. 
    In Massachusetts Bay, "freeman status" was granted to adult males who
    • A. 

      Owned land

    • B. 

      Were church members

    • C. 

      Were married

    • D. 

      Were no longer indentured servants

    • E. 

      Agreed to abide by the colony's legal codes

  • 44. 
    The labor system of Jamestown in its early years
    • A. 

      Provided indications of the laziness of settlers there

    • B. 

      Relied heavily on African slaves

    • C. 

      Was the basis for labor sharecropping system

    • D. 

      Replicated the traditional work experience of the settlers

    • E. 

      Was highly organized and efficient

  • 45. 
    • A. 

      Dutch

    • B. 

      American slave merchants

    • C. 

      British

    • D. 

      Portuguese

    • E. 

      Spanish

  • 46. 
    The _______________ were designed to enforce the dictates of the British commercial policy of the seventeenth century.
  • 47. 
    The term ____________ was used in Spanish America to describe people of mixed European and Indian ancestry
  • 48. 
    Which of the following was NOT an important effect of the Great Awakening?
    • A. 

      It stimulated higher education in the colonies

    • B. 

      It fostered an optimistic view of the future among those touched by it

    • C. 

      It encouraged the development of individualism

    • D. 

      It strengthened the authority of the old colonial religions

    • E. 

      It evoked a sense of "new birth" among believers

  • 49. 
    Calvinists in Scotland founded the
    • A. 

      Lutheran Church

    • B. 

      Baptist Church

    • C. 

      Unitarian Church

    • D. 

      Methodist Church

    • E. 

      Presbyterian Church

  • 50. 
    ______________ was the first American most Europeans recognized as a true intellectual
    • A. 

      Benjamin Franklin

    • B. 

      John Locke

    • C. 

      Isaac Newton

    • D. 

      Jonathan Edwards

    • E. 

      Thomas Jefferson

  • 51. 
    All of the following contributed to the rise of the nation-states in Europe in the fifteenth century EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A general prosperity

    • B. 

      Feudalism

    • C. 

      The effects of the Renaissance

    • D. 

      Population growth

    • E. 

      The centralization on political authority under a monarchy

  • 52. 
    The desire for _____________ determined the relationship between Native Americans of North America and the Europeans.
  • 53. 
    Seventeenth-century English Puritans
    • A. 

      Accepted the tenets of Catholicism with only a few reservations

    • B. 

      Were neurotic and self-righteous

    • C. 

      Were individuals committed to significant institutional change

    • D. 

      Were firmly supportive of the status quo

    • E. 

      Were only a tiny minority of all Englishmen

  • 54. 
    The document in which the Pilgrims established a civil government for their Plymouth colony has become known as the...
    • A. 

      Statement of Principles

    • B. 

      Cambridge Agreement

    • C. 

      Bill of Rights

    • D. 

      Mayflower Compact

    • E. 

      Plymouth Agreement

  • 55. 
    • A. 

      Went "underground" but returned a century later during the American Revolution

    • B. 

      Was ended by a royal commission and investigation

    • C. 

      Was carried on bu his first lieutenant

    • D. 

      Was ended by Berkeley's charitable pardoning of rebel leaders

    • E. 

      Collapsed

  • 56. 
    In 1636, authorities in Massachusetts Bay banished Roger Williams because
    • A. 

      Of his defense of the Native American rights and demanded for separation of church and state

    • B. 

      Of his conversion to Roman Catholicism

    • C. 

      Of his pursuit of profit

    • D. 

      Of his desire to launch a new colony in Connecticut

    • E. 

      Of his bitter hostility toward the Native Americans.

  • 57. 
    The ____________ took a more rational approach on religious questions and faith than did the evangelicals of the Great Awakening.
    • A. 

      Revivalists

    • B. 

      "New Lights"

    • C. 

      "Old Lights"

    • D. 

      Methodists

    • E. 

      Fundamentalists

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