AP US - Chapter 16

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AP US History Quizzes & Trivia
A quiz designed to help me, personally, study for the upcoming test on Chapters 16 & 17 (American Pageant, 13th Edition). Feel free to use if you'd like.

  
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  • 1. 
    Group founded in 1817 that sought to "export" free blacks to Africa. Its members generally believed that blacks would be better off overseas.
    • A. 

      American Cleansing Society

    • B. 

      American Colonization Society

    • C. 

      Liberty Party

    • D. 

      American Anti-Slavery Society

    • E. 

      Homecoming Society of Freed Blacks


  • 2. 
    The African country where said group (see Question #2) wanted the blacks to go to:
    • A. 

      Ethiopia

    • B. 

      Mali

    • C. 

      Nigeria

    • D. 

      Morocco

    • E. 

      Liberia


  • 3. 
    Radical abolitionist and publisher of The Liberator, this person urged the North to secede from the Union and believed that the Constitution was pro-slavery.
    • A. 

      Harriet Beecher Stowe

    • B. 

      Wendell Phillips

    • C. 

      William Lloyd Garrison

    • D. 

      David Walker

    • E. 

      Elijah Lovejoy


  • 4. 
    Britain was dependent upon what portion of the USA in the mid-1800's?
    • A. 

      North

    • B. 

      South

    • C. 

      West

    • D. 

      Northwest

    • E. 

      Eastern Seaboard


  • 5. 
    Slavery helped:
    • A. 

      The South, because that was where cotton was grown.

    • B. 

      The West, because depletion of the soil led to more westward migration.

    • C. 

      The North, because merchants, bankers, shippers, and middlemen took commissions on the South's cotton sales overseas. Northern manufacturers also used Southern cotton.

    • D. 

      A and B are correct, but not C.

    • E. 

      All of the above are correct.


  • 6. 
    Bad byproducts of slavery, other than the humanitarian concerns, included:1. An increasingly monopolistic economy, as small farmers sold their holdings to larger farms and moved farther west.2. Financial instability caused by overspeculation in land and slaves, both of which were necessary but expensive investments.3. The Northern economy suffered because the South was trading exclusively with its overseas partners.4. It encouraged immigration, which led to Irish immigrants competing with slaves for plantation jobs, thus lowering the standards of living for all.5. Dependence on a one-crop economy based on cotton, which could not be eaten and whose price could fluctuate dangerously given world markets. The system discouraged diversification of agriculture and of manufacturing.
    • A. 

      1,3, and 5 are correct.

    • B. 

      2, 3, and 5 are correct.

    • C. 

      1, 2, and 5 are correct.

    • D. 

      1, 2, and 4 are correct.

    • E. 

      2, 4, and 5 are correct.


  • 7. 
    Southern society was structured, top-down, in what order?1. Small white farmers2. Mountain whites3. Free blacks.4. Plantation owners5. Poor whites--"white trash," "crackers," "hillbillies," "clay eaters," etc.6. Slaves.Sorry for the numbers. Read carefully!
    • A. 

      1-2-3-4-5-6-whee!

    • B. 

      4-1-5-2-3-6

    • C. 

      1-4-2-5-6-3

    • D. 

      4-1-2-5-3-6

    • E. 

      4-2-1-3-5-6


  • 8. 
    Who was the "third race" of the South?
    • A. 

      Free blacks

    • B. 

      Mountain whites

    • C. 

      The "white trash" / the poor, slaveless whites

    • D. 

      Foreign immigrants

    • E. 

      The Irish


  • 9. 
    Importation of slaves to America became illegal after 1808. The punishment for this crime was the death penalty. How many slave traders/smugglers received this penalty?
    • A. 

      One.

    • B. 

      Two.

    • C. 

      Five.

    • D. 

      Twelve.

    • E. 

      Twenty-three.


  • 10. 
    This is not a question, but it's good to know.Dangers and problems faced by free blacks included...1. Prohibition from certain occupations2. Prohibition from testifying in court3. The risk of being kidnapped back into slavery4. Denial of the right to vote.5. Being barred--in some states--from public schools.6. Hatred from Irish (and other) immigrants.7. Angry mobs, even in the North, who were known for beating abolitionists and free blacks such as Frederick Douglass.
    • A. 

      I knew ALL OF THESE already.

    • B. 

      I got one wrong.

    • C. 

      I missed a few...

    • D. 

      I had no idea. Forgot to study these, heh...


  • 11. 
    Free black and the leader of a slave revolt in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1822. Betrayed by informers, the revolt failed, and he was killed.
    • A. 

      Denmark Vessey

    • B. 

      George Fitzhugh

    • C. 

      Toussaint L'Overture

    • D. 

      William Garrison

    • E. 

      Elijah Lovejoy


  • 12. 
    Abolitionist martyr. Radical, militant editor of an antislavery newspaper in Illinois. He was killed by a mob.
    • A. 

      Denmark Vessey

    • B. 

      Theodore Weld

    • C. 

      William Garrison

    • D. 

      Elijah Lovejoy

    • E. 

      Scott Fiztgerald


  • 13. 
    The only two Southern white women to become abolitionist leaders.
    • A. 

      Harriet Beecher Stowe and Lisa M. Beecher

    • B. 

      Sojourner Truth and Harriet Beecher Stowe

    • C. 

      Angelina Grimke and Sarah Grimke

    • D. 

      Sarah Grimke and Maddison Adams

    • E. 

      Sojourner Truth and Angelina Beecher


  • 14. 
    Wealthy NY businessman who funded the Anti-Slavery Society and the Liberator. His house was ransacked before a cheering crowd.
    • A. 

      Elijah Lovejoy

    • B. 

      Lewis Tappan

    • C. 

      Nat Turner

    • D. 

      Theodore Weld

    • E. 

      John C. Calhoun


  • 15. 
    Causes of southern concern regarding slavery included:1) Nat Turner's revolt, which coincided w/ Garrison's Liberator2) The Gag Resolution of 18363) The Nullification Crisis of 18324) Abolitionist literature that flooded the South5) Britain began producing its own cotton6) Splits and discord among northern abolitionists
    • A. 

      1 and 2

    • B. 

      1, 2, 3, and 4

    • C. 

      2, 3, 4, and 5

    • D. 

      1, 3, and 4

    • E. 

      1, 3, 5, and 6


  • 16. 
    Most Northerners viewed the Constitution as...
    • A. 

      Pro-slavery

    • B. 

      Anti-slavery, and in favor of more equality for blacks

    • C. 

      Anti-slavery, but in favor of white supremacy

    • D. 

      Neutral in regards to slavery


  • 17. 
    Who supported compensation for planters and voluntary erasure of slavery by state-level legislation?
    • A. 

      Gradualists, who tended to take a more practical, middle-of-the-road approach

    • B. 

      Militant, radical abolitionists

    • C. 

      Southern planters who couldn't afford to free their slaves, but wanted to do so for moral reasons.

    • D. 

      All politically organized abolitionists favored this approach.

    • E. 

      Southerners who wanted to keep slavery and thought that this wouldn't work.


  • 18. 
    "Immediate freedom, no compensation!"Radical, militant abolitionists argued that no compromise was possible. Name a famous one!
    • A. 

      Theodore Weld

    • B. 

      Frederick Douglass

    • C. 

      George Fitzhugh

    • D. 

      William Lloyd Garrison

    • E. 

      Peter Donelly


  • 19. 
    The Republican Party grew from the...
    • A. 

      Liberty Party

    • B. 

      Free Soil Party

    • C. 

      National Party

    • D. 

      Whig Party

    • E. 

      Anti-Slavery Political Action Society


  • 20. 
    One of the arguments used by pro-slavery whites was that...
    • A. 

      The South took care of the slaves. The master-slave relationship was paternal, familial, and caring.

    • B. 

      Slavery was ordained by God. Slaves were Christianized while enslaved, and they might otherwise resort to savagery/cannibalism/etc.

    • C. 

      Southern slaves enjoyed a better work environment than Northern factory workers--they had fresh air, kind masters, and were cared for as children and as elders.

    • D. 

      Slaves were necessary to the economy.

    • E. 

      Slavery was a "positive good," and all of the above are also correct.


  • 21. 
    Which politician fought for the repeal of the Gag Resolution?
    • A. 

      Andrew Jackson

    • B. 

      Daniel Webster

    • C. 

      Henry Clay

    • D. 

      John Quincy Adams

    • E. 

      John Tyler


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