Ap US - Chapter 16

24 Questions  I  By Usloony on December 16, 2008
A quiz designed to help me, personally, study for the upcoming test on Chapters 16 & 17 (American Pageant, 13th Edition). Feel free to use if you'd like.

  

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1.  The first abolitionist movement in American was started by the _____ around the time of the _____.(Answer format: answer1, answer2, minus the italics. Example: French, French Revolution . Hint: that's not the answer!)
2.  Group founded in 1817 that sought to "export" free blacks to Africa. Its members generally believed that blacks would be better off overseas.
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3.  The African country where said group (see Question #2) wanted the blacks to go to:
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4.  Radical abolitionist and publisher of The Liberator, this person urged the North to secede from the Union and believed that the Constitution was pro-slavery.
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5.  Britain was dependent upon what portion of the USA in the mid-1800's?
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6.  Slavery helped:
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7.  Bad byproducts of slavery, other than the humanitarian concerns, included:1. An increasingly monopolistic economy, as small farmers sold their holdings to larger farms and moved farther west.2. Financial instability caused by overspeculation in land and slaves, both of which were necessary but expensive investments.3. The Northern economy suffered because the South was trading exclusively with its overseas partners.4. It encouraged immigration, which led to Irish immigrants competing with slaves for plantation jobs, thus lowering the standards of living for all.5. Dependence on a one-crop economy based on cotton, which could not be eaten and whose price could fluctuate dangerously given world markets. The system discouraged diversification of agriculture and of manufacturing.
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8.  Southern society was structured, top-down, in what order?1. Small white farmers2. Mountain whites3. Free blacks.4. Plantation owners5. Poor whites--"white trash," "crackers," "hillbillies," "clay eaters," etc.6. Slaves.Sorry for the numbers. Read carefully!
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9.  Who was the "third race" of the South?
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10.  Importation of slaves to America became illegal after 1808. The punishment for this crime was the death penalty. How many slave traders/smugglers received this penalty?
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11.  This is not a question, but it's good to know.Dangers and problems faced by free blacks included...1. Prohibition from certain occupations2. Prohibition from testifying in court3. The risk of being kidnapped back into slavery4. Denial of the right to vote.5. Being barred--in some states--from public schools.6. Hatred from Irish (and other) immigrants.7. Angry mobs, even in the North, who were known for beating abolitionists and free blacks such as Frederick Douglass.
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12.  The author whose book, Uncle Tom's Cabin, sold extremely well and portrayed the horrors of slavery. It is now considered a racist work.
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13.  Free black and the leader of a slave revolt in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1822. Betrayed by informers, the revolt failed, and he was killed.
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14.  Abolitionist martyr. Radical, militant editor of an antislavery newspaper in Illinois. He was killed by a mob.
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15.  The only two Southern white women to become abolitionist leaders.
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16.  Wealthy NY businessman who funded the Anti-Slavery Society and the Liberator. His house was ransacked before a cheering crowd.
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17.  Causes of southern concern regarding slavery included:1) Nat Turner's revolt, which coincided w/ Garrison's Liberator2) The Gag Resolution of 18363) The Nullification Crisis of 18324) Abolitionist literature that flooded the South5) Britain began producing its own cotton6) Splits and discord among northern abolitionists
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18.  Most Northerners viewed the Constitution as...
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19.  Trends in Antebellum America (1810-1860) included...1) New intellectual and religious movements2) Social reforms3) Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in America4) Re-emergence of a second party system and more political democratization5) Increase in federal power --> b/c of Marshall Ct. decisions6) Increase in American nationalism7) Further westward expansion
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20.  Who supported compensation for planters and voluntary erasure of slavery by state-level legislation?
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21.  "Immediate freedom, no compensation!"Radical, militant abolitionists argued that no compromise was possible. Name a famous one!
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22.  The Republican Party grew from the...
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23.  One of the arguments used by pro-slavery whites was that...
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24.  Which politician fought for the repeal of the Gag Resolution?
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