AP Psychology: ChAPter 7 Exam

25 Questions  I  By Greggsussman
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AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

  
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  • 1. 
    Thinking is a synonym for...
    • A. 

      Perception

    • B. 

      Learning

    • C. 

      Cognition

    • D. 

      Sensation


  • 2. 
    The three most important building blocks of thoughts are...
    • A. 

      Language, images, and concepts

    • B. 

      Cognitions, feelings, and language

    • C. 

      Concepts, algorithms, and heuristics

    • D. 

      Sematics, phonemes, and morphemes


  • 3. 
    Spoken language is based on units of sound called...
    • A. 

      Morphemes

    • B. 

      Registers

    • C. 

      Phonemes

    • D. 

      Semantics


  • 4. 
    Ralph cannot generate an accurate list of critical differences between mice and rats, but he can still use the concepts of mice and rats in his thinking. This is because he...
    • A. 

      Confused the concepts of mice and rats

    • B. 

      Developed phonemes for mice and rats

    • C. 

      Developed prototypes for mice and rats

    • D. 

      Developed morphemes for mice and rats


  • 5. 
    A mental representation of a sensory experience is known as a(n)...
    • A. 

      Cognition

    • B. 

      Concept

    • C. 

      Heuristic

    • D. 

      Image


  • 6. 
    The first step in solving a probklem is to...
    • A. 

      Decide on using either an algorithm or heuristic strategy

    • B. 

      Eliminate functional fixedness

    • C. 

      Create a representation of the problem

    • D. 

      Conduct a means-end analysis


  • 7. 
    The type of thinking required to solve problems requiring a creative, flexible or inventive solution is known as what type of thinking?
    • A. 

      Divergent

    • B. 

      Functional

    • C. 

      Circular

    • D. 

      Convergent


  • 8. 
    Trial and error works best when...
    • A. 

      There are many ambiguous choices

    • B. 

      There are many unambiguous choices

    • C. 

      There are only a limited number of choices

    • D. 

      Is never the best way to solve problems


  • 9. 
    Ken knows that the radius of a circle is 5 feet, but he needs to calculate the diameter. The most effective solution strategy he can use involves a(n)...
    • A. 

      Heuristc

    • B. 

      Algorithm

    • C. 

      Noncompensatory model

    • D. 

      Means-end analysis


  • 10. 
    The tendency to perceive and approach problems in certain ways is called...
    • A. 

      Noncompensatory modeling

    • B. 

      Mental set

    • C. 

      Prototypical idealization

    • D. 

      Means-end analysis


  • 11. 
    Becoming accustomed to thinking of only a limited number of uses for something is known as...
    • A. 

      Prototypical idealization

    • B. 

      Functional fixedness

    • C. 

      Hill-climbing

    • D. 

      Noncompensatory modeling


  • 12. 
    A problem-solving strategy in which an individual or group produces numerous ideas and evaluates them only after all ideas have been colected is called...
    • A. 

      Critiquing

    • B. 

      Brainstorming

    • C. 

      Functional analysis

    • D. 

      Convergent thinking


  • 13. 
    Problem-solving in which we already know all the possible solutions or choices is...
    • A. 

      Divergent thinking

    • B. 

      Convergent thinking

    • C. 

      Functional thinking

    • D. 

      Decision making


  • 14. 
    Rating different choices on each of several criteria in decision making is known as...
    • A. 

      Nonbinding modeling

    • B. 

      Functional elasticity

    • C. 

      Means-end analysis

    • D. 

      Compensatory modeling


  • 15. 
    The tendency to view outcomes as inevitable and predictable after we already know the outcome is known as...
    • A. 

      Hindsight bias

    • B. 

      Framing

    • C. 

      Counterfactual thinking

    • D. 

      The confirmation bias


  • 16. 
    The tendency to look for evidence in support of a belief and to ignore evidence that would disprove a belief is called the...
    • A. 

      Representative heuristic

    • B. 

      Idealized cognitive model

    • C. 

      Confirmation bias

    • D. 

      Availability heuristic


  • 17. 
    Thinking about alternative realities and things that never happened is known as...
    • A. 

      Framing

    • B. 

      Hindsight

    • C. 

      The confirmation bias

    • D. 

      Counterfactual thinking


  • 18. 
    A general term referring to the ability or abilities involved in learning and adaptive behavior is...
    • A. 

      Apperception

    • B. 

      Insight

    • C. 

      Affect

    • D. 

      Intelligence


  • 19. 
    According to Sternberg, the ability to adjust to new tasks and situations, to gain insights, and to adapt, requires what kind of intelligence?
    • A. 

      Analytical

    • B. 

      Creative

    • C. 

      Practical

    • D. 

      Exponential


  • 20. 
    Barbara does not do very well on IQ tests or in school. Yet she picks up new skills quite quickly and carries out her assigned tasks effectively and efficiently. Her intellectual strengths appear to be...
    • A. 

      Practical

    • B. 

      Creative

    • C. 

      Analytical

    • D. 

      Exponential


  • 21. 
    The theory of multiple intelligences was proposed by...
    • A. 

      Gardner

    • B. 

      Sternberg

    • C. 

      Freud

    • D. 

      Spearmen


  • 22. 
    According to the theory of multiple intelligences, which intelligence is the ability to manipulate one's body in space?
    • A. 

      Spatial

    • B. 

      Intrapersonal

    • C. 

      Bodily-kinesthetic

    • D. 

      Naturalistc


  • 23. 
    People who are talented in understanding and communicating with others have what a higher type of which intelligence?
    • A. 

      Interpersonal

    • B. 

      Intrapersonal

    • C. 

      Linguistic

    • D. 

      Naturalistic


  • 24. 
    The phrase, "know thyself" most accurately reflects which type of intelligence?
    • A. 

      Naturalistic

    • B. 

      Interpersonal

    • C. 

      Linguistic

    • D. 

      Intrapersonal


  • 25. 
    A numerical value given to intelligence that is determined from the scores of an intelligence test based on a score of 100 for average intelligence is...
    • A. 

      Aptitude

    • B. 

      IQ

    • C. 

      Mental age

    • D. 

      Basal ability


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