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Anthropology 1102-012 Quiz 8

10 Questions
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Anthropology quiz 8

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In which of the following forms of political organization is it most likely that the most important leaders will acquire their position based upon personal background or ability, rather than heredity?
    • A. 

      Tribal societies

    • B. 

      Feudal states

    • C. 

      Imagined communities

    • D. 

      Chiefdoms

    • E. 

      Agrarian, preindustrial states

  • 2. 
    What is a "big man"?
    • A. 

      A person who holds a permanent political office

    • B. 

      A heredity ruler

    • C. 

      A person who creates his reputation through entrepreneurship and generosity to others

    • D. 

      A leader who avoids excessive displays of generosity

    • E. 

      A leader who has tremendous power because he is regarded as divine

  • 3. 
    Which of the following statements about non-state societies is true?
    • A. 

      Warfare is conducted by professional armies

    • B. 

      Political institutions are maintained totally separate from economic institutions

    • C. 

      Social control is maintained mostly through physical coercion

    • D. 

      Economic, political, and religious activities are often embedded in one another

    • E. 

      All political power is based on religion

  • 4. 
    In band-level societies, what does the amount of respect or prestige attached to an individual depend on?
    • A. 

      Rank ascribed at birth

    • B. 

      Culturally valued personal attributes

    • C. 

      The number of possessions and their monetary value

    • D. 

      The amount of labor one can extract from spouse and children

    • E. 

      Genealogical closeness to apical ancestors

  • 5. 
    Which of the following statements about political leaders in foraging bands is true?
    • A. 

      They maintain power by maintaining strong ties with the commoner class

    • B. 

      They have inherited special access to strategic resources

    • C. 

      They maintain control by conquering foreign territories

    • D. 

      They have no means of forcing people to follow their decisions

    • E. 

      They are the most dominant males in the largest, most powerful descent group

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is an example of an age set?
    • A. 

      A village council

    • B. 

      The baby-boomers

    • C. 

      High school freshmen

    • D. 

      The chicago white sox

    • E. 

      The poeple in this anthropology class

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is an example of an age grade?
    • A. 

      A village council

    • B. 

      The baby-boomers

    • C. 

      High school freshmen

    • D. 

      The chicago white sox

    • E. 

      The pople in this anthropology class

  • 8. 
    The presence and acceptance of which of the following is one of the key distinguishing features of a state?
    • A. 

      Gender differences in terms of access to resources

    • B. 

      Generosity, even at the fiscal level

    • C. 

      Rapport between the elites and commoners

    • D. 

      Stratification

    • E. 

      The authority of charismatic leaders

  • 9. 
    Which of the following kinds of societies is most likely to have stratum endogamy (marriage within one's own group)?
    • A. 

      A band

    • B. 

      A state

    • C. 

      A clan

    • D. 

      A society with segmentary lineage organization

    • E. 

      A tribe

  • 10. 
    Broader than political control, the concept of ________ refers to those fields of the social system (beliefs, practices, and institutions) that are most actively involved in the maintenance of any norms and the regulation of any conflict
    • A. 

      Sociopolitical strategies

    • B. 

      Social controls

    • C. 

      Cultural capital

    • D. 

      Universal controls

    • E. 

      Sorcery

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