Anthropology 1102-012 Quiz 7

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 Anthropology 1102-012 Quiz 7
Anthropology quiz 7

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    Which of the following was a characteristic shared by recent foraging communities?
    • A. 

      They fished a great deal

    • B. 

      They relied on welfare supplied by state-level societies

    • C. 

      They spoke simplified languages

    • D. 

      They lived in marginal environments that were of little interest to food-producing societies

    • E. 

      They devolved to foraging from a more advanced level of subsistence


  • 2. 
    In recent times, many hunting-and-gathering groups have been exposed to the idea of food production (i.e., farming) but they have never adopted it. Why not?
    • A. 

      They did not have the skills or tools to do so

    • B. 

      Their own economies provide a perfectly adequate and nutritious diet, with a lot less work

    • C. 

      People naturally resist change, especially foragers

    • D. 

      They had to ask for permission from the state to do so

    • E. 

      They did not realize the advantages of food production


  • 3. 
    A horticultural system of cultivation is characterized by
    • A. 

      Intensive use of land and human labor

    • B. 

      The use of irrigation and terracing

    • C. 

      Developing almost exclusively in arid areas

    • D. 

      Lack of proper knowledge about plant domestication

    • E. 

      Periodic cycles of cultivation and fallowing


  • 4. 
    What kind of societies are typically associated with slash-and-burn cultivation?
    • A. 

      Foraging societies

    • B. 

      State-level societies

    • C. 

      Hydraulic societies

    • D. 

      Nonindustrial societies

    • E. 

      Nomadic societies


  • 5. 
    Intensive agriculture
    • A. 

      Has a significant impact on the environment but this impact is much localized and can be controlled

    • B. 

      Can actually breed greater ecological diversity

    • C. 

      Is least ecologically destructive when it is done with fuel-efficient machinery

    • D. 

      Has significant environmental effects such as deforestation, water pollution, and reduction of ecological diversity

    • E. 

      Is and ecological improvement over sectorial fallowing


  • 6. 
    What is the term that refers to the type of pastoral economy in which part of the population moves with the herds while the rest stays in the village?
    • A. 

      Balanced subsistence

    • B. 

      Discretionary pastoralism

    • C. 

      Pastoral transhumance

    • D. 

      Foraging

    • E. 

      Transhumant nomadism


  • 7. 
    What are the means, or factors, of production?
    • A. 

      They are all synonyms of a society's mode of production

    • B. 

      A society 's institutional mechanisms for making sure that everyone is productive

    • C. 

      The ways a society organizes production

    • D. 

      Labor forces organized by kinship ties

    • E. 

      A society' s major productive resources,such as land,labor,technology,and capital


  • 8. 
    Economic anthropologists have been concerned with two main questions,one focusing on systems of human behavior and the other on the individuals who participate in those systems: The first question: How are production,distribution and consumption organized in different societies? The second question is:
    • A. 

      Why has the myth of the profit-maximizing individual been so pervasive,despite evidence to the contrary?

    • B. 

      What are the best ways to convince individuals in funding agencies of the value of ethnographic knowledge in the realm of economics?

    • C. 

      What encourages overconsumption in western economies?

    • D. 

      What motivates people in different cultures to produce,distribute or exchange,and consume?

    • E. 

      What has been the impact globalization at the level of individuals?


  • 9. 
    Generalized reciprocity
    • A. 

      Is characterized by the immediate return of the object exchanged

    • B. 

      Is the characteristic form of exchange in egalitarian societies

    • C. 

      Usually develops after redistribution but before the market principle

    • D. 

      Disappears with the origin of the state

    • E. 

      Is exemplified by silent trade


  • 10. 
    Which of the following kinds of exchange is characteristic among members of a family?
    • A. 

      Generalized reciprocity

    • B. 

      Balanced reciprocity

    • C. 

      Negative reciprocity

    • D. 

      Redistribution

    • E. 

      None of these exchanges are characteristic among members of a family


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