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Anthropology 1102-012 Quiz 4

10 Questions
Anthropology Quizzes & Trivia

Anthropology Quiz 4

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are phonemes?
    • A. 

      The rules by which deep structures is translated into surface structure

    • B. 

      Regional differences in dialect

    • C. 

      Syntactical structures that distinguish passive constructions from active ones

    • D. 

      The minimal contrasts or differences that distinguish the meaning of sounds in a language

    • E. 

      Electromagnetic signals that carry messages between speakers in a telephone conversation

  • 2. 
    How many morphemes are in the sentence "They walked to both houses"?
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      8

    • E. 

      9

  • 3. 
    When Washoe and Lucy tried to teach sign language to other chimpanzees, this was a kind of
    • A. 

      Cultural transmission

    • B. 

      Displacement

    • C. 

      Call systems

    • D. 

      Productivity

    • E. 

      Estrus

  • 4. 
    What is the term for the ability to create new expressions by combining other expressions?
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Diglossia

    • C. 

      Productivity

    • D. 

      Morphemic utility

    • E. 

      Phonemic utility

  • 5. 
    What is the term for the ability to refer to things not physically present?
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Diglossia

    • C. 

      Productivity

    • D. 

      Morphemic utility

    • E. 

      Phonemic utility

  • 6. 
    What term refers to the specialized set of terms and distinctions that are particularly important to certain groups?
    • A. 

      Syntactical vocabulary

    • B. 

      Spatial vocabulary

    • C. 

      Focal vocabulary

    • D. 

      Vernacular vocabulary

    • E. 

      Temporal vocabulary

  • 7. 
    What does the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis state?
    • A. 

      The degree of cultural complexity is associated with the effectiveness of languages as systems of communication

    • B. 

      The language people speak influences the way their cultural understandings are structured

    • C. 

      The hopi do not use three verb tenses; they have no concept of time

    • D. 

      Our culture determines what our language is able to refer to

    • E. 

      Dialect variation is the result of toilet-training practices

  • 8. 
    Honorifics are terms used with people, often being added to their names, to "honor" them. Why would sociolinguists be interested in studying the use of honorifics?
    • A. 

      They may convey or imply a prestige difference between the speaker and the person being referred to or addressed

    • B. 

      They enable sociolinguists to study language and culture outside of its context because the same honorifics are used everywhere and they mean the same thing

    • C. 

      Since honorifics always honor the person they are addressed to, socioliinguists can study the positive side of language and culture

    • D. 

      They provide data about how different languages are related to one another, which is what sociolinguists are primarily interested in

    • E. 

      There is no reason for contemporary sociolinguists to be interested in honorifics because people don't use these terms anymore

  • 9. 
    What does copula deletion occur in BEV?
    • A. 

      It occurs where SE has contracitons

    • B. 

      It occurs randomly

    • C. 

      It occurs in the past tense

    • D. 

      It occurs in the future tense

    • E. 

      Copula deletion occurs in SE, not in BEV

  • 10. 
    What term refers to the languages that have descended from the same ancestral language?
    • A. 

      F2 languages

    • B. 

      Sibling languages

    • C. 

      Daughter languages

    • D. 

      Brother languages

    • E. 

      Protolanguages

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